Sir John Spencer, of Althorp, co Northampton (1510 - 1586) MP

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Nicknames: "Sheriff John Spencer"
Birthplace: Fawsley, Northamptonshire, , England
Death: Died in Brington, Northamptonshire, , England
Occupation: High Sheriff of Northamptonshire (1552) / MP for Northamptonshire (1553 & 1571) / Lived at Althorp, Sir/Knight
Managed by: Nancy Helen Fetterly
Last Updated:

About Sir John Spencer, of Althorp, co Northampton

  • Sir John Spencer (1524–8 November 1586) was an English landowner, sheriff and MP from the Spencer family.
  • He was born the only son of Sir William Spencer of Wormleighton Manor, Warwickshire, and Althorp, Northamptonshire, and his wife Susan, daughter of Sir Richard Knightley of Fawsley, Northamptonshire. He was probably trained at the Middle Temple, succeeded his father in 1532 and was knighted in 1553.
  • He was appointed High Sheriff of Northamptonshire for 1551–52, 1558–59, 1571–72 and 1583–84. He was elected Knight of the Shire (MP) for Northamptonshire in April, 1554 and again in 1558.
  • Sir John Spencer married by 1545 Katherine Kitson, the daughter of Sir Thomas Kitson of London and Hengrave Hall, Suffolk. They had five sons and six daughters, including
    • Sir John Spencer, who succeeded to his father's estates at Wormleighton and Althorp
    • Alice Spencer, who married Ferdinando Stanley, 5th Earl of Derby. Their daughter Anne (1580-1647) was heiress presumptive to the English throne upon the death of Elizabeth I according to the will of Henry VIII and the Third Succession Act. As Lady Derby, Alice was a noted patron of the arts and to whom poet Edmund Spenser represented the character "Amaryllis" in his eclogue Colin Clouts Come Home Againe in 1595 and dedicated his poem "The Teares of the Muses" in 1591.
    • Sir William Spencer, the third son, who became a landowner in Yarnton, Oxfordshire. His son Thomas was Member of Parliament for Woodstock 1604-1611, and was created Baronet of Yarnton on 29 June 1611 in the Baronetage of England.
    • Sir Richard Spencer, the fourth son, whose son John was a landowner in Offley Place, Great Offley, Hertfordshire, and was created Baronet of Offley on 14 March 1627 in the Baronetage of England.
  • Sir John Spencer died on 8 November 1586, and was buried with his wife Katherine Kitson in St Mary the Virgin Church, Great Brington (the parish church for Althorp) where his epitaph lists his sons, his daughters and their husbands. He was succeeded by his eldest son, John Spencer. He was a direct ancestor of Prime Minister Sir Winston Spencer Churchill and Lady Diana Spencer, Princess of Wales.
  • From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Spencer_(died_1586)
  • ____________
  • Sir John Spencer1
  • M, #105345, d. 8 November 1586
  • Last Edited=10 Aug 2011
  • Sir John Spencer was the son of Sir William Spencer and Susan Knightley.2 He married Katherine Kitson, daughter of Sir Thomas Kitson.2 He died on 8 November 1586.2
  • He held the office of High Sheriff of Northamptonshire circa 1552.2 He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Northamptonshire in 1553.2 He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Northamptonshire in 1571.2 He lived at Althorp, Brington, Northamptonshire, England.3
  • Children of Sir John Spencer and Katherine Kitson
    • 1.Sir John Spencer+2 d. 9 Jan 1599/0
    • 2.Sir William Spencer+2 d. 18 Dec 1609
    • 3.Sir Richard Spencer2
    • 4.Elizabeth Spencer4
    • 5.Anne Spencer+2 d. 22 Sep 1618
    • 6.Katherine Spencer+2 d. 1639
    • 7.Alice Spencer+1 b. c 1556, d. 23 Jan 1637
  • Citations
  • 1.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 272. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
  • 2.[S9] Charles Kidd and David Williamson, editor, DeBretts Peerage and Baronetage (London, U.K.: DeBrett's Peerage, 1999), volume 2, page 1870. Hereinafter cited as DeBretts Peerage, 1999.
  • 3.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume III, page 86.
  • 4.[S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume VI, page 629.
  • From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p10535.htm#i105345
  • _______
  • John Spencer1
  • M, #86741, b. circa 1522, d. 8 November 1586
  • Father William Spencer2 b. c 1495, d. 22 Jun 1532
  • Mother Susanna Knightley2 b. c 1498, d. 22 Sep 1532
  • John Spencer was born circa 1522 at of Fawsley, Northamptonshire, England.1 He married Katherine Kitson, daughter of Sir Thomas Kitson and Margaret Donington, circa 1547 at of Hengrave, Suffolk, England.2 John Spencer died on 8 November 1586.1 He was buried on 9 November 1586 at Brington, Northamptonshire, England.1
  • Family Katherine Kitson b. c 1525, d. b 8 Nov 1586
  • Children
    • Anne Spencer1 d. 22 Sep 1618
    • Mary Spencer+2 b. c 1550, d. 1590
    • Elizabeth Spencer+3 b. c 1553
  • Citations
  • 1.[S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. III, p. 390-1.
  • 2.[S61] Unknown author, Family Group Sheets, Family History Archives, SLC.
  • 3.[S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. VI, p. 629-630.
  • From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p2887.htm#i86741
  • __________
  • Catherine KYTSON
  • Born: ABT 1525, Hengrave, Suffolk, England
  • Died: BEF 8 Nov 1586
  • Buried: Brington, Northamptonshire, England
  • Father: Thomas KYTSON (Sir Knight)
  • Mother: Margaret DONNINGTON (C. Bath)
  • Married: John SPENCER of Wormleighton (Sir) 1545, Hengrave, Suffolk, England
  • Children:
    • 1. Anne SPENCER (B. Mounteagle/B. Compton/C. Dorset)
    • 2. Catherine SPENCER
    • 3. Elizabeth SPENCER (B. Hundson /B. Eure of Witton)
    • 4. Alice SPENCER (C. Derby)
    • 5. John SPENCER of Wormleighton (Sir)
    • 6. Mary SPENCER
    • 7. Margaret SPENCER
    • 8. Thomas SPENCER
    • 9. William SPENCER of Yarnton (Sir)
    • 10. Richard SPENCER
    • 11. Edward SPENCER
  • From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/KYTSON.htm#Catherine KYTSON1
  • _____________
  • SPENCER, Sir John (1524-86), of Althorp, Northants. and Wormleighton, Warws.
  • Family and Education
  • b. 1524, o.s. of Sir William Spencer of Althorp and Wormleighton by Susan, da. of Sir Richard Knightley of Fawsley, Northants. educ. ?M. Temple. m. by Oct. 1545 Catherine, da. of Sir Thomas Kitson of London and Hengrave, Suff., 5s. inc. John†, Richard† and William† 6da. suc. fa. 22 June 1532. Kntd. 2 Oct. 1553.1
  • Offices Held
    • Sheriff, Northants. 1551-2, 1558-9, 1571-2, 1583-4; j.p. 1554, q. 1561-d.; dep. lt. 1560, 1586; collector for loan 1562; commr. musters by 1569.2
  • Biography
  • The Spencers first appear as Warwickshire graziers in the late 15th century and the family was still deriving much of its wealth from sheep after ennoblement in the reign of James I. The founder of its fortunes was the first Sir John Spencer, who purchased Wormleighton in 1506 and Althorp two years later.3
  • This Sir John Spencer’s grandson and namesake was a child of eight when his father died leaving an estate which at his majority was valued at £454 a year. His uncles Edmund and Richard Knightley joined with his mother in an attempt to defraud the King of the wardship, and this was not granted to (Sir) Giles Alington until December 1539. Spencer may have entered the Middle Temple, to which his uncles belonged and which his eldest son was to join in 1564. His marriage to a daughter of the wealthy merchant Thomas Kitson, although less profitable than the one he was to arrange between his eldest son and a kinswoman, the only daughter of chief justice Sir Robert Catlyn, was a step in the social advance of the family, for three years later Lady Kitson became the Countess of Bath and married another of her daughters to the earl’s heir apparent.4
  • Spencer served his first term as sheriff in the reign of Edward VI, but his knighting at Mary’s coronation implies that he had declared for her in the previous summer, perhaps following the lead of Sir Thomas Tresham in Northamptonshire. Two of his brothers-in-law, Richard Brydges and John Cotton, were knighted at about the same time and all three were to serve as knights of their shires in Marian Parliaments. Spencer’s two elections answered to his standing in Northamptonshire, where he was related to most of the leading families, whereas his disappearance from the Commons after 1558 is doubtless to be explained by his Catholicism and by the virtual monopoly of the shire’s representation by Privy Councillors. In 1564 Bishop Scambler judged him a ‘great letter [hinderer] of religion’ and ten years later Mary Stuart’s agent accounted him a Catholic, yet he was sufficient of a conformist to play a leading part in shire administration. Only the family of his third son William was to remain intermittently Catholic.5
  • Spencer was a careful steward of his inheritance, which he augmented by judicious purchases, and he was able to settle estates on his three surviving younger sons and to provide generous dowries for his six daughters. All the daughters married well and his sons-in-law included Sir George Carey†, later 2nd Baron Hunsdon, Sir William Stanley, 3rd Lord Monteagle, and Ferdinando Stanley, later 5th Earl of Derby. He named Carey and another son-in-law Thomas Leigh of Stoneleigh, Warwickshire, overseers of his will of 4 Jan. 1586 and his three younger sons executors. He bequeathed £40 in plate to William Cecil, Lord Burghley, and £20 to (Sir) Walter Mildmay, his fellow-Member in the Parliament of 1558. He died on 8 Nov. 1586 and was buried, according to his request, with his wife in Brington church where his epitaph listed his sons, his daughters and all their husbands.6
  • Ref Volumes: 1509-1558
  • Author: S. M. Thorpe
  • Notes
  • 1. M. E. Finch, Five Northants. Fams. (Northants. Rec. Soc. xix), ped. at end of vol. which gives date of birth.
  • 2. CPR, 1553-4, p. 22; HMC Montagu, 9; Northants. Lieutenancy Pprs. (Northants. Rec. Soc. xxvii), pp. xviii, 2, 15; Osborn coll. Yale Univ. Lib. 71.6.41; CSP Dom. 1547-80, p. 345.
  • 3. Finch, 38-65, 171-2; W. K. Jordan, Edw. VI, i. 403; Pevsner, Northants. 71-75.
  • 4. Finch, 39, 50-51; LP Hen. VIII, v, vii, xiii, xiv, xx; DNB (Kytson, Sir Thomas); M.T. Recs. i. 145.
  • 5. Cam. Misc. ix(3), 36; Cath. Rec. Soc. xiii. 94; Finch, 175.
  • 6. Finch, 57-63, 173-8; Bridges, Northants. i. 45, 105, 108, 117, 130, 330-1, 472-6, 479, 484; PCC 1 Spencer; C142/215/258.
  • From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1509-1558/member/spencer-sir-john-1524-86
  • _________________

Sir John Spencer was the son of Sir William Spencer and Susan Knightley.2 He married Katherine Kitson, daughter of Sir Thomas Kitson. He died on 8 November 1586.

Sir John Spencer held the office of High Sheriff of Northamptonshire circa 1552. He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Northamptonshire in 1553. He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Northamptonshire in 1571. He lived at Althorp, Brington, Northamptonshire, England.

  • --------------------

Ref: http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=bateschastain&id=P Married in 1545. --------------------

Sir John Spencer (1524–8 November 1586) was an English landowner, sheriff and MP from the Spencer family.

He was born the only son of Sir William Spencer of Wormleighton Manor, Warwickshire, and Althorp, Northamptonshire, and his wife Susan, daughter of Sir Richard Knightley of Fawsley, Northamptonshire. He was probably trained at the Middle Temple, succeeded his father in 1532 and was knighted in 1553.

He was appointed High Sheriff of Northamptonshire for 1551–52, 1558–59, 1571–72 and 1583–84. He was elected Knight of the Shire (MP) for Northamptonshire in April, 1554 and again in 1558.

Sir John Spencer married by 1545 Katherine Kitson, the daughter of Sir Thomas Kitson of London and Hengrave Hall, Suffolk. They had five sons and six daughters, including Sir John Spencer, who succeeded to his father's estates at Wormleighton and Althorp Alice Spencer, who married Ferdinando Stanley, 5th Earl of Derby. Their daughter Anne (1580-1647) was heiress presumptive to the English throne upon the death of Elizabeth I according to the will of Henry VIII and the Third Succession Act. As Lady Derby, Alice was a noted patron of the arts and to whom poet Edmund Spenser represented the character "Amaryllis" in his eclogue Colin Clouts Come Home Againe in 1595 and dedicated his poem "The Teares of the Muses" in 1591. Sir William Spencer, the third son, who became a landowner in Yarnton, Oxfordshire. His son Thomas was Member of Parliament for Woodstock 1604-1611, and was created Baronet of Yarnton on 29 June 1611 in the Baronetage of England. Sir Richard Spencer, the fourth son, whose son John was a landowner in Offley Place, Great Offley, Hertfordshire, and was created Baronet of Offley on 14 March 1627 in the Baronetage of England.

Sir John Spencer died on 8 November 1586, and was buried with his wife Katherine Kitson in St Mary the Virgin Church, Great Brington (the parish church for Althorp) where his epitaph lists his sons, his daughters and their husbands. He was succeeded by his eldest son, John Spencer. He was a direct ancestor of Lady Diana Spencer.

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Sir John Spencer, MP's Timeline

1510
February 3, 1510
Fawsley, Northamptonshire, , England
1545
1545
Age 34
hengrave, suffolk, england
1547
1547
Age 36
Suffolk, England
1549
1549
Age 38
Wormleighton, Warwickshire, England
1549
Age 38
Hengrave, , Suffolk, England
1550
1550
Age 39
Hengrave, , Suffolk, England
1552
June 29, 1552
Age 42
Suffolk, England
1553
1553
Age 42
Offley, , Hertfordshire, England
1555
1555
Age 44
yarnton, oxfordshire, england
1555
Age 44
Yarnton, Oxfordshire, England