Sichelgaita di Salerno, Countess

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Sichelgaita di Salerno, Countess

Also Known As: "de Salerno", "Guiscard", "Salerno", "Sichelgaita", "Sigelgaita", "Sikelgarde", "also Sichelgaita or Sigelgaita"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Salerno, Italy
Death: Died in Salerno, Campania, Italy
Place of Burial: Monte Cassiano,Marche
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Guiamario IV, principe di Salerno e di Capua and Gemma di Marsico
Wife of Giordano I Quarrel Drengot, II. principe di Capua and Roberto il Guiscardo, duca di Puglia
Mother of Riccardo II Quarrel Drengot, III. principe di Capua; Roberto I Quarrel Drengot, IV. principe di Capua; Giordano II Quarrel Drengot, VI. principe di Capua; Maria Quarrel Drengot; Mafalda de Pulla-Calàbria, comtessa consort de Barcelona and 6 others
Sister of Gisulfo II, principe di Salerno

Occupation: Lomard Princess, Principessa di Salerno
Managed by: Jocelynn Elaine Oakes
Last Updated:

About Sichelgaita di Salerno, Countess

Alt Birth Date: c. 1040, 970, c. 970, 1025, c. 1019 Alt Death Date: 7/27/1090, July 1091

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Sikelgaita

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Sikelgaita (also Sichelgaita or Sigelgaita) (1040 – 16 April 1090) was a Lombard princess, the daughter of Guaimar IV, Prince of Salerno, and second wife of Robert Guiscard, Duke of Apulia.

She married Robert in 1058, after Robert divorced his first wife Alberada, due to supposed consanguinity. Her sister Gaitelgrima had earlier married Robert's half-brother Drogo. The divorce from Alberada and the marriage of Sikelgaita were probably part of a strategy of alliance with the remaining Lombard princes, of whom Guaimar was chief. Alberada, for her part, appears to have had no qualms about dissolving her marriage.

Sikelgaita tried to mediate between her brother Gisulf II of Salerno and husband when their relations went sour, but her pleas went unheeded and she accepted her brother's lot in the war with Guiscard (1078).

Sikelgaita frequently accompanied Robert on his conquests. Although at first she tried to persuade him not to attack the Byzantine Empire, she accompanied him on his campaign against them nevertheless. At the Battle of Dyrrhachium she fought in full armour, rallying Robert's troops when they were initially repulsed by the Byzantine army. According to the Byzantine chronicler Anna Comnena, she was "like another Pallas, if not a second Athena," and, in the Alexiad, Anna attributes to her a quote from the Iliad. In 1083, Sikelgaita returned to Italy with Robert to defend Pope Gregory VII against the Emperor Henry IV. She accompanied him on a second campaign against the Byzantines, during which Robert died on Kefalonia in 1085 with Sikelgaita at his side. Early in 1086, Sikelgaita was in Salerno making a donation of the town of Centraro in his honour to Montecassino, which the couple had endowed well throughout their married life.[1] Sikielgaita donated a large amount of silver for her health while she was ill on another occasion.[2]

Supposedly, she tried to poison Robert's son Bohemond by his first wife, although the two eventually came to an agreement by which her son Roger Borsa was allowed to succeed Robert in the duchy. With her son she put the Jews of Bari under that city's archbishop.[3]

On her death, she was, at her own request, buried in Montecassino.[1]

Children

With Robert, Sikelgaita had eight children:

  • Mafalda (1059/1060 – 1108), married Raymond Berengar II of Barcelona and then Aimeric II, Viscount of Narbonne
  • Roger Borsa (1060/1061 – 1111)
  • Guy (died 1107)
  • Robert Scalio (died 1110)
  • Sibilla (Sybil), married Ebles II, Count of Roucy
  • Mabillia (Mabel), married William de Grandmesnil
  • Heria, married Hugh V, Count of Maine
  • Olympias, betrothed to Constantine Doukas, son of Michael VII Ducas and Maria Bagrationi, in 1074

Notes

  1. ^ Bloch, 214.
  2. ^ Loud, 823.
  3. ^ Ibid, 828.
  4. ^ Bloch, 214.

Sources

  • Norwich, John Julius. The Normans in the South 1016-1130. Longmans: London, 1967.
  • Loud, Graham A. The Age of Robert Guiscard: Southern Italy and the Norman Conquest. 2000.
  • Loud, Graham A. "Coinage, Wealth and Plunder in the Age of Robert Guiscard." The English Historical Review, Vol. 114, No. 458. (Sep., 1999), pp 815–843.
  • Bloch, Herbert. "Monte Cassino, Byzantium, and the West in the Earlier Middle Ages." Dumbarton Oaks Papers, Vol. 3. (1946), pp 163–224.
  • Skinner, Patricia. "'Halt! Be Men!': Sikelgaita of Salerno, Gender, and the Norman Conquest of Italy". Gender and History, 12:3 (2000).
  • Comnena, Anna. The Alexiad. trans. Elizabeth A. Dawes. London, 1928.
  • Peterson-Gouma, Thalia. Anna Komnene and Her Times. 2000.
  • Garland, Lynda. Byzantine Empresses. 1999.
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Sichelgaita di Salerno, Countess's Timeline

1040
1040
Salerno, Italy
1058
1058
Age 18
Cassino, Frosinone, Lazio, Italy
1059
1059
Age 19
Apulia, Italy
1060
May 1060
Age 20
Probably Brindisi, Contea di Apulia (Present Puglia), Ducato di Apulia, Calabria, e Sicilia, (Present Italy)
1060
Age 20
1061
1061
Age 21
Italy
1062
1062
Age 22
Apulia, , Cala, Italy
1065
1065
Age 25
Apulia, , Cala, Italy
1070
1070
Age 30
Italy
1090
April 16, 1090
Age 50
Salerno, Campania, Italy