Simon I de Senlis, Earl of Huntingdon

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Simon I de Senlis, Earl of Huntingdon and Northampton

Nicknames: "Simon (Senlis) \\de Saint Liz\\", "Simon /Saint Liz/", "Simon /Senlis/", "Simon I St Lyz"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Capelle-les-Grands, Eure, Upper Normandy, France
Death: Died in La Charité-sur-Loire, Bourgogne, France
Cause of death: died while returning from a pilgrimage to the Holy Land while staying at the Priory of La Charité-sur-Loire, a monastic city in Burgundy, France; originally buried there
Place of Burial: Reinterred St. Neots, Faches-Thumesnil, Nord-Pas de Calais, France
Immediate Family:

Son of Ranulph "the Rich" and NN wife of Ranulph "the Rich" de Senlis
Husband of Matilda Maude (Queen of Scotland) Huntingdon & Northampton
Father of Simon de Senliz, II, 4th Earl Of Huntingdon & Northampton; Matilda de St. Liz and Waltheof de St Liz

Occupation: Crusader
Managed by: Pam Wilson
Last Updated:

About Simon I de Senlis, Earl of Huntingdon and Northampton

Simon I de Senlis (or Senliz), 1st Earl of Northampton and 2nd Earl of Huntingdon jure uxoris (died between 1111 (probably 1111 as this is when his castle at Northampton passed to the crown) and 1113) was a Norman nobleman.

  • Birth Date not known for certain (1046-1068); died 1111

Married:

  1. in or before 1090 to Maud of Huntingdon, daughter of Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria, Northampton, and Huntingdon, by Judith, daughter of Lambert, Count of Lens. Following Simon's death, his widow, Maud, married (2nd) around Christmas 1113, David I nicknamed the Saint, who became King of Scots in 1124. Maud, 2nd Countess of Huntingdon, the Queen of Scots, died in 1130/31

Children:

  • Simon
  • Waltheof
  • Maud

From http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ENGLISH%20NOBILITY%20MEDIEVAL.htm#_Toc186716601

EARLS of HUNTINGDON (family of SIMON de SENLIS)

1. RANULF "the Rich", son of ---. m ---. The name of Ranulf's wife is not known. Ranulf & his wife had two children:

a) WARNER . ...

b) SIMON de Senlis [St Lis] (-Priory of La Charité-sur-Loire [1111], bur Priory of La Charité-sur-Loire). A manuscript narrating the foundation of St Andrew´s Priory, Northampton records that “duo fratres…Garnerius dictus le Ryche et Simon de Seynlyz filii Raundoel le Ryche” accompanied William “the Conqueror” to England[566]. He was created Earl of Huntingdon and Northampton in [1087/90] after his marriage, presumably de iure uxoris, although his late father-in-law's earldom must have been forfeited in [1075] implying that a new grant would have been necessary. He witnessed a charter to Bath Abbey as "Earl Simon" in 1090[567]. He built the castle of Northampton. “Symon et uxor mea Matildis” founded the St Andrew´s, Northampton by undated charter, subscribed by “…Johannis nepotis comitis…Symonis nepotis comitis, Warneri nepotis comitis…Petri nepotis comitis…”[568]. "…Symonis comitis…" subscribed a charter dated 14 Sep 1101 under which Henry I King of England donated property to Bath St Peter[569]. A manuscript narrating the foundation of St Andrew´s Priory, Northampton records that Simon died “apud Caritatem” while returning from a journey to “terram sanctam” and was buried there[570].

m ([1087/90]) as her first husband, MATILDA [Maud] of Huntingdon, daughter of WALTHEOF Earl of Huntingdon and Northumberland & his wife Judith de Lens [Boulogne] ([1071/76]-[23 Apr 1130/22 Apr 1131], bur Scone Abbey, Perthshire). Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland records the marriage of Matilda eldest daughter of Judith and "Earl Simon[571]. Guillaume de Jumièges records that the eldest of the three daughters of Waltheof & his wife married "Simon de Senlis" and later "David frère de la seconde Mathilde reine des Anglais"[572]. Her parents are named by Orderic Vitalis[573]. She married secondly (1113) David of Scotland Prince of Cumbria, who succeeded in 1124 as David I King of Scotland. Robert of Torigny records that the wife of "David [rex Scotiæ] frater [Alexandri]" was "filiam Gallevi comitis et Judith consobrini regis", naming "Symon Silvanectensis comes" as her first husband[574]. "Matilde comitisse, Henrico filio comitis…" witnessed the charter dated to [1120] under which "David comes filius Malcolmi Regis Scottorum" founded the abbey of Selkirk[575]. "Matildis comitissa…" witnessed inquisitions by "David…Cumbrensis regionis princeps", dated 1124, concerning land owned by the church of Glasgow[576]. Earl Simon & his wife had four children:

i) SIMON de Senlis (-Aug 1153, bur St Andrew's Priory). Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland names "Simon, Waldev and Matilda" as the children of Simon Earl of Huntingdon and his wife Matilda, commenting that they "are still young and in their infancy"[577]. He was restored as Earl of Huntingdon and Northampton [before 1141].

ii) WALTHEOF de Senlis (-3 Aug 1159[578]). Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland names "Simon, Waldev and Matilda" as the children of Simon Earl of Huntingdon and his wife Matilda, commenting that they "are still young and in their infancy"[579]. "…Waldef filio Reginæ…" witnessed a charter dated to [1128] by which "David…Rex Scottorum" made grants to the church of St John in the castle of Roxburgh[580]. Prior of Kirkham. A manuscript narrating the foundation of Thornton Abbey records that it was founded in 1139 by “Willielmus Grose comes Albermarliæ”, and that “cognati sui Wallevi, prioris de Kyrkham…fratris Simonis comitis Northamtoniæ” arranged the arrival of the first monks[581]. The relationship between the two was through Judith de Lens, maternal grandmother of Waltheof, who was uterine sister of Guillaume´s father. He was installed as second Abbot of Melrose in 1148[582].

iii) MAUD de Senlis (-before 1163). Ingulph's Chronicle of the Abbey of Croyland names "Simon, Waldev and Matilda" as the children of Simon Earl of Huntingdon and his wife Matilda, commenting that they "are still young and in their infancy"[583]. A manuscript narrating the foundation of Daventre priory records that “Symonis de Seynliz” had two sisters “quarum una…Matildis Seynliz” married “Robertus filius Ricardi”[584]. A manuscript history of the foundation of Dunmow Priory records the marriage in 1112 of “Robertus filius Ricardi” and “Matildam de Sancto Lisio”, although the dating of events in this source appears shaky[585]. The primary source which confirms her second marriage has not yet been identified. A manuscript history of the foundation of Dunmow Priory records the death in 1140 of “Matildis de Sancto Licio uxor Roberti filii Ricardi”, although the dating of events in this source appears shaky[586]. m firstly ([1112]) ROBERT FitzRichard de Clare Lord of Dunmow, son of RICHARD Lord of Clare and Tonbridge & his wife Rohese Giffard (-[1134], bur Priory of St Neot). m secondly (1136) SAHER de Quincy, son of --- (-[1156/58]).

iv) daughter . A manuscript narrating the foundation of Daventre priory records that “Symonis de Seynliz” had two sisters “quarum una…Matildis Seynliz” married “Robertus filius Ricardi”, but does not name the second sister[587].


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http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Simon_I_de_Senlis,_Earl_of_Huntingdon-Northampton

Simon I de Senlis (or Senliz), 1st Earl of Northampton and 2nd Earl of Huntingdon jure uxoris (died between 1111 (probably 1111 as this is when his castle at Northampton passed to the crown) and 1113) was a Norman nobleman.

In 1098 he was captured during the Vexin campaign of King William Rufus and was subsequently ransomed. He witnessed King Henry I’s charter of liberties issued at his coronation in 1100. He attested royal charters in England from 1100–03, 1106–07, and 1109–011. Sometime in the period, 1093–1100, he and his wife, Maud, founded the Priory of St. Andrew’s, Northampton. He witnessed a grant of King Henry I to Bath Abbey 8 August 1111 at Bishop’s Waltham, as the king was crossing to Normandy. Simon de Senlis, Earl of Northampton and Huntingdon, subsequently went abroad and died at La Charité-sur-Loire, and was buried there in the new priory church. The date of his death is uncertain.

He reportedly built Northampton Castle and the town walls.[1] He also built one of the three remaining Round churches in England, The Holy Sepulchre, Sheep Street, Northampton).

Family

Simon was the third son of Laudri de Senlis, sire of Chantilly and Ermenonville (in Picardy), and his spouse, Ermengarde.[2]

He married in or before 1090 Maud of Huntingdon, daughter of Waltheof, Earl of Northumbria, Northampton, and Huntingdon, by Judith, daughter of Lambert, Count of Lens. They had two sons, Simon II de Senlis, Earl of Huntingdon-Northampton, and Waltheof of Melrose, and one daughter, Maud de Senlis, who married (1st) Robert Fitz Richard (of the De Clare family), of Little Dunmow, Essex.

Following Simon's death, his widow, Maud, married (2nd) around Christmas 1113, David I nicknamed the Saint, who became King of Scots in 1124. David was recognized as Earl of Huntingdon to the exclusion of his step-son, Simon; the earldom of Northampton reverted to the crown. Maud, 2nd Countess of Huntingdon, the Queen of Scots, died in 1130/31.

In popular culture

He was featured in Alan Moore's book "Voice of the Fire" as the main character of the chapter "Limping to Jersusalem." [3]

Preceded by Vacant Last held by: Waltheof Earl of Northampton 1080–1111/1113 Succeeded by Simon II of St Liz

Notes

Jump up ^ Northampton Castle Jump up ^ Matthew Strickland, ‘Senlis, Simon (I) de , earl of Northampton and earl of Huntingdon (d. 1111x13)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 Jump up ^ Voice Of The Fire

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Simon I de Senlis, Earl of Huntingdon's Timeline

1068
1068
Capelle-les-Grands, Eure, Upper Normandy, France
1090
1090
Age 22
Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England
1091
1091
Age 23
Northamptonshire, UK
1098
1098
Age 30
Northampton, Northamptonshire, England
1100
1100
Age 32
1111
1111
Age 43
La Charité-sur-Loire, Bourgogne, France
1111
Age 43
Faches-Thumesnil, Nord-Pas de Calais, France
1900
August 28, 1900
Age 43
1901
January 31, 1901
Age 43
1937
September 3, 1937
Age 43