Simone de Beauvoir

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Simone Bertrand de Beauvoir

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Paris, France
Death: Died in Paris, France
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Georges Bertrand De Beauvoir and Françoise Brasseur
Partner of Jean-Paul Sartre
Mother of <private> Le Bon
Sister of Henriette--Hélène de Beauvoir

Occupation: Femme de Lettres, philosophe
Managed by: Michael Joseph Gerst
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Simone de Beauvoir

Simone de Beauvoir is now best known for her metaphysical novels, including She Came to Stay and The Mandarins, and for her 1949 treatise "The Second Sex" , a detailed analysis of women's oppression and a foundational tract of contemporary feminism.

Simone de Beauvoir is also noted for her lifelong polyamorous relationship with Jean-Paul Sartre. She was a French existentialist philosopher, public intellectual, and social theorist. She wrote novels, essays, biographies, an autobiography in several volumes, and monographs on philosophy, politics, and social issues.

Simone-Ernestine-Lucie-Marie Bertrand de Beauvoir 1908 the eldest daughter of Georges Bertrand de Beauvoir, a legal secretary who once aspired to be an actor, and Françoise (née) Brasseur, a wealthy banker’s daughter and devout Catholic. Her younger sister, Hélène, a famous artist, was born two years later. Beauvoir herself was deeply religious as a child—at one point intending to become a nun—until a crisis of faith at age 14. She remained an atheist for the rest of her life.

Beauvoir was intellectually precocious from a young age, fueled by her father’s encouragement: he reportedly would boast, “Simone thinks like a man!” She studied philosophy at the Sorbonne, writing her thesis on Leibniz for Léon Brunschvicg.

Although not officially enrolled, she sat in on courses at the École Normale Supérieure in preparation for the agrégation in philosophy, a highly competitive postgraduate examination which serves as a national ranking of students. It was while studying for the agrégation that she met École Normale students Sartre, Paul Nizan, and René Maheu. The jury for the agrégation narrowly awarded Sartre first place instead of Beauvoir, who placed second and, at age 21, was the youngest person ever to pass the exam.

She and Sartre became lifelong intellectual and romantic partners, although they both rejected monogamy. Beauvoir would subsequently have romantic relationships with both men and women, most notably including Jacques-Laurent Bost, Nelson Algren, and Claude Lanzmann.

Simone de Beauvoir Bio

http://archives.radio-canada.ca/societe/litterature/clips/2015/

Simone de Beauvoir censurée Cette entrevue de Wilfrid Lemoine avec la philosophe et auteure Simone de Beauvoir n’a jamais été vue en entier jusqu’à aujourd’hui. Censuré par la direction de Radio-Canada, sous la pression de l’archevêché de Montréal, le document n’a pas été diffusé le 13 novembre 1959 comme prévu. À la mort de Simone de Beauvoir, en avril 1986, sa diffusion est programmée, mais les éliminatoires de la saison de hockey occupent la case horaire, et le public ne verra qu’un extrait des 40 minutes originales pendant lesquelles Beauvoir parle, entre autres, de l’existentialisme, de la religion et du mariage.

Le Québec de 1959 vit encore dans la « grande noirceur » : Maurice Duplessis vient de mourir, mais l’Église catholique continue de dicter la morale. Donner la parole pendant près d’une heure à une femme qui dit clairement qu’elle n’est pas croyante et que le mariage équivaut à un esclavage est un affront que la direction de Radio-Canada n’osera faire.

Le Deuxième Sexe, ouvrage publié en 1949, a d’ailleurs été mis à l’index par l’Église québécoise et l’est resté jusque dans les années 1960.

La publication de l’essai Le Deuxième Sexe en 1949 bouleverse le paysage intellectuel français. À travers l’observation des femmes – l’ouvrage n’est nullement autobiographique –, Beauvoir démolit l’image de l’idéal féminin de l’après-guerre : mère au foyer, éducatrice-née, femme heureuse de son sort. La droite catholique tout comme la gauche communiste fustigent l’ouvrage.

Plus de 50 ans après sa publication, Le Deuxième Sexe est encore l’ouvrage de référence des féministes à travers le monde.

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Simone de Beauvoir's Timeline

1908
January 9, 1908
Paris, France
1986
April 14, 1986
Age 78
Paris, France