Anthony Hungerford, Knight (c.1567 - 1627) MP

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Birthplace: Great Bedwyn, Wiltshire, England
Death: Died in Oxfordshire, England
Occupation: Religious controversalist
Managed by: Geoffrey David Trowbridge
Last Updated:

About Anthony Hungerford, Knight

Family and Education bap. 29 Oct. 1567,1 2nd s. of Anthony Hungerford (d.1589)2 of Down Ampney, and Bridget, da. of John Shelly of Mitchelgrove and Patcham, Suss.; bro. of Sir John*.3 educ. St. John’s, Oxf. 1583-7.4 m. (1) by 1595, Lucy (d. 4 June 1598),5 da. of Sir Walter Hungerford† of Farleigh Castle, Som., wid. of Sir John St. John of Lydiard Tregoze, Wilts., 1s., 2da.;6 (2) 15 June 1605,7 Sarah (d. 12 May. 1627),8 da. and coh. of Giles Crouch, Haberdasher, of Cornhill, London, wid. of William Wiseman, of Woolstone, Uffington, Berks., 6s. 3da.9 kntd. 11 Dec. 1606.10 d. 27 June 1627.11 sig. Anth[ony] Hungerford.

Offices Held

Kpr. (jt.) Braydon Forest, Wilts. by 1601;12 commr. subsidy, Wilts. 1608, 1611, 1622,13 Wilts. and Oxon. 1624;14 dep. lt., Wilts. c.1610-24;15 j.p. Wilts. 1608-22, 1623-d., Glos. by 1614-at least 1622, Oxon. 1623-d.;16 commr. charitable uses, Wilts. 1613,17 swans, Berks., Oxon., Wilts., Glos., Hants and Northants. 1615;18 oyer and terminer, western circ. 1617-d.19

Biography The Hungerfords had acquired Stock by 1431, and further purchases of estates ensured that the family became one of the more substantial in the area bordering north Wiltshire, Oxfordshire and Gloucestershire.20 Although Hungerford was only the second son, his father was able to leave him three manors, a part lease of Down Ampney parsonage, and £150.21 Hungerford further bolstered his financial independence by making two lucrative marriages. The first, to the widow of a prominent local gentleman, brought him additional properties in Wiltshire and Berkshire. After a legal battle with his Catholic mother-in-law, who was living as an exile in Louvain, Hungerford also received generous legacies from his wife’s father, a distant kinsman.22 Following Hungerford’s second marriage to a lady already ‘sufficiently advanced with much money’, he acquired Black Bourton in Oxfordshire, but continued to live in Wiltshire until at least 1617.23

Hungerford’s father had once been a militia captain charged with searching for recusants, but he nevertheless married into a Catholic family.24 Although Hungerford was compelled to attend the parish church, his mother, a convicted recusant, ensured that he was ‘accustomed to the rites and practice of that religion [Catholicism], which being full of ceremonies pleasing to the eye, and masked with the works of seeming charity and devotion, did first win my liking to the outside sense, before my years had afforded me the least use of reason’.25 He was admitted to the Catholic church in 1584, but reconverted to Protestantism four years later, for reasons he elucidated in two restrained autobiographical works, one of which was published posthumously.26

The Hungerford family had often previously represented Great Bedwyn in Parliament, and shared the patronage of the borough with the Seymour earls of Hertford, who owned the manor. Having sat as the borough’s senior Member in the last two Elizabethan parliaments, Hungerford was returned again in 1604; however, he was obliged to take the second seat, giving precedence to the 1st earl of Hertford’s nominee, Sir John Rodney. Hungerford’s contribution to debates is obscured by the fact that the Commons Journal does not usually differentiate between him and his kinsman, John Hungerford*, who sat for Chippenham. He may have been nominated to committees for bills to prohibit the residence of married men in colleges (14 June 1604), confirm letters patent (5 July), suppress the use of logwood and endow poor churches (15 May 1607), as well as measures concerned with Damerham (4 July 1610) and contractors (5 July).27 After the dissolution he was appointed a Wiltshire deputy lieutenant, despite having recently protested to Hertford, with other local magistrates, against the excessive fees demanded by the muster-master.28 He did not stand for Parliament again, and in 1624 retired from the deputy lieutenancy in favour of his son and heir, Edward*.29

Hungerford married firstly Lucy Hungerford, daughter of Sir Walter Hungerford (Knight of Farley) (died 1596), and

secondly Sarah Crouch, daughter of John Crouch of London.

By his first wife he was father of Sir Edward a roundhead (1596–1648),

and by his second wife was father of Anthony a cavalier (d. 1657), John, and two daughters.

He was the brother of Sir John Hungerford MP.

Hungerford spent the last decade of his life at Black Bourton, while his brother, Sir John, helped manage his estates.30 By this time his property included six messuages in London and two manors in Kent, acquired from his second father-in-law.31 Some of his purchases involved him in acrimonious legal suits. In 1612 he was named in a case involving the sale of the copyhold of South Marston manor, Wiltshire, in which he had allegedly intimidated the original owner, ‘a simple woman, and fearful of his threatening speeches’. Two years later he secured £400 on property in Chipping Sodbury, Gloucestershire, in trust for the wife of his relative, Edmund. On Edmund’s death, Hungerford refused to release the money while continuing to enjoy the profits of the property. By 1621 his recalcitrance had resulted in a summons by the Privy Council to explain his actions.32

Hungerford died at Black Bourton on 27 June 1627, four days after making his will. He was sufficiently prosperous to provide for his sons’ education, three of whom were still minors, while setting aside 4,000 marks for two of his daughters’ marriage portions. Bequests were made to the poor of several parishes, including £10 to support two apprentices in Great Bedwyn and £5 to ‘the ploughboy whom I brought out of Wiltshire with me’. The advowson of Corsham church was given to his children’s schoolmaster. He instructed the latter to raise his children according to the tenets of the Church of England, ‘which I constantly believe to be the same that Christ and his apostles planted in the Primitive Church’.33 Four of Hungerford’s sons, two of them barristers, entered Parliament, principally representing Wiltshire constituencies. His eldest, Sir Edward, became a noted parliamentarian soldier, while Anthony, who succeeded to Sir Edward’s estate, was disabled in 1644 as a royalist.34 Bridget, Hungerford’s only daughter from his first marriage, married Alexander Chocke II*; while his youngest married Alexander Thistlethwaite, from one of the most prominent landed families in Wiltshire.35

Ref Volumes: 1604-1629 Author: Henry Lancaster Notes 1. Vis. Wilts. (Harl Soc. cv-cvi), 93. 2. Add. 23690, f. 87v-87. 3. PROB 11/71, f. 273v. 4. Al. Ox. 5. Add. 33412, f. 76; PROB 6/5, f. 252; J. Aubrey, Top. Collections, 173. 6. Vis. Wilts. (Harl. Soc. cv, cvi), 93, 168. 7. GL, ms 4107, unfol. 8. Lansd. 901, f. 36. 9. Vis. London (Harl. Soc. xv), 207; Add. 33412, f. 76; Add. 23690, ff. 87v-8. 10. Shaw, Knights of Eng. ii. 141. 11. C142/437/89; Trans. Oxon. Arch. Soc. xliii. 45. 12. E134/43Eliz/Hil.8. 13. SP14/31/1, f. 47; E179/199/371; C212/22/21. 14. C212/22/23. 15. CSP Dom. 1623-5, p. 164. 16. C231/4, ff. 149, 154; C93/13/1, f. 42; Earl of Hertford’s Ltcy. Pprs. ed. W.P.D. Murphy (Wilts. Rec. Soc. xxiii), 169, 177; T. Rymer, Foedera, viii. pt. 2, pp. 13, 18. 17. C93/5/20. 18. C181/2, f. 233. 19. C181/2, ff. 269v, 335; 181/3, ff. 6, 206v. 20. VCH Wilts. xvi. 24-5; Aubrey, 374. 21. PROB 11/74, f. 232. 22. PROB 11/94, f. 384; HMC Hatfield, x. 138; xvi. 261. 23. PROB 11/94, f. 150. 24. Add. 42504, f. 3. 25. Wilts. RO, A1/150/2, f. 224; Memorial of a father to his deare children (1639) STC 13972, p. 42. 26. Add. 42504, f. 6; Advice of a Sonne (1616) STC13971.5, p. 14 ; Wood, Ath. Ox. ii. 410; L.M. Roberts, ‘Sir Anthony Hungerford’s "Memorial"’, EHR, xvi. 292-307. 27. CJ, i. 238b, 252b, 374a, 445b, 446a; HLRO, O.A. 7 Jas.I, c. 34. 28. Murphy, 169, 177. 29. VCH Wilts. v. 82; CSP Dom. 1623-5, p. 164. 30. Add. 29974, f. 96. 31. Wilts. RO, 212B/1907; E179/199/356; C2/Jas.I/H20/30; 2/Jas.I/H37/25; C142/262/10; VCH Glos. xi. 147; Wilts. IPMs eds. G.S. and A.E. Fry (Brit. Rec. Soc. xxiii), 57-8, 117; C66/1978/8. 32. C2/Jas.I/S4/62; 2/Jas.I/H28/5; APC, 1621-3, p. 34. 33. PROB 11/152, ff. 156v-157; J.E. Jackson, Hungerford Fam. Collections, iii. 8-9. 34. Add. 33412, ff. 76-7. 35. Vis. Som. (Harl. Soc. xi), 23; Add. 33412, f. 80; R. Atkins, Ancient and Present State of Glos. 210-11; J. Burke, Commoners, iii. 473; R.C. Hoare, Wilts. v. 46

Christened 1567 not born. Dictionary of Natonal Biography 1885-1900 Vol. 28 .. HUNGERFORD, Sir ANTHONY (1564–1627), controversialist, born in 1564, was son of Anthony Hungerford of Down Ampney, Gloucestershire, a descendant of Sir Edmund Hungerford second son of Walter, lord Hungerford (d. 1449) [q.v.] of Farleigh and Heytesbury. His mother was Bridget, daughter of John Shelley, and granddaughter of Sir William Shelley [q.v.], justice of the common pleas (Le Neve, Pedigrees of Knights, p. 33). She was a devout Roman catholic, and brought Anthony up in her faith. He seems to be the Anthony Hungerford of Wiltshire, who matriculated from St. John's College, Oxford, aged 16, on 12 April 1583 (Oxford Univ. Reg., Oxford Hist. Soc.,ii. ii. 126). Owing to his father's pecuniary difficulties he left the university within a year; but he is probably the Anthony Hungerford 'Armiger' who was created M.A. on 9 July 1594 (ib. ii. i. 235). After much wavering in his belief he embraced the reformed religion in 1588, at the time of the Spanish Armada. He was knighted on 15 Feb. 1607-8 (Metcalfe, p. 159), and was deputy lieutenant of Wiltshire until 1624, when he resigned the office in favour of his son Edward. He settled at Black Bourton, Oxfordshire; died at the end of June 1627, and was buried in Black Bourton church. His son Edward after his death found among his papers and published The advice of a son professing the religion established in the present church of England to his dear mother, a Roman catholic,' and the memorial of a father to his dear children, containing an acknowledgement of God's great mercy in bringing him to the profession of the true religion at this present established in the church of England,' Oxford, 1639, 4to. The latter part was finished at Black Bourton in April 1627.

Sir Anthony married (1) Lucy, daughter of Sir Walter Hungerford of Farleigh (d. 1596) [see under Hungerford, Walter, 1503-1540], and (2) Sarah, daughter of John Crouch of London. By his first wife he was father of Sir Edward Hungerford (1596-1648) [q.v.], and by his second wife was father of Anthony [q.v.] and John, and two daughters

Sir Anthony Hungerford of Black Bourton (1567–1627), was a religious controversialist. He was knighted in 1608, and was deputy lieutenant of Wiltshire until 1624, when he resigned the office in favour of his eldest son Sir Edward.

Brief Biography

Sir Anthony Hungerford of Blackbourton or Black Bourton, later also of Farley Castle d 1627 Hungerford should not be confused with his namesake and contemporary, the Parliamentarian Colonel Anthony Hungerford. Anthony Hungerford died 1657, of Black Bourton in Oxfordshire, was an English Member of Parliament who supported the Royalist cause during the English Civil War. The younger son of Sir Anthony Hungerford, he came from a family with a long Parliamentary pedigree; his ancestors included the 14th century Speaker of the House of Commons, Sir Thomas Hungerford. He was MP for Malmesbury in the Short and Long Parliaments. In 1644, after he attended the King's Parliament at Oxford, he was disabled from sitting in the Long Parliament, fined and imprisoned in the Tower of London; however in 1646, on payment of a fine of £2,532, he was pardoned and his estate at Black Bourton which had been sequestered was restored to him. In 1653 he inherited the Farleigh Castle estates of the senior branch of the family. His son, Sir Edward Hungerford, sat in Parliament for several constituencies after the Restoration; his spendthrift habits destroyed the family fortune.

Family

Hungerford married firstly Lucy Hungerford, daughter of Sir Walter Hungerford (Knight of Farley) (died 1596), as her second husband: she was married to Sir John St. John of Lydiard 1st. He married secondly Sarah Crouch, daughter of John Crouch of London. By his first wife he was father of Sir Edward a roundhead (1596–1648), and by his second wife was father of Anthony a cavalier (d. 1657), John, and two daughters.[7] He was the brother of Sir John Hungerford MP.

Sources

Links

-------------------- Family and Education bap. 29 Oct. 1567,1 2nd s. of Anthony Hungerford (d.1589)2 of Down Ampney, and Bridget, da. of John Shelly of Mitchelgrove and Patcham, Suss.; bro. of Sir John*.3 educ. St. John’s, Oxf. 1583-7.4 m. (1) by 1595, Lucy (d. 4 June 1598),5 da. of Sir Walter Hungerford† of Farleigh Castle, Som., wid. of Sir John St. John of Lydiard Tregoze, Wilts., 1s., 2da.;6 (2) 15 June 1605,7 Sarah (d. 12 May. 1627),8 da. and coh. of Giles Crouch, Haberdasher, of Cornhill, London, wid. of William Wiseman, of Woolstone, Uffington, Berks., 6s. 3da.9 kntd. 11 Dec. 1606.10 d. 27 June 1627.11 sig. Anth[ony] Hungerford.

Offices Held

Kpr. (jt.) Braydon Forest, Wilts. by 1601;12 commr. subsidy, Wilts. 1608, 1611, 1622,13 Wilts. and Oxon. 1624;14 dep. lt., Wilts. c.1610-24;15 j.p. Wilts. 1608-22, 1623-d., Glos. by 1614-at least 1622, Oxon. 1623-d.;16 commr. charitable uses, Wilts. 1613,17 swans, Berks., Oxon., Wilts., Glos., Hants and Northants. 1615;18 oyer and terminer, western circ. 1617-d.19

Biography The Hungerfords had acquired Stock by 1431, and further purchases of estates ensured that the family became one of the more substantial in the area bordering north Wiltshire, Oxfordshire and Gloucestershire.20 Although Hungerford was only the second son, his father was able to leave him three manors, a part lease of Down Ampney parsonage, and £150.21 Hungerford further bolstered his financial independence by making two lucrative marriages. The first, to the widow of a prominent local gentleman, brought him additional properties in Wiltshire and Berkshire. After a legal battle with his Catholic mother-in-law, who was living as an exile in Louvain, Hungerford also received generous legacies from his wife’s father, a distant kinsman.22 Following Hungerford’s second marriage to a lady already ‘sufficiently advanced with much money’, he acquired Black Bourton in Oxfordshire, but continued to live in Wiltshire until at least 1617.23

Hungerford’s father had once been a militia captain charged with searching for recusants, but he nevertheless married into a Catholic family.24 Although Hungerford was compelled to attend the parish church, his mother, a convicted recusant, ensured that he was ‘accustomed to the rites and practice of that religion [Catholicism], which being full of ceremonies pleasing to the eye, and masked with the works of seeming charity and devotion, did first win my liking to the outside sense, before my years had afforded me the least use of reason’.25 He was admitted to the Catholic church in 1584, but reconverted to Protestantism four years later, for reasons he elucidated in two restrained autobiographical works, one of which was published posthumously.26

The Hungerford family had often previously represented Great Bedwyn in Parliament, and shared the patronage of the borough with the Seymour earls of Hertford, who owned the manor. Having sat as the borough’s senior Member in the last two Elizabethan parliaments, Hungerford was returned again in 1604; however, he was obliged to take the second seat, giving precedence to the 1st earl of Hertford’s nominee, Sir John Rodney. Hungerford’s contribution to debates is obscured by the fact that the Commons Journal does not usually differentiate between him and his kinsman, John Hungerford*, who sat for Chippenham. He may have been nominated to committees for bills to prohibit the residence of married men in colleges (14 June 1604), confirm letters patent (5 July), suppress the use of logwood and endow poor churches (15 May 1607), as well as measures concerned with Damerham (4 July 1610) and contractors (5 July).27 After the dissolution he was appointed a Wiltshire deputy lieutenant, despite having recently protested to Hertford, with other local magistrates, against the excessive fees demanded by the muster-master.28 He did not stand for Parliament again, and in 1624 retired from the deputy lieutenancy in favour of his son and heir, Edward*.29

Hungerford spent the last decade of his life at Black Bourton, while his brother, Sir John, helped manage his estates.30 By this time his property included six messuages in London and two manors in Kent, acquired from his second father-in-law.31 Some of his purchases involved him in acrimonious legal suits. In 1612 he was named in a case involving the sale of the copyhold of South Marston manor, Wiltshire, in which he had allegedly intimidated the original owner, ‘a simple woman, and fearful of his threatening speeches’. Two years later he secured £400 on property in Chipping Sodbury, Gloucestershire, in trust for the wife of his relative, Edmund. On Edmund’s death, Hungerford refused to release the money while continuing to enjoy the profits of the property. By 1621 his recalcitrance had resulted in a summons by the Privy Council to explain his actions.32

Hungerford died at Black Bourton on 27 June 1627, four days after making his will. He was sufficiently prosperous to provide for his sons’ education, three of whom were still minors, while setting aside 4,000 marks for two of his daughters’ marriage portions. Bequests were made to the poor of several parishes, including £10 to support two apprentices in Great Bedwyn and £5 to ‘the ploughboy whom I brought out of Wiltshire with me’. The advowson of Corsham church was given to his children’s schoolmaster. He instructed the latter to raise his children according to the tenets of the Church of England, ‘which I constantly believe to be the same that Christ and his apostles planted in the Primitive Church’.33 Four of Hungerford’s sons, two of them barristers, entered Parliament, principally representing Wiltshire constituencies. His eldest, Sir Edward, became a noted parliamentarian soldier, while Anthony, who succeeded to Sir Edward’s estate, was disabled in 1644 as a royalist.34 Bridget, Hungerford’s only daughter from his first marriage, married Alexander Chocke II*; while his youngest married Alexander Thistlethwaite, from one of the most prominent landed families in Wiltshire.35

Ref Volumes: 1604-1629 Author: Henry Lancaster Notes 1. Vis. Wilts. (Harl Soc. cv-cvi), 93. 2. Add. 23690, f. 87v-87. 3. PROB 11/71, f. 273v. 4. Al. Ox. 5. Add. 33412, f. 76; PROB 6/5, f. 252; J. Aubrey, Top. Collections, 173. 6. Vis. Wilts. (Harl. Soc. cv, cvi), 93, 168. 7. GL, ms 4107, unfol. 8. Lansd. 901, f. 36. 9. Vis. London (Harl. Soc. xv), 207; Add. 33412, f. 76; Add. 23690, ff. 87v-8. 10. Shaw, Knights of Eng. ii. 141. 11. C142/437/89; Trans. Oxon. Arch. Soc. xliii. 45. 12. E134/43Eliz/Hil.8. 13. SP14/31/1, f. 47; E179/199/371; C212/22/21. 14. C212/22/23. 15. CSP Dom. 1623-5, p. 164. 16. C231/4, ff. 149, 154; C93/13/1, f. 42; Earl of Hertford’s Ltcy. Pprs. ed. W.P.D. Murphy (Wilts. Rec. Soc. xxiii), 169, 177; T. Rymer, Foedera, viii. pt. 2, pp. 13, 18. 17. C93/5/20. 18. C181/2, f. 233. 19. C181/2, ff. 269v, 335; 181/3, ff. 6, 206v. 20. VCH Wilts. xvi. 24-5; Aubrey, 374. 21. PROB 11/74, f. 232. 22. PROB 11/94, f. 384; HMC Hatfield, x. 138; xvi. 261. 23. PROB 11/94, f. 150. 24. Add. 42504, f. 3. 25. Wilts. RO, A1/150/2, f. 224; Memorial of a father to his deare children (1639) STC 13972, p. 42. 26. Add. 42504, f. 6; Advice of a Sonne (1616) STC13971.5, p. 14 ; Wood, Ath. Ox. ii. 410; L.M. Roberts, ‘Sir Anthony Hungerford’s "Memorial"’, EHR, xvi. 292-307. 27. CJ, i. 238b, 252b, 374a, 445b, 446a; HLRO, O.A. 7 Jas.I, c. 34. 28. Murphy, 169, 177. 29. VCH Wilts. v. 82; CSP Dom. 1623-5, p. 164. 30. Add. 29974, f. 96. 31. Wilts. RO, 212B/1907; E179/199/356; C2/Jas.I/H20/30; 2/Jas.I/H37/25; C142/262/10; VCH Glos. xi. 147; Wilts. IPMs eds. G.S. and A.E. Fry (Brit. Rec. Soc. xxiii), 57-8, 117; C66/1978/8. 32. C2/Jas.I/S4/62; 2/Jas.I/H28/5; APC, 1621-3, p. 34. 33. PROB 11/152, ff. 156v-157; J.E. Jackson, Hungerford Fam. Collections, iii. 8-9. 34. Add. 33412, ff. 76-7. 35. Vis. Som. (Harl. Soc. xi), 23; Add. 33412, f. 80; R. Atkins, Ancient and Present State of Glos. 210-11; J. Burke, Commoners, iii. 473; R.C. Hoare, Wilts. v. 46.

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Sir Anthony Hungerford, MP, of Black Bourton's Timeline

1567
October 29, 1567
Wiltshire, England
October 29, 1567
October 29, 1567
., Great Bedwyn, Wiltshire, England
November 29, 1567
Great Bedwyn,Wiltshire,England
1578
1578
Age 10
Farleigh-Hungerford, Somerset, England
1595
1595
Age 27
Black Bourton, Oxfordshire, England
1596
1596
Age 28
Corsham, Wiltshire, , England
1598
1598
Age 30
Farleigh Hungerford, Somerset, England
1600
February 17, 1600
Age 32
Cadnam, Wiltshire, England
1600
Age 32
Farleigh Hungerford, Somersetshire , England