Sir Cuthbert Cunningham, 3rd Earl of Glencairn

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Cuthbert Cunningham

Also Known As: "Cuninghame", "Cunynghame"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Glencairn, , Dumfries-Shire, Scotland
Death: Died in Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, Scotland
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert Cunningham, Lord of Kilmaurs, 2nd Earl of Glencairn and Christian Lindsay
Husband of NN Cunningham and Marion Douglas, of Angus
Father of William Cunningham, 4th Earl of Glencairn; Alexander Cunningham and Margaret Cunningham
Half brother of Sir George Seton, 2nd Lord Seton; John Seton; Margaret Seton and Alexander Seton

Occupation: 3rd Earl of Glencairn
Managed by: Kevin Lawrence Hanit
Last Updated:

About Sir Cuthbert Cunningham, 3rd Earl of Glencairn

  • Cuthbert Cunningham, 2nd Earl of Glencairn, 3rd Lord of Kilmaurs1,2
  • M, #39753, d. between 23 May 1540 and May 1541
  • Father Robert Cunningham, 2nd Lord of Kilmaurs3 d. c 1490
  • Mother Christian Lindsay3 d. b 11 Mar 1496
  • Cuthbert Cunningham, 2nd Earl of Glencairn, 3rd Lord of Kilmaurs was born at of Kilmaurs, Ayrshire, Scotland.1 A contract for the marriage of Cuthbert Cunningham, 2nd Earl of Glencairn, 3rd Lord of Kilmaurs and Marion Douglas was signed on 24 June 1492.4 Cuthbert Cunningham, 2nd Earl of Glencairn, 3rd Lord of Kilmaurs died between 23 May 1540 and May 1541.1
  • Family Marion Douglas d. a Jul 1511
  • Child
    • William Cunningham, 4th Earl of Glencairn+1 b. c 1493, d. Mar 1548
  • Citations
  • 1.[S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. V, p. 669-670.
  • 2.[S11566] The Scots Peerage, Vol. IV, edited by Sir James Balfour Paul, p. 235-236.
  • 3.[S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. V, p. 669.
  • 4.[S11568] The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, by George Edward Cokayne, Vol. V, p. 670.
  • From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p1324.htm#i39753

____________________

  • Cuthbert Cuninghame, 3rd Earl of Glencairn1
  • M, #109737, d. from 23 May 1540 to May 1541
  • Last Edited=2 Jun 2014
  • Cuthbert Cuninghame, 3rd Earl of Glencairn was the son of Robert Cuninghame, 2nd Earl of Glencairn and Christian Lindsay.2 A contract for the marriage of Cuthbert Cuninghame, 3rd Earl of Glencairn and Lady Marion Douglas was signed on 24 June 1492.1 He died from 23 May 1540 to May 1541.3
  • He succeeded to the title of 3rd Lord Kilmaurs [S., 1464] circa 1490.3 He succeeded to the title of 3rd Earl of Glencairn [S., 1488] on 13 August 1503, when his title was apparently recognised.1 On 24 July 1511 he was granted a charter of the Earldom and Barony of Glencairn.3 On 4 September 1526 he made an abortive attempt to wrest custody of King James V from the Douglas faction and was beaten by them at encounter of Linlithgow.3
  • Child of Cuthbert Cuninghame, 3rd Earl of Glencairn and Lady Marion Douglas
    • 1.William Cuninghame, 4th Earl of Glencairn+2 b. c 1493, d. Mar 1547/48
  • Citations
  • 1.[S8] BP1999 volume 1, page 1283. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S8]
  • 2.[S37] BP2003 See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
  • 3.[S37] BP2003. [S37]
  • From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p10974.htm#i109737

________________________

  • Glencairn, Earl of (S, 1488 - dormant 1796)
  • Alexander [Cunningham], 1st Lord Kilmaurs later 1st Earl of Glencairn
  • son and heir of Sir Robert Cunningham of Kilmaurs, by his wife Anne Montgomerie, only dau. of Sir John Montgomerie of Ardrossan
  • born after 1425
  • mar. Margaret Hepburn, sister of Patrick [Hepburn], 1st Lord Hailes, and dau. of Sir Adam Hepburn of Hailes by his wife Janet Borthwick, dau. of Sir William Borthwick
  • children
    • 1. Sir Robert Cunningham, later 2nd Earl of Glencairn
    • 2. William Cunningham, 1st of Craigends (d. bef. 19 Jun 1520), mar. after 12 Mar 1497/8 Marion Auchinleek, dau. of Sir John Auchinleek of Auchinleek, and had issue [he was ancestor of the Cunninghams of Craigends and said to be the ancestor of the Cunninghams of Robertland, Carncurin, Bedlaw, Auchinharvie, and Auchinyards)
    • 3. Alexander Cunningham (d. after 1483)
    • 4. Edward Cunningham (d. after 1483)
  • died 11 Jun 1488
  • created
    • betw. 8 Feb 1462/3 and 13 Jan 1463/4 Lord Kilmaurs
    • 28 May 1488 Earl of Glencairn
  • suc. by son
  • note defeated an uprising against King James III at the Battle of Blackness 1488; killed fighting for King James III against the latter's own son at the Battle of Sauchieburn
  • Robert [Cunningham], 2nd Earl of Glencairn later known as 2nd Lord Kilmaurs
  • born
  • mar. bef. 19 Jul 1476 Christian Seton (widow of John Seton, Master of Seton, 1st son and heir ap. by his first wife of George [Seton], 1st Lord Seton; d. betw. 1491/2 and 11 Mar 1495/6), 1st dau. of John [Lindsay], 1st Lord Lindsay of the Byres, by his wife ..... Stewart, dau. of Robert [Stewart], 1st Lord Lorne, by his wife Lady Joan Stewart, dau. by his first wife of Robert [Stewart], 1st Duke of Albany
  • children
    • 1. Sir Cuthbert Cunningham, later 3rd Earl of Glencairn
  • died c. 1490
  • suc. by son
  • note the Earldom of Glencairn was annulled by Act of Parliament 17 Oct 1488 and he was thereafter known as Lord Kilmaurs
  • Cuthbert [Cunningham], 3rd Lord Kilmaurs later 3rd Earl of Glencairn
  • born
  • mar. after 24 Jun 1492 Lady Mariot Douglas (d. after Jul 1511), 1st dau. of Archibald [Douglas], 5th Earl of Angus, by his first wife Elizabeth Boyd, 1st dau. of Robert [Boyd], 1st Lord Boyd
  • children
    • 1. Sir William Cunningham, later 4th Earl of Glencairn
  • died betw. 23 May 1540 and May 1541
  • suc. by son
  • note restored to the Earldom of Glencairn c. 1503, confirmed by charter 1511; opposed the Douglas family in their control of King James V and was defeated by them at the Battle of Linlithgow 1526
  • William [Cunningham], 4th Earl of Glencairn, PC
  • born c. 1493
  • mar. (1) bef. 10 Jul 1519 Hon Catherine Home (widow of Alexander Home; d. after 17 Jan 1527/8), 2nd dau. of William [Borthwick], 3rd Lord Borthwick, by his wife Margaret Hay, 1st dau. of John [Hay], 1st Lord Hay of Yester, by his second wife Elizabeth Cunningham, dau. and eventual hrss. of George Cunningham, son and heir of Sir William Cunningham of Belton
  • children by first wife
    • 1. Hon Alexander Cunningham, later 5th Earl of Glencairn
    • 2. Hon Andrew Cunningham of Corsehill (d. 1544), mar. Margaret Cunningham of Polmaise, and had issue:
      • 1a. Cuthbert Cunningham of Corsehill (d. 1575), mar. Maud Cunningham, dau. of John Cunningham of Aiket, and had issue:
        • 1b. Patrick Cunningham of Corsehill, concerned in the slaughter of the Earl of Eglinton 1586 and was himself killed by the Montgomeries (d. 1588)
        • 2b. Alexander of Corsehill (d. May 1646), mar. Marion Porterfield, dau. of William Porterfield of that Ilk and Duchal, and had issue:
          • 1c. Alexander Cunningham of Corsehill (d. c. 1667), mar. Mary Houston, dau. of John Houston of that Ilk, and had issue:
            • 1d. Alexander Cunningham of Corsehill, mar. Anna Crawford, dau. of John Crawford of Kilbirnie. and had issue:
              • 1e. Sir Alexander Cunningham of Corsehill, 1st Bt., mar. Mary Stewart, dau. of John Stewart of Blackhall, and had issue who in default of any nearer heirs-male would be heirs-male of the Earldom of Glencairn
            • 2d. Cuthbert Cunningham of Cockilbie
    • 3. Hon Hugh Cunningham of Watterson (d. after 1541), ancestor of the Cunninghams of Carlung
    • 4. Hon Robert Cunningham of Davidstoun, Minister of Failford, co. Ayr (d. after 12 May 1546), mar. Mariota ...... and was the ancestor of the Cunninghams of Mountgrenan
    • 5. Hon William Cunningham, Bishop of Argyll 1539 and Dean of Brechin 1557 (b. 1513; d. bef. 26 Feb 1561/2)
    • 1. Lady Elizabeth Cunningham, mar. Sir John Cunningham of Caprington, and had issue
    • 2. Lady Jean Cunningham, mar. Robert Fergusson of Craigdarroch
  • mar. (2) after Jan 1535/6 Elizabeth Crichton (widow of (1) William Wallace the Elder, Tutor of Craigie, and (2) Robert [Crichton], 4th Lord Crichton of Sanquhar), dau. and hrss. of John Campbell of West Loudoun
  • died Mar 1547/8
  • suc. by son by first wife
  • note knighted before 1509; High Treasurer of Scotland 1526; taken prisoner by the English after the Battle of Solway Moss 1542 and ransomed for £1,000; sent to treat for peace with England 1543; defeated by the Earl of Angus in a skirmish near Glasgow 1544 and took refuge in England, where he became a pensioner of the King of England; he changed sides later that year and appointed Privy Councillor [S] 1545; a staunch Presbyterian
  • .... etc.
  • From: http://www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk/online/content/glencairn1488.htm#GLENCAIRN_1488_3

______________________________

  • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 13
    • Cunningham, Alexander (d.1488) by Thomas Finlayson Henderson
  • CUNNINGHAM, ALEXANDER, first Earl of Glencairn (d. 1488), was descended from a family which obtained the manor of Cunningham, in the parish of Kilmaurs, Ayrshire, in the twelfth century. He was the eldest son of Sir Robert Cunningham (who received a charter of the lands of Kilmaurs from Robert, duke of Albany, and was knighted by James I) by his wife Ann, a daughter of Sir John de Montgomery of Eglinton and Ardrossan. He was created a lord of parliament by the title Lord Kilmaurs about 1450. In January 1477–8 he received a charter of the lands of Drip in the parish of Kilbride, Lanarkshire (Register of the Great Seal of Scotland, vol. i. entry 1,342). He was created Earl of Glencairn (a parish in the western part of Nithsdale, Dumfriesshire) by James III 28 May 1488, for the powerful assistance he had rendered against the rebel lords at Blackness. He was slain at the battle of Sauchieburn 11 June of the same year. By his wife Margaret, daughter of Adam Hepburn of Hailes, he had four sons. By the Rescissory Act passed by James IV 17 Oct. 1488, his eldest son Robert was deprived of the earldom and reduced to the rank of Lord Kilmaurs. It was, however, revived in the person of Cuthbert, third earl, in 1505.
  • [Acts of Parliament of Scotland, vol. ii.; Reg. Magni Sig. Scotl. vol. i.; Douglas's Scotch Peerage (Wood), i. 633–4.]
  • From: http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Cunningham,_Alexander_(d.1488)_(DNB00)
  • Dictionary of national biography (1885) Vol. XIII. Craik - Damer
  • https://archive.org/details/dictionaryofnati13stepuoft
  • https://archive.org/stream/dictionaryofnati13stepuoft#page/303/mode/1up

_____________________

  • Origins of the Clan Cunningham in Scotland
  • .... etc.
  • XII. Sir Robert Cuninghame of Kilmaurs. He married in 1425, Anne, the only daughter of Sir John de Montgomery of Ardrossan, by whom he had two sons. The second son, Archibald, was the first of the Cunninghames of Waterstoun, a family now extinct. He was succeeded by his eldest son, Alexander Cunningham, the first Earl of Glencairn.
  • The Earls Of Glencairn: A Chronological Listing
  • The following is a brief summary of the part of the Cunningham clan history that covers the Earls of Glencairn. The Glencairn lineage can be traced as follows:
    • 1st Earl (1488): Alexander Cunninghame
  • Alexander became the Earl of Glencairn in 1488. Took his title from the family’s estate/property located in Dumfrieshire. His title prior to being granted the earldom was Lord Kilmaurs. Receiving his title for battle services at Blackness, Alexander was killed in the same year at the Battle of Sauchieburn.
    • 2nd Earl (1488-1503): Robert Cunninghame
  • When the Earldom was rescinded by King James IV, Robert was left with only the title of the Lord of Kilmaurs
    • 3rd Earl (1503-1540): Cuthbert Cunninghame
  • The title was restored to Cuthbert who created the Burgh of Barony of Kilmaurs in the year 1527. This was introduced in the form of a charter which granted 280 Scots acres to 40 “tennamenters”, each of whom would hold a fortieth part of the total area.
    • 4th Earl (1540-1547): William Cunninghame
  • The 4th Earl was active in the cause of the Reformation. At first, he was loyal to the Crown but when he witnessed the atrocities of the English, he joined the forces of the Reformation and played no small part in the cause.
  • .... etc.
  • From: http://www.clancunninghamintl.org/history.htm

______________________

  • Lambroughton
  • .... etc.
    • The Kilmaurs Burgh of Barony
  • In 1577 (Strawhorn gives 1527), King James V erected Kilmaurs as a Burgh of Barony, under a charter from Cuthbert, 3rd. Earl of Glencairn. 240 acres (0.97 km2) of rich land, in lots of 6 acres (24,000 m2) each, was apportioned to 40 persons in order to 'induce mechanics to reside in Kilmaurs', such as shoemakers, cutlers, skinners, carpenters, waukers and wolsters. At one time 30 cutlers and a good many tinkers resided in Kilmaurs and gave the town a reputation for craftmanship which lingers on to this day (2006).[29][79] James, the fourteenth Earl of Glencairn broke the centuries old connection of the Cunnighame family with the area by selling the estate of Kilmaurs in 1786 to the Marchioness of Titchfield.[15]
  • .... etc.
  • From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lambroughton

______________________________

Cuthbert Cunningham, 3rd Earl of Glencairn; married (contract dated 24 June 1492) to Lady Mariot or Marion Douglas (died after Jul 1511), eldest daughter of Archibald, 5th Earl of Angus and Elizabeth Boyd. Cuthbert died between 23 May 1540 and May 1541.

The Dictionary of National Biography wrongly calls Cuthbert Robert. He had a number of charters as Lord Kilmaurs but had regained his grandfather's earldom by 1503. He tried unsuccessfully to rescue King James V from the control of the Douglas family, but was defeated at Linlithgow on 4 September 1526.

Weblinks

http://webspace.webring.com/people/gu/um_8463/gene/glencairn.htm

_________________________________

  • 'Cunningham02'
  • Alexander Cunningham, 1st Earl of Glencairn (d Sauchieburn 11.06.1488)
  • m. Margaret Hepburn (dau of Adam Hepburn, Master of Hailes)
    • 1. Robert Cunningham, 2nd Earl of Glencairn (d by 1492)
    • TSP (Glencairn) reports that, because James IV revoked some of the appointments of his father, this Robert was "deprived the dignity of an earldom conferred on his father". James IV reinstated the earldom after Robert had died. Accordingly, TSP numbers subsequent Earls differently from (say) BE1883 (eg. Cuthbert identified by TSP as 2nd Earl). We follow the numbering used by BE1883 and BP1934 (Cuninghame of Caprington).
    • m. (before 19.07.1476) Christian Lindsay (dau of John Lindsay, 1st Lord of the Byres)
      • A. Cuthbert Cunningham, 3rd Earl of Glencairn (d 1540-1)
      • m. (mcrt 24.06.1492) Marjory (or Mary or Marion) Douglas (a 1511, dau of Archibald Douglas, 5th Earl of Angus)
        • i. William Cunningham, 4th Earl of Glencairn (b c1493, d 03.1547-8)
        • BE1883 reports that William left sundry children "by Margaret, or Elizabeth (Campbell), his 2nd wife". BPGS2001 reports that he m1. Margaret, m2. Elizabeth Campbell. We follow TSP which identifies his 1st wife as Katherine Borthwick. It is thought that William had issue by both marriages but, other than to note that most of the children noted below appeared to be adult by the time of the second marriage, it is not clear who if any of these noted was by the second marriage. We presume that none were (not least because Elizabeth must have been in her mid-40s by the time of the marriage) but note that some sources say otherwise.
        • m1. Katherine Borthwick (dau of William Borthwick, 3rd Lord)
          • a. .... etc.
        • m2. (after 01.1535-6) Elizabeth Campbell (dau of John Campbell of West Loudoun)
        • ii. Margaret Cunningham
        • Unless there were 2 sisters both called Margaret, which did happen occasionally around this time (to the consternation of many genealogists), either (1) there is something wrong with one or more of the dates given for her spouses, (2) one of these marriages should be attributed to a Margaret of a different generation, or (as we provisionally show) (3) the first marriage ended in divorce.
        • m1. (div?) Andrew Macfarlane, 12th of Arrochar (d after 21.12.1544)
        • m2. (by 11.1534) James Lyle, Master of Lyle (a 07.1551, dvpsp)
    • 2. William Cuninghame, 1st of Craigends (a 1479)
    • m. Elizabeth Stewart (dau of Sir Walter Stewart of Arthurlie)
    • 3. Isabella Cunyngham
    • m. Walter Buchanan of Easter Catter, 1st of Spittal
    • 4.+ other issue (a 1483) - Alexander, Edward
  • Main source(s): TSP (Glencairn), BE1883 (Cuningham of Kilmaurs and Glencairn) with some support from BPGS2001 (Fergusson-Cuninghame of Caprington)
  • From: Stirnet.com
  • http://www.stirnet.com/genie/data/british/cc4rz/cunningham02.php#top

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Sir Cuthbert Cunningham, 3rd Earl of Glencairn's Timeline

1476
July 19, 1476
Glencairn, , Dumfries-Shire, Scotland
1492
June 24, 1492
Age 15
Kilmaurs, Ayrshire, Scotland
1493
1493
Age 16
Glencairn, Dumfriesshire, Scotland
1498
1498
Age 21
Kilmaurs, East Ayrshire, Scotland
1499
1499
Age 22
1541
May 23, 1541
Age 64
Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, Scotland
????