Sir Henry Vane the Younger

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Henry Vane, Kt.

Also Known As: "Harry Vane"
Birthplace: Raby Castle, Durham, England
Death: Died in Tower Hill, London, England
Cause of death: Beheaded for treason
Place of Burial: Shipbourne Church, Kent, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Henry Vane, the Elder and Frances Darcy
Husband of Frances Vane
Father of Frances Vane; Christopher Vane, 1st Baron Barnard; Henry Vane; Thomas Vane; William Vane and 8 others
Brother of William Vann; Sir George Vane; Sir Walter Vane (Col.); Thomas Vane; Richard Vane and 9 others

Occupation: politician, statesman, and colonial governor
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Sir Henry Vane the Younger

  • 'Sir Henry Vane the Younger1
  • 'M, #106844, b. 26 May 1613, d. 14 June 1662
  • Last Edited=16 Dec 2011
  • ' Sir Henry Vane the Younger was baptised on 26 May 1613.3 He was the son of Rt. Hon. Sir Henry Vane the Elder and Frances D'Arcy.3 He married Frances Wray, daughter of Sir Christopher Wray, Bt., on 1 July 1640.3 He died on 14 June 1662 at age 49 at Tower Hill, The City, London, England, beheaded for high treason.1,3
  • ' He was educated at Westminster School, Westminster, London, England.3 He was educated at Magdalen College, Oxford University, Oxford, Oxfordshire, England.3 He held the office of Governor of Massachusetts from 1636 to 1637.3 He held the office of Joint Treasurer of the Navy in 1639.3 He was invested as a Knight on 23 June 1640.3 He held the office of Member of the Council of State in 1649.3 He held the office of Chief Commissioner of the Navy during the Commonwealth and Protectorate.3 He fell out with Cromwell through his desire to widen the franchise.3 Between September 1656 and 31 December 1656 at Carisbrooke Castle, Carisbrooke, Isle of Wight, England, he was imprisoned.3 He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Hull and Whitchurch in 1658.3 At the Restoration he was pardoned, but the ultra Parliament of 1661 voted for his execution.3 He lived at Fairlawn, Kent, England.3 He lived at Raby Castle, Durham, County Durham, England.1
  • 'Children of Sir Henry Vane the Younger and Frances Wray
    • 1.Thomas Vane1 d. 1673
    • 2.Christopher Vane, 1st Baron Barnard of Barnard's Castle+1 b. 21 May 1653, d. 28 Oct 1723
  • Citations
  • 1.[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 425. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
  • 2.[S3409] Caroline Maubois, "re: Penancoet Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 2 December 2008. Hereinafter cited as "re: Penancoet Family."
  • 3.[S8] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, 2 volumes (Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999), volume 1, page 191. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition.
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Sir Henry Vane (baptised 26 March 1613 – 14 June 1662), son of Henry Vane the Elder (often referred to as Harry Vane to distinguish him from his father), was an English politician, statesman, and colonial governor. He was briefly present in North America, serving one term as the Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, and supported the creation of Roger Williams' Rhode Island Colony and Harvard College. A proponent of religious tolerance, he returned to England in 1637 following the Antinomian controversy that led to the banning of Anne Hutchinson from Massachusetts.

He was a leading Parliamentarian during the English Civil War and worked closely with Oliver Cromwell. He played no part in the execution of King Charles I, and refused to take oaths that expressed approval of the act. Vane served on the Council of State that functioned as the government executive during the Interregnum, but split with Cromwell over issues of governance and removed himself from power when Cromwell dissolved Parliament in 1653. He returned to power during the short-lived Commonwealth period in 1659–1660, and was arrested under orders from King Charles II following his restoration to the throne. After long debate, Vane was exempted from the Indemnity and Oblivion Act, and was thus denied amnesty granted to most people for their roles in the Civil War and Interregnum.

Although he was formally granted clemency by Charles II, he was charged with high treason by Parliament in 1662. In a court proceeding in which he was denied counsel and the opportunity to properly prepare a defence, he was convicted by a partisan jury. Charles withdrew his earlier clemency, and Vane was beheaded on Tower Hill on 14 June 1662.

Vane was recognised by his political peers as a competent administrator and a wily and persuasive negotiator and politician. His politics was driven by a desire for religious tolerance in an era when governments were used to establish official churches and suppress dissenting views. Although his views were in a small minority, he was able to successfully build coalitions to advance his agenda. His actions were often ultimately divisive, and contributed to both the rise and downfall of the English Commonwealth. His books and pamphlets written on political and religious subjects are still analyzed today, and Vane is remembered in Massachusetts and Rhode Island as an early champion of religious freedom.

  • From:
  • _________________
  • Frances DARCY
  • Born: 1591
  • Died: 1663
  • Father: Thomas DARCY
  • Mother: Camilla GUICCIARDINI
  • Married: Henry VANE (Sir) BET 1620 / 1648
  • Children:
    • 1. Margaret VANE
    • 2. Richard VANE
    • 3. Thomas VANE
    • 4. William VANE
    • 5. Catherine VANE
    • '6. Henry VANE (Sir)
    • 7. Frances VANE
    • 8. George VANE (Sir)
    • 9. John VANE
    • 10. Walter VANE (Sir)
    • 11. Charles VANE
    • 12. Edward VANE
    • 13. Anne VANE
    • 14. Elizabeth VANE
    • 15. Ralph VANE
    • 16. Algernon VANE
  • From: DARCY1
  • _____________________
  • VANE (FANE), Sir Henry (1589-1655), of Fairlawn, Kent; Charing Cross, Westminster and Raby Castle, co. Dur.
  • b. 18 Feb. 1589,1 1st s. of Henry Fane† of Hadlow, Kent and his 2nd w. Margaret, da. of Roger Twysden of Roydon Hall, East Peckham, Kent.2 educ. Brasenose, Oxf. 1604; G. Inn 1606,3 travelled abroad 1608.4 m. c.1612 (with £3,000), Frances (d. 2 Aug. 1663), da. and coh. of Thomas Darcy of Tolleshunt D’Arcy, Essex, 7s. (2 d.v.p.) 5da.5 suc. fa. 1596; kntd. 14 Mar 1611.6 d. May 1655.7 ....
  • .... 'Vane’s eldest surviving son, Sir Henry†, sat for Hull in the Short and Long Parliaments, and was selected to ‘die for the kingdom’ at the Restoration', but the family retained and improved the estate and in 1675 two of his grandsons became the first regular knights of the shire for county Durham. ....
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Sir Henry Vane the Younger's Timeline

May 26, 1613
Raby Castle, Durham, England
May 26, 1613
Debden, Essex, England
Age 18
Age 20
July 1, 1640
Age 27
St. Mary's, Lambert, Surrey, England
Age 27
Kent, England
Age 28
Age 30
Age 32
Age 34