Henry Cromwell (Williams) (c.1535 - 1604) MP

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Sir Henry Williams, alias Cromwell, MP's Geni Profile

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Birthplace: Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire (Present Cambridgeshire), England
Death: Died in Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire (Present Cambridgeshire), England
Occupation: Knight. Known as "the Golden Knight", Member of Parliament, Sheriff of Cambridgeshire, Knight of the Shire, Sir, Kn
Managed by: Leigh Scott Woodward
Last Updated:

About Henry Cromwell (Williams)

Grandfather of Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector (and 13th Great Grandfather of Curator Ben M. Angel, ha-hah!)

  • Sir Henry Cromwell of Hinchinbrook
  • Surnamed the "Golden Knight"
  • Knighted by Elizabeth is 1563
  • Oliver Cromwell By Frederic Harrison

http://tinyurl.com/2uk8hy3

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  • Death : 1603
  • Father : WILLIAMS Sir Richard ( 1495 - 1547 )
  • Mother : MARTYN Frances ( ? - 1533 )
  • Union 1 : WARREN Joan ( ? - 1584 )
   Children : 	
  • CROMWELL Sir Oliver ( 1563 - 1655 )
  • CROMWELL Elizabeth ( 1575 - 1665 )
  • CROMWELL Ralph ( 1580 - 1581 )
  • CROMWELL Dorothy ( 1582 - ? )
  • CROMWELL Frances ( ? - ? )
  • CROMWELL Mary ( ? - 1617 )
  • CROMWELL Joan ( ? - ? )
  • CROMWELL Sir Philip ( ? - 1630 )
  • CROMWELL Richard ( ? - 1628 )
  • CROMWELL Henry ( ? - 1630 )
  • CROMWELL Robert ( ? - 1617 )

Kilde: http://www.datadirect.org.uk/cromwellcollection/genealogy/fiches/fiche20.htm#f412

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http://www.datadirect.org.uk/cromwellcollection/genealogy/fiches/fiche15.htm#f305

CROMWELL Sir Henry - 4

  • Death : 1603
  • Father : WILLIAMS Sir Richard ( 1495 - 1547 )
  • Mother : MARTYN Frances ( ? - 1533 )

Union 1 : WARREN Joan ( ? - 1584 ) Children :

  • CROMWELL Sir Oliver ( 1563 - 1655 )
  • CROMWELL Elizabeth ( 1575 - 1665 )
  • CROMWELL Ralph ( 1580 - 1581 )
  • CROMWELL Dorothy ( 1582 - ? )
  • CROMWELL Frances ( ? - ? )
  • CROMWELL Mary ( ? - 1617 )
  • CROMWELL Joan ( ? - ? )
  • CROMWELL Sir Philip ( ? - 1630 )
  • CROMWELL Richard ( ? - 1628 )
  • CROMWELL Henry ( ? - 1630 )
  • CROMWELL Robert ( ? - 1617 )

Union 2 : WEEKS Susan ( ? - 1592 )

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Sir Richard Cromwell's elder son Henry Cromwell was knighted by Elizabeth I in 1563, the year before she visited Hinchinbrook House. He was MP for Huntingdonshire in 1563 and four times High Sheriff of Hunts and Cambs. He was also a Commissioner for the draining of the Fens. He restored and repaired the Manor House at Ramsey, living there in the summer, and built Hinchinbrook House (now a school) in which he and his family lived in the winter.

He was famous for his liberality to the poor and was known as "The Golden Knight". There was, however, one dark episode towards the end of his life. His first wife having died after bearing him eleven children, he married again. The second Lady Cromwell died after a long and unpleasant illness. Because of its lingering nature, her death was attributed by local folk to witchcraft. An elderly couple from Warboys and their daughter were accused and in circumstances of extreme barbarity were tortured, condemned and executed. Their meagre possessions, valued at £40, were seized and should have reverted to Sir Henry as Lord of the Manor of Warboys. Instead, he gave the money to the Borough of Huntingdon on condition that a "Bachelor or Doctor of Divinity of Queens' College, Cambridge" should be invited to the town every year to preach a sermon against the evil of witchcraft in one of the churches. This annual sermon was still being preached as late as 1787.

Sir Henry Cromwell's eldest two sons - Oliver and Robert (father of the great Oliver Cromwell) both matriculated at Queens' early in 1579 (a year before their cousin Henry). A third son, yet another Henry, went to St John's College, Oxford, where he became a Fellow. He served as MP for Huntingdonshire and was one of the gentlemen adventurers who financed the colonisation and planting of Virginia. The next brother, Richard, was also an MP during the reign of Elizabeth I. The fifth brother, Philip Cromwell, followed Henry to St John's, Oxford, and was knighted by James I. The fate of his sons, all first cousins of the Protector, illustrates the terrible divisions in families caused by the Civil War. The eldest surviving son, Philip Cromwell, was a Major in the Parliamentary Army. He died of wounds sustained in the storming of Bristol. The next son, Thomas, was a Colonel in the opposing Royalist Army. The third son, Oliver, was an MP and also a Colonel in the Parliamentary Army. Sir Philip's youngest son Richard wisely kept out of the military and at the Restoration rapidly changed his name back to Williams.

- "Memoirs of the Protectoral -House of Cromwell" by the Reverend Mark Noble, published in 1787.

From the book, "Baronetage of England," published 1806: From him, the fifteenth in descent was FRANCIS, the first Baronet, knighted on the accession of King James I to the English crown. He married Joan, daughter of Sir Henry Cromwell, alias Williams, Knt. and had issue four sons and five daughters : 1, Thomas; 2, Robert; 3, Francis; and 4, John. The daughters were, Elizabeth, Mary, Winifred, Ruth, and Joan.

Sources:

   Title: Memoirs of the Protectorate-house of Cromwell: Deduced from an Early Period, and Continued Down
   Author: Mark Noble
   Repository:
   Note: P. 53
   Title: Pedigree of Oliver Cromwell
   Author: Cromwell Museum/Society
   Title: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar 
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Sir Henry Williams, alias Cromwell, MP's Timeline

1525
1525
Hinchinbrook, Huntington, ENG
1535
1535
Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire (Present Cambridgeshire), England
1562
1562
Age 27
Hinchingbrooke, Huntingdonshire, England
1562
Age 27
Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire (Present Cambridgeshire, England
1563
1563
Age 28
Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire (Present Cambrdigeshire), England, (Present UK)
1564
1564
Age 29
Huntingdonshire, England, United Kingdom
1565
1565
Age 30
Huntingdonshire, England, United Kingdom
1567
1567
Age 32
Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England
1569
1569
Age 34
Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England
1569
Age 34
Huntingdon, Huntingdonshire, England