Sir James Dashwood, 2nd Baronet

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James Dashwood

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Kirtlington, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom
Death: Died in Kirtlington, Oxfordshire, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Robert Dashwood and Dorothea Dashwood
Husband of Lady Elizabeth Dashwood
Father of Elizabeth, Duchess of Manchester; Anne Kirklington, Countess of Galloway; Sir Henry Watkin Dashwood, 3rd Baronet Dashwood, MP; Thomas Dashwood; Catherine Knightley and 1 other

Managed by: Kenneth Dean FORTIE
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About Sir James Dashwood, 2nd Baronet

Family and Education b. 7 Aug. 1715, 1st surv. s. of Robert Dashwood (1st surv. s. of Sir Robert Dashwood, 1st Bt., M.P.) by Dorothy, da. of Sir James Reade, 2nd Bt., of Brocket Hall, Herts., sis. and coh. of Sir John Reade, 3rd Bt. educ. Eton 1725; Abingdon g.s.; Grand Tour (France, Italy, Netherlands) 1732-6. m. 17 Feb. 1739, Elizabeth, da. and coh. of Edward Spencer of Rendlesham, Suff., 3s. 3da. suc. fa. 29 Sept. 1728; gd.-fa. 14 July 1734.

Offices Held

Sheriff, Oxon. 1738-9; high steward, Oxford 1759-d.

Biography Inheriting estates in Oxfordshire so extensive that the owner could ride from Kirtlington to Banbury on his own lands,1 Dashwood built himself ‘a vast new house’ at Kirtlington, the largest in the county after Blenheim, ‘situated so high’, Horace Walpole wrote (4 Aug. 1753, to John Chute) ‘that it seems to stand for the county as well as himself’. Returned unopposed as a Tory for the county in 1740, he abstained on the motion for the dismissal of Walpole in February 1741. Re-elected unopposed in 1741 and 1747, he voted against the Government in all recorded divisions, refusing in 1745 to join the association in defence of the Hanoverian succession.2 In 1747 he attended the anniversary dinner of the independent electors of Westminster, at which treasonable healths were said to have been drunk, being chosen one of their stewards for the following year.3 The 2nd Lord Egmont wrote of him in his electoral survey, c. 1749-50:

He is deemed strongly tainted with Jacobitism, yet I don’t think him irreclaimable. He has a great fortune, is of a rough temper with a great deal of spirit — if he would speak more and attend a little business he is capable of acquiring a very great influence among the Tories. In October 1753 he anticipated the Administration by moving for the repeal of the Act for the naturalization of the Jews, making a violent speech against it.4 A month later he moved for the repeal of the Plantation Act, under which foreigners could be naturalized after seven years residence in the colonies.5

He died 10 May 1779.

Ref Volumes: 1715-1754 Author: Eveline Cruickshanks Notes 1. J. Townsend, Oxfordshire Dashwoods, 24. 2. R. J. Robson, Oxfordshire Election of 1754, p. 2. 3. Gent. Mag. 1747, p. 150. 4. AEM & D Angl. 51, ff. 189-90. 5. Walpole, Mems. Geo. II, i. 364.

MP for Oxfordshire -------------------- Sir James Dashwood, the son of Robert Dashwood and Dorothy Read, was born about 1715 at Kirtlington Park in Oxfordshire. Sir James died 10 November 1779 - aged 64.

Elizabeth Spencer, the daughter of Edward Spencer and Anne Barker, was born at Rendlesham in Suffolk about 1718. Elizabeth died on 19 April 1798 at her home in Grosvenor Square, London in Middlesex and was buried at Rendlesham in Suffolk.

Sir James Dashwood and Elizabeth Spencer were married at Keiths Chapel, Mayfair, London in Middlesex on 17 February 1739.

The Gentleman's Magazine, Volume 91 - 1821 Rendlesham Church, Suffolk "This stone is put down by her Grace the Duchess of Hamilton, in remembrance of Dame Anne Barker, the most affectionate of mothers, and best of friends, who departed this life the 26th of Nov. 1764, aged 64. And beneath the same stone are deposited the remains of Elizabeth, relict of Sir James Dashwood, bart. of Kirklington Park, in the county of Oxford, and daughter of the above Dame Anne Barker, who died April 19th, 1798, aged 80."

James Dashwood was originally from Dorset and Somerset.

Sir James Dashwood, 2nd Bt. succeeded to the title of 2nd Baronet Dashwood, of Northbrook, Oxfordshire [E., 1684] on 14 July 1734. He held the office of High Sheriff of Oxfordshire in 1738. He held the office of Member of Parliament (M.P.) for Oxford. He was awarded the honorary degree of Doctor of Law (LL.D.). He built the mansion at Kirtlington.

Children of James Dashwood and Elizabeth Spencer were:

James - Died an infant Catherine Dashwood Elizabeth Dashwood (1741-1832) Anne Dashwood (1743-1830) Sir Henry Watkin Dashwood, 3rd Bt. (1745-1828) Thomas Dashwood (1749-1825) -------------------- b. 7 Aug. 1715, 1st. surv. s. of Robert Dashwood (1st surv. s. of Sir Robert Dashwood, 1st Bt., M.P.), by Dorothy, da. of Sir John Reade, 2nd Bt., of Brocket Hall, Herts., sis. and coh. of Sir John Reade, 3rd Bt. educ. Abingdon g.s.; Grand Tour (France, Italy, Netherlands) 1732-6. m. 17 Feb. 1739, Elizabeth, da. and coh. of Edward Spencer of Rendlesham, Suff., 3s. 3da. His e. da. m. George Montagu, Visct. Mandeville; the 2nd John Stewart, Lord Garlies; the 3rd Lucy Knightley. suc. fa. 29 Sept. 1728; gd.-fa. as 2nd Bt. 14 July 1734.

Offices Held

Sheriff, Oxon. 1738-9; high steward, Oxford 1759- d.

Biography The family were Tory, and Sir James Dashwood’s grandfather had represented Oxfordshire 1699-1700. Dashwood was a wealthy man, and built the house at Kirtlington at a cost of over £32,000. He was one of the two Tory candidates for Oxfordshire at the great contest of 1754. The Tories secured a majority on the poll, but a double return was made and the House of Commons seated the Whig candidates. The Tory expenses came to over £20,000, of which Dashwood and his colleague each paid £5,700.

In 1761 Dashwood was returned unopposed, on a compromise concluded with the Duke of Marlborough, the leading Oxfordshire Whig. He appears in Fox’s list of Members favourable to the peace preliminaries, December 1762, and in the autumn of 1763 was classed by Jenkinson as ‘pro’. He did not vote against the Grenville Administration over Wilkes and general warrants; in July 1765 was classed by Rockingham as ‘contra’; and voted against the repeal of the Stamp Act, 22 Feb. 1766. Like most country gentlemen he voted to reduce the land tax, 27 Feb. 1767.

Dashwood rarely spoke in the House: 1754-61 no speeches by him are recorded, and 1761-8 only two—on the Lichfield election petition, 26 Jan. 1762, and on an enclosure bill, 8 Feb. 1762. He did not stand in 1768.

He died 10 Nov. 1779.

Ref Volumes: 1754-1790 Author: John Brooke Notes

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Sir James Dashwood, 2nd Baronet's Timeline

1715
August 7, 1715
Kirtlington, Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom
August 28, 1715
Westminster, London, England
1738
February 17, 1738
Age 22
Westminster, London, England
1741
1741
Age 25
Of Park, Kirtlington, Oxfordshire, England
1743
1743
Age 27
Kirtlington, Oxfordshire, UK
1745
August 30, 1745
Age 30
Oxfordshire, England, United Kingdom
August 30, 1745
Age 30
Kirtlington, Oxfordshire, England
1749
December 25, 1749
Age 34
Kirtlington, Oxfordshire, England
1779
May 10, 1779
Age 63
Kirtlington, Oxfordshire, England
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