James Gerard, of Astley and Ince
|Also Known As:||"Lord of Ince"|
|Birthplace:||Ince in Makerfield, Wigan, Lancashire, England|
|Death:||(Date and location unknown)|
Son of William Gerard and Elizabeth Byron
|Managed by:||Private User|
About Sir James Gerard
- James Gerard1
- M, #213716
- Last Edited=12 Dec 2006
- James Gerard is the son of William Gerard.1
- Child of James Gerard and Margaret Holcroft
- 1.Sir Gilbert Gerard+1 d. 4 Feb 1592
- 1.[S1916] Tim Boyle, "re: Boyle Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 16 September 2006. Hereinafter cited as "re: Boyle Family."
- From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p21372.htm#i213716
- GERARD, Gilbert (by 1523-93), of Gray's Inn, London.
- b. by 1523, 1st s. of James Gerard of Astley and Ince, Lancs. by Margaret, da. of John Holcroft of Holcroft, Lancs.; bro. of William Gerard I. educ. Camb.; G. Inn, adm. 1537, called 1539, ancient 1547. m. Anne, da. and h. of Thomas Ratcliffe of Winmarleigh, Lancs., 3s. inc. Thomas† 4da. Kntd. 5 July, 1579.2
- From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1509-1558/member/gerard-gilbert-1523-93
- GERARD, William I (by 1530-84), of London and Flambards, Harrow, Mdx.
- b. by 1530, yr. s. of James Gerard of Astley and Ince, and bro. of Gilbert. m. Dorothy, da. of Thomas Page of Sudbury Court, Harrow, Mdx., 8s. inc. William† 4da.1
- From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1509-1558/member/gerard-william-i-1530-84
- Sir Gilbert Gerard (died 4 February 1593) was a prominent lawyer, politician, and landowner of the Tudor period. He was returned six times as a member of the English parliament for four different constituencies. He was Attorney-General for more than twenty years during the reign of Elizabeth I, as well as vice-chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, and later served as Master of the Rolls. He acquired large estates, mainly in Lancashire and Staffordshire.
- Gerard was born before 1523. He was the son of James Gerard of Astley and Ince, Lancashire, who was descended from the Gerards of Bryn, Ashton in Makerfield, Lancashire, and Kingsley, Cheshire. The Gerard family had lived at Ince, near Wigan, since the late 14th century. However, James was probably a younger son, so it was not expected that he or Gilbert would inherit the family estates.
- The Gerard family became wealthy and distinguished in the reign of Elizabeth I, although Sir Gilbert was the most successful of them. Owing to repeated use of the same names in the Gerard family, Sir Gilbert's relatives are easily confused. Sir Gilbert was a cousin of the distinguished judge and administrator Sir William Gerard, who ended his career as Lord Chancellor of Ireland. However, he also had a younger brother called William, who served as MP for Preston and Wigan and died in 1584, and a nephew William by that brother, who also served as MP for Wigan and died in 1609. Still more confusing, Sir William, the Lord Chancellor of Ireland had a son called Gilbert, who served as MP for Chester in 1593.
- Gilbert's mother was Margaret Holcroft, daughter of John Holcroft of Holcroft, Lancashire. The Holcrofts were another rising landed gentry family. Margaret had two brothers: Sir John Holcroft and Sir Thomas Holcroft. Both distinguished themselves in the Anglo-Scottish Wars, served as MP for Lancashire, and profited from speculation in monastic lands at the Dissolution of the Monasteries, although it was Sir Thomas, the younger brother, who had the more successful and varied career, building up a substantial estate around the estates of the former Vale Royal Abbey. Sir John, heir to the family estates, speculated in wardships, and it was through one of these that Gilbert Gerard's marriage was arranged, to Anne Radcliffe or Ratcliffe. Sir John addressed Gerard as "cousin", a term also used for their relationship by the History of Parliament. "Cousin" was used in the 16th century more widely for blood relatives than in modern English: Sir John and Sir Thomas were Gerard's uncles.
- Gerard spent some time at the University of Cambridge .... etc.
- Gerard married Ann Radcliffe or Ratcliffe. She was the daughter of Thomas Ratcliffe of Winmarleigh and of Isabel Boteler. As her father died before she reached the age of majority, she became a ward of Sir Thomas Holcroft, Gerard's uncle. She inherited Damhouse in Astley, which was later sold by her son, Thomas. She remained a Catholic throughout her life.
- They had two sons: .... etc.
- From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilbert_Gerard_(judge)