About John Baynton
Following information retrieved January 11, 2008 from http://www.bayntun-history.com/SirJohnBayntun1407.htm:
"John Bayntun was born in 1407 at Faulston House, in the County of Wiltshire. He was most likely known as John de Benton or Baynton, however we see the spelling of the surname changing to Bayntun from the time the family moved to Bromham around the beginning of the 17th century.
"He married his first cousin, once removed, Joan Dudley, who was the daughter of Sir Richard Dudley and his wife Elizabeth Beauchamp, the heiress in issue of the title of her nephew, Richard Lord Saint Amand. Joan Dudley was the granddaughter of Sir John Roche and his wife Wilhelma de la Mare.
"When Wilhelma's husband, Sir John Roche, died on the 30th September 1400, his property was divided between his co-heiresses (his daughters), but some of these manors were held in dower by his widow until her death in 1410. In her will, executed in 1411, the following Roche and del la Mare property was conveyed to her grandson, John Bayntun. Wilhelma was the heiress of her father, Robert de la Mare, and had inherited great deal of land, all of which was eventually bequeated to John.
"Because John Bayntun was just 4 years old at the time the above agreement was drawn up, Wilhelma gave control of the manors to her eldest daughter, Elizabeth and her husband Sir Walter Beauchamp until such time as John Bayntun reached the age of 21.
"The following is the wording of an Indenture, dated 1411:
"Indenture between Walter Beauchamp, Knight, party of the first part, and John de Benton, gentleman, party of the second part. Since a controversy has arisen between the aforesaid Walter and his wife Elizabeth, one of the daughters and heirs of John Roche, Knight, and his wife Wilhelma, and John Benton, his kinsman and another heir of the said John and Wilhelma Roche, viz., the son of Joan, daughter of the aforesaid Walter and Wilhelma, concerning about a certain bequeast between the aforesaid Walter and John in the Chancellery of our Lord King Henry IV in the twelfth year of his reign (1411), both about certain lands of the said John Roche and about other lands which belonged to the aforesaid Wilhelma, his wife, concerning which lands the aforesaid Wilhelma [lately died 1410] and concerning the right and title and interest in the Manor of Chyreton (Cherington) in the county of Gloucester and the Manors of Leventon (Lavingon) and Chawe (Shaw) in the county of Wiltshire and the Manors of Haun, Preston, and Tarrant Gundeville in the county of Dorset. Given 6 Henry VI.
"By 1428 John Bayntun had become of age and was in possession of the following manors:
"THE MANOR OF LAVINGTON
"The half manor held by Peter de la Mare circa 1166 is that which came to be called first LAVINGTON BAYNTON and later LAVINGTON DAUNTSEY. It passed from Peter down through the generations to Willelma de la Mare, the wife of Sir John Roche of Bromham, and as a widow she conveyed the manor in 1410 to her daughter Elizabeth, wife of Sir Walter Beauchamp. From Elizabeth and Walter the manor descended like that of Whaddon to John Baynton. In 1541, after the dissolution of the house of Bonhommes at Edington, the manor which had descended from the Rochelles to Edington was granted to Sir Edward and thenceforth the two manors, distinguished by the names of Lavington Baynton or Dauntsey and Lavington Rector, descended together.
"THE MANOR OF CHERINGTON
"The Manor of Cherington was in the possession of Robert de la Mare in 1201 and descended, along with others, to Wilhelma de la Mare. In the terms of her will she gave control of this manor to her daughter, Elizabeth and upon the death of Lord Saint Amand it descended to John Bayntun.
"THE MANOR OF SHAW
"Shaw, in the parish of Melksham, was held in 1400 by Sir John Roche and after his death it was held in dower by his relict until her death. From that date it was held in trust by Elizabeth Beauchamp until John became of age.
"THE MANOR OF LOWER HEYFORD
"Lower Heyford was situated in Oxfordshire was conveyed to Peter de la Mare in 1330 and descended, along with other de la Mare lands, through Wilhelma de la Mare to John Bayntun. It remained Bayntun property until 1533 when John's son, Sir Edward Bayntun, sold it to Corpus Christi College, Oxford for £709.
"THE MANOR OF TOLLARD LUCY
"In 1392 Sir John Roches was in possession of Tolllard Lucy until his death in 1400. From then it passed to his wife, Wilhelma and in 1428 to John Bayntun.
"THE MANOR OF HAUN
"THE MANOR OF DELAMERES OR LAMBERDES
"Delameres or Lamberdes was a small manor and may have represented lands in Minchinhampton in which Malmesbury Abbey claimed rights in c1234, although it was in the hands of Robert de la Mare in 1259. This was another manor passed onto John by Wilhelma de la Mare.
"NEBELS ESTATE AND FARM
"Nebels Estate and Farm were in the possession of Robert de la Mare in 1250 and, like the others, were inherited by John Bayntun. But a document shows Nebels Farm in the hands of Sir Henry Long some time before 1556 - which indicates it was most likely sold by John's grandson, Sir Andrew Bayntun.
"THE MANOR OF PRESTON
"in the County of Dorset
"THE MANOR OF TARRANT GUNDEVILLE
"in the County of Dorset
"THE MANOR OF FAULSTON
"The family Manor of Faulston was conveyed to John Bayntun by his mother when she was married for the second time to William Whaplode.
"Sir John was an esquire when made Sheriff of Wiltshire (1429 - 1430 and 1443 - 1444). He was knighted in 1434 and until his death, he was a member of a long series of offices in the county as well as being a Member of Parliament for Wiltshire County in 1445 and 1446.
"It is not clear in what year Sir John Bayntun died but a collection of deeds transcribed in the 17th century, show him living at Faulston in 25 Henry VI (1447).
"There is no record of the burial place of Sir John, but it is thought he and his family before him, may have been buried in a square field, known as Chapel Close, which might have been either the site of a Chapel or a field attached to the Chapel which was next to Faulston House. There are no visible signs of any graves today, unless buried beneath the ground.
"When Sir John Bayntun died he was succeeded by his son and heir John Bayntun." -------------------- Sir John Baynton of Falston was 4 years old when his maternal grandmother died in 1411. "When Sir John became of age, he inherited a considerable fortune from his late grandmother, Wilhelma de la Mare – the widow of Sir John Roche."
He became of age in 1428. He received the Manor of Chyreton, in the county of Gloucester; the Manor of Lavington and the Manor of Shaw, in the county of Wiltshire and the Manor of Haun; the Manor of Preston and the Manor of Tarrant Gundeville, in the county of Dorset. These manors were duly inherited from his grandmother, as laid out in Wilhelma de la Mare's will, dated 1411.
Sir John was Sheriff of Wiltshire in 1430. He was knighted in 1434.
He was recorded as living as a Member of Parliament for Wiltshire in 1445/46.
Sir John died after 1447.
See "My Lines"
from Compiler: R. B. Stewart, Evans, GA
( http://homepages.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~cousin/html/index.htm ) -------------------- Information retrieved January 11, 2008 from http://www.bayntun-history.com/JohnBayntun1460.htm:
"John Bayntun was born in 1460, at Faulston House, in the county of Wiltshire. Medieval documents refer to him as John Baynton, however the family changed the spelling of their surname to Bayntun sometime around the beginning of the 17th century.
"On the 1st of July1504, he obtained a reversal of the attainder of his father, Robert Bayntun, for high treason committed at Tewkesbury, with a restoration in blood and inheritance and thus recovered the many family manors, including the Manor of Fallerston (now known as Faulston) – the family residence . This was the Bayntun family residence and remained in the family until 1577 along with the Manor of Horton and the Manor of Tollard Lucy. He sold the Manor of Marsh Baldon in Oxfordshire to Andrew Windsor also around this time.
"John Bayntun inherited a fortune in land and property from his first cousin, thrice removed, Sir Richard Beauchamp – Lord Saint Amand who died without legitimate issue in 1508. This branch of the de la Mare (Delamare), Roche, and Beauchamp families, became merged in the Wiltshire family of Bayntun. Their ancestor, Nicholas Bayntun (1382-1422) of Faulston, had married Joan, the younger daughter and co-heiress of Sir John Roche, and their son Sir John Bayntun (1407-c1447), afterwards married Jane, daughter of Sir Richard Dudley – the granddaughter and eventual heiress of Elizabeth, the elder daughter and co-heiress of Sir John Roche. Therefore the Bayntuns thus became the representatives of both families and the arms of the heiresses of Dudley, Beauchamp, Lord Saint Amand, Roche, de la Mare and Wanton were blazoned as quarterings on the Bayntun shield.
"As a result, Faulston House ceased to be the family's main residence, although it remained Bayntun property for many years after and the main branch of the family appear to have resided thereafter at Bromham in one of its most famous landmarks – Bromham House.
"Some of the many manors inherited by John Bayntun from the Roche/de la Mare/Beauchamp Saint Amand familes were:
"THE MANOR OF BROMHAM ROCHES
"John Bayntun thus became Lord of the Manor of Bromham Roches – one of Wiltshire's most famous manors.
"THE MANOR OF OVERWROUGHTON
"John had previously held the Manor of Lower Wroughton, which was inherited by his ancestor, Nicholas Bayntun from the Daundely family who held it as far back as 1275. In 1508 John acquired the Roche's half of Overwroughton with lands at Nether-Wroughton.
"THE MANOR OF BULKINGTON
"The Manor of Bulkington was previously owned by Lord Saint Amand and for a long period of time was part of Keevil parish and much of its history is tied in with the Manor of Keevil. It was inherited by John Bayntun and was eventually sold to Roger Earth of Salisbury in 1562 by John's grandson, Sir Andrew Bayntun. In 1554 it was said that a rent out of a holding in Baynton's manor of Bulkington had formerly been paid to a chantry priest at Lavington, but no further reference to this has been found.
"THE MANOR OF WHADDON
"The Manor of Whaddon was owned by Sir John Roche and was passed onto his daughter, Elizabeth, at the time of her father's death and later inherited by John Bayntun from Lord Saint Amand. It was eventually sold by his grandson, Sir Andrew Bayntun, in 1555.
"STOCK STREET FARM
"Stock Street Farm comprised of 39 acres and was held in the late 14th century by Sir John Roche. This was also inherited by John Bayntun. It was sold sometime between 1771 and 1774 by Sir Edward Bayntun Rolt to Thomas Singer.
"Nuthill Farm was also land inherited by John and this had also previously belonged to the Roche family, It comprised of 113 acres, with adjoining or nearby land at Chittoe, then in Bishop's Canning parish and lay northwest of Whetham Manor. This remained Bayntun property until 1739 when it was sold by Sir Edward Bayntun Rolt to Ralph Broome.
"Before his death in September 1400 Sir John Roche had estates lying in Cherhill. These previously belonged to Guy de Beauchamp, the Earl of Warwick and his wife Alice de Toni in 1315 and had descended through Saint Amand and then onto John Bayntun.
"Land belonging to Sir John Roche – inherited by John Bayntun.
"Land belonging to Sir John Roche – inherited by John Bayntun.
"THE MANOR OF CHISENBURY
"The Manor of Chisenbury (or Chisenbury de la Folly) was another manor inherited by John at this time. It remained part of the Bayntun estate until it was sold by Sir Andrew Bayntun in 1555.
"John Bayntun was mentioned in a Tourn (a type of Court Roll for the local business of the village), as John Bayntun knight, holding one knights fee, military service in Faulston in 1506. However the inscription on the brass slab in his memory in the Bayntun Chapel at the Church of St. Nicholas in Bromham, does not indicate he was knighted. Instead he is referred to as John Bayntun, Arminger (esquire – entitled to bear arms without being knighted).
"John and his wife, Joan Digges, had four sons and three daughters. His eldest son and heir was called Edward, followed by Richard, John and Thomas. Afer John's death his family dispersed to occupy Beauchamp property in various counties. Records also show that John had a sister, Elizabeth, who was a nun at Lacock Abbey circa 1515.
"When John died on 31st October 1516, King Henry VIII had been on the throne for seven years. He was buried in the parish church of St. Nicholas in Bromham.
"His wife had pre-deceased him and in his last will, dated 27th October 1515, three of his sons are mentioned – Edward, Richard and Thomas and his desire to be buried at St. Nicholas Church. His other son, John, was not included - perhaps he had died some time before this.
"On the floor in the chapel there is a very interesting full sized slab (pictured below), bearing a brass effigy of a man in armor - nearly three feet long and an inscription written around the edges in Latin:
"Orate pro aia John Baynton, Armigeri, filli et hered Roberti Baynton, militas. Consanguinei et hered Richardi Beauchamp, domino de sco. Amando qui obiit ultimo die mensis Octobris. Anno domini millmo VCXVI. Cujus aie propicietur deus. Amen.
"Pray for the soul of John Bayntun, Arminger, son and Heir of Robert Bayntun, knight. Kinsman and heir of Richard Beauchamp, Lord St. Amand, who died the last day of October. Anno domini. On whose soul may God have mercy. Amen.
"John Bayntun was succeeded by his eldest son and heir Sir Edward Bayntun."
Regarding the photographs, retrieved from the same site:
The grave: "The figure in the centre of the brass bears the style of clothing worn in 1416, rather than when he died in 1516, so it is thought the family borrowed someone else's brass. This was quite common at the time and would have saved a lot of expense... The four shields (one in each corner) represent the families of his great-great grandparents - de la Mare (Delamare) and Roche as well as the Bayntun coat of arms in opposite corners."
The coats of arms are as follows: Roche (three fish), de la Mare (two lions), Baynton (black with silver diamonds).
Sir John Baynton, Kt.'s Timeline
Faulston, Wiltshire, England
Bronham, Wiltshire, England
Bishopstone, Wiltshire, UK
Bishopstone, Wiltshire, UK