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About Sir John Borlase Warren, 1st Baronet
Sir John Borlase Warren, 1st Baronet (2 September 1753 – 27 February 1822), was an English admiral, politician and diplomat. Born in Stapleford, Nottinghamshire, he was the son and heir of John Borlase Warren (died 1763) of Stapleford and Little Marlow. He entered Emmanuel College, Cambridge in 1769, but in 1771 entered the Royal Navy as an able seaman; in 1774 he became member of Parliament for Great Marlow; and in 1775 he was created a baronet, the baronetcy held by his ancestors, the Borlases, having become extinct in 1689.
His career as a seaman really began in 1777, and two years later he obtained command of a ship. In April 1794, as Commodore of the frigate squadron off the north west French coast assisting in the blockade of Brest, Warren and his squadron captured a number of French frigates. In 1795, he commanded one of the two squadrons carrying troops for the Quiberon expedition and in 1796 his frigate squadron off Brest is said to have captured or destroyed 220 vessels. In October 1798, a French fleet — carrying 5,000 men — sailed from Brest intending to invade Ireland. The plan was frustrated in no small part due to the squadron under his command during the Action of 12 October 1798.
In 1802, he was sworn of the Privy Council and sent to St. Petersburg as ambassador extraordinary, but he did not forsake the sea. In 1806 he captured a large French warship, the Marengo, at the Action of 13 March 1806. He was commander-in-chief on the North American Station from 1807 to 1810. He became an Admiral in 1810, and was commander-in-chief on this Station again from 1813 to 1814. During the British invasion he led a detail of British troops that occupied Havre de Grace and set fire to much of the town, including the home of Commodore John Rodgers. He died on 27 February 1822. His two sons predeceased him. His daughter and heiress, Frances Maria (1784–1837), married George Venables-Vernon, 4th Baron Vernon. Their son was George Venables-Vernon, 5th Baron Vernon.
There is a monument to him in St. Mary's Church, Attenborough in Nottinghamshire. A popular figure in the area of his birth, there are a number of pubs named after him in Nottingham and nearby towns.
Enhanced version of original printed entry
- Adm. Fell.-Com. at EMMANUEL, Sept. 23, 1769. [4th s. of John Borlase (Magdalen College, Oxford, 1717), of Stapleford, Nottinghamshire. (and Anne, dau. of Gervase Rosell). B. Sept. 2, 1753, at Stapleford.
- School, Derby.] Matric. Lent, 1771; M.A. 1776.
- Kept terms till Mar. 1771.
- Entered on the books of H.M.S. Marlborough as an A.B., Apr. 24, 1771 and thence onwards his residence at Cambridge was very intermittent.
- His service on board the Marlborough must have been equally irregular, for early in 1772 his name was marked on the ship's books with an 'R.', i.e. 'run, or deserted.' On Feb. 17, 1772, he was discharged to the sloop, Alderney, employed on preventive service on the East Coast.
- Alternated between the Alderney (rated a midshipman) and residence at Emmanuel, from Apr. 1772 for 18 months.
- Discharged from the Alderney, 'per Admiralty order,' Mar. 17, 1774.
- M.P. for Great Marlow, Buckinghamshire, 1774-84; for Nottingham, 1797-1806; for Buckingham, 1807.
- On the death of his father, June 1, 1775, the Baronetcy was restored in his person.
- Bought Lundy Island about 1776, and sold it, 1781.
- Joined the Navy 'in earnest,' 1777; Lieut., 1778; Captain, 1781; Commodore, 1794.
- While in command of a frigate Squadron captured three French vessels, Apr. 23, 1794 and for this service was made K.B. In charge of the naval arrangements to support the French Royalists in their expedition to Quiberon Bay, 1794: 'destroyed, captured or recaptured no fewer than 220 sail,' 1796; defeated the French fleet off Ireland, 1798.
- Rear-Admiral, 1799; Vice-Admiral, 1805; Admiral, 1810.
- P.C. 1802.
- Commander-in-Chief, North American station, 1813-14.
- Ambassador to the Court of Russia, 1802-4. Hon. D.C.L., Oxford, 1814.
- G.C.B., 1815.
- Married, Dec. 12, 1780, Caroline, youngest dau. of Lieut.-General Sir John Clavering, K.B., and had issue, of whom only a daughter survived him.
- Died Feb. 27, 1822, while on a visit to Greenwich Hospital, when the Baronetcy became extinct.
- (G.E.C.; D.N.B.; Return of M.P.s.)
There have been two baronetcies created for persons with the surname Warren, one in the Baronetage of Great Britain and one in the Baronetage of Ireland. As of 2008 one creation is extinct while the other is dormant.
The Warren Baronetcy, of Little Marlow in the County of Buckingham, was created in the Baronetage of Great Britain on 1 June 1775 for the naval commander and politician John Borlase Warren. He was a descendant of Anne, daughter of Sir John Borlase, 1st Baronet (see Borlase baronets), hence his middle name. Warren had no surviving male issue and the title became extinct on his death in 1822.
The Warren Baronetcy, of Warren Court's in the County of Cork, was created in the Baronetage of Ireland on 7 July 1784 for Robert Warren, High Sheriff of County Cork in 1752. The fifth Baronet served in the Crimean War and in the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and was High Sheriff of County Cork in 1867. The eighth Baronet was a Colonel in the Royal Army Service Corps and served as Chief Constable of Buckinghamshire in 1928. The title became dormant on the death of the ninth Baronet in 2006.
- Complete baronetage; Cokayne, George E. (George Edward); 1906; Vol. V; page 183
- "WARREN, Sir John Borlase, 1st Bt. (1753-1822), of Stapleford, Notts.", The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1790-1820, ed. R. Thorne, 1986