Sir John Weisenberg Johnson, II (1741 - 1830)

‹ Back to Johnson surname

View Sir John Weisenberg Johnson, II's complete profile:

  • See if you are related to Sir John Weisenberg Johnson, II
  • Request to view Sir John Weisenberg Johnson, II's family tree

Share

Nicknames: "note: also show Birthdate as 2/7/1742-same as Christening"
Birthplace: Johnstown, Tyron, New York, USA
Death: Died in Montreal, Quebec, Canada
Occupation: Brigadier General/Superintendent General and Inspector General of Indian affairs/Legislative Council of Lower Canada/Head of the Indian Department for Lower Canada
Managed by: Deidre Pastrick
Last Updated:

About Sir John Weisenberg Johnson, II

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_John_Johnson,_2nd_Baronet

Sir John Johnson, 2nd Baronet (5 November 1741 – 4 January 1830), was a loyalist leader during the American Revolution. He was the son of the Superintendent of Indian Affairs, Sir William Johnson, 1st Baronet, who had promoted the British settlement of the Mohawk Valley and founded the community of Johnstown in Tryon County in the Province of New York.

Sir John JohnsonSir John Johnson, who assumed office in 1771, was the last Provincial Grand Master of Masons in the colonies of Province of New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Johnson married Mary Watts (daughter of John Watts of New York) on 30 June 1773. The couple had eight sons, all of whom served in the British army and navy, and three daughters.

In 1774, John Johnson inherited his father's title and estates, making him a wealthy landowner. In 1775, he was appointed doorkeeper of the New York Provincial Assembly.

In January, 1776, nine months after the outbreak of the American Revolution, Johnson gathered several hundred armed supporters at Johnstown. He sent a letter to Governor William Tryon, through Captain John McDonell, stating that he and his loyalist neighbors had conferred about raising a battalion for the British cause. He also said he could also raise five hundred Indians which when used with his regular troops could retake all of the forts captured by the rebels. On January 20, 1776, General Schuyler, with a force of Continental troops and the Tryon County militia numbering around 3,000, disarmed Johnson and about 300 of his loyalist supporters; Johnson was thereupon paroled.

When Johnson heard of another force being sent to arrest him in May 1776, he decided to flee to Canada. He led about 170 of his tenants and allies among the Iroquois Confederacy to Montreal, Quebec. Sir John's loyalty to the King cost him his home in Johnstown and extensive property in the Mohawk Valley, all of which was confiscated after the war. Johnson and his followers formed the core of the British military regiment known as the King's Royal Regiment of New York, which saw substantial action under his command throughout the war. Johnson was promoted to the rank of brigadier general in 1782. On March 14, 1782 he received the appointment of Superintendent General and Inspector General of Indian affairs. His authority extended over all northern Indians allied with the crown.

After War Years

In 1783 the Treaty of Paris was signed, establishing the independence of the American Colonies. Johnson and thousands of other loyalists found themselves in permanent exile in Canada. In 1784, Johnson was assigned by the British government to distribute crown lands along the St. Lawrence River and the north shore of Lake Ontario to the loyalists who had come to Canada during the Revolution and to help them settle on these lands. Johnson estimated that he had arranged the settlement of 3,776 loyalists during that year. In 1791, Lord Dorchester recommended him as lieutenant governor of Upper Canada, but London turned this recommendation down.

In 1796, he moved back to Montreal and served in the Legislative Council of Lower Canada and as head of the Indian Department for Lower Canada. He held extensive land holdings in Upper and Lower Canada, including the seigneuries of Monnoir and Argenteuil.

Johnson died in Montreal in 1830 at the age of 88. He was succeeded to the baronetcy by his eldest son, William.

His last surviving child, an unmarried daughter, died in London on 1 January 1868.

The Sir John Johnson House in Williamstown was declared a Canadian National Historic Site.

Lac Sir John, a small lake near Lachute and Morin Heights, Quebec is named after him.

--------------------

United Empire Loyalist (U.E.L.) - Proven
view all 21

Sir John Johnson Jr., Brig. General, 2nd Baronet's Timeline

1741
November 5, 1741
Johnstown, Tyron, New York, USA
1742
February 7, 1742
Tyron, New York, USA
1765
1765
Age 23
1770
1770
Age 28
1773
June 30, 1773
Age 31
1774
1774
Age 32
1775
1775
Age 33
1776
1776
Age 34
1777
1777
Age 35
1780
1780
Age 38