John Peyton, M.P. (c.1560 - 1616) MP

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Birthplace: Isleham, Cambridgeshire, England
Death: Died in Isleham, Cambridgeshire, England, (Present UK)
Occupation: Sheriff of Cambridgeshire, M.P.
Managed by: Jeffrey George Myers
Last Updated:

About John Peyton, M.P.

Family and Education b. c.1561,1 2nd but 1st surv. s. of Robert Peyton II† of Isleham and Elizabeth, da. of Richard Rich†, 1st Bar. Rich of Rochford Hall and Leez Priory, Essex, lord chan. 1547-51. m. 29 June 1580, Alice (d.1626), da. of Sir Edward Osborne† of St. Dionis Backchurch, London, Clothworker, gov. of Levant Co. 1581-92 and ld. mayor of London 1583-4, 7s. (2 d.v.p.) 7da. (1 d.v.p.)2 suc. fa. 1590; kntd. 1 Nov. 1596;3 cr. bt. 22 May 1611.4 d. 19 Dec. 1616. sig. John Peyton.

Offices Held

J.p. I. of Ely, Cambs. c.1584-at least 1609,5 Cambs. 1591-?d.;6 sheriff, Cambs. and Hunts. 1593-4, 1604-5;7 commr. subsidy, Cambs. 1593, ?1608, Cambridge ?1608,8 sewers, Gt. Fens 1594-at least 1609;9 dep. lt. Cambs. 1596-at least 1598, 1602-at least 1605,10 collector, Privy Seal loans 1597-8,11 commr. musters, 1601,12 inquiry, manorial boundaries, Cambs. and I. of Ely 1602,13 ?aid, Cambs. 1609,14 to find the lands and goods of Edward, Lord Vaux 1612.15

Biography Until the later thirteenth century the Peytons were based in southern Suffolk, but the marriage of Thomas Peyton in 1484 to a Cambridgeshire heiress saw the family establish their principal seat at Isleham, just across Suffolk’s western border. By 1518 the family had estates in four counties, but it was in Cambridgeshire that it assumed prominence in local government. Robert Peyton I† served twice as sheriff and was returned to Parliament for Cambridgeshire at least once, while his eldest son, Robert Peyton II, occupied the shrievalty three times and twice represented the county at Westminster. The family’s status in the county reflected its wealth: before 1620 its annual income from holdings in Cambridgeshire and properties straddling the Suffolk border amounted to around £1,200.16 The family thus provided a tempting prospect for Henry VIII’s avaricious lord chancellor, Richard, Lord Rich, who married off one of his daughters to Robert Peyton II sometime before 1550.

Peyton should not be confused with his Doddington cousins (Sir) John Peyton I†, governor of Jersey, and the latter’s son John. The second of the three sons of Robert Peyton II and his wife Elizabeth Rich, Peyton was born in about 1561 and became heir apparent on the death in 1577 of his unmarried elder brother. In 1580 he wed the 17-year-old daughter of a wealthy London alderman. The match doubtless produced a large dowry, which was topped up by a cash bequest amounting to £100 from the estate of his wife’s late godfather, Sir William Hewett. Within a few years of attaining his majority Peyton was admitted to the Isle of Ely bench, and following his father’s death in 1590 he was appointed a magistrate for Cambridgeshire and served as sheriff. In 1593 he resumed the family’s electoral representation of the county after a lengthy interlude, and in October 1596 he was added to the list of the county’s deputy lieutenants, probably at the instigation of his uncle, the lord lieutenant, Roger, 2nd Lord North (Sir Roger North†). It was presumably North, a privy councillor and treasurer of the Household, whose influence obtained for Peyton a knighthood a few days later. During the later 1590s North favoured his nephew, one of the wealthiest landowners in Cambridgeshire, by endeavouring to transfer his contributions towards the cost of raising military forces to the alien merchant Sir Horatio Palavicino, a newcomer to the county.17

Peyton was elected senior knight for Cambridgeshire in February 1604, but his seat was placed in jeopardy after he was pricked as sheriff for the second time in November 1604. However, by the time the House voted to confirm him in his place, on 23 Jan. 1606, his term of office had already expired.18 As a fenland landowner, Peyton’s principal concern at Westminster was with legislation concerned with fen drainage, which he opposed. He was accordingly named, either in person or as a knight for Cambridgeshire, to bill committees on fen drainage (12 May 1604; 4 Mar. 1606; 15 Apr. 1606; 26 Mar. 1610), the avoidance of lawsuits connected with the fens (21 May 1606), the execution of sewer commissions (12 June 1607) and the relief of the projector Thomas Lovell (2 July 1604), who, having spent £12,000 on draining fenland in Lincolnshire, had been denied his share of the spoils by the fenmen.19 On 8 May 1606 he attempted unsuccessfully to attach a proviso to a drainage bill after the bill was reported from committee, a move which should probably be regarded as a wrecking tactic.20 During the second reading debate on a measure to authorize the draining of 300,000 acres in the Isle of Ely (27 Apr. 1607) Peyton and the Member for Cambridge, Robert Wallis, presented ‘some reasons and petitions ... against the bill’.21 Peyton may have been in the forefront of the campaign to obstruct this piece of legislation, both inside and outside Parliament, as a manuscript of around 1606/7 in the Barrington papers reveals that several landowners and commoners who petitioned against fen drainage entrusted copies of a particular certificate to Peyton.22 When a further drainage measure was laid before the House in 1610 Peyton, belatedly delivering his maiden speech, opposed it (26 March).

Peyton’s interests were not exclusively confined to fen drainage. Like his cousin the 3rd Lord Rich (Robert Rich†), for whom he acted as a trustee,23 he was confident of his own election to grace,24 and probably sympathized with puritan attempts at the beginning of James’s reign to reform the Church. On 19 Apr. 1604 he was appointed to the committee to identify areas of discussion for the impending conference with the Lords over religion, and on 4 June 1604 he was nominated to the committee to consider two bills against ecclesiastical pluralism. During the course of the following three sessions he was appointed to attend a joint conference with the Lords to consider grievances against the Church (10 Apr. 1606), and to bill committees regarding canons unconfirmed by Parliament (11 Dec. 1606) and ecclesiastical leases (25 Apr. 1610). This last-named measure was notable as a puritan attempt to limit the landed interests of the clergy, and as such was condemned by the bishop of Rochester as ‘squint-eyed’.25 Peyton exhibited no recorded enthusiasm for any other issues of national importance, such as purveyance, wardship and the Great Contract, but was appointed to a joint conference concerning the Union on 14 Apr. 1604, and to the committee for debating the bill establishing commissioners from both kingdoms (29 Nov. 1606), in preparation for a further conference with the Lords.26

Peyton’s inclusion on the committee for the bill to assure a jointure for the wife of Martin Calthorpe (27 Apr. 1604) was undoubtedly prompted by a desire to protect the interests of his Kentish cousins, the Peytons of Knowlton, to whom the Calthorpes were related by marriage.27 The concerns of this junior branch of his family may also help explain Peyton’s later appointment to the committee to consider a bill regarding a dispute over a Leicestershire manor between All Souls’ College, Oxford, and Sir William Smith*, one of whose daughters had married a Calthorpe (29 Apr. 1607).28 Peyton’s own interests presumably influenced his appointment to the committee for the bill to confirm the grant of Soham manor to Sir Roger Aston* on 13 Dec. 1606, as Soham lay sandwiched between his properties of Isleham and Wicken.29 The reasons for Peyton’s nominations to bill committees concerned with Sir Thomas Jermyn* (9 May 1604) and Sir Robert Drury (27 Mar. 1610) have not been ascertained, but both Jermyn and Drury resided in west Suffolk, close to Peyton’s manor of Great Bradley.30 Peyton’s nomination to two committees relating to Norfolk landowners, Edward Downes and Christopher le Grys (2 and 15 May 1604), suggests that he had interests in these measures which have not been traced.31 Peyton’s other appointments were concerned with restoring in blood the children of John Littleton (11 June 1604); the removal of weirs and other obstructions in navigable rivers (23 June 1604); the naturalization of the 18th earl of Mar (11 June 1604) and the physician Peter Baro and his wife (6 Dec. 1606); flooding in western England (3 Mar. 1607); the petitions of London’s armourers and gunmakers (6 May 1607); the lands of Sir John Wentworth† of Gosfield, Essex (21 Mar. 1610) and Sir George Booth of Dunham Massey, Cheshire (24 Mar. 1610); Southampton’s charter (29 May 1607); and hawking (29 Mar. 1610). On 9 Mar. 1610 Peyton was also appointed to the privileges committee in order to debate the Bridgnorth by-election.32

Peyton was among the first purchasers of the newly created title of baronet in 1611, but whether he could really afford the honour is questionable. Giving evidence in Chancery in 1652, Peyton’s grandson, Thomas Peyton, alleged that in 1616 Peyton’s son son Sir Edward inherited an insupportable burden of debt.33 If true this would explain why Sir Edward began to sell off the family estates within a few years of entering into his inheritance and why Peyton himself, in his will of 20 Nov. 1615, chose to limit the wearing of blacks at his funeral to his immediate family and household servants. He hoped that his friends would not object to this arrangement, as he could not pay for them all to wear funeral garb, and ‘if one have and another have not there will be unkindness and exceptions against it’. Peyton’s decision to appoint his 19-year-old unmarried daughter Susan as his executrix also hints at financial difficulties, as presumably he feared that if he made Sir Edward his executor Susan would not get the full dowry to which she was entitled.

The cause of Peyton’s financial problems is unknown, but university fees for three sons and dowries for five daughters, coupled with the extravagance of a baronetcy, are likely to have been contributory factors. Whatever the reason for the family’s declining fortunes, Peyton’s decision to deny Sir Edward the right to execute his will and to prevent him from exercising any say in the choice of husband for Susan - a duty which was fixed on Lord Rich instead - may have opened up a rift between father and son. Shortly before his death, Peyton appended a codicil to his will, in which he spitefully ordered Sir Edward to pay the £120 ‘which he oweth me for the board and diet of his first wife’.34

In the final eight years of his life Peyton was invariably prevented from travelling far from Isleham owing to ill health.35 Following his death in December 1616 he was buried, in accordance with his wishes, in the south chapel of Isleham church, ‘where many of mine ancestors lie and are entombed’. A monument to Peyton, sporting Corinthian columns and ‘big achievements flanked by allegorical figures’,36 was subsequently erected, presumably by a forgiving Sir Edward. Soon after Peyton’s death, the Crown recorded an outstanding debt of £40 against his estate in connection with his second term as sheriff.37 Peyton’s widow announced her belief that she had been elected to grace in the will drawn up shortly before she died in 1626.38 Sir Edward went on to represent Cambridgeshire in all but one of the parliaments of the 1620s.

Ref Volumes: 1604-1629 Author: Andrew Thrush Notes 1. C142/228/76. 2. Vis. Cambs. (Harl. Soc. xli), 4-5; R.E. Chester Waters, Geneal. Mems. of the Chesters of Chicheley, 219-24; St. Dionis Backchurch (Harl. Soc. Reg. iii), 9. 3. Chester Waters, 220. cf. Shaw, Knights of Eng. ii. 94, which merely gives the year. 4. 47th DKR, 125. 5. E163/14/8; C181/1, f. 98; 181/2, f. 96. 6. Hatfield House, ms 278; C66/1988. 7. List of Sheriffs comp. A. Hughes (PRO, L. and I. ix), 14; C66/1649, m. 35. Hughes incorrectly records Peyton’s Christian name as Robert in the entry for 1604-5. 8. Lansd. 74, f. 204; SP14/31/1. 9. Lansd. 76, ff. 129v-30; C181/1, f. 74v; 181/2, f. 83. 10. C231/1, ff. 21, 140; CSP Dom. Addenda, 1580-1625, p. 149; Harl. 6599, ff. 122v, 126v. 11. E401/2583, ff. 51v-2. 12. Harl. 6599, f. 87. 13. C181/1, f. 32. 14. SP14/43/107. 15. C193/6/242. 16. Calculated from C5/15/81, a Chancery bill of 1652 entered by Peyton’s grandson. Reference kindly supplied by A.P. Wright. 17. L. Stone, Palavicino, 283-4, 286-7; HMC Hatfield, xiv. 134. 18. CJ, i. 258b. 19. Ibid. 207b, 251a, 277a, 298b, 311a, 382b, 414b. 20. Ibid. 306b, 414b. 21. Ibid. 364a. 22. Essex RO, D/Dba O14. 23. Leics. RO, DG7/2/1/1, p. 2; Harl. 3959, ff. 15, 25. 24. PROB 11/129, f. 370v. 25. CJ, i. 951a, 231b, 296b, 329b, 421a; Procs. 1610 ed. E.R. Foster, i. 243. 26. CJ, i. 172a, 326b. 27. Ibid. 187a; W. Berry, Peds. of Fams. in Kent, 213. 28. CJ, i. 346b; PROB 11/67, f. 108. 29. CJ, i. 330b. 30. Ibid. 204a, 415b. 31. Ibid. 195a, 210a. 32. Ibid. 236a, 245b, 272a, 328a, 346a, 369b, 376b, 408b, 413b, 414a, 416a. 33. C5/15/81. 34. PROB 11/129, ff. 370v-1v. 35. Lansd. 163, f.368r-v. 36. N. Pevsner, Buildings of Eng.: Cambs. 416. 37. BL, Royal 17.C. xxxvi, f. 30v. 38. PROB 11/150, f. 312v.

  • 'Sir John Peyton, 1st Bt.1
  • ' M, #128281, b. circa 1560, d. circa December 1616
  • Last Edited=22 Feb 2007
  • 'Sir John Peyton, 1st Bt. was born circa 1560.2 He was the son of Robert Peyton and Elizabeth Rich.2 He married Alice Osborne, daughter of Sir Edward Osborne and Anne Hewett, on 9 June 1580 at St. Dionis Backchurch, London, England.2 He died circa December 1616.2
  • Sir John Peyton, 1st Bt. was created 1st Baronet Peyton, of Isleham, co. Cambridge in 1611.
  • 'Child of Sir John Peyton, 1st Bt.
    • Alice Peyton+3
  • 'Children of Sir John Peyton, 1st Bt. and Alice Osborne
    • Ann Peyton+1 d. c Sep 1640
    • Elizabeth Peyton+4
    • Frances Peyton+5
  • Citations
  • [S15] George Edward Cokayne, editor, The Complete Baronetage, 5 volumes (no date (c. 1900); reprint, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 1983), volume I, page 2. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Baronetage.
  • [S15] George Edward Cokayne, The Complete Baronetage, volume I, page 15.
  • [S15] George Edward Cokayne, The Complete Baronetage, volume I, page 138.
  • [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 445. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
  • [S15] George Edward Cokayne, The Complete Baronetage, volume I, page 13.
  • From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p12829.htm#i128281
  • _____________________

From the book, "The Baronetage of England," printed for John Stockdale, published 1806:

The Peytons are from the same family as the Ufford Earls of Suffok. Both families descend from William Malet, Norman baron, who served as Sheriff of Yorkshire in the 3rd year of William I's reign. The family received from William, many manors and lordships, including Sibton and Peyton Hall in Suffolk.

The first recorded use of the Peyton name is Sir Reginal de Peyton, second son of Sir Walter, Lord of Sibton. The fourteenth in descent from Sir Reginald is John Peyton who was created the first Baronet Peyton of Isleham, Cambridgeshire, on May 22, 1611.

'Sir John, 1st Baronet Peyton of Isleham, married Alice, the daughter of Sir Edward Osborne. They had 6 sons and 6 daughters. He was succeed by his eldest son, Edward.

  • ___________________________
  • 'PEYTON, Sir John (c.1561-1616), of Peyton Hall, Isleham, Cambs.
  • Family and Education
  • 'b. c.1561,1 2nd but 1st surv. s. of Robert Peyton II† of Isleham and Elizabeth, da. of Richard Rich†, 1st Bar. Rich of Rochford Hall and Leez Priory, Essex, lord chan. 1547-51. m. 29 June 1580, Alice (d.1626), da. of Sir Edward Osborne† of St. Dionis Backchurch, London, Clothworker, gov. of Levant Co. 1581-92 and ld. mayor of London 1583-4, 7s. (2 d.v.p.) 7da. (1 d.v.p.)2 suc. fa. 1590; kntd. 1 Nov. 1596;3 cr. bt. 22 May 1611.4 d. 19 Dec. 1616. sig. John Peyton.
  • Offices Held
    • J.p. I. of Ely, Cambs. c.1584-at least 1609,5 Cambs. 1591-?d.;6 sheriff, Cambs. and Hunts. 1593-4, 1604-5;7 commr. subsidy, Cambs. 1593, ?1608, Cambridge ?1608,8 sewers, Gt. Fens 1594-at least 1609;9 dep. lt. Cambs. 1596-at least 1598, 1602-at least 1605,10 collector, Privy Seal loans 1597-8,11 commr. musters, 1601,12 inquiry, manorial boundaries, Cambs. and I. of Ely 1602,13 ?aid, Cambs. 1609,14 to find the lands and goods of Edward, Lord Vaux 1612.15
  • Biography
  • 'Until the later thirteenth century the Peytons were based in southern Suffolk, but the marriage of Thomas Peyton in 1484 to a Cambridgeshire heiress saw the family establish their principal seat at Isleham, just across Suffolk’s western border. By 1518 the family had estates in four counties, but it was in Cambridgeshire that it assumed prominence in local government. Robert Peyton I† served twice as sheriff and was returned to Parliament for Cambridgeshire at least once, while his eldest son, Robert Peyton II, occupied the shrievalty three times and twice represented the county at Westminster. The family’s status in the county reflected its wealth: before 1620 its annual income from holdings in Cambridgeshire and properties straddling the Suffolk border amounted to around £1,200.16 The family thus provided a tempting prospect for Henry VIII’s avaricious lord chancellor, Richard, Lord Rich, who married off one of his daughters to Robert Peyton II sometime before 1550.
  • Peyton should not be confused with his Doddington cousins (Sir) John Peyton I†, governor of Jersey, and the latter’s son John. The second of the three sons of Robert Peyton II and his wife Elizabeth Rich, Peyton was born in about 1561 and became heir apparent on the death in 1577 of his unmarried elder brother. In 1580 he wed the 17-year-old daughter of a wealthy London alderman. The match doubtless produced a large dowry, which was topped up by a cash bequest amounting to £100 from the estate of his wife’s late godfather, Sir William Hewett. Within a few years of attaining his majority Peyton was admitted to the Isle of Ely bench, and following his father’s death in 1590 he was appointed a magistrate for Cambridgeshire and served as sheriff. In 1593 he resumed the family’s electoral representation of the county after a lengthy interlude, and in October 1596 he was added to the list of the county’s deputy lieutenants, probably at the instigation of his uncle, the lord lieutenant, Roger, 2nd Lord North (Sir Roger North†). It was presumably North, a privy councillor and treasurer of the Household, whose influence obtained for Peyton a knighthood a few days later. During the later 1590s North favoured his nephew, one of the wealthiest landowners in Cambridgeshire, by endeavouring to transfer his contributions towards the cost of raising military forces to the alien merchant Sir Horatio Palavicino, a newcomer to the county.17
  • 'Peyton was elected senior knight for Cambridgeshire in February 1604, but his seat was placed in jeopardy after he was pricked as sheriff for the second time in November 1604. However, by the time the House voted to confirm him in his place, on 23 Jan. 1606, his term of office had already expired.18 As a fenland landowner, Peyton’s principal concern at Westminster was with legislation concerned with fen drainage, which he opposed. He was accordingly named, either in person or as a knight for Cambridgeshire, to bill committees on fen drainage (12 May 1604; 4 Mar. 1606; 15 Apr. 1606; 26 Mar. 1610), the avoidance of lawsuits connected with the fens (21 May 1606), the execution of sewer commissions (12 June 1607) and the relief of the projector Thomas Lovell (2 July 1604), who, having spent £12,000 on draining fenland in Lincolnshire, had been denied his share of the spoils by the fenmen.19 On 8 May 1606 he attempted unsuccessfully to attach a proviso to a drainage bill after the bill was reported from committee, a move which should probably be regarded as a wrecking tactic.20 During the second reading debate on a measure to authorize the draining of 300,000 acres in the Isle of Ely (27 Apr. 1607) Peyton and the Member for Cambridge, Robert Wallis, presented ‘some reasons and petitions ... against the bill’.21 Peyton may have been in the forefront of the campaign to obstruct this piece of legislation, both inside and outside Parliament, as a manuscript of around 1606/7 in the Barrington papers reveals that several landowners and commoners who petitioned against fen drainage entrusted copies of a particular certificate to Peyton.22 When a further drainage measure was laid before the House in 1610 Peyton, belatedly delivering his maiden speech, opposed it (26 March).
  • Peyton’s interests were not exclusively confined to fen drainage. Like his cousin the 3rd Lord Rich (Robert Rich†), for whom he acted as a trustee,23 he was confident of his own election to grace,24 and probably sympathized with puritan attempts at the beginning of James’s reign to reform the Church. On 19 Apr. 1604 he was appointed to the committee to identify areas of discussion for the impending conference with the Lords over religion, and on 4 June 1604 he was nominated to the committee to consider two bills against ecclesiastical pluralism. During the course of the following three sessions he was appointed to attend a joint conference with the Lords to consider grievances against the Church (10 Apr. 1606), and to bill committees regarding canons unconfirmed by Parliament (11 Dec. 1606) and ecclesiastical leases (25 Apr. 1610). This last-named measure was notable as a puritan attempt to limit the landed interests of the clergy, and as such was condemned by the bishop of Rochester as ‘squint-eyed’.25 Peyton exhibited no recorded enthusiasm for any other issues of national importance, such as purveyance, wardship and the Great Contract, but was appointed to a joint conference concerning the Union on 14 Apr. 1604, and to the committee for debating the bill establishing commissioners from both kingdoms (29 Nov. 1606), in preparation for a further conference with the Lords.26
  • Peyton’s inclusion on the committee for the bill to assure a jointure for the wife of Martin Calthorpe (27 Apr. 1604) was undoubtedly prompted by a desire to protect the interests of his Kentish cousins, the Peytons of Knowlton, to whom the Calthorpes were related by marriage.27 The concerns of this junior branch of his family may also help explain Peyton’s later appointment to the committee to consider a bill regarding a dispute over a Leicestershire manor between All Souls’ College, Oxford, and Sir William Smith*, one of whose daughters had married a Calthorpe (29 Apr. 1607).28 Peyton’s own interests presumably influenced his appointment to the committee for the bill to confirm the grant of Soham manor to Sir Roger Aston* on 13 Dec. 1606, as Soham lay sandwiched between his properties of Isleham and Wicken.29 The reasons for Peyton’s nominations to bill committees concerned with Sir Thomas Jermyn* (9 May 1604) and Sir Robert Drury (27 Mar. 1610) have not been ascertained, but both Jermyn and Drury resided in west Suffolk, close to Peyton’s manor of Great Bradley.30 Peyton’s nomination to two committees relating to Norfolk landowners, Edward Downes and Christopher le Grys (2 and 15 May 1604), suggests that he had interests in these measures which have not been traced.31 Peyton’s other appointments were concerned with restoring in blood the children of John Littleton (11 June 1604); the removal of weirs and other obstructions in navigable rivers (23 June 1604); the naturalization of the 18th earl of Mar (11 June 1604) and the physician Peter Baro and his wife (6 Dec. 1606); flooding in western England (3 Mar. 1607); the petitions of London’s armourers and gunmakers (6 May 1607); the lands of Sir John Wentworth† of Gosfield, Essex (21 Mar. 1610) and Sir George Booth of Dunham Massey, Cheshire (24 Mar. 1610); Southampton’s charter (29 May 1607); and hawking (29 Mar. 1610). On 9 Mar. 1610 Peyton was also appointed to the privileges committee in order to debate the Bridgnorth by-election.32
  • Peyton was among the first purchasers of the newly created title of baronet in 1611, but whether he could really afford the honour is questionable. Giving evidence in Chancery in 1652, Peyton’s grandson, Thomas Peyton, alleged that in 1616 Peyton’s son son Sir Edward inherited an insupportable burden of debt.33 If true this would explain why Sir Edward began to sell off the family estates within a few years of entering into his inheritance and why Peyton himself, in his will of 20 Nov. 1615, chose to limit the wearing of blacks at his funeral to his immediate family and household servants. He hoped that his friends would not object to this arrangement, as he could not pay for them all to wear funeral garb, and ‘if one have and another have not there will be unkindness and exceptions against it’. Peyton’s decision to appoint his 19-year-old unmarried daughter Susan as his executrix also hints at financial difficulties, as presumably he feared that if he made Sir Edward his executor Susan would not get the full dowry to which she was entitled.
  • The cause of Peyton’s financial problems is unknown, but university fees for three sons and dowries for five daughters, coupled with the extravagance of a baronetcy, are likely to have been contributory factors. Whatever the reason for the family’s declining fortunes, Peyton’s decision to deny Sir Edward the right to execute his will and to prevent him from exercising any say in the choice of husband for Susan - a duty which was fixed on Lord Rich instead - may have opened up a rift between father and son. Shortly before his death, Peyton appended a codicil to his will, in which he spitefully ordered Sir Edward to pay the £120 ‘which he oweth me for the board and diet of his first wife’.34
  • In the final eight years of his life Peyton was invariably prevented from travelling far from Isleham owing to ill health.35 Following his death in December 1616 he was buried, in accordance with his wishes, in the south chapel of Isleham church, ‘where many of mine ancestors lie and are entombed’. A monument to Peyton, sporting Corinthian columns and ‘big achievements flanked by allegorical figures’,36 was subsequently erected, presumably by a forgiving Sir Edward. Soon after Peyton’s death, the Crown recorded an outstanding debt of £40 against his estate in connection with his second term as sheriff.37 Peyton’s widow announced her belief that she had been elected to grace in the will drawn up shortly before she died in 1626.38 Sir Edward went on to represent Cambridgeshire in all but one of the parliaments of the 1620s.
  • Ref Volumes: 1604-1629
  • Author: Andrew Thrush
  • Notes
  • 1. C142/228/76.
  • 2. Vis. Cambs. (Harl. Soc. xli), 4-5; R.E. Chester Waters, Geneal. Mems. of the Chesters of Chicheley, 219-24; St. Dionis Backchurch (Harl. Soc. Reg. iii), 9.
  • 3. Chester Waters, 220. cf. Shaw, Knights of Eng. ii. 94, which merely gives the year.
  • 4. 47th DKR, 125.
  • 5. E163/14/8; C181/1, f. 98; 181/2, f. 96.
  • 6. Hatfield House, ms 278; C66/1988.
  • 7. List of Sheriffs comp. A. Hughes (PRO, L. and I. ix), 14; C66/1649, m. 35. Hughes incorrectly records Peyton’s Christian name as Robert in the entry for 1604-5.
  • 8. Lansd. 74, f. 204; SP14/31/1.
  • 9. Lansd. 76, ff. 129v-30; C181/1, f. 74v; 181/2, f. 83.
  • 10. C231/1, ff. 21, 140; CSP Dom. Addenda, 1580-1625, p. 149; Harl. 6599, ff. 122v, 126v.
  • 11. E401/2583, ff. 51v-2.
  • 12. Harl. 6599, f. 87.
  • 13. C181/1, f. 32.
  • 14. SP14/43/107.
  • 15. C193/6/242.
  • 16. Calculated from C5/15/81, a Chancery bill of 1652 entered by Peyton’s grandson. Reference kindly supplied by A.P. Wright.
  • 17. L. Stone, Palavicino, 283-4, 286-7; HMC Hatfield, xiv. 134.
  • 18. CJ, i. 258b.
  • 19. Ibid. 207b, 251a, 277a, 298b, 311a, 382b, 414b.
  • 20. Ibid. 306b, 414b.
  • 21. Ibid. 364a.
  • 22. Essex RO, D/Dba O14.
  • 23. Leics. RO, DG7/2/1/1, p. 2; Harl. 3959, ff. 15, 25.
  • 24. PROB 11/129, f. 370v.
  • 25. CJ, i. 951a, 231b, 296b, 329b, 421a; Procs. 1610 ed. E.R. Foster, i. 243.
  • 26. CJ, i. 172a, 326b.
  • 27. Ibid. 187a; W. Berry, Peds. of Fams. in Kent, 213.
  • 28. CJ, i. 346b; PROB 11/67, f. 108.
  • 29. CJ, i. 330b.
  • 30. Ibid. 204a, 415b.
  • 31. Ibid. 195a, 210a.
  • 32. Ibid. 236a, 245b, 272a, 328a, 346a, 369b, 376b, 408b, 413b, 414a, 416a.
  • 33. C5/15/81.
  • 34. PROB 11/129, ff. 370v-1v.
  • 35. Lansd. 163, f.368r-v.
  • 36. N. Pevsner, Buildings of Eng.: Cambs. 416.
  • 37. BL, Royal 17.C. xxxvi, f. 30v.
  • 38. PROB 11/150, f. 312v
  • From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1604-1629/member/peyton-sir-john-1561-1616
  • See also: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1558-1603/member/peyton-john-ii-1561-1616
  • __________________________
  • Peyton, of Iselham, co. Cambridge (E Baronet, 1611 - ?1720/1840)
  • ' Sir John Peyton, 1st Bt.
  • '2nd surv. son and heir of Robert Peyton, of Iselham, co. Cambridge, by his wife Hon Elizabeth Rich, 5th dau. of Thomas [Rich], 1st Baron Rich
  • 'born c. 1560
  • 'mar. 9 Jun 1580 Alice Osborne (bapt. 4 Mar 1562/3; d. between 29 Jan 1625/6 and 6 Dec 1626; bur. at Iselham, co. Cambridge), 1st dau. of Sir Edward Osborne, Lord Mayor of London 1583, by his wife Anne Hewett, dau. and hrss. of Sir William Hewett, Lord Mayor of London 1559
  • children
    • 1. Sir Edward Peyton, 2nd Bt.
    • 2. John Peyton (dsp.)
    • 3. Robert Peyton
    • 4. William Peyton, of Warlingworth, mar. Tabitha Payne, dau. of Henry Payne, of Walthamstow, co. Essex, and had issue:
      • 1a. John Peyton
      • 2a. William Peyton
    • 5. Roger Peyton
    • 6. Thomas Peyton
    • 1. Anne Peyton (bur. 27 Sep 1640 at Ryburgh, co. Norfolk), mar. as his first wife Sir Robert Bacon, 3rd Bt., of Ryburgh, co. Norfolk, and had issue
    • 2. Alice Peyton, mar. her cousin Sir John Peyton, of Dodington
    • 3. Elizabeth Peyton, mar. Sir Anthony Irby MP, of Boston, co. Lincoln, Sheriff of Lincolnshire (bapt. 19 Jan 1576/7; d. 1632), and had issue
    • 4. Mary Peyton, mar. Sir Roger Meres, of Hoghton, and had issue
    • 5. Susan Peyton (bur. 20 Apr 1660), mar. bef. 14 Nov 1618 Sir John Brewse, of Little Wenham, co. Suffolk (bapt. 30 Jun 1597; bur. 9 Feb 1642/3), and had issue
    • 6. Frances Peyton, mar. Sir Miles Hobart, of Plumstead, co. Norfolk (b. 12 Apr 1595; bur. 6 Dec 1639 in St Paul's, Covent Garden), 2nd surv. son of Sir Henry Hobart, 1st Bt., of Blickling, co. Norfolk, and had issue
  • 'bur. 19 Dec 1616 at Iselham, co. Cambridge
  • 'created 22 May 1611 a Baronet of England, styled "of Iselham, co. Cambridge"
  • 'suc. by son
  • 'note Sheriff of Cambridgeshire 1593-94; Member of Parliament for Cambridgeshire 1593 and 1604-11; knighted 1596
  • From: http://www.cracroftspeerage.co.uk/online/
  • ____________________________
  • Jane CALTHORPE
  • Born: ABT 1587
  • Father: James CALTHORPE (Sir)
  • Mother: Barbara BACON
  • Married: Edward PEYTON (Sir) (b. ABT 1581 - d. 1656) (son of 'John Peyton and Alice Osborn') (w. of Martha Livesay - m.3 Dorothy Ball) 6 Jun 1614
  • Children:
    • 1. Thomas PEYTON (b. 29 Mar 1617 - d. 12 Oct 1683) (m. Elizabeth Yelverton)
    • 2. Jane PEYTON
    • 3. James PEYTON
    • 4. William PEYTON
  • From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/CALTHORPE.htm#Jane CALTHORPE2
  • ______________
  • 'Sir John Peyton 1st Bart. of Isleham, Cambs; Sheriff of Cambs1,2
  • 'M, b. 1560
  • ' Sir John Peyton 1st Bart. of Isleham, Cambs; Sheriff of Cambs was born in 1560. He was buried on 19 December 1616 at Isleham, Cambridgeshire, England.
  • 'Child of Sir John Peyton 1st Bart. of Isleham, Cambs; Sheriff of Cambs
    • Sir Edward Peyton 2nd Bart. of Great Bradley, Norfolk+ b. c 1581, d. 1656/57
  • Citations
  • 1.[S39] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry-Richardson, P. 582.
  • 2.[S91] , 2310.
  • From: http://www.charlemagne.org/p63.htm#i2087
  • ____________
  • PEYTON, Sir Edward, 2nd Bt. (c.1584-1652), of Isleham, Cambs.
  • b. c.1584, 1st s. of 'Sir John Peyton*, 1st bt. of Isleham and Alice, da. of Sir Edward Osborne† of St. Dionis Backchurch, London', Clothworker, gov. of Levant Co. 1581-92 and ld. mayor of London 1583-4. educ. Bury St. Edmund’s g.s., Suff. c.1598; G. Inn 1611; MA Camb. 1618. m. (1) 24 Apr. 1604 (with £3,000), Martha (bur. 30 Oct. 1613), da. of Robert Livesey of Tooting Bec, Surr. 4s. (at least 1 d.v.p.) 1da.; (2) 6 June 1614, Jane (d. aft. June 1631), da. of Sir James Calthorpe of Cockthorpe, Norf., wid. of Sir Edmund Themilthorpe (d.1613) of Worstead, Norf., 3s. (2 d.v.p.); (3) 13 Dec. 1638, Dorothy Minshaw (bur. 10 Apr. 1681), da. of Edward Ball of Stockwell, Surr. 2s.1 kntd. ?2 or 4 Oct. 1608;2 suc. fa. as 2nd bt. 1616. d. by 3 Dec. 1652.3 sig. Edw[ard]/Edwarde Peyton.
  • From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1604-1629/member/peyton-sir-edward-1584-1652
  • __________
  • PEYTON, Robert II (by 1523-90), of Isleham, Cambs.
  • b. by 1523, 1st s. of Robert Peyton I of Isleham by Frances, da. and h. of Francis Haselden of Guilden Morden, Cambs. and Chesterford, Essex. educ. Jesus, Camb. 1535-6. m. by 1550, Elizabeth, da. of Richard Rich†, 1st Baron Rich, 3s. inc. 'John†' 3da. suc. fa. 1 Aug. 1550.2
  • From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1509-1558/member/peyton-robert-ii-1523-90
  • _______________
  • PEYTON, John III (1579-1635), of Wells, Norf.
  • b. 1579, o.s. of John Peyton I by his w. Dorothy. educ. Queens’, Camb. 1594; travelled abroad (Italy, Eastern Europe) 1598, 1601. m. 25 Nov. 1602, Alice, da. of 'John II of Isleham, Cambs.', 3s. 6da. Kntd. 1603; suc. fa. 1630.
  • From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1558-1603/member/peyton-john-iii-1579-1635
  • ____________
  • PEYTON, Robert (c.1523-90), of Isleham, Cambs.
  • b. c.1523, 1st s. of (Sir) Robert Peyton† by Frances, da. and h. of Francis Haselden of Guilden Morden, Cambs. and Chesterford, Essex. educ. Jesus, Camb. 1535-6. m. by 1550, Elizabeth, da. of (Sir) Richard Rich†, 1st Baron Rich, 3s. inc. 'John II' 3da. suc. fa. Aug. 1550.
  • From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1558-1603/member/peyton-robert-1523-90
  • ______
  • 'Dictionary of national biography (1885) Vol: 45
  • http://archive.org/details/dictionaryofnati45stepuoft
  • http://archive.org/stream/dictionaryofnati45stepuoft#page/134/mode/1up
  • Pg. 134
  • PEYTON, SIR EDWARD (1588?-1657), Pg. 134-135
  • http://archive.org/stream/dictionaryofnati45stepuoft#page/138/mode/1up
  • Pg. 138
  • PEYTON, SIR JOHN (1544-1630), Pg. 137-138
  • http://archive.org/stream/dictionaryofnati45stepuoft#page/139/mode/1up
  • Pg. 139
  • PEYTON, THOMAS (1595-1626),
  • ________________________
view all 19

Sir John Peyton, 1st Baronet Peyton of Isleham's Timeline

1560
1560
Isleham, Cambridgeshire, England
1578
1578
Age 18
Isleham Estate, Cambridge, England
1580
June 8, 1580
Age 20
London, Middlesex, England, (Present UK)
1586
1586
Age 26
Iselham, Cambridge, England
1590
1590
Age 30
1592
August 3, 1592
Age 32
1594
1594
Age 34
1595
April 16, 1595
Age 35
1596
July 16, 1596
Age 36
1599
June 21, 1599
Age 39
Iselham,Cambridge,England