About Lawrence Kadoorie, Baron Kadoorie
Sir Lawrence Kadoorie, Baron Kadoorie, CBE (2 June 1899 in Hong Kong - 25 August 1993 in Hong Kong) was a famous industrialist, hotelier, and philanthropist. His father was Sir Elly Kadoorie, and his uncle, Sir Ellis Kadoorie. His family were originally Mizrahi Jews from Baghdad who later migrated to Bombay (Mumbai), India in the mid-eighteenth century. He was educated at Clifton College.
Kadoorie and his brother Sir Horace Kadoorie worked for Victor Sassoon during the 1920s and 1930s, and managed his famous Shanghai hotel. They also worked for their father the famous industrialist Sir Elly Kadoorie.
Kadoorie was made a CBE and Baron Kadoorie, of Kowloon and of the City of Westminster in 1981 for his philanthropic work throughout the UK and Hong Kong.
Kadoorie and his brother, Horace, both received the Magsaysay Award for public service in 1962. They were also conferred Chev.Leg.Hon. by the French government.
He also gave money to the Kahal Kadosh Mekor Haim (Holy Community Fountain of Life) in order to finish the construction of the Kadoorie Synagogue for the Anusim/Marranos in Oporto, Portugal. Kadoorie was married to Muriel Gubbay. They had two children: a son, Michael Kadoorie (heir to the family business) and a daughter Rita.
He died in 1993 and is buried in the Jewish Cemetery in Happy Valley, Hong Kong. His widow, Muriel, died in Hong Kong on 5 December 2011.
Mr. Lawrence Kadoorie was born in Hong Kong in 1899, and was educated in Shanghai and England, where he ultimately became a law student at Lincoln's Inn, London. His progress in law, however, was destined to be more honorary than actual for his main interest has always lain in engineering and industry. Into this field, in the firm founded by his father, and with his brother Horace, as partner, he has brought an energy, ingenuity, and foresight that many would say amounted to genius. It has thus followed naturally that in the course of time he has become either Chairman or Director of a large number of leading business concerns in Hong Kong, such as the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, the Hong Kong Engineering and Construction Company, the Nanyang Cotton Mill, and the China Light and Power Company. In philanthropy he and his brother have carried on the family tradition. In Hong Kong they were responsible for founding the New Territories Benevolent Society, which established small hospitals and clinics in rural districts, and also the Kadoorie Agricultural Aid Association for the assistance of farmers in the New Territories. The K.A.A.A., founded in 1951, has made an outstanding contribution in assisting refugee farmers and co-operating with the Government in the agricultural development of the New Territories.