Sir Richard Grenville, Kt., MP

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Richard Grenville, Kt., MP

Also Known As: "Granville"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Stowe House, Kilkhampton, Cornwall, England
Death: Died in Kilkhampton, Cornwall, England
Cause of death: Possibly from disease contracted while held by western rebels in Launceston gaol.
Place of Burial: Kilkhampton, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Roger Grenville, Kt., MP, of Stowe and Margaret Whitley
Husband of Matilda Grenville
Father of Capt. Roger Grenville and Mary Giffard
Brother of Digory Granville, of Penheale; Agnes Fitz-Fitts; Phillipa Tremayne (Grenville); John Grenville; Christian Erisey and 5 others

Managed by: Webster
Last Updated:

About Sir Richard Grenville, Kt., MP

GRENVILLE, Richard I (by 1495-1550), of Stowe in Kilkhampton, Cornw

  • Constituency: CORNWALL
  • Dates: 1529
  • b. by 1495, 1st son of Roger Grenville, and brother of John.
  • m. Matilda, daughter and coheir of John Bevill of Gwarnock in St. Allen, Cornwall, 2 sons, 3 daughters
  • succeeded father 7 July 1523.
  • Knighted after 3 Nov. 1529.[1]

Career:

  • Sewer, privy chamber by 1523;
  • Commissioner of subsidy, Cornwall 1523, 1524, 1547,
  • Commissioner of musters 1546;
  • sheriff, Cornwall July-Nov. 1523, 1526-7, 1544-5,
  • Sheriff, Devon 1532-3;
  • Justice of the Peace for Cornwall 1524-d.,
  • Justice of the Peace for Devon, Exeter 1535-47;
  • steward of Devon lands, Bodmin priory, Frithelstock abbey, of Cornish lands, Hartland abbey by 1535;
  • marshal, Calais Oct. 1535-Oct. 1540.[2]

Richard Grenville’s forbears had held land in Cornwall since the 12th century and by the time he was born the family had made its principal residence in the county. Its seat at Stowe, in the extreme north-east of the shire, was nearer to Bideford than to any Cornish town of comparable size, but their remoteness did not prevent the Grenvilles from taking a leading part in the public life of Cornwall or from ranking high in its society. By descent and marriage Richard Grenville was related to the chief families of the shire, Arundell of Lanherne and Trerice, Chamond, Roscarrock and St. Aubyn. Apart from his appointment to a minor post in the royal household nothing is known about his early career, but on his father’s death he made his entry into local administration by completing Roger Grenville’s term as sheriff: within a year he had been named to the commission of the peace and for the remainder of his life he was a figure to be reckoned with.[3]

Grenville may have had a taste of Parliament before 1529, but his choice on that occasion as junior knight for Cornwall followed naturally on the many local duties he had performed in the previous six years; it was also doubtless helped by the sheriff, his uncle Sir John Chamond. Soon after the opening of Parliament he was knighted by Henry VIII, probably on the day which saw the King take possession of York Place, the later Whitehall. All that is known of his part in the proceedings of the House is that his name is included in a list of Members drawn up by Cromwell probably in December 1534 and thought to be connected with the treasons bills then in passage, possibly for the manning of a committee. In the following year Grenville obtained the marshalcy of Calais, presumably on the recommendation of his uncle Viscount Lisle, the deputy of the town. As the post required his presence there—his precursor Sir Edward Ryngeley had been unable to attend the House while holding it—Grenville probably missed the last session (1536) of the Parliament, an inference which is borne out by his complaint to Cromwell in 1536 that his attendance in Parliament for five years, that is, until 1534, had cost him 500 marks. Even if his shire complied with the King’s request of May 1536 and re-elected him to the following Parliament, the severe illness which he reported to Cromwell from Calais on the day after its opening probably kept him away again. He could certainly ill afford the cost of Membership: he had found his inheritance encumbered with debt, and the problem of meeting his father’s creditors was aggravated by the need to honour his father’s generous benefactions and to provide marriage portions for his aunts, sisters and daughters. If he had hoped to mend his fortunes by service at Westminster or in Calais he was to be disappointed, and perhaps for this reason he did not sit in Parliament again (except possibly in 1542), although he did not lose interest in it.[4]

Grenville did not relish his time at Calais. Within several months of his arrival he had disagreed with Lady Lisle, and he was soon at cross purposes with the deputy. The difference between Lisle and Grenville was partly religious, for the deputy was conservative in his beliefs while the marshal openly favoured ‘God’s word’. Cromwell intervened unsuccessfully to reconcile the two, but despite their mutual dislike Grenville remained at Calais until Lisle’s disgrace. He was then given only six months to enjoy his post untroubled by the deputy before he himself was removed: on 3 Oct. 1540 the Privy Council assured him that although he ‘should leave the office of marshal, the King was his good lord, as at his coming thither ... he should perceive’. Grenville’s Protestantism led him to look upon all monks as ‘orgulous persons and devourers of God’s word’ and encouraged him to become an eager suitor for monastic land: he was anxious to acquire such property so that ‘his heirs may be of the same mind for their own profit’. In the summer of 1539 he had crossed to England to attend to his affairs and, finding that most of his neighbours were benefiting from the spoliation, he wrote to Cromwell to ask for Launceston priory: this he did not receive and after a tour through Devon, during which he and his wife were entertained by Sir John Russell, Lord Russell, he returned to Calais empty-handed. Later he was more successful: in May 1541 he obtained the rectory of Morwenstow, and the reversion of a lease of Buckland abbey for some £233, and in September 1546 he and Roger Blewett paid nearly £1,170 for the manors of Tynyell in Landulph and Canonleigh in Burlescombe.[5]

In 1544 Grenville accompanied the King to France as a commander in the English army. On his return home in the autumn he was once more pricked sheriff, and in this capacity he played an important role in the Cornish elections to the last Parliament of Henry VIII’s reign. The Parliament of 1545 was originally summoned to meet in January but on account of the war its opening was postponed until November. The elections for the shire and boroughs were thus held at intervals over nine months, and Grenville utilized his shrievalty throughout that time to secure the return of many of his kinsmen and dependants. In the following year he crossed to Boulogne with 200 men, but after this brief visit he never again ventured to ‘interlace his home magistracy with martial employments abroad’.[6]

Grenville was, however, to see active service at home. In 1549 he was called upon against the western rebels, and with a company of friends and followers he defended Trematon castle. After the castle fell to a ruse, he and his wife were taken to Launceston gaol and held in custody there. It was perhaps as a result of this experience that Grenville contracted the illness from which he died on 18 Mar. 1550; he was buried at Kilkhampton five days later. His will, made on 8 Mar. 1546 in the presence of John Ley alias Kempthorn I* and others, was proved on 8 Nov. 1550 and executed by a number of relations and friends, including John Beauchamp. Grenville had provided for his children and wife, but she survived him by only five weeks. His eldest son being already dead, he was succeeded by his eight year-old grandson Richard, later the famous sea captain. At Grenville’s death his estates were valued at £237 a year.[7]

Ref Volumes: 1509-1558

Author: J. J. Goring

Notes

  • 1. Date of birth estimated from age at fa.’s i.p.m., C142/40/22, 44/103. Vis. Cornw. ed. Vivian, 191; Paroch. Hist. Cornw. 373.
  • 2. LP Hen. VIII, iii, iv, viii, ix, xxi; CPR, 1547-8, p. 82; E179/87/185, m. 1; D. H. Pill, ‘The diocese of Exeter under Bp. Veysey’ (Exeter Univ. M.A. thesis, 1967), 199; A. L. Rowse, Sir Richard Grenville, 29.
  • 3. Rowse, 18.
  • 4. LP Hen. VIII, vii-xii; vii. 1522(ii) citing SP1/87, f. 106v.
  • 5. Ibid. x, xii, xiv, xvi, xxi.
  • 6. Ibid. xix, xxi; R. Carew, Survey Cornw. ed. Halliday, 134.
  • 7. Carew, 181; Rowse, 40-42, 44; PCC 25 Coode.

From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1509-1558/member/grenville-richard-i-1495-1550

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  • The descendants of William and Elizabeth Tuttle, who came from old to New England in 1635, and settled in New Haven in 1639, with numerous biographical notes and sketches : also, some account of the descendants of John Tuttle, of Ipswich; and Henry Tuthill, of Hingham, Mass. (1883)
  • http://www.archive.org/stream/descendantsofwil01tutt#page/n56/mode/1up
  • Pg.xix
  • 1. Joan Tothill, m. John, s. of Richard and Joan (Whitlegh) Hulse. 1. Arthur Grenville, d. 1653; Capt.; m. Dorothy, dau. of Richard Boyle, Lord Archbishop of Tuam. She m. (2) Henry Turner, Sergt. Major under Lord Inchinquin in Ireland. 2. Sir Nicholas. 3. Richard, m. Jane Fortescue, dau. of John and gr. dau. of Sir Louis Forescue, one of the Barons of the xchequer temp. Hen. VIII. 1. Richard of Keneden and Efford, Esq., living in 1620; m. Anne Sutcliffe, only dau. of Dr. Matthew Sutcliffe founder of the College at Chelsea and over forty years dean of Exeter. 1. Matthew, d. 1656; m. Sabina Clifford and had dau. Anne, m. 1655, Rev. John Tyndal, D. D. Margaret Whitleigh, sister of Joan, m. Sir Roger Grenville of Stow, High Sheriff of Cornwall, 2, Henr. VIII., d. 1524; had 3 sons, 6 daughters, of whom Sir Richard Grenville, Kt. 1532; High Sheriff of Devon 1533; Marshal of Calais; m. Matilda Beavil, and among others: Roger Grenville, Kt., Esq. of the body of Hen. VIII.; drowned in life time of his father in the Rose Frigate off Portsmouth; m. Thomasine Cole and had; Sir Richard Grenville of Stow, a gallant naval commander; served in army in Hungary with high repute; High Sheriff of Cornwall 1578; fitted out a colony and sailed for Florida 1583 where he left 100 men; made many successful voyages; d. in battle with the Spaniards; m. Mary St. Leger and had; Bernard Grenville, Kt., High Sheriff of Cornwall 1596; M. P. and Kt.; d. 1636; m. Elizabeth Beavil and had; Sir Bevil Grenville, Kt.; called "the Bayard of England," b. 1595; fell at Lansdown with a patent from Chas. I. in his pocket for the Earldom of Bath; m. Grace, dau. of Sir George Smith of Exeter and sister of the mother of George Monk, Duke of Albermarle; had; 1. Bernard Grenville, groom of the bedchamber to Chas. II.; was father of Bernard Grenville and grandfather of Mary Grenville, b. 1700; d. 1788; m. 1717 Alex. Pendaryes of Cornwall; (2) 1743 Mr. Delany. Her autobiagraphy, edited by Sarah Chauncey Woolsey [8], published 1879. 2. Sir John Grenville, Earl of Bath, attended Chas. II. in all his wanderings abroad; d. 1701; m. Jane Wyche and had Grace Grenville, m. Sir George Cartaret.
  • .... etc.
  • http://www.archive.org/stream/descendantsofwil01tutt#page/n62/mode/1up
  • Pg.xxii
    • II. Sir John Drake, Exq., of Ashe, High Sheriff of Devon; d. 1588; m. 1529, Amy Grenville, sis. to Sir Richard, and had: .... etc.

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Sir Richard Grenville, Kt., MP's Timeline

1495
1495
Kilkhampton, Cornwall, England
1515
1515
Age 20
Devon, England
1550
March 18, 1550
Age 55
Kilkhampton, Cornwall, England
March 23, 1550
Age 55
Kilkhampton, Cornwall, England, United Kingdom
1939
October 21, 1939
Age 55
October 21, 1939
Age 55
November 11, 1939
Age 55
November 11, 1939
Age 55
November 11, 1939
Age 55
1967
November 20, 1967
Age 55