Sir Robert Drury, MP, Speaker of the House of Commons

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Robert Ralph Drury, MP, Speaker of the House of Commons

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Hawstead, Suffolk, England
Death: Died in Suffolk, England, United Kingdom
Place of Burial: St Mary Churchyard, Suffolk, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Roger Drury and Felice Drury
Husband of Anne Jerningham and Anne Drury
Father of Anne Drury; Anne Waldegrave; Bridget Drury; Elizabeth Boteler; Sir William Drury, MP and 2 others
Brother of Catherine le Strange; William Drury; Felice Drury; John Drury and Roger Drury

Occupation: Speaker of the House of Commons
Managed by: Myron Lewis McGahan
Last Updated:

About Sir Robert Drury, MP, Speaker of the House of Commons

  • Sir Robert Drury, Speaker of the House of Commons1,2,3,4,5
  • M, #35629, b. circa 1455, d. 2 March 1536
  • Father Roger Drury, Esq.2 d. 31 Jan 1494
  • Mother Felice Denston2
  • Sir Robert Drury, Speaker of the House of Commons was born circa 1455 at of Hawstead, Suffolk, England.1,2,4 He married Anne Calthorpe, daughter of Sir William Calthorpe, Sheriff of Norfolk & Suffolk and Elizabeth Stapleton, circa 1480; They had 2 sons (Sir William & Sir Robert) & 4 daughters (Anne, wife of George Waldegrave, Esq. & of Sir Thomas Jermyn; Elizabeth, wife of Sir Philip Boteler; Bridget, wife of Sir John Jernegan; & Ursula, wife of Sir Giles Allington).6,2,3,4,5 Sir Robert Drury, Speaker of the House of Commons married Anne Jernegan, daughter of Edward Jernegan and Margaret Bedingfield, between 1529 and 1531 at of Costessey, Norfolk, England; They had no issue.2,4 Sir Robert Drury, Speaker of the House of Commons died on 2 March 1536; Buried at St. Mary's, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk.2,4
  • Family 1 Anne Calthorpe b. c 1460, d. b 1531
  • Children
    • Anne Drury+2,7,4,5 b. c 1482, d. 8 Jun 1572
    • Sir Robert Drury+ b. c 1486
    • Elizabeth Drury+2 b. c 1492, d. 11 Dec 1574
    • Bridget Drury+2 b. c 1495
    • Ursula Drury+2 b. c 1500, d. 1522
    • Sir William Drury, Sheriff of Suffolk & Norfolk+4 b. c 1500, d. 11 Jan 1558
  • Family 2 Anne Jernegan d. 8 May 1558
  • Citations
  • 1.[S10974] Unknown author, History of the Family of Drury, p. 100, 101.
  • 2.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 276.
  • 3.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 111.
  • 4.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 92-93.
  • 5.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 284.
  • 6.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 58.
  • 7.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 741-742.
  • From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p1186.htm#i35629
  • _____________________
  • Robert DRURY of Hawstead (Sir)
  • Born: ABT 1455 / 1470, Hawstead, Suffolk, England
  • Died: 2 May 1535/6
  • Buried: St. Marys Church, Bury St. Edmunds, England
  • 'Notes: See his Biography.
  • Father: Roger DRURY of Hawstead
  • Mother: Felice DENSTON
  • Married 1: Anne CALTHORPE ABT 1483
  • Children:
    • 1. Anne DRURY
    • 2. Elizabeth DRURY
    • 3. William DRURY of Hawstead (Sir)
    • 4. Robert DRURY of Edgerley (Sir Knight)
    • 5. Bridget DRURY
    • 6. Ursula DRURY
  • Married 2: Anne JERNINGHAM BEF 1531
  • From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/DRURY.htm#Robert DRURY of Hawstead (Sir)1
  • Born by 1456, first son of Roger Drury of Hawstead by Felice, dau. and heiress of William Denston of Besthorpe, Norf. Educated ?Gonville, Camb.; Lincoln's Inn, adm. 1473. Married first, by 1494, Anne, dau. of Sir William Calthorpe of Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk; by whom he had two sons, Sir William and Sir Robert, and four daughters; and married secondly, by 1531, Anne, dau. of Edward Jerningham of Somerleyton, Suff., widow of Lord Edward Grey (d. BEF 1517), of Henry Berkeley, and of Henry Barley of Albury (d. 12 Nov 1529), s.p. suc. family 30 Jan 1496. Kntd. 17 Jun 1497. Commr. array Suff. 1487, subsidy 1512, 1514, 1515 1523; other commissions 1490-d., j.p. 1488-d.; dep. chief steward, south parts duchy of Lancaster c.1498-1526; Councillor and knight of body temp. Henry VII and Henry VIII; member, council of 14th Earl of Oxford c.1525, bailiff, Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk. Speaker of House of Commons 1495.
  • Robert Drury was the first of his line to attach himself to the court after training as a lawyer. Knighted after the Blackheath rebellion in 1497, where he may have served under John De Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford whose deputy he became in the stewardship of the duchy of Lancaster. Under the Earl's will of 1509 he was appointed an executor and given an annuity of £6 13s.4d. and the Ellesmere Chaucer which bears the signature of Drury and his son William.
  • By the beginning of Henry VIII's reign Drury was prominent as a lawyer, courtier and servant of the crown. It was presumably as a senior Member and former Speaker that in the Parliament of 1510 he announced in the Upper House the election of Thomas Englefield as Speaker; it is all but certain that Drury had been re-elected for Suffolk. Under the new King he attended the Council from time to time, for example in May 1516 to discuss musters, and early in 1526 to give advice on legal matters, but he was chiefly concerned with Scottish affairs. Having been a witness to Henry VIII's renewal of the treaty with Scotland on 29 Aug 1509, he was commissioned on 7 Sep with two others to receive the oath of James IV and to treat for the redress of grievances. From 1511 to 1513 he was engaged on similar commissions about injuries on the Scottish border with Thomas, 2nd Lord Dacre of Gilsland.
  • During the first decade of the century Drury enlarged his property in East Anglia, where he also acquired a number of wardships. In the general pardon of 1510 he was described as of Hawstead, Ruislip in Middlesex, and London. In the same year he had licence to empark over 2,000 acres of land and wood in a number of Suffolk parishes, and to crenellate his manors of Hawstead Hall, Bokenham in Hawstead, and Onehouse. At Hawstead, his chief seat, he had a private chapel for which in 1501 he had received a papal licence.Drury made his will on 1 May 1531, probated 8 Feb 1535/1536. He died on 2 Mar 1535. In accordance with his request he was buried in St. Mary's church, Bury St. Edmunds, where a stone monument with effigies of himself and his first wife bears the inscription 'Such as ye be, sometime were we, such as we are, such shall ye be. Miserere nostri'. His rich household hangings, goods and plate, and large flocks of sheep he left chiefly to his wife and sons. His dwellings included a house in College Street, Bury St. Edmunds and a 'place' in the parish of St. Clement Dane, London, which later gave its name to Drury Lane. His widow married Sir Edmund Walsingham.
  • From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/Bios/RobertDruryofHawstead(Sir)1.htm
  • _______________________
  • DRURY, Sir Robert I (by 1456-1535), of Hawstead, Suff. and London.
  • b. by 1456, 1st s. of Roger Drury of Hawstead by Felice, da. and h. of William Denston of Besthorpe, Norf. educ. ?Gonville, Camb.; L. Inn, adm. 1473. m. (1) by 1494, Anne, da. of Sir William Calthorpe of Burnham Thorpe, Norf., 2s. Sir William and Sir Robert II 4da.; (2) by 1531, Anne, da. of Edward Jerningham of Somerleyton, Suff., wid. of Lord Edward Grey (d. by 1517), ?of one Berkeley, and of Henry Barley (d. 12 Nov. 1529) of Albury Herts., s.p. suc. fa. 30 Jan. 1496. Kntd. 17 June 1497.1
  • The Drury family of Suffolk was established at Hawstead by Robert Drury’s father, who represented the younger of two branches descended from Sir Nicholas Drury of Thurston and Rougham in the 14th century. Robert Drury was the first of his line to attach himself to the court after training as a lawyer. He was knighted after fighting against the rebels at Blackheath in 1497, where he may have served under John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford whose deputy he became in the stewardship of the duchy of Lancaster. Under the earl’s will of 1509 he was appointed an executor and given an annuity of £6 13s.4d. and the Ellesmere Chaucer which bears the signature of Drury and his son William.3
  • By the beginning of Henry VIII’s reign Drury was prominent as a lawyer, courtier and servant of the crown. It was presumably as a senior Member and former Speaker that in the Parliament of 1510 he announced in the Upper House the election of Thomas Englefield as Speaker; it is all but certain that Drury had been re-elected for Suffolk. Under the new King he attended the Council from time to time, for example in May 1516 to discuss musters, and early in 1526 to give advice on legal matters, but he was chiefly concerned with Scottish affairs. Having been a witness to Henry VIII’s renewal of the treaty with Scotland on 29 Aug. 1509, he was commissioned on 7 Sept. with two others to receive the oath of James IV and to treat for the redress of grievances. From 1511 to 1513 he was engaged on similar commissions about injuries on the Scottish border with Thomas, 2nd Lord Dacre of Gilsland.4
  • During the first decade of the century Drury enlarged his property in East Anglia, where he also acquired a number of wardships. In the general pardon of 1510 he was described as of Hawstead, Ruislip in Middlesex, and London. In the same year he had licence to empark over 2,000 acres of land and wood in a number of Suffolk parishes, and to crenellate his manors of Hawstead Hall, Bokenham in Hawstead, and Onehouse. At Hawstead, his chief seat, he had a private chapel for which in 1501 he had received a papal licence.5
  • Drury made his will on 1 May 1531 and died on 2 Mar. 1535. In accordance with his request he was buried in St. Mary’s church, Bury St. Edmunds, where a stone monument with effigies of himself and his first wife bears the inscription ‘Such as ye be, sometime were we, such as we are, such shall ye be. Miserere nostri’. His rich household hangings, goods and plate, and large flocks of sheep he left chiefly to his wife and sons. His dwellings included a house in College Street, Bury St. Edmunds and a ‘place’ in the parish of St. Clement Dane, London, which later gave its name to Drury Lane. His widow married Sir Edmund Walsingham.6
  • From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1509-1558/member/drury-sir-robert-i-1456-1535
  • ____________________________
  • Sir Robert Drury, (before 1456–2 March 1535), knight, (knighted by Henry VII of England after the battle of Blackheath, 17 June 1497) and Lord of the Manor of Hawstead, Suffolk, was Knight of the Body to Kings Henry VII and Henry VIII, Knight of the Shire for Suffolk, Speaker of the House of Commons [elected 4 October 1495], and Privy Councillor. He was also a barrister-at-law. His London townhouse was in Drury Lane.
  • Robert Drury, born before 1456 at Hawstead, Suffolk, was the eldest of four sons of Roger Drury (d.1496) of Hawstead, Suffolk, by his second wife Felice Denston, daughter and heiress of William Denston of Besthorpe, Norfolk.[1]
  • With Sir Robert Drury began for this family a long connection with the courts of the Tudor sovereigns, and a succession of capable and eminent men whose careers are part of English history throughout the 16th century. In 1473 he was admitted to Lincoln's Inn, where he became a prominent figure. However according to Hyde 'there is no evidence, as was once thought,[2] that he was educated at Gonville Hall, Cambridge'.[3]
  • Drury was named in many commissions in the county of Suffolk from 1486 onwards. Drury procured from Pope Alexander VI a licence for the chapel in his house at Hawstead, dated 8 July 1501 in the tenth year of that pontificate. The original is now in the museum at Bury. Another early reference to him is an indenture 15 December 1490 by which Robert Geddying, son and heir of John Geddyng, agreed with Robert Drury, esquire, for the erection of houses at Lackford, Suffolk, Roger and William Drury being co-feoffees.
  • He was elected Knight of the Shire (MP) for Suffolk in 1491, 1495 and 1510, acting as Speaker of the House in 1495.
  • Drury was knighted by King Henry VII on 17 June 1497, after the battle of Blackheath,[4] and was present at the funeral of the young Prince Henry in 1511, where, amongst the list of mourners, he is included as one of the knights to bear the canopy. He was an executor of the will of John de Vere, 13th Earl of Oxford, who died in 1513.
  • Between June 1510 and February 1513 inclusive he was engaged with various colleagues in the attempt "to pacify the Scottish border by peaceful methods and to obtain redress for wrongs committed."
  • Two splendid books once owned by Sir Robert Drury have survived. One, a fine Latin MS of the Vulgate, written by an English scribe early in the 13th century, is now in the library of Christ's College, Cambridge. Some blank leaves at the end have been used to record the marriages and progeny of the children of Sir Robert Drury. The first group of entries was made at the end of 1527; subsequent entries carry on the records of the growth of the family until 1566. The other book is the finest and most famous of all Chaucer MSS, the Ellesmere manuscript of The Canterbury Tales now in the Huntington Library. At the top of a preliminary fly-leaf is written "Robertus Drury, miles", and below a list of his children: "William Drury, miles, Robertus Drury, miles, Domina [Anne] Jarmin, Domina [Bridget] Jarningham, and Domina [Ursula] Allington."
  • On 1 May 1531 Drury made his last will, requesting burial in the chancel of St. Mary's Church, Bury St. Edmunds beside his first wife, Anne Calthorpe. He died 2 March 1535. Drury and Anne Calthorpe are buried under a stone monument in St. Mary's Church; a wooden palisade bears the inscription ‘Such as ye be, sometimes were we, such as we are, such shall ye be. Miserere nostri.’[5][6]
  • Drury married firstly, by 1494, Anne Calthorpe, daughter of Sir William Calthorpe of Burnham Thorpe, Norfolk, by whom he had two sons and four daughters:[7][8]
    • Sir William Drury (c.1500-1558) of Hawstead, Suffolk, who married firstly, Jane Saint Maur (d.1517), by whom he had no issue, and secondly, Elizabeth Sothill (1505–1575) a granddaughter of another Speaker of the House of Commons, and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Sir Richard Empson (d.17 August 1510).
    • Sir Robert Drury.
    • Anne Drury, who married firstly Sir George Waldegrave, esquire (c. 1483 – 8 July 1528) of Smallbridge, Suffolk, from whom descend the Earls Waldegrave, as well as a branch of the Higham of Higham Green and Denham family, and secondly Sir Thomas Jermyn (c.1500 – 1552) of Rushbrooke, Suffolk, from whom descend that family (including the Jacobite peer) as well as the Crane family of Chilton, later baronets.
    • Elizabeth Drury, who married, in 1510, Sir Philip Boteler.
    • Bridget Drury (d. 19 January 1518), who married Sir John Jerningham of Somerleyton, Suffolk, eldest son and heir of Edward Jerningham (d. 6 January 1515) of Somerleyton by his first wife, Margaret Bedingfield (d. 24 March 1504), by whom she had three sons, George, Robert and John, and two daughters, Anne Jerningham, who married Sir Thomas Cornwallis of Brome, Suffolk, and Elizabeth Jerningham, who married John Sulyard of Wetherden, Suffolk.[9]
    • Ursula Drury, who married Sir Giles Alington of Horseheath, Cambridgeshire.
  • After Anne Calthorpe's death, Drury married secondly, Anne (née Jerningham), daughter of Sir Edward Jerningham (d. 6 January 1515) of Somerleyton, Suffolk, by Margaret Bedingfield (d. 24 March 1504), and sister of Sir John Jerningham (see above). At the time of her marriage to Sir Robert Drury, she is said to have been the widow of two husbands: Lord Edward Grey (d. before 1517), eldest son and heir of Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset, and grandson of King Edward IV's wife, Elizabeth Woodville; and Henry Barley (d. 12 November 1529) of Albury, Hertfordshire. In his will Drury refers to her as 'my Lady Grey'. There were no issue of Drury's second marriage. After Drury's death, Anne (née Jerningham) married Sir Edmund Walsingham.[10][11][12][13][14][15]
  • Drury's daughter Anne was an ancestress of Walt Disney, Britney Spears and Booker T. Washington. His daughter Elizabeth was an ancestress of Abraham Lincoln, Jesse James and John Churchill, 1st Duke of Marlborough. His son William is an ancestor of William Wyatt Bibb, Thomas Bibb (William Wyatt Bibb's brother), James C. Gardner (Thomas Bibb's great-great-great-grandson), Elizabeth Peyton (wife of Peter Beverley), her descendants, a part of the Randolph family of Virginia, and John Barton Payne. Sir Robert is also the 13th great grandfather of a Texas born lady named Susanne Gunter Richards that was born on June 11, 1947, she is beautiful and single and lives in Marble Falls, Texas.
  • From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robert_Drury_(speaker)
  • __________________________
  • from "Suffolk manorial Families", Vol. 1, pt. 9, 1899 by Joseph James Muskett.
  • http://www.genealogysource.com/muskett346.htm
  • Pg.346
    • Drury of Thurston
  • John Drury of Thurston, in Com. Suffolke, Esquier, sonne and heire tempre Kinge Edward first, 19, 1291. = Amabell daugh. of Thomas Newton, Esquier. Sables, too shanke bones in Salter argente.; ch: Sr Roger, Nicholas (m. Agnes Saxham) Drury.
  • Nicholas Drury of Thurston in Com. Suffolke, esquier, sonne & heire, died 3rd 13 of Kinge Edw. 3d ao 1339; Will 7 Rich. 2, 1381, Cullum. = Agnes, sole daughter and heire of Sr Symond Saxham, Kt.Joane??, Joan in his will. Oullum.; ch: Sr Roger (m. Margarett Naunton), Nicholas (m. Joanne Heathe), John Drury.
  • *Nicholas Drury of Saxham's in Thurston in Suffolke, 2d sonne, & of Hawsted, buried with his wife. Will, Gage, p. 428, Arch. Sudh., 4 Jan. 1454, proved 2 Sept. 1456. See note above. = Joanne, daugh. to Thomas Heathe, esquier, of Mildenhall. ch: DRURY OF HAWSTEAD.
    • *This Nicholas and Thom Heathe for love of John a Gaunte theire Captayne they tooke their voyage wt him into Spayne and theye have assumed to them Sellefs the Crosse Tawe in the Cheffe of there Armes ever since that tyme for the Howse of Hawsted. Whilste he Florished at Thurston in the Auweiente house of Saxhams, which lande wt others Came by his Mother beinge heire to her father to him allso did desende the Mannor of Hawsted wt others: he lyeth Buryed wt his wyfe in Thurston Church in a Chapell over aganst his fathers chap: where his Armes doeth appeare wt his Crosse Tuny. See below, Nicholas Drury.
  • http://www.genealogysource.com/muskett354.htm
  • Pg.354
    • Drury of Hawstead.
  • Nicholas Drury of Saxham's in Thurston, made will, Arch. Sudb., at Bury St. Edmunds, 4 Jan. 1454, proved 2 Sept. 1456. To be buried near his parents in Thurston church. Names Sir Roger Drury, his late brother; Felice, wife of his son, Roger Drury, &c. = Joan, dau. of Thomas Heath, Esq., of Mildenhall.; ch: Roger (m. Agnes _ & Felice Denston & Agnes Hanningfield), Elizabeth (m. _ Monk), Henry (m. Elizabeth Eaton) Drury.
  • Roger Drury, Esq., bought Hawstead, 3 Edw. 4. Will, Cur. Ep. Norw., 20 Jan. 1493. Inq. p.m. 13 H. 7. Ob, 31 Jan. H. 7. = Agnes, named in husband's M.I. = Felice, dau. & heir of William Denston of Besthorpe, co. Norfolk.; ch: Felice (m. Jas. Andrews), John, Roger, William (m. Margaret Briggs), Sir Robert (m. Anne Calthorpe & Anne Jerningham), Katherine (m. Sir Henry L'Estrange & Sir Robert Ratcliff) Drury.
  • Sir Robert Drury of Hawstead, of the Privy Council of King Henry VII. Will, P.C.C. 32 Hogan, 8 Feb. 1535. Inq. p.m. 27 H. 8, Altar tomb in St. Mary's, Bury. = Anne, 1st wife, dau. of Sir William Calthorpe of Burnham Thorpe, co. Norff., who made will, Cur. Ep. Norw., 1491. Harl. MS. 10.; ch: Bridget (m. Sir John Jernegan), Sir Wm. (m. Joan St. Maur & Elizabeth Sotehill), Anne (m. Sir George Waldegrave & Sir Thomas Jermyn), Elizabeth (m. Sir Philip Boteler), Sir Robert (m. Elizabeth Brudenell), Ursula (m. Sir Giles Allington) Drury.; = Anne, 2d wife, dau. of Edward Jerningham of Somerleyton; widow of Lord Edward Grey and of . . . Berkeley. She m. 4th Sir Edmund Walsingham of Scadbury. Her will, P.C.C. 17 Chaynay, is dated 1 Mar. 1568.
  • Sir Wm. Drury of Hawstead, of the Privy Council of Queen Mary; aet. 36, 27 H. 8. Brass at Hawstead. Will, P.C.C. 26 Dec. 1557. = Joan, 1st wife, dau. and heir of Sir Wm. St. Maur; buried in Hawstead chancel; d. 1517.; = Elizabeth, dau. and coh. of Henry Sotehill of Stoke Faston, co. Leic. Ob. 19 May 1575. His Inq. p.m. 20 H. 7. His mother a coheir of Plompton. Her will, P.C.C. 42 Pyckering, proved 1575.; ch: Anne (m. Sir Christopher Haydon), Mary (m. Richd. Corbet & John Tyrrell), Robert (m. Audrey Rich), Henry (m. Elizabeth Isaac), Frances (m. James Hobart), Bridget (m. Henry Yelverton) Dorothy (m. Robert Rokewood), Elizabeth (m. Sir Robert Drury of Rougham) Drury.
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Sir Robert Drury, MP, Speaker of the House of Commons's Timeline

1454
1454
Suffolk, England
1482
1482
Age 28
Hawstead, Suffolk, England
1483
1483
Age 29
England
1492
1492
Age 38
Suffolk, , England
1495
1495
Age 41
Hawstead, Suffolk, England
1499
1499
Age 45
Suffolk, England
1499
Age 45
1501
1501
Age 47
Buckinghamshire, England, UK
1507
1507
Age 53
1531
1531
Age 77