Sir Robert Eden, 1st Baronet

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Robert Eden

Birthplace: West Auckland, England
Death: Died in Annapolis, MD
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir Robert Eden, 3rd Baronet and Mary Eden
Husband of Caroline Eden
Father of Sir Frederick Morton Eden, 2nd Baronet and Catherine Moore
Brother of Sir John Eden, 4th Baronet; Catherine Moore; William Eden, 1st Baron Auckland; Dulcibella Bell; Morton Frederick Frederick Eden, GCB, PC, FRS, 1st Baron Henley and 2 others

Occupation: Knight governor of Maryland
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Sir Robert Eden, 1st Baronet,_1st_Baronet,_of_Maryland

Sir Robert Eden, 1st Baronet, of Maryland, 23rd Proprietary Governor of Maryland (c. 1741 – 2 September 1784) was a British colonial administrator and the last Royal Governor of Maryland.

Eden was the second son of Sir Robert Eden, 3rd Baronet, of West Auckland, and the brother of William Eden, 1st Baron Auckland and Morton Eden, 1st Baron Henley and a relative of North Carolina Governor Charles Eden. He followed Horatio Sharpe as governor in 1769, during the tumultuous years preceding the American Revolution.

Eden was not among those who believed that coercion would force Marylanders into loyalty to the mother country. He returned to Maryland from England shortly after the Peggy Stewart was burned in protest against English taxes on tea, and on December 30 1774 he wrote:

"The spirit of resistance against the Tea Act, or any mode of internal taxation, is as strong and universal here as ever. I firmly believe that they will undergo any hardship sooner than acknowledge a right in the British Parliament in that particular, and will persevere in their non-importation and non-exportation experiments, in spite of every inconvenience that they must consequently be exposed to, and the total loss of their trade."

By 1775 his authority had been totally usurped by the Annapolis Convention. He was created a Baronet, of Maryland in North America, in 1776. Eden married the Hon. Caroline daughter of Charles Calvert, 5th Baron Baltimore, in 1763.

Eden died in September 1784 and was buried in Annapolis, Maryland. He was succeeded in the baronetcy by his eldest son, Frederick. He also had William Eden and N Eden. Eden was an ancestor of 20th century British Prime Minister Anthony Eden.

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Sir Robert Eden, 1st Baronet's Timeline

West Auckland, England
Age 4
June 18, 1766
Age 25
Maryland, United States
September 2, 1784
Age 43
Annapolis, MD