Sir Robert Throckmorton, of Coughton Court

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About Sir Robert Throckmorton, of Coughton Court

Sir Robert Throckmorton of Coughton Court, MP, KG (c. 1513, Coughton Court, Coughton, Warwickshire - 12 February 1581, Coughton Court, Coughton, Warwickshire) was a distinguished English Tudor courtier.


    Sir Robert Throckmorton was the son of Sir George Throckmorton and Katherine Vaux. He married, firstly, Muriel Berkeley, daughter of Thomas Berkeley, 5th Lord Berkeley. He married, secondly, Elizabeth Hussey, daughter of John Hussey, 1st Lord Hussey. He died in 1586.
    Sir Robert Throckmorton lived at Coughton, Warwickshire, England. He held the office of High Sheriff of Warwickshire in 1553/54. He held the office of High Sheriff of Leicestershire in 1553/54. He also had two sons by his second wife.

Children of Sir Robert Throckmorton and Elizabeth Hussey

   * Muriel Throckmorton+
   * Anne Throckmorton+
   * Elizabeth Throckmorton
   * Temperance Throckmorton

Children of Sir Robert Throckmorton and Muriel Berkeley

   * Anne Throckmorton
   * Mary Throckmorton
   * Elizabeth Throckmorton
   * Catherine Throckmorton
   * Thomas Throckmorton+ b. 1533, d. 13 Mar 1614

From Wikipedia:

Robert Throckmorton of Coughton MP, KG (ABT 1513, Coughton, Warwickshire - 12 Feb 1581, Coughton, Warwickshire) was a distinguished English Tudor courtier. He was the successor of his father Sir George Throckmorton. He served as a Member of Parliament c. 1547.

Born by 1513, Sir Robert was the first son of Sir George Throckmorton and his wife Katherine Vaux, and brother of Anthony, Clement, George, John, Kenelm and Nicholas.

[edit] Politics

Robert Throckmorton may have trained at the Middle Temple, the inn attended by his father. At least three of his younger brothers and his own eldest son studied at Middle Temple, but as the heir to extensive estates he had little need to seek a career at court or in government. He was joined with his father in several stewardships from 1527 and was perhaps the servant of Robert Tyrwhitt, a distant relative by marriage of the Throckmortons, who in 1540 took an inventory of Cromwell's goods at Mortlake. He attended the reception of Anne of Cleves and with several of his brothers served in the French war of 1544. Three years later he was placed on the Warwickshire bench and was thus suitably qualified for the knighthood of the shire which fell to him almost as though it were a part of his inheritance in March 1553. Three of his brothers also sat in the same Parliament with Nicholas as knight for Northamptonshire.

In the autumn of 1553, Throckmorton was knighted and appointed constable of Warwick castle and only his shrievalty prevented him from continuing to sit for the shire until in 1558, when he gave way to his eldest son, Thomas.

His Catholicism explains his disappearance from the Commons in the new reign, although the most Catholic of his brothers, Anthony Throckmorton, was to sit in the Parliament of 1563. Judged an ‘adversary of true religion’ in 1564, Throckmorton remained active in Warwickshire until his refusal to subscribe to the Act of Uniformity led to his removal from the commission of the peace.

In 1577, the Bishop of Worcester, John Whitgift, listed Throckmorton as a Catholic and reckoned him to be worth 1,000 marks a year in lands and £1,000 in goods.

Sir Robert Throckmorton continued the family in the Catholic tradition. He married his children into the leading Catholic families, and in these generations the increased persecution of the Catholic spawned many relatives who became involved in plots against the throne.

He died on 12 Feb 1581, six days after making a will in which he styled himself of Weston Underwood but asked to be buried at Coughton, where an alabaster and marble tomb was accordingly erected to his memory: there is a portrait at Coughton Court.

Sir Robert married twice. His first wife was Muriel Berkeley (? - 1542) whom he married about 1527. Muriel was the daughter of Thomas Berkeley, 5th Bt. and his 1st wife, Eleanor Constable (ABT 1485 - 1527), daughter or Sir Marmaduke Constable.

Issue of Robert and Muriel:

   * Catherine (ABT 1532 - 12 Feb 1580). Married Henry (Robert) Norwood abt 1547 and had issue.
   * Thomas Throckmorton of Coughton (1533 - 13 Mar 1614). Married Mary Whorwood (ABT 1535 - 28 Apr 1607) about 1556 and had issue.
   * Elizabeth (ABT 1535 - ?). Married John Goodwin (Sir). No issue.
   * Anne (ABT 1541 - 16 Dec 1603). Married Ralph Sheldon (Sir) and had issue.
   * Mary (ABT 1543 - ?). Married Edward Arden of Park Hall (Sir) (1542 - 1583) and had issue.

Sir Robert married secondly, Elizabeth Hussey, Baroness Hungerford of Heystesbury (ABT 1510 - 23 Jan 1554) circa 1542. Elizabeth was the daughter of John Hussey, 1º Baron Hussey of Sleaford (1465/7 - 29 Jun / 27 Aug 1537)and his 2nd wife, Anne Grey (ABT 1490 - AFT 1537).

Issue of Robert and Elizabeth:

   * Anne (? - AFT 1605). Married William Catesby (Sir) (1547 - 1598) 9 Jun 1566 at Ashby St. Ledgers, Northamptonshire and had issue.
   * Elizabeth (? - ?). Married Anthony Tyringham (Sir). No issue.
   * Temperance (? - ?). Married Randal Brereton (Sir). No issue.
   * Muriel (? - 1615). Married Sir Thomas Tresham and had issue.


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Sir Robert Throckmorton, of Coughton Court's Timeline

Warwickshire, England
Age 15
Warwickshire, England, United Kingdom
Age 18
Warwickshire, England
Age 19
Coughton, Warwickshire, England
Age 20
Age 22
Probably Coughton, Warwickshire, England
Age 26
Coughton, Warwickshire, , England
Age 28
Of, Coughton, Warwickshire, England
Age 29
Of, Sleaford, Lincolnshire, England
Age 32