Roger Kynaston (c.1430 - 1495)

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Nicknames: "Sir Roger /Kynaston/"
Birthplace: Hordley, Ellesmere, Shropshire, England
Death: Died in Myddle, Shropshire, England
Managed by: Myrna Huthmacher, (C)
Last Updated:

About Roger Kynaston

Sir Roger Kynaston Kt. of Myddle and Hordley (ca. 1433 – 1495) was a Knight of the Realm and English nobleman. He was a member of the Kynaston family, of North Shropshire and the Welsh Marches.

Kynaston was the son of Griffin Kynaston (c.1402), who was the Seneschal of Ellesmere, Shropshire and Margaret Jane Hoord (c.1423), daughter of John Hoord of Hordley. He was the direct descendant of Gruffydd Vychan ap Iowerth, the first to hold the surname "Kynaston" and therefore Bleddyn ap Cynfyn, the last Prince of Powys, of the House of Mathrafal.

In 1450 on his marriage to his first wife, Elizabetha Cobham (died 1453), he gained the seat of Myddle Castle, Shropshire, as a dowry. He and Elizabeth had one son, Thomas Kynaston (1453–1513), who married Maria Corbett.


After the death of his first wife he married, in 1465, Elizabeth Grey c.1440 – 1501, daughter of Henry Grey, 2nd Earl of Tankerville and Antigone Plantagenet, great-granddaughter of Henry IV of England. They had the following children:

  • Jana Kynaston (1466)
  • Humphrey Kynaston, who later became infamous as Wild Humphrey Kynaston, the highwayman, who operated in the area to the North West of Shrewsbury.
  • Lancelot Kynaston (1469)
  • Maria Kynaston (1470), who married Hywel ap Jenkin

Elizabeth Grey was the grand daughter of Eleanor Cobham – sister to Elizabetha – Roger's first wife.

In 1454 Roger was the Constable of Denbigh Castle. He was appointed for life as Escheator and High Sheriff of Merionethshire, was Constable of Harlech and was High Sheriff of Shropshire in both 1461 and 1470. He was knighted at Tewkesbury on 4 May 1471.


Roger supported the Yorkists at the start of the Wars of the Roses, particularly distinguishing himself during the Battle of Blore Heath on 23 September 1459 when "He vanquished and slew James Tuchet, 5th Baron Audley and took his arms, Ermine, a chevron gules, ever since borne quarterly by the Kynastons of Hordley".


Roger was summoned to the Court of Edward IV, King of England, some 18 months after his accession in 1461, and knighted. He was presented with the arms and certain land of Lord Audley.


Very shortly after, he fought against the King's forces at Ludford near Ludlow and was charged with high treason. However, the penalty of attainder was not inflicted for he and many others received the royal pardon in 1467 on payment of a fine.


Roger fought throughout the Wars of the Roses, first at the age of 26 at the first major battle, then at 38 one of the bloodiest battles, to the last at Bosworth, when he was aged 52. By this time he was fighting on the Lancastrian side.


Guto'r Glyn, the Bard of Valle Crucis Abbey (1445–1475) wrote a "cywydd" in Roger's honour entitled "Syr Rosier Cinast o’r Cnewin".

Roger founded the line of Kynaston of Hordley. His Coat of Arms was:


Quarterly of six:

  • 1. Ermine, a chevron gules (Kynaston the Audley Coat) – won in battle 1459
  • 2. Vert, two boars passant or (Powys) – Arms of great x4 grandmother Gweruilla Vychan
  • 3. Gules, on a chevron or three mulletts sable (Franklin) – Arms of great x5 grandfather Griffith Kynaston
  • 4. Argent, on a chief or a raven sable (Hoorde) – Arms of mother's family Margaretta Hoord
  • 5. Gules, a lion rampant argent within a bordure engrailed of the second (Grey de Powys) – Arms of wife's family Elizabetha Grey
  • 6. Or, a lion rampant gules (Bleddyn ap Cynfyn) – Arms of Greatx11 grandfather Bleddyn ap Cynfyn Princeps Walliae who was slain in 1075.

Roger gave his name to the estate of Plas Kynaston, lands which he also owned in Cefn Mawr, North Wales. [1] [2] [3]


Dennis Davies writes in "The History of Plas Kynaston":

  • "Henry did not receive a rapturous welcome in Wales. On 8 August 1485, at Haverfordwest, he received a crushing blow – John Savage, nephew of Henry's stepfather, and the powerful Welsh lord, Rhys ap Thomas, were not planning to support his cause. Of course, they had promised otherwise while he was in France but Richard III suspected both men of disloyalty – and before Henry landed, he made certain they understood the penalty of treason. With this crushing news, even the professed loyalty of Pembroke was small consolation. Henry's march from Havefordwest northeast to Cardigan and there to Machynlleth (about 100 miles from the Dale settlement) is not documented. He arrived at Machynlleth on 14 August and wrote a letter to Sir Roger Kynaston, the guardian of the Grey estates; to pass safely to Shrewsbury, Henry needed – at the very least – Kynaston's inaction. The guardian didn't need to declare for him but he could at least not impede his progress. Whatever Kynaston's decision, Henry did pass safely through to Shrewsbury. To get to this point, his force had marched through the mountains of Wales but they had the continual arrival of good news to cheer them on the lonely journey – supporters were marching to join them, bringing along much-needed supplies. Among these supporters was Rhys ap Thomas, who finally decided to honour his previous promise. Rhys later said he brought almost 2000 men with him; if true, his force made up a third of Henry's entire army. They were in time to join Henry at Shrewsbury, the traditional gateway to the English midlands; they marched along the old Roman road even as supporters sent along money to pay the mercenary troops. But at Shrewsbury, Henry's progress was no longer easy.”[4]

From: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_Roger_Kynaston

  • _____________________________________
  • Sir Roger Kynaston, Sheriff of Shropshire & Merionithshire, Constable of Harlech Castle1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10
  • M, #90201, b. circa 1430, d. circa August 1496
  • Father Griffith ap John Kynaston1,2,9 b. c 1404
  • Mother Margred Hoord1,2,9 b. c 1405
  • Sir Roger Kynaston, Sheriff of Shropshire & Merionithshire, Constable of Harlech Castle was born circa 1430 at of Middle, Walford. & Hordley, Shropshire, England.1,2,9 He married Elizabeth Cobham, daughter of Sir Reginald Cobham, 3rd Lord Cobham and Eleanor Culpepper, after 9 August 1449; They had 1 son (Sir Thomas).11,2,3,5,7,9,10 Sir Roger Kynaston, Sheriff of Shropshire & Merionithshire, Constable of Harlech Castle married Elizabeth Grey, daughter of Sir Henry Grey, 2nd Count of Tancarville, Lord of Powis, Chamberlain of Normandy and Antigone Plantagenet, before 4 August 1465; They had 4 sons (Humphrey, Esq; Lancelot; Richard; & Oliver) and 5 daughters (Margaret, wife of Richard Hanmer; Ermin, wife of John ap John Eutun; Mary; Jane, wife of Thomas Corbet, of Ieuan Llwyd, & of Edward Sackville; & Jane, wife of Roger Thornes).1,2,4,8,9 Sir Roger Kynaston, Sheriff of Shropshire & Merionithshire, Constable of Harlech Castle died circa August 1496 at of Stokes, Shropshire, England.1,2,9
  • Family 1 Elizabeth Cobham d. 10 Dec 1453
  • Family 2 Elizabeth Grey b. c 1440, d. a 1501
  • Children
    • Joan Kynaston+12,2,6 b. c 1468
    • Jane Kynaston+1,2,4,8 b. c 1470
  • Citations
  • 1.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 454-455.
  • 2.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 430.
  • 3.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 525.
  • 4.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. III, p. 33.
  • 5.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 125-126.
  • 6.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. I, p. 582.
  • 7.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 270.
  • 8.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 585.
  • 9.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 590.
  • 10.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 66-67.
  • 11.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 693-694.
  • 12.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 341-342.
  • From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p3002.htm#i90201
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  • Sir Roger Kynaston1
  • M, #430476
  • Last Edited=17 Sep 2011
  • Sir Roger Kynaston married Elizabeth Grey, daughter of Sir Henry Grey, 2nd Comte de Tancarville and Antigone (?).1
  • He lived at Hordley, Shropshire, England.1
  • Child of Sir Roger Kynaston and Elizabeth Grey
    • 1.Margaret Kynaston+2
  • Citations
  • 1.[S37] BP2003 volume 2, page 1762. See link for full details for this source. Hereinafter cited as. [S37]
  • 2.[S37] BP2003. [S37]
  • From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p43048.htm#i430476
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  • Elizabeth GREY
  • Born: ABT 1440
  • Died: AFT 1501
  • Father: Henry GREY (2º E. Tankerville)
  • Mother: Antigone PLANTAGENET (C. Tankerville)
  • Married: Roger KYNASTON of Hordley (Sir Knight Sheriff of Salop) (b. ABT 1430 - d. ABT 1496) (son of Griffith Knyaston and Margaret Hoord) (w. of Elizabeth Cobham) ABT 1465
  • Children:
    • 1. Jane KYNASTON
    • 2. Thomas KYNASTON of Rosehampton (Sir Sheriff of Salop) (d. AFT 1508) (m. Mary Corbet)
    • 3. Humphrey KYNASTON
    • 4. Margaret KYNASTON (m. Richard Hanmer)
    • 5. Lancelot KYNASTON
    • 6. Mary KYNASTON
  • From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/GREY4.htm#Elizabeth GREY1
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  • KYNASTON, Thomas (1450/54-1515/20), of Myddle, Hordley and Shrewsbury, Salop.
  • b. 1450/54, 1st s. of Sir Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley by 1st w. Elizabeth, da. of Reginald, Lord Cobham of Sternborough Castle, Kent. m. Mary, da. of Sir Robert Corbet of Moreton Corbet, Salop, d.s.p.; 1s. illegit. suc. fa. 28 Oct. 1492. Kntd. 14 Oct. 1513.3
  • From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1509-1558/member/kynaston-thomas-145054-151520
  • _________________________
  • THORNES, Roger (by 1469-1531/32), of Shrewsbury.
  • b. by 1469, s. of Thomas Thornes of Shrewsbury by Mary, da. of Sir Roger Corbet of Moreton Corbet. m. Jane, da. of Sir Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley, 3s. inc. Robert 2da. suc. fa. by 1503.2
  • From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1509-1558/member/thornes-roger-1469-153132
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  • THORNES, Robert (by 1518-49 or later), of London.
  • b. by 1518, 3rd s. of Roger Thornes of Shrewsbury, Salop by Jane, da. of Sir Roger Kynaston of Myddle and Hordley, Salop. m. Elizabeth, da. of Thomas Porte of Bridgnorth, Salop, 2s.2
  • From: http://www.historyofparliamentonline.org/volume/1509-1558/member/thornes-robert-1518-49-or-later
  • ______________________

Elizabeth Grey, was born about 1440. She was married for the first time to ----------. She was married for the second time in 1465 to Roger Kynaston, Knt. of Myddle and Hordley, co. Salop, Constable of Harlech Castle, Sheriff of Shropshire, son of Gruffudd ap John Kynaston, of Stokes, co. Salop, by Margred ferch John Hord, of Walford, co. Salop. He was born about 1430, and had been married previously, with one son, Thomas, to Elizabeth (died 1453), widow of Richard le Strange, Lord Strange of Knockin, co. Salop (died 1450), and daughter of Reginald Cobham, Lord Cobham of Sterborough, Kent. Roger and Elizabeth had two sons and six daughters. SIR ROGER KYNASTON died in 1495/6. His widow died in Shropshire after 1501."

Source: David Faris, Plantagenet ancestry of seventeenth-century colonists, New England Historic Genealogical Society

  • ____________________________
  • A genealogical and heraldic history of the commoners of Great Britain and Ireland, enjoying territorial possessions or high official rank; but univested with heritable honours (1835)
  • https://archive.org/details/genealogicalhera04burk
  • https://archive.org/stream/genealogicalhera04burk#page/357/mode/1up
  • Pg.357
    • Kinaston, of Oteley Park.
  • This is a branch of the great house ol Kinaston, now represented by Sir Edward Kynaston, barl. whose elder brother Sir John-Kynaston Powel. bart. as did his an-
  • https://archive.org/stream/genealogicalhera04burk#page/358/mode/1up
  • Pg.358
  • cestor John Kynaston, esq. claimed the ancient barony of Powys, by descent from Sir Roger Kynaston, knight, who m. Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Grey, Earl of Tankerville, (in Normandy), and Baron Powys.
  • The family of Kynaston derives from
  • Bleddyn (son of Cynvyn) Prince of Wales, and chief of one of the five royal tribes. He m. Haer, daughter and co-heir of Cillin ap y Blaidd Rhudd, Lord of Gest in Efionydd, North Wales, and d. in 1072, leaving a son,
  • Meredith, Lord of Powys, who took part with the English Barons against Henry I., but afterwards submitted to him in 1113. He nt. Eva, daughter of Blettrws, a chieftain of Ysceifiog, and left at his decease in 1132, a younger son,
  • Jorwerth Goch (i. e. Edward the Red) who was Lord of Mochnant, in Powysland, until he was driven thence by his kinsman Owen Cyfeilioc and Owen ap Madoc, Princes of Powys. He m. Matilda, daughter of Sir R. de Marley, of Marley, in Cheshire, and was father of
  • Sir Griffith Vychan, knight, of Caehowel, in the parish of Kinnerley, Shropshire, who was a knight of Rhodes, and was styled by the Welsh "Y Marchog Gwylt o Cae Howel," that is, "The Wild Knight of Cae Howel." He m. Matilda, daughter and sole heir of levan Goch ap Griffith Goch, descended from Cadivor ap Dinawal, Lord of Castle Hywel, in Cardiganshire, and had a son,
  • Griffith, of Cae Howel, who m. Agnes, daughter of Robert Bulkeley, Lord of Bulkeley in Cheshire, and left a son,
  • Griffith, of Cae Howel and of Kynaston, who, by the name of "Griffin de Kyneston," witnessed in 1313, a grant from Hugh Fitz Philip to Haghmond Abbey, of lands near Oswestry. He m. Gwenllian, daughter and heir of Jorwerth ap Griffith ap Heilin, of Vrongoch in Powys, and was father of
  • Philip Kynaston, usually styled, after the IWelsh custom "Philip ap Griffith," who m. Gwerfyl, daughter and heir of Roger Vychan, son of Sir Roger Powys, knight of Rhodes, and had by her a son,
  • Madock Kynaston, who m. Silotta, daughter and heir of Jenkin Frankton, Lord of Welsh Frankton in Salop, by Jane, his wife, daughter and co-heir of James Touchet, Lord Audley, and had a son,
  • John or Jenkin Kynaston, of Stocks, near Ellesmere, who was in 1396, one of the manucaptors (a kind of bail) of William Mainwaring, of Cheshire. He m. Agnes, daughter of Llewelyn Dhu (Llewelyn the Black), descended from Tudwr Trevor, and was father of
  • Madock Kynaston, of Stocks, who m. Isolda, daughter of Henry, Earl of Northumberland, and, taking part with Hotspur, his wife's brother, was slain at the battle of Shrewsbury in 1403. Of his son,
  • John Kynaston, esq. (in consequence of the part acted by his father against Henry IV.) we have no record, except that he received a pardon from the English monarch, and was father of
  • Griffith Kynaston, esq., of Stocks, Seneschal of the lordship of Ellesmere, from 9 to the 22 of Henry VI. He wedded Margaret, daughter and heir of John Hoord, esq. of Walford, in Shropshire, and had three sons,
    • I. Philip, of Walford, who was twice married ; by Dorothy, his first wife, daughter of Robert Corbet, esq. of Moreton Corbet, in Shropshire, he had a son, Roger, whose line ended in co-heiresses temp. Edward VI. By Alicia, his second wife, daughter of Thomas Banastre, he acquired the estate of Shotton, in Shropshire, which went to his son (by this marriage),
      • Thomas, of Fenemere andShotton, 7 HENRY VIII., father of .... etc.
    • II. John, of whom presently.
    • III. Roger (Sir), knight, of Hordley, in Shropshire, who was a steady adherent to the White Rose in tlie conflicts of York and Lancaster, and distinguished himself at the battle of Blore Heath, 23rd September, 1459. He held Middle Castle for life, having m. for his first wife, Elizabeth, relict of Lord Strange, of Knockin, the owner thereof. By his second wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Grey, Lord Powys, he was ancestor of the present
      • Sir Edward Kynaston, bart., and a family of Kynaston, formerly of Moreton, near Oswestry. Sir Roger d. at a very advanced age in 1517.
  • The second son,
  • John or Jenkin Kinaston, esq. had the estate of Stocks settled upon him and his heirs. He m. Johanna, daughter of John Mainwaring, esq. of Peover, in Cheshire, son of Sir John Mainwaring, knight, and left a son and successor, .... etc.
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  • The visitation of Shropshire
  • https://archive.org/details/TheVisitationOfShropshireV.29
  • https://archive.org/stream/TheVisitationOfShropshireV.29/VisitationshrophshireTaken1623_treswellVol.28P2#page/n18/mode/1up
  • Pg.295
    • Kynaston. - CHART Pg.291-299
  • Rogerus Kynaston
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  • Links
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kynaston
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Henry_Grey,_2nd_Earl_of_Tankerville
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antigone_Plantagenet
  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humphrey_Kynaston
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view all 15

Sir Roger Kynaston's Timeline

1430
1430
Hordley, Ellesmere, Shropshire, England
1450
1450
Age 20
1453
1453
Age 23
1465
1465
Age 35
Gwynedd, Wales
1468
April 22, 1468
Age 38
Shropshire, England, UK
1470
April 1470
Age 40
Shropshire
1470
Age 40
{Tribe: Bleddyn ap Cynfyn}
1495
October 28, 1495
Age 65
Myddle, Shropshire, England
????
England
????