|Also Known As:||"Roger ap Roger "Hên""|
|Birthplace:||Bredwardine, Herefordshire, England|
|Death:||Died in Battle Agincourt, Agincourt, Pas De Calais, France|
Son of Roger Vaughan and Anne Vaughan
|Occupation:||Knight, died at the Battle of Agincourt; knighted on the field by King Henry V; Near Bredwardine Bridge, there still stands a stone farmhouse built by Sir Roger.|
|Managed by:||Carole (Erickson) Pomeroy, Vol. ...|
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About Sir Roger Vaughan of Bredwardine, Kt.
He was killed and made knight Banneret on the field of Agincourt, just before he expired by Henry V, together with his father-in-law and Sir Watkin Llwyd of Brecknock, 1415.
Vaughan family (per. c.1400–c.1504), gentry of Tretower and Hergest, was prominent in the eastern march of Wales and the Herefordshire borderland. According to later pedigrees Walter Sais (the Englishman), a soldier, settled near Tretower, moved to Bredwardine, Herefordshire, after marrying Sir Walter Bredwardine's daughter. An elder son, Roger Hen (the elder), married a daughter of Sir Walter Devereux of Weobley, and the links between the two families remained strong. Their son was known as Roger Fychan (the younger). Roger Fychan [Vaughan] (d. 1415) married Gwladus (d. 1454), daughter of Sir Dafydd Gam from near Brecon; he and his father-in-law died at Agincourt in 1415. The Mortimer and Stafford lordships and the rising houses of Devereux and Herbert were the circles in which the prolific Vaughan family prospered, to become one of the most prominent Anglo-Welsh families in the southern borderland. The three sons of Roger Fychan—Watkyn, Thomas, and Roger [see below]—were established at the main Vaughan residences of Bredwardine, Hergest, and Tretower, having been brought up with their half-brothers, William [see Herbert, William, first earl of Pembroke] and Richard Herbert, after the widowed Gwladus married Sir William ap Thomas of Raglan. The Vaughans proved staunch Yorkists during the Wars of the Roses, and Roger Vaughan was the duke of York's receiver of Builth as early as 1442–3.
Watkyn [Walter] Vaughan (d. 1456) inherited Bredwardine. He married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Henry Wogan of Pembrokeshire, whose wife was Sir William ap Thomas's daughter. At Easter 1456 he was murdered at Bredwardine and his kinsmen William Herbert and Walter Devereux forcibly arranged the trial and execution of the culprits at Hereford. His numerous offspring included his heir, Sir Thomas Vaughan [Thomas ap Watkyn Vaughan] (fl. c.1456), who married Eleanor, daughter of the Herefordshire esquire Robert Whitney; he was knighted, presumably by Edward IV, whom his brother William served as custodian of Aberystwyth Castle (under Walter Devereux, now Lord Ferrers). Tradition suggests that William accompanied Devereux to subdue northern England for Edward IV in 1462, and that he slew the earl of Warwick at Barnet in 1471. He was certainly bailiff of Brecon in 1475 and Richard III sought to retain his loyalty in 1484 with an annuity of 10 marks. The Vaughans of Bredwardine patronized Welsh poets who, in turn, wrote elegies for them and praised their Yorkist endeavours.
Watkyn's next brother, Thomas ap Roger Vaughan (c.1400–1469), married Elen Gethin, daughter of Cadwgan ap Dafydd. Thomas had a long-standing interest from the mid-1440s in the Stafford lordship of Huntington, which was near his house at Hergest, and in the Stafford lordships of Brecon and Hay; in September 1461 Edward IV appointed him receiver of Brecon, Hay, and Huntington during the minority of the duke of Buckingham. This reinforced an allegiance to the Yorkist regime that he shared with his brothers, and Watkyn, Thomas, and Roger fought with their Herbert kinsmen at Edgcote in 1469, when Thomas lost his life. He was buried at Kington church, near Hergest, where his tomb may still be seen; his widow was still living near Presteigne in 1474. Their three sons, Watkyn [see below], Richard, and Roger, and a daughter Alice (or Elizabeth), wife of Robert Whitney, were as generous as the Bredwardine Vaughans in patronizing Welsh poets, and collections of prose and poetry are known as the Red Book of Hergest (Bodl. Oxf., Jesus College MS 111) and the White Book of Hergest (since destroyed); though not compiled under Vaughan patronage, these books were apparently acquired by the Vaughans in the later fifteenth century. The eldest son, Watkyn Vaughan [Watkyn ap Thomas ap Roger] (d. 1504), married Sybil Baskerville, a granddaughter of Sir Walter Devereux, and controlled the lordship of Huntington between 1475 and 1499, and, more intermittently, neighbouring lordships too. He died on 6 January 1504.
Sir Roger Vaughan (d. 1471), the third son of Roger Fychan of Bredwardine, was the most prominent of all. He was the first Vaughan to reside at Tretower, which appears to have been a gift from William Herbert, and which he turned into an imposing fortified manor house. He was closely associated with his Herbert and Devereux kinsmen, whom he joined on the Yorkist side at Mortimer's Cross in February 1461; Roger is said to have led Owen Tudor to execution at Hereford after the battle. Vaughans, Herberts, and Devereux were responsible for securing Wales for Edward IV: Roger was steward and receiver of Cantref Selyf, Alexanderston, and Pencelli; he helped to quell a Carmarthenshire rising in 1465, and he was knighted. On 16 February 1470 he was appointed constable of Cardigan Castle, but after the Lancastrian defeat at Tewkesbury in May 1471 he was captured by Jasper Tudor and beheaded at Chepstow, an act that poisoned the Vaughans' relations with the Tudors. Welsh poets urged revenge for the defeat of the Herberts and their allies at Edgcote, and for Jasper Tudor's treachery at Chepstow. The four daughters of Roger and his first wife, Denise, daughter of Thomas ap Philip Vaughan of Talgarth, married prominent gentry in southern Wales. Of his numerous sons, the eldest, Thomas Vaughan (d. c.1493), not to be confused with Thomas Vaughan (d. 1483), was an esquire of the body to Edward IV, and when the duke of Buckingham rebelled against Richard III in October 1483, he and his relatives denied the duke Welsh aid and sacked his castle at Brecon. King Richard rewarded him with the stewardship of Brecon, Hay, and Huntington for life on 4 March 1484. Henry Tudor's accession posed a threat to the Vaughans, and in 1486 Thomas again raided Brecon Castle; a general pardon from Henry VII on 2 April 1487 gave him some security, but his three sons were not prominent thereafter.
R. A. Griffiths Sources H. T. Evans, Wales and the Wars of the Roses (1915) · P. C. Bartrum, ed., Welsh genealogies, AD 300–1400, 8 vols. (1974), vol. 2, p. 243 · P. C. Bartrum, ed., Welsh genealogies, AD 1400–1500, 18 vols. (1983), vol. 3, pp. 451–67 · R. A. Griffiths and R. S. Thomas, The principality of Wales in the later middle ages: the structure and personnel of government, 1: South Wales, 1277–1536 (1972) · T. B. Pugh, ed., The marcher lordships of south Wales, 1415–1536: select documents (1963) · T. Jones, History of Brecknockshire, new edn, 4 vols. (1909) · Chancery records · The poetical works of Lewis Glyn Cothi, ed. [J. Jones and W. Davies], 2 vols. (1837) · A. Herbert, ‘Herefordshire, 1413–61: some aspects of society and public order’, Patronage, the crown and the provinces in later medieval England, ed. R. A. Griffiths (1981), 103–22 · R. A. Griffiths and R. S. Thomas, The making of the Tudor dynasty (1985) · CIPM, Henry VII, 3, no. 492 [Watkyn Vaughan] · Three books of Polydore Vergil's ‘English history’, ed. H. Ellis, CS, 29 (1844), 155 © Oxford University Press 2004–13 All rights reserved: see legal notice Oxford University Press
R. A. Griffiths, ‘Vaughan family (per. c.1400–c.1504)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004 [http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/48656, accessed 7 Nov 2013]
Vaughan family (c.1400–c.1504): doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/48656 Roger Fychan (d. 1415): doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/57529 Watkyn Vaughan (d. 1456): doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/57530 Sir Thomas Vaughan (c.1456): doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/57531 Thomas ap Roger Vaughan (c.1400–1469): doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/57532 Watkyn Vaughan (d. 1504): doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/57533 Sir Roger Vaughan (d. 1471): doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/57534 Thomas Vaughan (d. c.1493): doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/57535
Source: http://www.celtic-casimir.com/webtree/19/36805.htm Born: Abt 1377, Herefordshire, England Married: 1403 Died: 25 Oct 1415, Battle of Agincourt, Lorraine, France
Also known as Roger "Fychan" (the younger).
Relationship to Compiler: 14 x great grandfather
Supposedly died at the Battle of Agincourt in 1415, though some doubt still remains on this matter (see notes under wife Gwladus).
Roger married Gwladus ferch DAFYDD, daughter of Dafydd "Gam" ap LLEWELYN and Gwenllian ferch GWILYM, in 1403. (Gwladus ferch DAFYDD was born about 1385 in Peutun, Llan Ddew, Breconshire, Wales and died in 1454.)
Oxford Dictionary of National Biography - Vaughan Family(per. c.1400–c.1504), gentry; Theophilus, Jones (1809). A History of the County of Brecknockshire 3. Self-published. pp. 503–505; Prichard, T. J. Llewelyn (2007) . The Heroines of Welsh History: Or Memoirs Of The Celebrated Women Of Wales
Sir Roger Vaughan of Bredwardine, Kt.'s Timeline
Tretower, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Herefordshire, England, United Kingdom
Tretwr, Llnfhngl Cwm Du, Breconshire, England
Bredwardine, Herefordshire, England, United Kingdom