About Sir Thomas Arundell, MP
John. educ. L. Inn, adm. 2 Feb. 1517. m. settlement 20 Nov. 1530, Margaret (d. 10 Oct. 1571), da. of Lord Edmund Howard, 2s. inc. Matthew, 2 or 3da. Kntd. 30 May 1533.2
Servant of Wolsey by Feb. 1518, William, 11th Earl of Arundel c.1530; sheriff, Som. and Dorset 1530-1, 1540-1; receiver-gen., duchy of Cornwall 14 Mar. 1533-d., Malmesbury abbey, Wilts. by 1533, Shaftesbury abbey by 1535; bp.’s bailiff, Salisbury, Wilts. by 1535; surveyor and receiver, ct. augmentations, Cornw., Devon, Dorset, Som., 24 Apr. 1536-44; j.p. Cornw. 1536-d., Dorset 1536-d., Som. 1538-41, Salisbury 1540-d., Wilts. 1543-d.; member, council in the west 1539; commr. coastal defence south-west counties 1539, benevolence Dorset 1544/45, musters 1546; constable, Taunton castle, Som. 1542-d.; chancellor, household of Queen Catherine Parr 15 Mar. 1544; custos rot. Dorset c.1547; steward for Sir Thomas Seymour II, Baron Seymour of Sudeley, unknown property by 1548.3
Biography Through his mother Thomas Arundell was related both to Henry VIII (although not of the blood royal) and to several leading noble families. As a younger son he was not destined to enjoy his family’s Cornish estates: he entered Lincoln’s Inn but if he ever meant to become a lawyer his aspirations changed with his entry into Wolsey’s household. Rising high in the cardinal’s esteem, he was closely associated with Wolsey’s management of the divorce proceedings and Wolsey hoped to keep his services after his own disgrace. Arundell for his part tried to persuade the 3rd Duke of Norfolk that Wolsey no longer craved power. He was later to thank Cromwell for saving the greater part of his livelihood at Wolsey’s fall, but he owed his preservation as much to his noble kinsmen, one of whom took Arundell briefly into his own household. Not long after being pricked sheriff of Somerset and Dorset for the first time, Arundell married a relative of Norfolk. He quickly earned Cromwell’s respect in matters of local government and numerous problems were entrusted to him by the minister. Public recognition came in 1533 when he succeeded his father as receiver-general of the duchy of Cornwall, and when two months later he was knighted at the coronation of Anne Boleyn.4
Arundell’s decision to establish himself in the south-west was partly determined by the connexions his family had in the area, which combined with his obvious talent led to his rapid ascendancy in Dorset and adjacent counties; local magnates, monastic houses and corporations all vied with each other to enlist his favour or his service. His appointment to the court of augmentations on its inception and later to the council in the west further established and consolidated his position.5
During the rising of the north in 1536 Arundell was called upon to attend the King with 200 men, and in 1544 he served in the French campaign. He was frequently at court and attended all the main state occasions in the late 1530s and 1540s. In 1540 he bought from the crown two manors in Dorset and two in Wiltshire formerly in the possession of Shaftesbury and Cerne abbeys, paying for them over £2,000; one of the Dorset manors he re-sold at once, to Matthew Colthurst. Between 1544 and 1546 he received four further grants of land for which he paid £5,384. In this way he acquired much of the property of the dissolved house of Shaftesbury: the site of the monastery itself he had on lease from the crown. Arundell lived in Shaftesbury from the early 1540s as high steward of the king’s court there and lord of the borough.6
A figure of such eminence was an obvious candidate for Parliament, but there is no evidence of his return before 1545. Although in 1529 his attachment to Wolsey was perhaps a bar to election, no similar obstacle blocked his way later. As chancellor of her household Arundell stood close to Queen Catherine Parr, and on her behalf he evidently exercised his authority to nominate candidates and to supervise the parliamentary elections of 1544-5 in the south-west, many of his colleagues in augmentations and the Queen’s household, Lincoln’s Inn lawyers, kinsmen and dependants being returned from that region. In the elections held in 1547 Arundell was less influential. He himself sat in the Parliaments of 1545 and 1547 for Dorset. The Journal, beginning in 1547, shows him as an active Member. On 18 Dec. 1548 a bill for the assurance of land to the manor of Newcastle was committed to him and others; on 5 Jan. 1549 Richard Goodrich and he were authorized ‘to draw a bill for the absence of knights and burgesses of parliament’, which was committed to Arundell a week later after its first reading; and in the following month the bills for restrictions on buying of wool and for subpoenas and privy seals were likewise committed to him. In the next session Lord de la Warre’s bill was delivered to Arundell and others for examination on 7 Jan. 1550. But this was the last of his employment in the Commons: before the end of the month he was in the Tower.7
After the death of Henry VIII Sir William Paget said that the King had meant to confer a barony on Arundell, but nothing came of the suggestion, which Arundell may have declined, as both his father and grandfather had done. When Arundell’s elder brother was suspected of complicity in the Cornish rebellion of 1549, Arundell and Sir Thomas Stradling stood surety for his undertaking not to leave London; the recognizance of £4,000 was cancelled in November 1549 but on 30 Jan. 1550 the two brothers were sent to the Tower ‘for conspiracies in the west parts’, with Sir Thomas evidently considered the chief offender. They remained in the Tower until on 4 Oct. 1551 Arundell was released on a recognizance of 1,000 marks. A week later Sir Thomas Palmer accused him of conspiring with the Duke of Somerset and assuring Somerset that the Tower was ‘safe’, and by 18 Oct. Arundell was back there.8
Arundell had not hitherto been closely linked with the ex-Protector, and indeed was thought by Cavendish, Wolsey’s servant and biographer, to have been the Earl of Warwick’s ‘chief counsellor’ in Somerset’s overthrow in the autumn of 1549. The imperial ambassador likewise considered him a ‘prime mover’ in uniting the Council against the Protector, who had refused to allow him to enter the service of Princess Mary; after Somerset’s fall Arundell, an open Catholic, was accepted by Mary into her service. The interrogatories prepared for the duke in 1551 implied no great trust between him and Arundell but one of the questions, ‘By how many noblemen and others would Sir Thomas Arundell be assisted?’, probably provides the clue to Arundell’s arrest. He was allied by birth and marriage to some of the greatest in the land and could have been dangerous. Whether, as was alleged at his trial on 28 Jan. 1552, he had plotted against Warwick while in the Tower cannot be known, but he can hardly have been guilty of the second charge, of conspiring with Somerset at Syon house on 2 Oct. 1551, two days before his release from the Tower. Arundell pleaded not guilty and the jury was reluctant to convict, but after a night without food, fire or light it found him guilty of felony, not guilty of treason. He was condemned to be hanged, but in the event was beheaded, on Tower Hill, on 26 Feb. 1552. His death was noted on the list of Members in use during the last session of the Parliament of 1547, but no attempt seems to have been made to replace him. His attainder was confirmed by Act (5 and 6 Edw. VI, no.37) and his possessions were forfeited to the crown.9
Ref Volumes: 1509-1558 Author: Helen Miller Notes 1. Did not serve for the full duration of the Parliament; Hatfield 207. 2. Date of birth estimated from elder brother’s and own education. Hoare, Wilts. Dunworth, 179, 181 (citing Cavendish’s Metrical Visions ); C142/86/11; CPR, 1553-4, p. 340; LP Hen. VIII, vi. 3. LP Hen. VIII, iii. vi, ix, xii-xxi; St.Ch.2/18/172; CPR, 1550-3, p. 386; Val. Eccles. i. 122, 280, ii. 69, 334; Eccl. 2/155884-91; C66/801; E326/B9054; E163/12/17, nos. 38, 51, 54. 4. LP Hen. VIII, ii-vi; City of London RO, Guildhall, rep. 5, ff. 270v, 288v; 8, f. 13v; St.Ch.2/18/172; E135/7/25. 5. LP Hen. VIII, v-xxi; K. S. H. Wyndham, ‘The redistribution of crown land in Somerset by gift, sale and lease 1536-72’ (London Univ. Ph.D. thesis, 1976), 65. 6. LP Hen. VIII, xi, xv, xvii, xx, xxi; CPR, 1547-8, p. 24; NRA 8800, no. 295; Req.2/10/133; Pembroke Survey (Roxburghe Club cliv). 7. CJ, i. 5-7, 14. 8. Wealth and Power, ed. Ives, Knecht and Scarisbrick, 90; APC, ii. 16, 304, 376; iii. 378-9, 391; Lit. Rems. Edw. VI, 247, 353. 9. Hoare, ii. 181; CSP Span. 1547-9, p. 470; 1550-2, pp. 8, 10; Nicolas Sander, Rise and Growth of the Anglican Schism (transl. D. Lewis 1877), 190-1; Tytler, Eng. under Edw. VI and Mary, ii. 48-49; DKR, iv(2), 230-2; Machyn’s Diary (Cam. Soc. xlii), 15; LJ, i. 425, 428; Hatfield 207. Go To Section1386
Sir Thomas Arundell of Lanherne and of Wardour Castle (executed 26 February 1552) was the second son of Sir John Arundell of Lanherne, Cornwall, and his first wife Lady Eleanor Grey, daughter of Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset, and second wife Cecily Bonville, 7th Baroness Harington.
Arundell was knighted at the coronation of Anne Boleyn in 1533 after having served as Sheriff of Dorset from 1531 to 1532. He also served Cardinal Wolsey as a Gentleman of the Privy Chamber and married a cousin of Anne Boleyn. Henry VIII granted him a church at Tresco of the Scilly Isles in 1545.
Dissolution of the monasteries
Thomas Arundell was appointed in 1535 to the commission for the suppression of religious houses, wherein he made his fortune breaking up the monasteries, transferring their lands and profits to foreign hands.
In 1547 he purchased the castle and manor of Wardour from Sir Fulke Greville. On 4 May 1605 his grandson was created 1st Baron Arundell of Wardour.
Disgrace and execution
In 1550 he and his elder brother John Arundell were placed in the Tower of London, suspected of involvement with an uprising in Cornwall, where he had recently been appointed receiver-general of the Duchy of Cornwall. Again a victim of politics, he was returned to the Tower the very year of his release in 1551, this time relating to the disgrace of Protector Somerset in the early years of Edward VI.
He was finally brought to trial, acquitted of treason but sentenced to be hanged nonetheless. However, the sentence was changed to beheading and he was executed along side Sir Michael Stanhope and Sir Ralph Vane (who had stood by Arundell's side in trial) on 26 February 1552. Hanged at the same time was Sir Miles Partridge.
Marriage and children
Sir Thomas Arundell married Margaret Howard (ca. 1515 - 10 October 1572), daughter of Lord Edmund Howard (third son of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk by Elizabeth Tilney), and Joyce Culpeper, and sister of Catherine Howard, fifth wife of Henry VIII, first cousin of Anne Boleyn, second wife of Henry VIII, and half second cousin of Jane Seymour, third wife of Henry VIII. Their children were:
Sir Matthew Arundell of Lanherne and of Wardour Castle (d. 1598), who married Margaret Willoughby, daughter of Sir Henry Willoughby. Their eldest son was created 1st Baron Arundell of Wardour
Sir Charles Arundell (d. 1587)
Dorothy Arundell who married Sir Henry Weston
Jane Arundell who married Sir William Bevil
Brayley, Edward Wedlake (1829). Londiniana: or, Reminiscences of the British metropolis: including characteristic sketches, antiquarian, topographical, descriptive, and literary. 4. Hurst, Chance, and co.
Burke, Bernard (1866). A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire.
Ives, Eric. The Life and Death of Anne Boleyn.
Tregellas, Walter Hawken, "Arundell, Sir Thomas d. 1552", in Lundy, Darryl, The Peerage website, http://www.thepeerage.com/e181.htm cites:
Cf. also Fourth Report of Dep. Keeper of Public Records (1843), pp. 231-2
Hutchins's Dorset (the new edition), iii. 556.
Individual Record FamilySearch™ Pedigree Resource File
Thomas Arundel Compact Disc #6 Pin #216026 Pedigree Sex: M
Birth: abt 1506 of,Wardour,Wiltshire,England
Death: 26 Feb 1552
Father: John Arundel Disc #6 Pin #216033
Mother: Eleanor Grey Disc #6 Pin #216034
Spouse: Margaret Howard Disc #6 Pin #216027
Marriage: 6 Sep 1533
Personal Information Title: Sir
Died: BEF 1507
Father: Thomas GREY (1° M. Dorset)
Mother: Cecily BONVILLE (M. Dorset)
Married: John ARUNDELL (Sir Knight)
1. Thomas ARUNDELL (Sir)
(THIS SOURCE LISTS HIS MOTHER AS ELIZABETH GREY WHERE OTHER SOURCES LIST HER SISTER, ELEANOR GREY AS WIFE OF JOHN ARUNDELL, MOTHER OF THOMAS)
Sir Thomas Arundell was the son of Sir John Arundell and Lady Elizabeth Grey.1 He married Margaret Howard, daughter of Lord Edmund Howard.1 He died on 26 February 1552, beheaded for conspiring with Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset, to murder John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland.1
Sir Thomas Arundell was invested as a Knight Bachelor (K.B.) on 1 June 1533 at the coronation of Anne Boleyn.1 He had some manors in Somerset and Dorset as a gift from his father.1 In 1547 he bought the castle and manor of Wardour, Wiltshire from Sir Fulke Greville.1 He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.2
Children of Sir Thomas Arundell and Margaret Howard
1.Sir Matthew Arundell+1 d. Dec 1598
2.Sir Charles Arundell1 d. 9 Dec 1587
1.[S21] L. G. Pine, The New Extinct Peerage 1884-1971: Containing Extinct, Abeyant, Dormant and Suspended Peerages With Genealogies and Arms (London, U.K.: Heraldry Today, 1972), page 9. Hereinafter cited as The New Extinct Peerage.
2.[S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995), reference "Arundell, Thomas, -1552". Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.
Thomas Arundel, b. 1506 in Wardour, Wilts, England, d. 26 February 1551, cause of death was beheading for undesirable activities against the Crown.
Father: John Arundel, b. ca. 1475 in Lanherne, Cornwall, England, d. 8 February 1545 in Roscarrock, Cornwall, England
Mother: Elizabeth (Eleanor) Grey, b. ca. 1478 in Grovy, Leicester, England
Spouse: Margaret Howard, b. 1505 in Tisbury, Wilts, England, d. 10 October 1572 in Tisbury, Wilts, England
Father: Edmund Howard, b. ca. 1480 in Tisbury, Wilts, England, d. 19 March 1539
Mother: Joyce Culpepper, b. ca. 1481 in Oxenhoath, Kent, England, d. 1531
Married 6 September 1533 in Tisbury, Wilts, England.
•Matthew (Arundel) Howard, b. 1535 in Wardour, Wilts, England, m. Margaret Willoughby (2), ca. 1559 in Wollaton, Knottingham, England, d. 1598 in Tisbury, Wilts, England
•Margaret Arundel, b. ca. 1536
•Dorothy Arundel, b. ca. 1538
•Charles Arundel, b. 1539
•Jane Arudel, b. 1542
http://missouri-mule.com/howard1.html#Family: Thomas Arundel
In 1528 the manor was sold by the earl of Northumberland to Thomas Arundell, later of Wardour (Wilts.). (fn. 108) On Arundell's execution in 1552 (fn. 109) it was granted to Edward Fiennes, Lord Clinton and Saye (d. 1585), who sold it back to the Crown only eight months later. (fn. 110) Arundell's widow received a life grant of the manor in 1553, (fn. 111) the reversion going to her son Matthew (later Sir Matthew) Arundell in the following year. (fn. 112) His son Thomas (cr. lord Arundell of Wardour, 1605) succeeded him in 1598, (fn. 113) and his grandson Thomas, Lord Arundell, in 1639. (fn. 114) The latter died in 1643 fighting for the royalist cause, but Kingsdon was saved from sequestration by its sale to trustees in 1653. (fn. 115) It was regranted to the Arundells at the Restoration (fn. 116) and thereafter continued in the family. It was sold by Henry, Lord Arundell (d. 1808), to Aaron Moody (d. 1829) of Southampton in 1801, (fn. 117) and his son C. A. Moody conveyed it to William Neal of London in 1864.
From: 'Parishes: Kingsdon', A History of the County of Somerset: Volume 3 (1974), pp. 111-120.
Date accessed: 13 October 2010.
"Dinton remained among the possessions of Shaftesbury Abbey until the Dissolution. (fn. 48) In 1540 the site with the chief messuage of the manor was granted to Sir Thomas Arundell (d. 1552), (fn. 49) who immediately obtained licence to alienate it to Matthew Colthurst. (fn. 50) Colthurst in turn obtained licence to convey it to William Green of Heale, in Woodford. (fn. 51) What these transactions achieved, if anything, is not known, and in 1547 the entire manor was granted to Sir William Herbert, later Earl of Pembroke (d. 1570). (fn. 52) Thenceforward Dinton descended with the Pembroke title until 1918 when, as an outlying part of the Wilton estate, it was sold in lots."
"The rectors of Dinton held a small estate in the parish. This passed with the rectory upon the Dissolution to Sir Thomas Arundell and thenceforth descended like the rectory and advowson (fn. 97) until the 1920's when it was sold."
"After the Dissolution the rectory with advowson of the church were included in the grant of the manor to Sir Thomas Arundell (d. 1552), and were conveyed by him with the capital messuage to Matthew Colthurst."
From: 'Dinton', A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 8: Warminster, Westbury and Whorwellsdown Hundreds (1965), pp. 25-34. Date accessed: 13 October 2010.
Sir Thomas Arundell, MP's Timeline
Wardour Castle, Wiltshire, England
September 6, 1533
Tisbury,, Wiltshire,, England
Wardour, Wiltshire, England
Of, Wardour, Wiltshire, England
Abt. 1542 Of, Wardour, Wiltshire, England
February 26, 1552