Thomas Arundell, Sir
|Also Known As:||"Thomas Arundel"|
|Death:||Died in London, Middlesex, England|
|Cause of death:||beheaded|
Son of Sir John Arundell, KB and Eleanor Arundell
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About Sir Thomas Arundell, MP
Thomas Arundell of Wardour Castle
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Sir Thomas Arundell
- Spouse(s) Margaret Howard
- Father Sir John Arundell
- Mother Eleanor Grey
- Born c.1520
- Died 26 February 1552
- Tower Hill, London
- Buried Church of St Peter ad Vincula
Arms of Arundel of Lanherne, Cornwall, later Baron Arundel of Wardour: Sable, six martlets argent. These are early canting arms, based on the French for swallow hirondelle. They were recorded for Reinfred de Arundel (d. circa 1280), lord of the manor of Lanherne, Cornwall, in the 15th-century Shirley Roll of Arms
Sir Thomas Arundell (c. 1502 – 26 February 1552) was an Cornish administrator and alleged conspirator.
Thomas Arundell, born about 1502, was the younger of the two sons of Sir John Arundell (1474-1545) of Lanherne, Cornwall, Receiver General of the Duchy of Cornwall and "the most important man in the county", by his first wife, Eleanor Grey (d. by December 1503), the daughter of Thomas Grey, 1st Marquess of Dorset, by his second wife, Cecily Bonville. He had an elder brother, Sir John Arundell (c.1500 – 1557), and three sisters, Elizabeth Arundell (d. between 1516 and 1524), who married Sir Richard Edgcumbe, Jane Arundell (d.1577), and Eleanor Arundell. By his father's second marriage to Katherine Grenville (b. between 1489 and 1493), the daughter of Sir Thomas Grenville (d.1513), Arundell had a sister of the half blood, Mary Arundell, who married, firstly, Robert Radcliffe, 1st Earl of Sussex, and secondly, Henry FitzAlan, 19th Earl of Arundel.
Arundell was educated at Lincoln's Inn, and began his career in the household of Cardinal Wolsey, where he was a contemporary of Thomas Cromwell. He was created a Knight of the Bath at the coronation of Queen Anne Boleyn.
Arundell held a number of administrative positions, principally in the West Country. He was the first receiver of the Court of Augmentations for Cornwall, Devon, Somerset and Dorset, and in 1533 succeeded his father as Receiver-General of the Duchy of Cornwall. He was a Justice of the Peace for Cornwall, Dorset and Somerset during the reigns of Henry VIII and Edward VI, and was appointed to commissions for gaol delivery, oyer and terminer, and the defence of the western coastline. He commanded the Dorset militia during both the Pilgrimage of Grace in 1536-7, and King Henry VIII's expedition to France in 1544. He was twice High Sheriff of Dorset and Somerset (1531), was keeper of the royal parks in Dorset, and in 1539 sat on the Council of the West with his father. He was elected Member of Parliament for Dorset in 1545 and 1547.
Both his cousin, Henry Grey, 3rd Marquess of Dorset, and Henry Percy, 6th Earl of Northumberland, employed Arundell in the management of their estates. He also served as receiver to Queen Anne of Cleves, and Chancellor of the Household to Queen Catherine Parr.
Arundell's role as one of the commissioners for the dissolution of the monasteries in the West Country enabled him to acquire a number of former religious properties. In 1547 he purchased Wardour Castle in Wiltshire.
Disgrace and execution
Arundell was connected by birth and marriage to the crown and to several of the most important families in England, and by the time of the death of King Henry VIII was one of the most experienced government officers in England. However, those in power at the beginning of the reign of King Edward VI removed his name from the late King's list of proposed honours, reflecting their concern with his influence and his family's devotion to the old religion. Vague and unproven allegations of complicity in the south-western rebellion in 1549 were made against him and against his brother, Sir John Arundell (c.1550-1557), leading to their imprisonment in 1550 and again in 1551, and marking the end of Sir Thomas Arundell's career. In late 1551 he temporarily aligned himself with the Protector Somerset, thereby putting himself in conflict with John Dudley, Earl of Warwick. He was arrested and charged with conspiring to overthrow the government and murder the Earl. Arundell consistently protested his innocence, but was convicted, beheaded on Tower Hill on 26 February 1552, and buried in the church of St Peter ad Vincula. His property was confiscated, although in June 1552 the Crown began restoring it to his widow and, from 1553, to his son Matthew Arundell. His widow, Margaret, died 10 October 1571, and was buried at Tisbury, Wiltshire.
Marriage and issue
By settlement dated 20 November 1530 Arundell married Margaret Howard (c. 1515 – 10 October 1571), the daughter of Lord Edmund Howard (third son of Thomas Howard, 2nd Duke of Norfolk, by his first wife, Elizabeth Tilney), and Joyce Culpeper. Margaret was the sister of Queen Katherine Howard, the fifth wife of King Henry VIII, and a first cousin of the King's second wife, Queen Anne Boleyn.
By Margaret Howard, Arundell had two sons and three daughters:
- Sir Matthew Arundell of Wardour Castle (c.1535 – 24 December 1598), who married his second cousin Margaret Willoughby, the daughter of Sir Henry Willoughby (slain 27 August 1549 during Kett's Rebellion) of Wollaton, Nottinghamshire, and Anne Grey (d. 1548), the daughter of Thomas Grey, 2nd Marquess of Dorset, and Margaret Wotton, and by her had two sons, Thomas Arundell, 1st Baron Arundell of Wardour (c.1560 - 7 November 1639), and William Arundell (after 1560 - 16 February 1592), esquire.
- Charles Arundell (d. 9 December 1587), who died unmarried and without issue.
- Margaret Arundell.
- Dorothy Arundell (c.1535-c.1578), who married Sir Henry Weston.
- Jane Arundell (born c.1536), who married Sir William Bevyle.
- The Arundells of Lanherne, Cornwall, and of Chideock, Dorset, are descended from Sir Thomas Arundell's elder brother, Sir John Arundell (c.1550-1557) of Lanherne.
- Byrne, Muriel St. Clare, (ed.) The Lisle Letters, 6 vols, University of Chicago Press, Chicago & London, 1981, vol.1Byrne, vol.1, p.307
- Richardson states that Sir John Arundell's second wife was Jane Grenville, and that Jane, Mary and Eleanor were all daughters of his second marriage; Richardson I 2011, p. 44.
- Tregellas 1885, pp. 147–8; Stanton 2011.
- Stanton 2004; Richardson I 2011, pp. 43–4.
- Stanton 2004; Richardson I 2011, p. 44.
- Stanton 2004.
- Stanton 2004; Richardson I 2011, p. 44.
- Stanton 2004; Richardson I 2011, p. 44.
- Richardson mentions only two daughters, Dorothy and Jane.
- Stanton 2004; Richardson I 2011, p. 44.
- De Lisle states that she predeceased her husband by 18 months.
- Richardson I 2011, p. 44; Richardson II 2011, pp. 234, 307, 311; De Lisle 2008, pp. xvii, 59.
- De Lisle, Leanda (2008). The Sisters Who Would Be Queen; The Tragedy of Mary, Katherine & Lady Jane Grey. London: HarperPress.
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, ed. Kimball G. Everingham I (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1449966373
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families, ed. Kimball G. Everingham II (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 1449966381
- Stanton, Pamela Y. (2009). Arundell family (per. 1435–1590). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 17 November 2012. (subscription required)
- Stanton, Pamela Y. (2011). Arundell, Mary (married names Mary Radcliffe, countess of Sussex; Mary Fitzalan, countess of Arundel (d. 1557). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 17 November 2012. (subscription required)
- Stanton, Pamela Y. (2004). Arundell, Sir Thomas (c.1502–1552). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Retrieved 17 November 2012. (subscription required)
- Sir Thomas Arundel, Sheriff of Somerset & Dorset1,2,3,4,5,6,7
- M, #48257, b. circa 1502, d. 26 February 1552
- Father Sir John Arundel1,9,10,11 b. c 1474, d. 8 Feb 1545
- Mother Eleanor Grey8,1,9,10,11 b. c 1479, d. bt 24 Feb 1502 - 7 Dec 1503
- Sir Thomas Arundel, Sheriff of Somerset & Dorset was born circa 1502 at of Wardour, Wiltshire, England.8,1,5,6 A settlement for the marriage Sir Thomas Arundel, Sheriff of Somerset & Dorset and Margaret Howard was made on 20 November 1530 at of Tisbury, Wiltshire, England; They had 2 sons (Sir Matthew; & Sir Charles) and 2 daughters (Dorothy, wife of Sir Henry Weston; & Jane, wife of Sir William Bevyle).1,2,4,5,6,7 Sir Thomas Arundel, Sheriff of Somerset & Dorset died on 26 February 1552; Arrested and beheaded for conspiring to murder John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland.8,2,5,6
- Family Margaret Howard b. c 1512, d. 10 Oct 1571
- Sir Matthew Arundel, Burgess of Shaftesbury, Lord of Wardour+1,2,5,6 b. bt 1532 - 1534, d. 24 Dec 1598
- 1.[S5] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, p. 182.
- 2.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 44.
- 3.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. II, p. 418.
- 4.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 109.
- 5.[S6] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 465.
- 6.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 169.
- 7.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. III, p. 340.
- 8.[S147] Burke's Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Peerage, Baronetage, and Knightage, 1938 ed., by Sir Bernard Burke, p., 159.
- 9.[S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 43-44.
- 10.[S6] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry: 2nd Edition, Vol. I, p. 464.
- 11.[S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. II, p. 168-169.
- From: http://our-royal-titled-noble-and-commoner-ancestors.com/p1605.htm#i48257
- (THIS SOURCE LISTS HIS MOTHER AS ELIZABETH GREY WHERE OTHER SOURCES LIST HER SISTER, ELEANOR GREY AS WIFE OF JOHN ARUNDELL, MOTHER OF THOMAS)
- Sir Thomas Arundell was the son of Sir John Arundell and Lady Elizabeth Grey.1 He married Margaret Howard, daughter of Lord Edmund Howard.1 He died on 26 February 1552, beheaded for conspiring with Edward Seymour, Duke of Somerset, to murder John Dudley, Duke of Northumberland.1
- Sir Thomas Arundell was invested as a Knight Bachelor (K.B.) on 1 June 1533 at the coronation of Anne Boleyn.1 He had some manors in Somerset and Dorset as a gift from his father.1 In 1547 he bought the castle and manor of Wardour, Wiltshire from Sir Fulke Greville.1 He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.2
- Children of Sir Thomas Arundell and Margaret Howard
- 1.Sir Matthew Arundell+1 d. Dec 1598
- 2.Sir Charles Arundell1 d. 9 Dec 1587
- 3.Dorothy Arundell1
- 4.Jane Arundell1
- 1.[S21] L. G. Pine, The New Extinct Peerage 1884-1971: Containing Extinct, Abeyant, Dormant and Suspended Peerages With Genealogies and Arms (London, U.K.: Heraldry Today, 1972), page 9. Hereinafter cited as The New Extinct Peerage.
- 2.[S18] Matthew H.C.G., editor, Dictionary of National Biography on CD-ROM (Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press, 1995), reference "Arundell, Thomas, -1552". Hereinafter cited as Dictionary of National Biography.
- From: http://thepeerage.com/p2586.htm#i25854
- Eleanor GREY
- Died: BEF 1507
- Father: Thomas GREY (1° M. Dorset)
- Mother: Cecily BONVILLE (M. Dorset)
- Married: John ARUNDELL (Sir Knight)
- 1. Thomas ARUNDELL (Sir)
- From: http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/GREY5.htm#Eleanor GREY1
- In 1528 the manor was sold by the earl of Northumberland to Thomas Arundell, later of Wardour (Wilts.). (fn. 108) On Arundell's execution in 1552 (fn. 109) it was granted to Edward Fiennes, Lord Clinton and Saye (d. 1585), who sold it back to the Crown only eight months later. (fn. 110) Arundell's widow received a life grant of the manor in 1553, (fn. 111) the reversion going to her son Matthew (later Sir Matthew) Arundell in the following year. (fn. 112) His son Thomas (cr. lord Arundell of Wardour, 1605) succeeded him in 1598, (fn. 113) and his grandson Thomas, Lord Arundell, in 1639. (fn. 114) The latter died in 1643 fighting for the royalist cause, but Kingsdon was saved from sequestration by its sale to trustees in 1653. (fn. 115) It was regranted to the Arundells at the Restoration (fn. 116) and thereafter continued in the family. It was sold by Henry, Lord Arundell (d. 1808), to Aaron Moody (d. 1829) of Southampton in 1801, (fn. 117) and his son C. A. Moody conveyed it to William Neal of London in 1864.
- From: 'Parishes: Kingsdon', A History of the County of Somerset: Volume 3 (1974), pp. 111-120. Date accessed: 13 October 2010. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=66492
- "Dinton remained among the possessions of Shaftesbury Abbey until the Dissolution. (fn. 48) In 1540 the site with the chief messuage of the manor was granted to Sir Thomas Arundell (d. 1552), (fn. 49) who immediately obtained licence to alienate it to Matthew Colthurst. (fn. 50) Colthurst in turn obtained licence to convey it to William Green of Heale, in Woodford. (fn. 51) What these transactions achieved, if anything, is not known, and in 1547 the entire manor was granted to Sir William Herbert, later Earl of Pembroke (d. 1570). (fn. 52) Thenceforward Dinton descended with the Pembroke title until 1918 when, as an outlying part of the Wilton estate, it was sold in lots."
- "The rectors of Dinton held a small estate in the parish. This passed with the rectory upon the Dissolution to Sir Thomas Arundell and thenceforth descended like the rectory and advowson (fn. 97) until the 1920's when it was sold."
- "After the Dissolution the rectory with advowson of the church were included in the grant of the manor to Sir Thomas Arundell (d. 1552), and were conveyed by him with the capital messuage to Matthew Colthurst."
- From: 'Dinton', A History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume 8: Warminster, Westbury and Whorwellsdown Hundreds (1965), pp. 25-34. Date accessed: 13 October 2010. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/report.aspx?compid=16074
Individual Record FamilySearch™ Pedigree Resource File
Thomas Arundel Compact Disc #6 Pin #216026 Pedigree Sex: M
Birth: abt 1506 of,Wardour,Wiltshire,England
Death: 26 Feb 1552
Father: John Arundel Disc #6 Pin #216033
Mother: Eleanor Grey Disc #6 Pin #216034
Spouse: Margaret Howard Disc #6 Pin #216027
Marriage: 6 Sep 1533
Personal Information Title: Sir
Thomas Arundel, b. 1506 in Wardour, Wilts, England, d. 26 February 1551, cause of death was beheading for undesirable activities against the Crown.
Father: John Arundel, b. ca. 1475 in Lanherne, Cornwall, England, d. 8 February 1545 in Roscarrock, Cornwall, England
Mother: Elizabeth (Eleanor) Grey, b. ca. 1478 in Grovy, Leicester, England
Spouse: Margaret Howard, b. 1505 in Tisbury, Wilts, England, d. 10 October 1572 in Tisbury, Wilts, England
Father: Edmund Howard, b. ca. 1480 in Tisbury, Wilts, England, d. 19 March 1539
Mother: Joyce Culpepper, b. ca. 1481 in Oxenhoath, Kent, England, d. 1531
Married 6 September 1533 in Tisbury, Wilts, England.
•Matthew (Arundel) Howard, b. 1535 in Wardour, Wilts, England, m. Margaret Willoughby (2), ca. 1559 in Wollaton, Knottingham, England, d. 1598 in Tisbury, Wilts, England
•Margaret Arundel, b. ca. 1536
•Dorothy Arundel, b. ca. 1538
•Charles Arundel, b. 1539
•Jane Arudel, b. 1542
http://missouri-mule.com/howard1.html#Family: Thomas Arundel
Sir Thomas Arundell, MP's Timeline
September 6, 1533
Tisbury,, Wiltshire,, England
Wardour, Wiltshire, England
Of, Wardour, Wiltshire, England
Abt. 1542 Of, Wardour, Wiltshire, England
February 26, 1552
London, Middlesex, England