Sir Thomas Temple, 1st Baronet

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Thomas Temple

Birthplace: Burton Dassett, Warwickshire, England
Death: Died in Burton Dasset, Warwickshire, England
Place of Burial: Burton, Dorset, England, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of John Temple of Stowe and Susanna Temple
Husband of Hester Temple
Father of Sir Peter Temple, 2nd Baronet; Rev. Thomas Temple I, D.D.; Ann Andrewes; Sir John Temple of Biddlesden and Stantonbarry; Hester Rous and 9 others
Brother of Joanna Temple; Sir Alexander Temple; John Temple; Peter Temple; Susan Denton and 6 others

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About Sir Thomas Temple, 1st Baronet,_1st_Baronet,_of_Stowe

Temple was born at Burton Dassett in Warwickshire, the eldest son of John Temple and Susan (née Spencer). As a child he moved with his father to Stowe House in Buckinghamshire. He was educated at Oxford University and Lincoln's Inn. He married Hester Sandys and they had thirteen children.

  • MP for Andover, Hampshire, 1590.
  • Knighted by James I, 1603.
  • Sheriff of Oxfordshire, 1606.
  • Purchased a baronetcy, 1611.
  • Sheriff of Buckinghamshire, 1616.
  • Sheriff of Warwickshire,1620.

From 16th century sheep farmers to 19th century dukes, the Temple family made their name by marrying heiresses and their increasing political ambitions. They were able to work their way up the title ladder and make their mark on north Buckinghamshire in an immense and long lasting way with the creation of Stowe. The history of the Stowe estate is a long one and it's magnificence is still visible today, despite the decline of the family fortune. Saved by the creation of the famous Stowe School in 1923, both the House and Gardens are undergoing long-term restoration, and are visited by thousands of people every year.

Source: History of Stowe


According to the documents, Sir Thomas Temple is "of Stowe." -------------------- -------------------- Family and Education bap. 9 Jan. 1567, 1st s. of John Temple of Burton Dassett by Susan, da. and h. of Thomas Spencer of Everdon, Northants. educ. Univ. Coll. Oxf. 1582; L. Inn 1584. m. c.1595, Hester, da. of Miles Sandys of Latimer, Bucks., 3s. 10da. suc. fa. 9 May 1603. Kntd. 1603; cr. Bt. 1611.

Offices Held

Sheriff, Oxon. 1606-7, Bucks. 1616-17, Warws. 1620-1.

Biography Of a family established in Warwickshire since the reign of Henry VI, Temple’s only appearance in Parliament was owed to the influence of the Sandys family, into which he was to marry a few years later. Temple bought the estate of Stowe, Buckinghamshire, in 1590 and lived as a country gentleman, purchasing a baronetcy in 1611. His will, made on 4 Feb. 1633, was proved by a younger son, Miles, on 13 Mar. 1637. Temple died 10 Feb. 1637; the heir was his son, Sir Peter.

C142/281/93, 575/142; G. Lipscomb, Bucks. iii. 85-6; VCH Bucks. iii. 486; iv. 232, 241, 464; VCH Oxon. vi. 119, 122; PCC 32 Bolein, 46 Goare.

Ref Volumes: 1558-1603 Author: A. M. Mimardière Notes

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Sir Thomas Temple, 1st Baronet's Timeline

January 9, 1566
Burton Dassett, Warwickshire, England
January 9, 1567
Age 1
Stowe, Buckinghamshire
Age 26
Stowe, Buckinghamshire
Age 29
Latimer, Buckinghamshire, , England
Age 30
Stowe, Buckinghamshire, England
November 10, 1598
Age 32
Stantonbury, Buckinghamshire, , England
Age 39
Stowe, Buckinghamshire, United Kingdom
February 10, 1637
Age 71
Burton Dasset, Warwickshire, England