Sir Thomas Temple, 1st Baronet

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Thomas Temple

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Burton Dassett, Warwickshire, England
Death: Died in Burton Dasset, Warwickshire, England
Place of Burial: Burton, Dorset, England, United Kingdom
Immediate Family:

Son of John Temple of Stowe and Susanna Temple
Husband of Hester Temple
Father of Sir Peter Temple, 2nd Baronet; Rev. Thomas Temple I, D.D.; Ann Andrewes; Sir John Temple of Biddlesden and Stantonbarry; Hester Rous and 9 others
Brother of Millicent Saunders; John Temple; Sir Alexander Temple; Dorothy Risley; Katherine Parker and 4 others

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About Sir Thomas Temple, 1st Baronet

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sir_Thomas_Temple,_1st_Baronet,_of_Stowe

Temple was born at Burton Dassett in Warwickshire, the eldest son of John Temple and Susan (née Spencer). As a child he moved with his father to Stowe House in Buckinghamshire. He was educated at Oxford University and Lincoln's Inn. He married Hester Sandys and they had thirteen children.

  • MP for Andover, Hampshire, 1590.
  • Knighted by James I, 1603.
  • Sheriff of Oxfordshire, 1606.
  • Purchased a baronetcy, 1611.
  • Sheriff of Buckinghamshire, 1616.
  • Sheriff of Warwickshire,1620.

From 16th century sheep farmers to 19th century dukes, the Temple family made their name by marrying heiresses and their increasing political ambitions. They were able to work their way up the title ladder and make their mark on north Buckinghamshire in an immense and long lasting way with the creation of Stowe. The history of the Stowe estate is a long one and it's magnificence is still visible today, despite the decline of the family fortune. Saved by the creation of the famous Stowe School in 1923, both the House and Gardens are undergoing long-term restoration, and are visited by thousands of people every year.

Source: History of Stowe

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According to the documents, Sir Thomas Temple is "of Stowe."

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http://trees.ancestry.com/tree/22268890/person/1336662603

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Family and Education bap. 9 Jan. 1567, 1st s. of John Temple of Burton Dassett by Susan, da. and h. of Thomas Spencer of Everdon, Northants. educ. Univ. Coll. Oxf. 1582; L. Inn 1584. m. c.1595, Hester, da. of Miles Sandys of Latimer, Bucks., 3s. 10da. suc. fa. 9 May 1603. Kntd. 1603; cr. Bt. 1611.

Offices Held

Sheriff, Oxon. 1606-7, Bucks. 1616-17, Warws. 1620-1.

Biography Of a family established in Warwickshire since the reign of Henry VI, Temple’s only appearance in Parliament was owed to the influence of the Sandys family, into which he was to marry a few years later. Temple bought the estate of Stowe, Buckinghamshire, in 1590 and lived as a country gentleman, purchasing a baronetcy in 1611. His will, made on 4 Feb. 1633, was proved by a younger son, Miles, on 13 Mar. 1637. Temple died 10 Feb. 1637; the heir was his son, Sir Peter.

C142/281/93, 575/142; G. Lipscomb, Bucks. iii. 85-6; VCH Bucks. iii. 486; iv. 232, 241, 464; VCH Oxon. vi. 119, 122; PCC 32 Bolein, 46 Goare.

Ref Volumes: 1558-1603 Author: A. M. Mimardière Notes

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From Sir Thomas Temple, 1st Baronet, of Stowe

Sir Thomas Temple, 1st Baronet (9 January 1567 - February 1637), was an English landowner and Member of Parliament.

Early life

Thomas Temple was the eldest son of John Temple and Susan (née Spencer). Although he is said to have been born at Burton Dassett in Warwickshire, this seems improbable as his baptism on 9 January 1566/7 is recorded at Everton, Northamptonshire, the childhood home of his mother.[2] As a child he moved with his father to Stowe House in Buckinghamshire. He grew up in a well connected, Puritan family - two of his brothers-in-law were William Fiennes, 1st Viscount Saye and Sele and Sir Nicholas Parker, while his nephew was James Temple, the regicide.

In 1582, he matriculated at University College, Oxford at the age of 16.[3] He was admitted to Lincoln's Inn in 1584.[4]

Marriage and children

He married Hester Sandys the daughter of Miles Sandys in about 1585 or 86.[5] Sir Thomas and Hester had fifteen recorded children, 2 of whom died in infancy; of the remainder, 4 were sons and 9 were daughters.[6]

  • Susan b 1587 m Edward Clark by 1606[7]
  • Hester b 1589 m Sir John Rous in 1605[7]
  • Bridget b 1591 m to Sir John Lenthall by 1606.[7] He was the brother of Speaker Lenthall
  • Peter b 1592 - eldest son and heir
  • John b 1593 d 1594
  • Martha b 1595 m Thomas Penistone in 1611[7]
  • Elizabeth b 1596 m Sir Henry Gibbs by 1614[7]
  • John b 1598 m Dorothy Lee by 1613
  • Catherine b 1599 m Sir William Ashcoombe in 1613[7]
  • Ann b 1601 m Sir William Andrews in 1617[7]
  • Jane Sibilla b 1602 d 1602 [8]
  • Thomas b 1604
  • Margaret b 1606 m Edward Longueville c. 1627[7]
  • Miles b 1608
  • Millicent b 1611 m Thomas Ogle c. 1629[7]

His daughter Martha's husband was the step-son and ward of Sir Thomas' younger brother, Sir Alexander Temple. Martha was described as "a dainte fine lady”.[9] Around 1619, Martha became the mistress of Richard Sackville, 3rd Earl of Dorset .[10] Martha died of smallpox in January 1619/20 and she was buried in the Temples' parish church at Stowe. Her father built a magnificent marble monument to her that can still be seen in the “Penyston chapel” in Stowe church.

From TEMPLE, Thomas (1567-1637), of Burton Dassett, Warws.

Family and Education

bap. 9 Jan. 1567, 1st s. of John Temple of Burton Dassett by Susan, da. and h. of Thomas Spencer of Everdon, Northants. educ. Univ. Coll. Oxf. 1582; L. Inn 1584. m. c.1595, Hester, da. of Miles Sandys of Latimer, Bucks., 3s. 10da. suc. fa. 9 May 1603. Kntd. 1603; cr. Bt. 1611.

Offices Held

Sheriff, Oxon. 1606-7, Bucks. 1616-17, Warws. 1620-1.

Biography

Of a family established in Warwickshire since the reign of Henry VI, Temple’s only appearance in Parliament was owed to the influence of the Sandys family, into which he was to marry a few years later. Temple bought the estate of Stowe, Buckinghamshire, in 1590 and lived as a country gentleman, purchasing a baronetcy in 1611. His will, made on 4 Feb. 1633, was proved by a younger son, Miles, on 13 Mar. 1637. Temple died 10 Feb. 1637; the heir was his son, Sir Peter.

  • C142/281/93, 575/142; G. Lipscomb, Bucks. iii. 85-6; VCH Bucks. iii. 486; iv. 232, 241, 464; VCH Oxon. vi. 119, 122; PCC 32 Bolein, 46 Goare.

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  • The Risley family history, including records of some of the early English Risleys' a geneaology of the descendants of Richard Risley, of Newtown (Cambridge), Massachusetts (1633), and of Hartford, Connecticut (1636); an account of the family reunion at Hartford, August 3, 1904, and a list of the founders of the commonwealth of Connectucut; by Risley, Edwin Hills, 1842- [from old catalog] Published 1909.  Page 6-7.  "The Risleys of Chetwood."
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Sir Thomas Temple, 1st Baronet's Timeline

1566
January 9, 1566
1567
January 9, 1567
Burton Dassett, Warwickshire, England
January 9, 1567
1592
1592
Age 24
Stowe, Buckinghamshire
1595
1595
Age 27
Latimer, Buckinghamshire, , England
1596
1596
Age 28
Stowe, Buckinghamshire, England
1598
November 10, 1598
Age 31
Stantonbury, Buckinghamshire, , England
1605
1605
Age 37
Stowe, Buckinghamshire, United Kingdom
1637
February 10, 1637
Age 70
Burton Dasset, Warwickshire, England
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