About Walter Buchanan of that Ilk, Sir, 12th Chief of Buchanan
- ' The Buchanan book. The life of Alexander Buchanan, Q.C., of Montreal, followed by an account of the family of Buchanan
- XI. Sir Walter Buchanan, who, according to Auchmar, . . . . He lived to a great age, and had only one son, John, who married the heiress of Lenny, and died before his father. This John had three sons, (1) Sir Alexander Buchanan, who slew the Duke of Clarence at the battle of Bauge in 1420, and was himself slain at the battle of Vemeuil in the year 1424, being never married. '(2) Sir Walter Buchanan', who succeeded to the
- Estate of Buchanan, and (3) John of Ballachondachy, ancestor of the Buchanans of Lenny.
- ' XII. Sir Walter Buchanan, married Isobel Stewart, daughter of Murdoch, Duke of Albany, and Governor of Scotland. He had three sons : —
- (1) Patrick, his successor;
- (2) Maurice, who was Treasurer to Princess Margaret, daughter to King James I. of Scotland, and wife of the Dauphin of France, afterwards Louis XL, and who accompanied her to France, and was present at her death in the year 1430. This Maurice Buchanan is supposed by Mr. W. F. Skene to be the author of the Liber Pluscardensis.
- (3) Thomas Buchanan, ancestor of Carbeth.
- I. Thomas Buchanan, First of Carbeth, is said by Auchmar(2) to have been the second or third son of Sir Walter, third of that name Laird of Buchanan, but Strathendrick says that he was a younger son of Thomas Buchanan, of Gartincaber and Drummikill.(3) He acquired Carbeth, in 1476. He had two sons :
Noted in the English Wikipedia article on Isabella, Countess of Lennox:
Isabella of Lennox was the ruler of Lennox, 1437–1458. As the wife of Murdoch Stewart, she was Duchess of Albany (1420–1425) as well. Isabella was the daughter of Donnchadh, Earl of Lennox and Helena, the daughter of Sir Archibald Campbell.
Her father Duncan needed to create powerful links with the great Robert Stewart, who was the bastard son of King Robert II, and who ruled much of Scotland. In 1392, Duncan agreed to marry Isabella to Robert's son, Murdoch.
Murdoch and Isabella had at least five children:
- 1. Robert (d. 1421)
- 2. Walter (d. 1425)
- 3. Alasdair (d. 1425)
- 4. James/Seamas Mòr (d. 1451)
- 5. Isabel, who married Sir Walter Buchanan, 13th Laird Buchanan
After her father and sons Walter and Alasdair were executed in 1425, Isabella was forced to spend eight years as a royal hostage at Tantallon Castle. In 1437 she recovered her lands and title. In the next few years, although forced to govern her province from Loch Lomond, she issued a large numbers of charters, was popular in the province, and was tolerated by James II.
However, when she died in 1458, the oldest continuous Gaelic mormaerdom came to an end.
Brown, Michael, "Earldom and Kindred: The Lennox and Its Earls, 1200-1458" in Steve Boardman and Alasdair Ross (eds.) The Exercise of Power in Medieval Scotland, c.1200-1500, (Dublin/Portland, 2003), pp. 201-224
From the English Wikipedia page on Clan Buchanan, where he is identified as the 12th, 6th, or 13th chief of the clan:
The two main Clan historians, Buchanan of Auchmar writing in 1723 uses the term ‘laird of Buchanan’, while Guthrie Smith writing in 1896 uses the term ‘laird of Buchanan’ to describe the chiefs up to and including Sir Maurice the 10th of Buchanan and then ‘Buchanan of that Ilk’ up to and including Sir George the 15th of Buchanan and thereafter Buchanan of Buchanan.
The chief of a Highland clan could be referred to as the ‘Laird of’, meaning the head of the clan (a patrimonial title), eg Laird of Buchanan. The title ‘of that Ilk’ was historically used by both Highland and Lowland clans to indicate head or chiefship (again a patrimonial title), eg Buchanan of that Ilk. However, in the early 19th century ‘of that Ilk’ fell out of favour with Highland chiefs who adopted a duplication of the patronymic, regardless of ownership of territory or estate, eg Buchanan of Buchanan.
Given the current Highland practice, Buchanan of Buchanan is likely to be the preferred contemporary title but for ease of reading and clarity, n th of Buchanan is used in the following paragraphs. Both the spelling Buchanan and Buchannan are used interchangeably in historical documents.
The first six Clan Chiefs are poorly represented in historical records and are included by some Clan historians and omitted by others. Buchanan of Auchmar and Guthrie Smith commence their respective numbering of Chiefs at a different person, and describe a different order and number of Chiefs following Sir Walter 11th of Buchanan. In part this is due to the heir apparent not succeeding to the chiefship before he dies and chiefship passing directly from grandfather to grandchild.
The following lineage reconciles Guthrie Smith and Buchanan of Auchmar and their respective numbering is in parenthesis.
12th – Sir Walter Buchanan, (Guthrie Smith identifies him as 6th Chief and Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 13th Chief) first married an unidentified women and by her three sons (Patrick his successor, Walter and Thomas first ancestor of cadets of Gartincaber, Drumikill and Carbeth) and one daughter. He married secondly to Isobel Stewart.
- 23. ^ Buchanan of Auchmar, William (1733). The Historical and Genealogical Essay Upon the Family and Surname of Buchanan. Glasgow.
- 24. ^ Guthrie Smith, John (1896). Strathendrick and its Inhabitants from Early Times (1st ed.). Glasgow: James Maclehose and Son.
- 25. ^ Adams, Frank (1970). The Clans, Septs and Regiments of the Scottish Highlands (8th edition, edited by Sir Thomas Innes of Learney ed.). Stirling: Johnson and Bacon. pp. 401f.
- 26. ^ Adams. pp. 405.
- 46. ^ Buchanan of Auchmar. pp. 24.
- 47. ^ Guthrie Smith. pp. 285.
- 48. ^ Guthrie Smith. pp. 309.
In the middle of the fifteenth century a Thomas Buchanan a brother of Patrick Buchanan of that Ilk, who was the grandson of Sir Walter bought a considerable number of estates in Stirlingshire and Perthshire... GEORGE BUCHANAN: A MEMORIAL 1506-1906. Contributions by various writers, compiled and edited by D. A. MILLAR http://www.archive.org/stream/georgebuchananme00milliala/georgebuchananme00milliala_djvu.txt
Chiefs of Clan Buchanan
- 11th – Sir Walter Buchanan, (Guthrie Smith identifies him as 5th Chief and Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 11th Chief) married Margaret and had three sons (Walter his successor, Alexander who reputedly killed the Duke of Clarence at the battle of Beaugé in 1421 and who later died in the battle of Verneuil in 1424, and John [Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 12th Chief ] who married Janet the heiress of Leny and was the first ancestor of the cadets of Leny) and two daughters (Elizabeth and Jean).
- 12th – Sir Walter Buchanan, (Guthrie Smith identifies him as 6th Chief and Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 13th Chief) first married an unidentified women and by her three sons (Patrick his successor, Walter and Thomas first ancestor of cadets of Gartincaber, Drumikill and Carbeth) and one daughter. He married secondly to Isobel Stewart.
- 13th – Patrick Buchanan, (Guthrie Smith identifies him as 7th Chief and Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 14th Chief) married Jonet Cunningham of Galbraith and by her a son (Walter his successor) and a daughter (Anabella). He also had an illegitimate son (Patrick).
- 14th – Walter Buchanan, (Guthrie Smith identifies him as 8th Chief and Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 15th Chief) married Isobel Graham and by her four sons (Patrick [Guthrie Smith identifies him as 9th Chief but then goes on to advise that the Chiefship passed from Patrick’s father to Patrick’s sonand Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 16th Chief ] who married the daughter of the Earl of Argyle and by her had George who succeeded his grandfather; John first ancestor of cadets of Arnprior; Maurice; and Walter first ancestor of cadets of Spittal) and two daughters (Margaret and Elizabeth).
- 15th – George Buchanan, (Guthrie Smith identifies him as 10th Chief and Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 17th Chief) succeed his grandfather, Walter 14th of Buchanan, in 1526 and died 1560. He first married Margaret Edmonstone and by her a son (John [Guthrie Smith identifies him as 11th Chief but then goes on to advise that the Chiefship passed from John’s father to John’s son and Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 18th Chief[79 who married Elizabeth Livingston and by her had George who succeeded his grandfather) and two daughters (Helen and Susanna). Second he married Janet Cunningham and by her had a son (William first ancestor of the cadets of Auchmar) and a daughter (Margaret).
- 16th – Sir George Buchanan, (Guthrie Smith identifies him as 12th Chief and Buchanan of Auchmar identifies him as 19th Chief) succeed his grandfather, George 15th of Buchanan, in 1561, married Lady Mary Graham and by her one son (John his successor) and two daughters (Helen and Susanna).
- Stirnet - Buchanan01
- ((1)) Maurice Buchanan, 10th of Buchanan (a 1320)
- m. (Margaret ?) Mentieith (dau of William Menteith of Rusky)
- ((A)) Walter Buchanan, 11th Buchanan (a 1373)
- BLG1952 and 'Strathendrick' disagree on a number of items over the next few generations. for example: BLG reports that the John Buchanan who married Janet de Lany was the eldest son of Walter, 11th laird, and was himself 12th laird. We follow 'Strathendrick'.
- m. Margaret
- ' ((i)) Walter Buchanan, 12th of Buchanan
- ' m1. ??
- ' m2. Isobel Stewart (dau of Murdoch Stewart, 2nd Duke of Albany)
- ' BLG1952 reports that Isobel Stewart was mother of Walter's children. However, 'Strathendrick' (which does not identify any daughters) reports: "his children must have been by a former wife."
- ((a)) Patrick Buchanan, 13 of Buchanan (d before 07.1477)
- m. Jonet Conynghame
- ((b)) Walter Buchanan
- ((c)) Thomas Buchanan of Gartincaber, Drummikill and Carbeth (a 1495)
- We follow 'Strathendrick' in identifying this Thomas as ancestor not only of the Buchanans of Carbeth (as agreed by BLG1952) but also as ancester of the Buchanans of Drummikill. BLG1952 shows Thomas, son of Patrick of Buchanan, as the first of the Buchanans of Drummikill.
- ((d)) daughter
- m. ? Gray of Foulis
- ((ii)) Alexander Buchanan (dsp Verneul 17.08.1424)
- ((iii)) John Buchanan, 1st of Leny
- m. (c1392) Janet de Lany (dau of John de Lany) below
- ((iv)) Elizabeth Buchanan
- m. Sir Andrew Gray of Foulis, 4th of Broxmouth (d 1441)
- ((v)) Jean Buchanan
- m. Humphrey Cuninghame of Glengarnock
- Main sources:
- (1) "Strathendrick and its Inhabitants from Early Times" by John Guthrie Smith, published in Glasgow in 1896
- (2) BLG1952 (Murray-Buchanan of Leny).
Sir Walter Buchanan of that Ilk, 12th Chief of Buchanan's Timeline
Buchanan, Stirlingshire, Scotland
Buchanan, Stirlingshire, Scotland