Walter de Hungerford
|Also Known As:||"Walter Hungerford *"|
|Birthplace:||Farleigh-Hungerford, Somerset, England|
|Death:||Died in Salisbury, Wiltshire, England|
|Place of Burial:||Salisbury Cathedral, Salisbury, Wiltshire, England, United Kingdom|
Son of Sir Thomas de Hungerford; Thomas Hungerford; Joan Hussey de Hungerford and Joan Hungerford
|Occupation:||Speaker of the House of Commons and Lord High Treasurer., 1st Lord Hungerford|
|Managed by:||Private User|
About Sir Walter Hungerford, 1st Baron Hungerford
SIR WALTER HUNGERFORD, Knt., in consideration of his eminent services obtained, upon the accession of King HENRY IV., a grant of £100 per annum, to be received out of the lands of Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk. In three years afterwards Sir Walter was engaged in the wars of France, and, subsequently, for his expenses in those wars, and especially at Calais, where he acquired great honour by encountering a knight of France, he had a further grant of 100 marks per annum, payable out of the town and castle of Marlborough, in Wilts. and the same year was constituted sheriff of that co. In the 13th HENRY IV., upon the death of Joane, his mother, he had livery of the manors of Heytesbury and Tesfount-Ewyas, co. Wilts, and of Earle-Mountford, and others in Somersetshire, his homage being respited. In the 4th HENRY V. Sir Walter was constituted admiral of the whole fleet under John, Duke of Bedford, and during that and the next two years he appears to have been entirely engaged in the wars of France. In the latter year, being at the time steward of the king's household, and in special tail, of the Barony of Ilomet, in Normandy, which had formerly been enjoyed by Sir William de Montney, Knt.; rendering to the king and his heirs one lance, with a fox-tail hanging thereat yearly, upon the feast day of the exaltation of the Holy Cross; and finding ten men at arms and twenty archers, to serve him, or his lieutenant during his wars with France. About this time Sir Water was chosen a knight of the Garter. Continuing to acquire fresh laurels on the French soil, this gallant soldier obtained a further grant for his services in the 9th of the same reign, of the castle of Neville, and territory of Breant, in Normandy, with divers other lands, which had been the possessions of Sir Robert de Breant, Knt. Sir Walter was one of the executors of the will of Henry V., and in the 2nd of the ensuing reign he was constituted, by advice of the lords then sitting in Parliament, steward of the household to the young king; and in two years afterwards he was appointed treasurer of the Exchequer. In the 6th Henry VI., bearing then the title of "Sir Walter Hungerford, Knt., Lord of Heightresbury and Homet, and treasurer of England," he gave to the dean and canons of the Free-Royal-Chapel of St. Stephen, within the king's palace at Westminster, divers houses and shops in the parish of St. Anthony, within the city of London, in consideration whereof, they covenanted to make him partaker of all their masses and suffrages, during his life, and after his death to celebrate his obit annually, with "Placebo"; and "Dirige", and mass of "Requiem". and to make distribution thereat, of twenty pence to the dean, to every canon twelve pence, and to the verger six pence. In France. His Lordship m. 1st, Catherine, one of the daus. and co-heirs of Thomas Peverell, by his wife, Margaret, dau. of Sir Thomas Courtenay, Knt., by whom he had issue,
- Walter (Sir), who d. in Provence, before his father.
- Robert (Sir), of whom presently.
- Edmund (Sir), m. Margaret, dau. and co-heir of Edward Burnell, and grand-dau. and co-heir of Hugh, Lord Burnell, between whom and her sisters, the Barony of Burnell fell into ABEYANCE in 1420, and so remains with their representatives. He d. in 1484, having had issue, two sons (...More at source)
Lord Hungerford m 2ndly, Eleanor, Countess of Arundel, dau. of Sir John Berkeley, Knt., but had no issue. He was summoned to to parliament as a Baron, from the 4th to the 26th of King HENRY VI's reign inclusive. By his testament bearing date 1 July, 1449, wherein he styleth himself Lord Hungerford, Heytesbury, and Homet, he directs his body to be buried in a certain chapel in the cathedral church at salisbury, in which he had founded a perpetual chantry for two chaplains, and wherin Catherine, his 1st wife, lay buried; and after some pious bequests, he leaves to Alianore, Countess of Arundel, his then wife, all his plate, both of silver and gold, and likewise all those other goods and chattels, which were hers while she was unmarried. To Sir Robert Hungerford, his son, his best Dorser of Arms. To the Lady Margaret, wife of his said son, his best legend of the lives of saints, written in French, and covered with red cloth. To Robert Hungerford, Lord Molines, his grandson, his best pair of cuirasses, with all belonging thereto; to be made choice of by him, out of the armory at Farley-Hungerford. To his son, Sir Edmund Hungerford, Knt., a cup of gold, with a cover, and a sapphire on the head thereof. To Elizabeth, his dau., a cup of gold. To Margaret, his other dau., a bed of silk, of black and green colour. And because his much honoured lord, the Viscount Beaumont, was lineally descended from the Dukes of Lancaster, he bequeaths unto him a cup of silver, with a cover bordered with gold, with which cup the most noble Prince John, Duke of Lancaster, was often served; and in which he did use to drink so long as he lived. And lastly, for the better advancement of Arnulph and William Hungerford (sons of the said Sir Robert Hungerford, Knt., his son), in their marriages, and Mary, dau. of the said Sir Robert, he bequeaths to them 700 marks sterling. His lordship d. in 1449, and was s. by his eldest surviving son, Sir ROBERT HUNGERFORD, Knt, as 2nd Baron Hungerford ....."
Family and Education
b. 22 June 1378, o. surv. s. of Sir Thomas Hungerford* by his 2nd w. m. (1) between Oct. 1396 and May 1399, Katherine, yr. da. and coh. of Thomas Peverell† of Parke and Hamatethy, Cornw. by Margaret, da. and coh. of Sir Thomas of Courtenay† Woodhuish, Devon, 4s. inc. Sir Edmund†, 2da; (2) by May 1439, Eleanor (d. 1 Aug. 1455), da. of Sir John Berkeley I* of Beverstone, Glos. by his 2nd w., wid. of John Arundel, Lord Mautravers (de jure earl of Arundel), and of Sir Richard Poynings. Kntd. 11 Oct. 1399; KG 3 May 1421; cr. Baron Hungerford Jan. 1426".
"Further extensive properties accrued to him by means of his two marriages. The first of these, to Katherine Peverell, arranged by his father in 1396, had brought the couple the manor of Stoke Basset, Oxfordshire, and other holdings, and in 1422, on the death of Katherine’s mother, they shared with her sister Eleanor, the wife of Sir William Talbot*, estates which had once belonged to their great-grandfather, John, Lord Moels. The Hungerfords’ moiety consisted of the manors of Halton, South Cadbury, Mapperton, Clopton, Wootton Courtenay and other property in Somerset, as well as half-shares in the manors of Plymtree and Sutton Lacy, Devon. In 1439, moreover, when Eleanor Talbot died without issue, the other half of the Peverell and Courtenay lands (comprising six manors in Devon and four more in Cornwall) also fell to Hungerford by entail."
"Hungerford’s [own] second marriage was (albeit in the short term) the most lucrative of all his marital arrangements. Eleanor, dowager countess of Arundel, held, as her inheritance and dower, over 30 manors and numerous other properties in Dorset, Gloucestershire, Shropshire, Wiltshire and seven other counties. These estates (which together were worth nearly £700 a year, almost as much as the rest of his holdings) were held by Sir Walter jure uxoris, and it was not until Eleanor’s death in 1455 that they descended to William, earl of Arundel, her second son by her first marriage."
See extensive write-up on his life and career at this web page.
SIr Walter de Hungerford, 1st Baron Hungerford
Born: 22 Jun 1378, Farleigh-Hungerford, Somersetshire, England Died: 9 Aug 1449 Buried: Salisbury Cathedral, Wiltshire
Son and heir of Sir Thomas Hungerford, by his 2nd wife, Joan Hussey
Knight of the Garter
Strongly attached to the Lancastrian cause at the close of Richard II's reign, as his father was steward in John of Gaunt's household.
On Henry IV's accession in 1399 he was granted an annuity of 40 pounds out of the lands of Margaret, Duchess of Norfolk, and was knighted.
In Oct 1400 he was returned to Parliament as member for Wiltshire, and was re-elected for that constituency in 1404, 1407, 1413, and Jan 1413-14, and represented the county of Somerset in 1409.
He acted as speaker in the parliament meeting on 29 Jan 1413-14, the last parliament in which he sat in the House of Commons (cf. Manning, Lives of the Speakers, p. 55).
Hungerford was a renowned warrior. In 1401 he was with the English army in France, and is said to have worsted the French King in a duel outside Calais; he distinguished himself in battle and tournament, and received substantial reward. In consideration of his services he was granted in 1403 one hundred marks per annum, payable by the town and castle of Marlborough, Wiltshire, and was appointed Sheriff of Wiltshire.
On 22 Jul 1414 he was nominated Ambassador to treat for a league with Sigismund, King of the Romans (Rymer, Foedera, vol. iv. pt. ii. p. 186), and as English envoy attended the council of Constance in that and the following year (cf. his accounts of expenses in Brit. Mus. Addit. MS 24513, f. 68).
In the autumn of 1415 Hungerford accompanied Henry V to France with twenty men-at-arms and sixty horse archers (Nicholas, Agincourt, p. 381). He, rather than the Earl of Westmoreland, as in Shakespeare's 'Henry V', seems to have been the officer who expressed, on the eve of Agincourt, regret that the English had not ten thousand archers, and drew from the King a famous rebuke (ib. pp. 105, 241). He fought bravely at the battle of Agincourt, but the assertion that he made the Duke of Orleans prisoner is not substantiated.
He was employed in May 1416 in diplomatic negotiations with Ambassadors of Theodoric, Archbishop of Cologne (Rymer, vol. iv. pt ii. p. 158), and in Nov 1417 with envoys from from France (ib. vol. iv. pt. ii. p. 25).
In 1417 he was made Admiral of the fleet under John, Duke of Bedford, and was with Henry V in 1418 at the siege of Rouen. In Nov of the latter year he is designated the steward of the king's household (ib. vol. iv. pt. iii. p. 76), and was granted the Barony of Homet in Normandy. He took part in the peace negotiations of 1419, and on 3 May 1421 was installed Knight of the Garter (Beltz, Hist. of Garter, p. clviii).
Hungerford was an executor of Henry V's will, and in 1422 became a member of Protector Gloucester's council. In 1424 he was made steward of the household of the infant King, Henry VI, and on 7 Jan 1425-6 was summoned to the House of Lords as Baron Hungerford. The summons was continued to him till his death.
He was lord treasurer from 1426 to 1431 in succession to Bishop Stafford, when Bishop Beaufort's resignation of the great seal in Mar 1426-7 placed Gloucestershire in supreme power. He acted as carver at Henry VI's coronation in Paris in Dec 1430 (Waurin, Chron., Rolls Ser., iv. 11), but on the change of ministry which followed Henry VI's return from France in Feb 1431-2, he ceased to be treasurer.
He attended the conference at Arms in 1435 (Wars of Henry VI in France, Rolls ser., ed. Stevenson, ii. 431).
Henry VI - Part 1 page 519 Walter de Hungerford - Knight - Somerset. Jan 18 1436 Westminster
He died on 9 Aug 1449, and was buried beside his first wife in Salisbury Cathedral, within the iron chapel erected by himself, which is still extant, although removed from its original position.
By his marriages and royal grants Hungerford added largely to the family estates. He was a man of piety, and built chanteries at Heytesbury and Chippenham, and made bequests to Salisbury and Bath Cathedrals. In 1428 he presented valuable estates to the Free Royal Chapel in the palace of St. Stephen at Westminster. He also built an almshouse for twelve poor men and a woman, and a schoolmaster's residence at Heytesbury. The original building was destroyed in 1765, but the endowment, which was regulated by statutes drawn up by Margaret of Botreaux, wife of Hungerford's son Robert, still continues (Jackson, Anc. Statutes of Heytesbury Almshouses, Devizes, 1863). Hungerford's will is printed in Nicolas's 'Testamenta Vetusta,' pp. 257-9. He left his 'best legend of the lives of the saints' to his daughter-in-law, Margaret, and a cup which John of Gaunt had used to John, Viscount Beaumont.
Remains of his benefactions still exist at Heytesbury, which was long the principal residence of the family.
Not to be confused with Walter Hungerford, 1st Baron Hungerford of Heytesbury.
Walter Hungerford, 1st Baron Hungerford (d. 1449), Member of Parliament from 1400–1414, in the last of which he sat as Speaker. Won renown in the one hundred years war, fighting in many engagements including the Battle of Agincourt. He was appointed sheriff of Wiltshire in 1403, He was an English envoy at the Council of Constance in 1415. In 1417 he was made admiral of the fleet. On the death of Henry V we was an executor of Henry's will and a member of Protector Gloucester's council. He attended the conference at Arras in 1435, and was a Member of the House of Lords sitting as Baron Hungerford from January 1436 until his death in 1449.
Hungerford married first, Catherine, daughter of Thomas Peverell; and secondly, Alianore, or Eleanor, countess of Arundel, daughter of Sir John Berkeley, who survived him. By the latter he had no issue. By his first wife he was father of three sons, Walter, Robert, and Edmund. Walter was made a prisoner of war in France in 1425, was ransomed by his father for three thousand marks, was in the retinue of the Duke of Bedford in France in 1435, and died without issue. Edmund was knighted by Henry VI after the battle of Verneuil on Whit-Sunday 1426, married Margaret, daughter and coheiress of Edward Burnell, and by her had two sons, Thomas, ancestor of the Hungerfords of Down Ampney, Gloucestershire, of the Hungerfords of Windrush, Oxfordshire, and the Hungerfords of Black Bourton, Oxfordshire; and Edward, ancestor of the Hungerfords of Cadenham, Wiltshire.
Sir Walter Hungerford, 1st Lord Hungerford 
- M, #23615,
- b. 22 June 1378,
- d. 9 August 1449
Walter Hungerford, 1st Lord Hungerford was born c on 22 June 1378.2 He was the son of Sir Thomas Hungerford and Joan Hussey.3 He married Katherine Peverell, daughter of Thomas Peverell and Margaret Courtenay, on 18 September 1402.2 He married Eleanor Berkeley, daughter of Sir John Berkeley and Elizabeth Betteshorne, before 8 May 1439.1 He died on 9 August 1449 at age 71.4
In 1399 knighted , MP: Wilts 1400, 1404, 1407, 1413 and 1414 and Somerset 1409, Speaker H of C 1414, Sheriff: Wilts 1406 and Somerset and Dorset 1414.2 He fought in the Hundred Years War in 1401.2 In 1414 envoy to the HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR SIGISMUND and subsequently SIGISMUND's Master of the Household when the latter visited England 1416.2 He was he allegedly won a duel against CHARLES VI OF FRANCE before Calais , fought at Agincourt 1415 (the spoils arising from which he allegedly used to restore Farleigh Castle, though he may also have raised the money from ransomi in 1415.2 In 1417 Steward Household to HENRYs V and VI, Constable Windsor Castle , Memb Cncl of Regency 1422, Lord High Treasurer 1426–32.2 He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.) in 1421.2 He was created 1st Lord Hungerford [England by writ] on 7 January 1425/26.1
Children of Walter Hungerford, 1st Lord Hungerford and Katherine Peverell
- 1.Elizabeth Hungerford+5
- 2.Sir Edmund Hungerford+6 d. 1484
- 3.Walter Hungerford5 d. 18 Feb 1432
- 4.Margaret Hungerford5
- 5.Robert Hungerford, 2nd Lord Hungerford+ b. bt 1409 - 1413, d. 18 May 1459
- [S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, page 247. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.
- [S1916] Tim Boyle, "re: Boyle Family," e-mail message to Darryl Roger Lundy, 16 September 2006. Hereinafter cited as "re: Boyle Family."
- [S2] Peter W. Hammond, editor, The Complete Peerage or a History of the House of Lords and All its Members From the Earliest Times, Volume XIV: Addenda & Corrigenda (Stroud, Gloucestershire, U.K.: Sutton Publishing, 1998), page 39. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage, Volume XIV.
- [S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1123. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
- [S6] Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 436.
- From: http://www.thepeerage.com/p2362.htm#i23615
Baron Walter Hungerford - was born on 22 Jun 1378, lived in Farleigh and died on 9 Aug 1449 in Salisbury C-Dral . He was the son of Thomas Hungerford and Joan Hussey.
Baron Walter married Ketherine Peverell before 18 Sep 1402. Ketherine was born about 1380, lived in Park,Hamatethy,Penhale,Cornwall,England. She was the daughter of Thomas Peverell and Margaret de Courtenay. She died after 14 Jun 1426 .
Baron Walter - served as speaker of the House of Commons, but he is more celebrated as a warrior and diplomatist, serving in the former capacity at Agincourt and in the latter at the council of Constance and the congress of Arras. An executor of Henry V.’s will and a member of the council under Henry VI., Hungerford became a baron in 1426, and he was lord treasurer from 1426 to 1431. Remains of his benefactions still exist at Heytesbury, long the principal residence of the family.
Walter Hussey Hungerfordis the First Baron of Hungerford. More here: http://bit.ly/g5vlu3
Sir Walter deHungerford Walter de Lord Hungerford Birth 22 Jun 1378 in of Wellow, Somerset, , England Death 9 Aug 1449 in Farley Castle, Somerset, , England
Sir Thomas Hungerford 1330 – 1398
Joan Hussey 1378 – 1411
Show siblings Spouse & Children Lady Katherine De Peverell Baroness Hungerford 1380 – 1426
Margaret HUNGERFORD 1312 –
Edward Hungerford 1400 – 1484
Sir Robert Lord nd Baron Hungerford 1402 – 1484
John DeHungerford or Hungerford 1404 – 1486
Thomas Hungerford 1404 – 1424
Thomas Hungerford 1404 – 1470
Robert 1409 – 1493
Edmund Hungerford 1409 – 1484
Elizabeth Hungerford 1410 – 1476
Joan Hungerford 1411 – 1461
Joan HUNGERFORD 1411 – 1431
Alice DeHungerford or Hungerford 1416 –
Thomas Hungerford 1417 –
John Hungerford 1421 –
Robert nd De Hungerford 1431 – 1464
Catherine DeHungerford or Hungerford 1438 – 1493
Joan Hungerford 1604 – Other Spouse & Children
Eleanor w Countess Arundel and Lady Mautrev ers 1382 – 1455 Other Spouse & Children
Alianore o E DeBerkeley or DeBerkeley or Berkele y 1400 – 1455
- ( View details )
- 22 Jun
- of Wellow, Somerset, , England
- 18 Sep
- Age: 24
- Marriage to Lady Katherine De Peverell Baroness Hungerford
- Penhale, Cornwall, , England
- 8 May
- Age: 60
- Marriage to Eleanor widow FitzAlan Countess Arundel and Lady Mautrevers
- 8 May
- Age: 60
- Marriage to Alianore or Eleanor or Ellanora DeBerkeley or DeBerkeley or Berkeley
- Beverstone, Gloucestershire, , England
- 9 Aug
- Age: 71
- Farley Castle, Somerset, , England
The Barony of Hungerford From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The Barony of Hungerford was created in the Peerage of England on January 7, 1426 for Walter Hungerford, who was summoned to parliament, had been Member of Parliament, Speaker of the House and invested as Knight of the Order of the Garter before and was made Lord High Treasurer one year before he became a peer. The second baron was also created Baron de Moleyns on 13 January 1445 by writ of summons; both titles then merged. The third baron was attainted and the peerage forfeit in 1461. This attainder was reversed in 1485 for the then 4th baroness of Hungerford, and so it came into the Hastings family of Earls of Huntingdon until 1789, when it came into the Rawdon(-Hastings) family of the Marquesses of Hastings until 1868 when it fell into abeyance. This abeyance was terminated three years later for a member of the Abney-Hastings family and an Earl of Loudoun. In 1920 it again fell into abeyance, which was terminated one year later for the Philipps family of the Viscounts of St Davids where it has remained since.
Another Barony of Hungerford with the distinction de Heytesbury was created in the Peerage of England on June 8, 1526 for another Walter Hungerford, who was summoned to parliament. He was attainted in 1541 and the peerage forfeited. This attainder has not been reversed since.
Barons of Hungerford (1426)
- Walter Hungerford, 1st Baron Hungerford (1378-1449)
- Robert Hungerford, 2nd Baron Hungerford (c. 1400-1459)
- Robert Hungerford, 3rd Baron Hungerford (c. 1420-1464), attainted and forfeit 1461
- Mary Hastings, 4th Baroness Hungerford née Hungerford (c. 1466-c. 1530) attainder reversed 1485
- George Hastings, 5th Baron Hungerford (1488-1545)
- Francis Hastings, 6th Baron Hungerford (1514-1560)
- Henry Hastings, 7th Baron Hungerford (1536-1595)
- George Hastings, 8th Baron Hungerford (1540-1604)
- Henry Hastings, 9th Baron Hungerford (1586-1643)
- Ferdinando Hastings, 10th Baron Hungerford (1609-1656)
- Theophilus Hastings, 11th Baron Hungerford (1650-1701)
- George Hastings, 12th Baron Hungerford (1677-1705)
- Theophilus Hastings, 13th Baron Hungerford (1696-1746)
- Francis Hastings, 14th Baron Hungerford (1729-1789)
- Elizabeth Rawdon, 15th Baroness Hungerford née Hastings (1731-1808)
- Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 16th Baron Hungerford (1754-1826)
- George Augustus Francis Rawdon-Hastings, 17th Baron Hungerford (1808-1844)
- Paulyn Reginald Serlo Rawdon-Hastings, 18th Baron Hungerford (1832-1851)
- Henry Weysford Charles Plantagenet Rawdon-Hastings, 19th Baron Hungerford (1842-1868) into abeyance 1868
- Edith Mary Abney-Hastings, 20th Baroness Hungerford (1833-1874) abeyance terminated 1871
- Charles Edward Rawdon-Hastings, 21st Baron Hungerford (1855-1920) into abeyance 1920
- Elizabeth Frances Philipps, 22nd Baroness Hungerford née Abney-Hastings (1884-1974) abeyance terminated 1921
- Jestyn Reginald Austen Plantagenet Philipps, 23rd Baron Hungerford (1917-1991)
- See Viscount St Davids for further Barons Hungerford.
Barons Hungerford de Heytesbury (1526)
- Walter Hungerford, 1st Baron Hungerford de Heytesbury (c. 1502-1541) attainted and forfeit 1541
- Leigh Rayment's Peerage Page
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs
From Greater Medieval Houses of England and Wales, 1300-1500: Southern England By Anthony Emery
"It was not until the death of Sir. Thomas Hungerford's Widow, Joan, in 1412 that their son Sir Walter took control of the castle. At that time the area immediately in front of the castle was occupied by the parish church and the hamlet that it served. Lord Milton sweeping away Milton Abbas in the 1780s to improve the landscaping of his mansion had a precedent 2300 years earlier when Lord Hungerford similarly swept away the village houses, gated and wall-enclosed the area, and took over the parish church as his private chapel and family mausoleum. At the same time he endowed two chantries and built a house for the chaplains immediately to the rear of the church. This work may be attributed to between 1424 and 1435".
- http://www.tudorplace.com.ar/HUNGERFORD.htm#Walter HUNGERFORD (1º B. Hungerford of Farleigh)
Sir Walter Hungerford, 1st Baron Hungerford's Timeline
June 13, 1378
June 22, 1378
...Further extensive properties accrued to him by means of his two marriages. The first of these, to Katherine Peverell, arranged by his father in 1396, had brought the couple the manor of Stoke Basset, Oxfordshire, and other holdings ...
From '''The History of Parliament''
November 2, 1399
Farleigh Hungerford, Somerset, England
Of, Farley, Hungerford, Somersetshire, England