Sir William Ayscough, MP

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William Ayscough, MP

Also Known As: "William Askew", "William Ayscoughe", "William Ainscough"
Birthplace: Stallingborough,Lincolnshire,England
Death: Died in England
Place of Burial: England
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir William Ayscough and Margary Mary Hillyard
Husband of Elizabeth Wrottesley; NN Askew and Elizabeth Hutton
Father of Sir Francis Ayscough, Kt.; Edward Ayscough; Martha Ascough, Fiancee; Jane Ayscough; Anne Askew, Martyr and 3 others
Brother of Edward Ascough; Robert Ascough and Jane Ascough
Half brother of Isabella Ascough

Managed by: Carole (Erickson) Pomeroy, Vol. ...
Last Updated:

About Sir William Ayscough, MP

  • Sir William Ayscough, Sheriff of Lincolnshire1
  • M, #90435, b. circa 1483
  • Father Sir William Ayscough, Sheriff of Lincolnshire b. c 1462, d. 26 Mar 1509
  • Mother Margery Hildyard b. c 1462
  • Sir William Ayscough, Sheriff of Lincolnshire was born circa 1483 at of Stallingborough, Lincolnshire, England. He married Elizabeth Hutton, daughter of John Hutton, circa 1507; She was widow of Sir William Hansard. Sir William Ayscough, Sheriff of Lincolnshire left a will on 6 August 1540 at of Walworth, Durham, England. His estate was probated on 28 May 1541.
  • Family Elizabeth Hutton b. c 1484
  • Children
    • Christopher Ayscough+ b. c 1508, d. a 6 Aug 1540
    • Jane Ayscough+2,1 b. c 1509, d. Dec 1590
  • Citations
  • [S4] Douglas Richardson, Royal Ancestry, Vol. V, p. 329.
  • [S16] Douglas Richardson, Magna Carta Ancestry, 2nd Edition, Vol. IV, p. 302.
  • From:


  • ASKEW (AYSCOUGH), Sir William (by 1486-1540), of Nuthall, Notts. and Stallingborough, Lincs.
  • b. by 1486, 1st s. of Sir William Askew of Stallingborough by 1st w. Margery, da. of Sir Robert Hilliard of Winestead, Yorks. m. (1) by 1508, Elizabeth (d.1521), da. of Thomas Wrottesley of Wrottesley, Staffs., 2s. 3da.; (2) da. of one Struxley or Streichley of Notts., s.p.; (3) settlement 2 May 1522, Elizabeth (d.1550), da. of John Hutton of Tudhoe, co. Dur., wid. of Sir William Hansard of South Kelsey, Lincs., 2s. suc. fa. 26 Mar. 1510. Kntd. 24 Sept. 1513.1
  • Offices Held
    • J.p. Lincs. (Lindsey) 1510-d.; commr. Subsidy 1512, 1515, 1523, 1524. musters 1539; sheriff, Lincs. 1520-1; other commissions 1530-d.2
  • Sir William Askew is best remembered as the father of Anne Askew, the Protestant martyr burned in 1546, whose resolute disposition, great learning and doctrinal radicalism all reflect her parentage and upbringing.3
  • After a career which had included service in the French wars, knighthood at Tournai in 1513 and attendance at the Field of Cloth of Gold, Sir William Askew was returned as senior Member for Grimsby to the Parliament of 1529. Economic decline had long since cost the borough its electoral independence and from his neighbouring seat at Stallingborough Askew was well placed to join the ranks of local gentlemen who preponderated in its representation: his expectation that the town would do his bidding is reflected in a letter he wrote to the mayor making demands on behalf of one of his servants. He was probably returned again in 1536, in accordance with the King’s general request for the reelection of the previous Members, and may have sat for a third time in 1539, when the names of the Members for Grimsby are again lost. Nothing is known of his role in the Commons.4
  • In September 1527 Askew had been the subject of a royal inquiry in respect of rights at South Kelsey which he was alleged to have usurped for four years. In May 1533 he is recorded as dining in Princess Mary’s household at Otford, Kent. The outbreak of the Lincolnshire rebellion in 1536 found Askew among the first targets of the commonalty. He was taken prisoner by Nicholas Melton (‘Captain Cobbler’), and with three other captives was forced to write a letter to the King begging for a general pardon for the rebels. Askew then gained his freedom, and thereafter played little part in pacifying the county. He was one of the grand jury which found a true bill against Sir John Hussey, Lord Hussey, for treason.5
  • To what extent Askew shared his daughter Anne’s radicalism is not known. The traditional story—if it is to be accepted—of her marriage to her dead sister’s husband-to-be, in obedience to her father’s will but against her own, is not suggestive of a close bond between them, and she perhaps arrived at her final convictions only after his death. His placing of her brother Edward in Cranmer’s household may also have owed less to reformist zeal than to the archbishop’s ancestral origin in Lincolnshire. We do not know whether the summons which Askew received in January 1540 to appear before the Privy Council related to matters secular or religious, but it took two pleas of extreme infirmity from him to Cromwell to spare him the journey. He was, indeed, a dying man, although death when it came must have struck suddenly, for he died on the same day that he made his will, 6 Aug. 1540. He asked to be buried at Stallingborough. He was survived by his third wife and several children and stepchildren, but none of his daughters is mentioned in the will. He named as his executors his wife and his eldest son Francis, but with the proviso that if his wife was not willing to act she should have the £100 which she had brought to the marriage, and her room in the house: what came of this is unknown, but his widow survived him by ten years, dying in May or June 1550, and Francis by 24. Besides his lands in Lincolnshire Askew left property in Nottinghamshire: the inquisition post mortem on this was not held until 1543 after the widow had petitioned in Chancery over the failure of the escheator to hold it, despite the 4 marks she had paid him to do so.6
  • From:


  • William Askew (also spelled Ascough) (1490–1541) was a gentleman at the court of Henry VIII of England. He has gone down in history as one of the jurors in the trial of Anne Boleyn and as the father of Anne Askew, the only woman to be tortured at the Tower of London.
  • Askew is described as a welcome guest in Mary's household in 1536[1], indicating that he was a religious conservative. He is said to have physically forced his daughter, Anne Askew, to marry Thomas Kyme. Her repudiation of this marriage and her disbelief in the doctrine of transubstantiation led to her torture and execution, burnt at the stake in 1546. Her accusers attempted to implicate influential women at court as sharing Anne's beliefs, including the queen, Catherine Parr. William Askew died in 1541, five years before his daughter's execution.
  • From:


  • Sir William Ayscough
  • Birth: unknown
  • Death: 1540
  • Family links:
  • Parents:
  • William Ayscough (____ - 1509)
  • Children:
    • Anne Ayscough Kyme (____ - 1546)*
    • Edward Ayscough (____ - 1558)*
    • Jane Ayscough Disney (____ - 1590)*
    • Francis Ascough (1508 - 1564)*
  • Burial: St Peter & St Paul, Stallingborough (Grimsby), Stallingborough, North East Lincolnshire Unitary Authority, Lincolnshire, England
  • Find A Grave Memorial# 140845397
  • From:


  • Lincolnshire pedigrees, Volume 1; Volume 50 By Arthur Staunton Larken
    • CHART
  • Pg. 60
  • 1 Gen. Sir William Ayscough of Stallingborough, Lincoln, Knt., Sheriff of Lincoln 1500, 1505, 1508; died 26 Mar 1 Henry VIII., 1509. M.I. at Stallingborough. mar. Margery, dau. of Sir Robert Hildyard of Winestead, Yorks, Knt. ch: Sir William Ayscough of Stallingborough; etc.
  • Pg. 61
  • 2 Gen. Sir William Ayscough of Stallingborough, knighted in 1513; eat. 24 in 2 Henry VIII.; Sheriff of Lincoln 1521. Will dated 6 Aug. 1540 and proved 28 May 1541; (to be) bur. in our lady's quire. mar. Elizabeth dau. of Thomas Wrottesley of Wrottesly, Stafford. 1st wife. ch: Martha, elder dau., betrothed to Thomas Kyme, but died before marriage.; Jane, mar. 1st to George St. Paul of Suarford, 2nd to Richard Disney of Norton Disney, and bur. at South Kelsey, St. Mary, 27 Dec. 1590.; Anne, mar. to Thomas Kyme. For her religious principles, which she persistently and openly declared, she was committed to the Tower, subjected to the rack, and burnt at Smithfield 16 July 1546.; Edward Ayscough, Cup-Bearer to King Henry VIII., was of the household to Archbishop Cranmer, and one of the band of Gentlemen Pensioners at the Battle of Musselborough 10 Sept. 1547; a legatee of his father 6 Aug. 1540; died 4 and 5 Philip and Mary, April 1558; bur. at Keleby. mar. Margaret, dau. of Thomas Gibson .... wid. of George Skipwith ....; Sir Francis Ayscough, Knt., born in 1508-18; Sir William mar. .... dau. of .... Struxley or Streichley of Nottinghamshire; s.p. 2nd wife. Sir William mar. Elizabeth, dau. of John Hutton of Tudhoe, co. Durham, and widow of Sir William Hansard; ex'trix of her said husband 28 May 1541; bur. at St. Martin's, Lincoln, 12 May 1550. Will dated 10 May and proved 29 June 1550. 3rd wife. ch: Christopher Ayscough, living 6 Aug. 1540.; Thomas Ayscough, not mentioned 1540.
  • Pg. 63
  • 3 Gen. Sir Francis Ayscough, Knt., born in 1508-18; knighted at the winning of Boulogne 37 Henry VIII.; Sheriff of Lincoln 1545, 1549, 1554; proved his father's will 28 May 1541; died 19 Oct. 1564; bur. at At. Mary's, South Kelsey, 21 Oct. 1564. mar. Elizabeth, dau. and heir of William Hansard of South Kelsey; born 11 Henry VIII.; died 29 Sep. 1558; bur. at South Kelsey. The escheat says died 10 Oct. 1 Eliz. 1st wife. ch: 1. William Ayscough, aet. 22 in 6 Eliz., 1564; died 22 Aug. 27 Eliz., s.p.; bur at South Kelsey, St. Mary, 24 Aug. 1585. Adm'on 28 Aug. 1585 mar. Ann, dau. of Edward Fynes, Earl of Lincoln; bur. 11 May 1585, s.p.; Sir Edward Ayscough of South Kelsey, Lincoln, Knt., heir and administrator of his brother William 28 Aug. 1585; Sheriff of Lincoln 1587; knighted 1 Jac. I.; died 9, bur. at Stallingborough 11 Mar 1611-12. Inq. 24 April 10 Jac. I. mar. Hester, dau of Thomas Grantham of Galtho and St. Catherine's, near Lincoln; mar. at South Kelsey, St. Mary, 27 Sept. 1563; bur there 1-5 Oct. 1590.; Francis Ayscough, mar. Elizabeth, dau. of Thomas Ellis of Wyham. Sir Francis mar. Elizabeth, dau. of Robert Dighton of Sturton; widow of William Dallison; mar. 2 Eliz.; died 6 Dec. 1570; bur. at Clerkenwell. 2nd wife. ch: Sir Roger Ayscough of Nuthall, Notts, J.P., living 26 May 1607. mar. Dorothy, dau. of William Fitzwilliam of Mablethorpe, Lincoln; living 7 Jan. 1653-4.; Frances, bur. at South Kelsey, St. Mary, 4 May 1563.


  • .... Notable Ainscoughs
  • 1. William Ayscough (or William Aiscough) (?-d.1450), Bishop of Salisbury and Confessor to King Henry VI - of the Bedale/ Lincolnshire Ayscough line. He was nominated on February 11, 1438 and consecrated on July 20, 1438. “Many of his tenants intending to joyne with Jack Cade, came to Edendon, took him from masse and drew him-to ye top of a hill, where they cleft his head as he kneeled and prayed, not farre fro Edendon and spoyl’d him to ye skin June ye 29, 1450.”
  • 2. Anne Askew (Ayscough) Kyme (1521–1546), English Protestant and persecuted heretic, daughter of Sir William of Stallingborough, Lincolnshire. In 1546 Anne was arrested three times for heresy, committed to the Tower, subjected to the rack, and burnt at Smithfield 16 July 1546.
  • 3. Sir William Ayscough of Stallingborough (1497–1541), knighted in 1513 during the reign of Henry VIII. Alabaster busts and brasses dated c.1612 of Sir Edward, Sir Francis and Sir William can be found in the church of St Peter & St Pauls, Stallingborough.
  • 4. Sir Francis Ayscough (c1509-1564) son of Sir William was knighted "at the wining of Boulogne", Sheriff of Lincoln in 1545, 1549 and 1554. Buried at St Mary's Church, South Kelsey, Lincolnshire.
  • 5. Sir Edward Ayscough d.1558, youngest son of Sir William and cup-bearer to Henry VIII from 1539-1547. Buried at Keelby, Lincs. .....
  • Lincolnshire Ayscoughs ( also known as Askews)
  • The following theory was put forward by researchers in the 1970s and although interesting seems unlikely, since earlier evidence has been found showing Ainscoughs existed in Lancashire prior to a possible migration from Lincolnshire.
  • The Lincolnshire Ayscough family originated from Bedale and owned estates around Stallingborough, Ashby, South Kelsey, Basford, Nuttall and Spalding. Ayscoughfee Hall, now a preserved manor house in Spalding, was originally built by the rich wool merchant, Richard Alwyn in 1420 and then it was owned by the Lincolnshire Ayscough family in the early part of the 16th Century. The grant of land at Spalding was made to Sir William Ayscough (b.1490-d.1541) by Henry VIII. E.H. Gooch writes about "Ayscoughfee Hall" in his book "The History of Spalding", 1940.
  • In the 15th Century the Ayscoughs had supported the Lancastrian side during the Wars of the Roses and later held posts at the Courts of Henry VII and Henry VIII. Sir William Askew of Stallingborough was knighted in 1513 during the reign of Henry VIII, his eldest son Sir Francis Ayscough was knighted "at the wining of Boulogne" and was Sheriff of Lincoln in 1545, 1549 and 1554. He died in 1564 and is buried at St Mary's Church, South Kelsey, Lincolnshire. Sir William's youngest son Edward Ayscough (d.1558) was cup-bearer to Henry VIII from 1539-1547. Anne Askew (Ayscough) Kyme (1521–1546), the English Protestant and persecuted heretic was also the daughter of Sir William. Unfortunately for Anne her zealousness led to her execution and she was burned at the stake for heresy in 1546. Reluctantly, the Ayscough family got caught up in the Lincolnshire Rising in 1536, a Catholic uprising against Henry VIII of England, against the dissolution of the monasteries. Sir William had ridden to Louth to keep the peace and uphold the law but instead found himself taken 'prisoner' by the rebels and was expected to represent their cause. Following this the Ayscough family fell out of favour with Henry VIII. However, Sir Francis continued to prosper by his own volition taking every opportunity to acquire land and so add to his estates. He died a convinced Protestant, clearly shown by the wording of his will. It is claimed (evidence required) that over the period which followed many of the Lincolnshire Ayscough family lost their estates, they migrated west to Lancashire, where they settled in the area around Mawdesley, near Croston, bleak wastes in the 16thC, as Farmers and Millers. However it does not seem possible to find specific evidence for this link, and without evidence the Lincolnshire origin seems increasingly tenuous. Researchers are requested to continue to investigate.


  • The royal lineage of our noble and gentle families. Together with their paternal ancestry .. (1887) Vol. 4
  • Pg. [610]
  • The Descent of Edmund Anderson Shuldham, Esq., of Dunmanway, Co. Cork,
  • Margery or May Hildyard = Sir William Ayscough of Stallingborough, co. Linc., Knt., d. 26 March, 1509
  • Sir William Ayscough, of Stallingborough, d. 1540-1 = Elizabeth (1st wife) , dau. of Thomas Wrottesley, of Wrottesley, co. Staff.
  • Sir Francis Ayscough, of South Kelsey, co. Lincl., d. 19 Oct. 1564. = Elizabeth (1st wife), dau. and co-heir of William Hansard, Esq., of South Kelsey, co. Linc., she d. 29 Sept. 1558.


  • Lincolnshire Notes and Queries: A Quarterly Journal...devoted to the Antiquities, Parochial ... (1893) Vol. 3
  • Pg. 178
  • In the above-mentioned account of Anne Askew, she is stated to have been the daughter of Sir Wm. Ayscough, by Elizabeth his wife, only daughter of Thomas Wriothesley of Hampshire.
  • But that this was not the case, and that she was undoubtedly a Wrottesley, is clearly proved by the following extracts from the Will of William Wrottesley of Reading, Co. Berks (the 2nd son of Sir Walter Wrottesley of Wrottesley, and younger brother of Richard Wrottesley of Wrottesley), which have been communicated to me by General the Hon'ble. George Wrottesley, who says that "at Wrottesley is a copy of the Will
  • " of William Wrottesley of Redyng in tne Co. of Berks, dated
  • "26 Dec'r 1512, He does not mention any wife, so he was
  • " probably then a widower. He requests that his body may be
  • " buried within the Parish Church of Saint Olaf in Silver-strete
  • " of London, before the image of Our Blessed Lady, standynge
  • " at the High Awter of the said Church, and he bequeaths
  • " money and wax lights to the same."
  • "Then follow bequests to his daughters Elizabeth and
  • " Constance, and to his son Robert, and ' to his sonne-in-lawe
  • " Escue' my best hope of golde of the price of 4 marcs and 3s-
  • " 4d sterling."
  • "Then follow bequests 'to my Lady Stourton' (his sister)
  • " and to my lord her husband and to my lady Scrope (another
  • "sister) and to Dame Parnell* being within the Nonery of
  • " Dartford in the Co. of Kent, 13s-4d to pray for his soul, my
  • " best furre and my best coral bedes gawded with silver gilt."
  • " He also speaks of his eldest brother but without naming
  • " him, and makes bequests to Walter the eldest son of his
  • " eldest brother and to Thomas another son of the same."
  • All these bequests clearly identify the father of Lady Ayscough (the grandfather of Anne the martyr) as William
  • Pg. 179
  • the 2nd son of Sir Walter Wrottesley, and younger brother of Richard Wrottesley of Wrottesley.


  • ANNE ASKEW (c.1521-July 16, 1546)
  • Anne Askew was the daughter of Sir William Askew of Stallingborough, Lincolnshire (d.1541) and Elizabeth Wrottesley. She is unlikely ever to have been a maid of honor to Queen Katherine Parr, as some accounts claim. Anne married in 1536. Katherine did not become queen until 1543. Anne’s husband, Thomas Kyme of Friskney, had been betrothed to Anne’s sister, Martha. After Martha’s death, the younger sister was substituted for the older one. After giving birth to two children, Anne’s Zwinglian convictions led to disputes with the clergymen of Lincoln and eventually to her eviction from Kyme’s house in December, 1544. Anne borrowed money from one of her brothers and set out for London with a maidservant. She was arrested there for heresy but acquitted in June, 1545. Arrested a second time in 1546, she was tortured and finally burnt at the stake. Biography: see portions of Derek Wilson’s Tudor Tapestry; Oxford DNB entry under "Askew [married name Kyme], Anne." Portraits: the portrait by Hans Eworth labeled “Anne Ayscough” was not painted until 1560 and is probably Anne Clinton Askew.
  • From:


  • ELIZABETH HUTTON (c.1480-May 11, 1550)
  • Elizabeth Hutton was the daughter and coheiress of John Hutton or Hoton of Tudhoe, Durham (c.1455-August 22, 1485) and Margaret Chaurton. She married first, perhaps as early as 1500, Sir William Hansard of South Kelsey, Lincolnshire (c.1479-January 11, 1521/2, by whom she had Robert, William (1501-April 25, 1522), Thomas, Elizabeth, and Bridget (c.1508-December 20, 1552). By a marriage settlement dated May 2, 1522, she became the third wife of Sir William Askew or Ayscough of Stallingborough, Lincolnshire and Nuthall, Nottinghamshire (c.1479-August 6, 1540). Almost at once a dispute arose over the wardship of Elizabeth Hansard (d.1559), daughter of Elizabeth's son William, who had died a few months after his father. This went to Askew but was contested by the infant's maternal grandfather, Sir Robert Tyrwhitt. Later (c.1541/2) Elizabeth Hansard was married to Askew's eldest son and heir, Francis (d.1563). By Askew, Elizabeth had two more sons, Christopher (d.1543) and Thomas. In his will, Askew named his widow and his eldest son, Francis, as executors with the provision that if Elizabeth did not want to serve in this capacity she should have the £100 she had brought to the marriage and her room in the house at Stallingborough. In 1543, she had to petition Chancery over the failure of the escheator to hold an inquisition post mortem, despite having paid him four marks for this service. In that same year, she is probably the Lady Askew mentioned in the will of Elizabeth Barton, a London widow, written on September 30 and proved on October 10. Although Elizabeth Barton was the servant of the widow of a former Lord Mayor of London, Lady Askew owed her £10. This seems to suggest that Lady Askew was left in financial difficulty waiting for the estate of her husband to be settled. In 1546 there would have been further distress when her stepdaughter, Anne Askew, was executed for heresy. Elizabeth was buried in St. Martin's, Lincoln on May 12, 1550.
  • From:


  • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 02
  • Askew, Anne by James Gairdner
  • ASKEW, ANNE (1521–1546), protestant martyr, was the second daughter of Sir William Askew, or Ayscough, knight, who is generally stated to be of Kelsey in Lincolnshire. But according to family and local tradition she was born at Stallingborough, near Grimsby, where the site of her father's house is still pointed out. The Askews were an old Lincolnshire family, and the consciousness of this fact may have had something to do with the formation of Anne's character. She was highly educated and much devoted to biblical study. When she stayed at Lincoln she was seen daily in the cathedral reading the Bible, and engaging the clergy in discussions on the meaning of particular texts. According to her own account she was superior to them all in argument, and those who wished to answer her commonly retired without a word.
  • At a time when she was probably still a girl a marriage was arranged by her parents for her elder sister, who was to be the wife of one Thomas Kyme of Kelsey. It was one of those feudal bargains which were of constant occurrence in the domestic life of those days. But the intended bride died before it was fulfilled, and her father, 'to save the money,' as we are expressly told, caused Anne to supply her place against her own will. She accordingly married Kyme, and had two children by him. But having, as it is said, offended the priests, her husband put her out of his house, on which she, for her part, was glad to leave him, and was supposed to have sought a divorce. .... etc.
  • From:,_Anne_(DNB00)



William Ayscough b: 1490 in Stallingborough,Lincolnshire,England died Bef. May 28, 1541.

  • Alternate name spellings: Ayscoghe

Parents: William Ayscoghe b: 1464 in Of Stallingborough, Lincolnshire, England and Margery Hildyard b: Abt 1470


  1. Elizabeth Wrottesley b: 1490 in Wrettesley,Staffordshire,England

Children include:

  1. Francis Ayscoghe b: 1508



view all 14

Sir William Ayscough, MP's Timeline

Age 23
South Kelsey, Lincolnshire, England
Age 24
Stallingborough, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom
Age 25
Stallingborough, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom
Age 26
Stallingborough, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom
Age 27
Age 30
Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom
July 1521
Age 35
South Kelsey, Lincolnshire, England
Age 38
Stallingborough, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom
Age 40
Stallingborough, Lincolnshire, England, United Kingdom