William Cavendish (c.1640 - 1707) MP

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William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire's Geni Profile

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Death: Died in Devonshire House, Piccadilly, Middlesex, England
Managed by: Fiona Guinness
Last Updated:

About William Cavendish

William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire KG PC (25 January 1640 – 18 August 1707) was a soldier and Whig statesman, the son of William Cavendish, 3rd Earl of Devonshire and Lady Elizabeth Cecil.

William Cavendish became Member of Parliament for Derby in 1661. A Whig under Charles II of England and James II of England, he was leader of the anti-court and anti-Catholic party in the House of Commons, where he served as Lord Cavendish. He was a strong supporter of the "Glorious Revolution" of 1688 which brought William III of Orange to the throne, signing as one of the Immortal Seven the invitation to William. After the revolution, he was a leading Whig, serving as William's Lord Steward, and was created the Duke of Devonshire (1694) and also Marquess of Hartington in recognition for his services. He married Lady Mary Butler (1646–1710), daughter of James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde and his wife, Lady Elizabeth Preston, on 26 October 1662. He rebuilt Chatsworth House. He was also a famous womaniser.

Devonshire and Lady Mary Butler had four children:

  • Lady Elizabeth Cavendish (1670–1741), married Sir John Wentworth, 1st Baronet and had issue
  • William Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Devonshire (c. 1672 – 4 June 1729)
  • Lord Henry Cavendish (1673 – 10 May 1700)
  • Lord James Cavendish (d. 14 December 1751)

Cavendish was given an honorary MA by Cambridge University in 1705.[1]

See also

  • Chatsworth House – includes an account of the Duke's reconstruction of the house.
  • List of deserters from James II to William of Orange

References

  • 1.^ Venn, J.; Venn, J. A., eds. (1922–1958). "Cavendish, William". Alumni Cantabrigienses (10 vols) (online ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  • Leo van de Pas genealogies

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Cavendish,_1st_Duke_of_Devonshire

  • ____________________
  • 'William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire1
  • 'M, #10208, b. 25 January 1640/41, d. 18 August 1707
  • Last Edited=31 Dec 2011
  • Consanguinity Index=0.0%
  • 'William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire was born on 25 January 1640/41.1 He was the son of William Cavendish, 3rd Earl of Devonshire and Lady Elizabeth Cecil.1 He married Lady Mary Butler, daughter of James Butler, 1st Duke of Ormonde and Elizabeth Preston, Baroness Dingwall, on 26 October 1662.1 He died on 18 August 1707 at age 66.1
  • ' He succeeded to the title of 4th Baron Cavendish of Hardwick, co. Derby [E., 1605] on 23 November 1684.1 He succeeded to the title of 4th Earl of Devonshire [E., 1618] on 23 November 1684.1 He was one of the seven who signed the invitiation to William of Orange to come to England,a dn was one of the first to take up arms on his behalf on his arrival.1 He was invested as a Knight, Order of the Garter (K.G.) in 1689.1 He was invested as a Privy Counsellor (P.C.) in 1689.1 He held the office of Lord Steward of the Household between 1689 and 1707.1 He succeeded to the title of 1st Marquess of Hartington, co. Derby [England] on 12 May 1694.1 He succeeded to the title of 1st Duke of Devonshire [England] on 12 May 1694.1 He has an extensive biographical entry in the Dictionary of National Biography.3
  • 'Children of William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire and Lady Mary Butler
    • 1.Lord James Cavendish+1 d. 14 Dec 1751
    • 2.Lady Elizabeth Cavendish1
    • 3.William Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Devonshire+1 b. c 1673, d. 4 Jun 1729
    • 4.Lord Henry Cavendish+1 b. 1673, d. 10 May 1700
  • Citations
  • 1.[S37] Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1127. Hereinafter cited as Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 107th edition.
  • From: http://thepeerage.com/p1021.htm#i10208
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William Cavendish, 1st Duke of Devonshire's Timeline

1640
January 25, 1640
1662
October 26, 1662
Age 22
Kilkenny Castle, Tipperary, Ireland
1672
1672
Age 31
Hardwick, Derbyshire, England
1673
1673
Age 32
1677
1677
Age 36
1681
1681
Age 40
1707
August 18, 1707
Age 67
Devonshire House, Piccadilly, Middlesex, England
September 1, 1707
Age 67
All Saint'S Church, Derby, Derbyshire, England
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