William Fielding, 1st Earl of Denbigh (1582 - 1643) MP

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Nicknames: "Feilding"
Birthplace: Wales
Death: Died in England
Managed by: Oliver Marcus Stedall
Last Updated:

About William Fielding, 1st Earl of Denbigh

William Fielding From Wikipedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/William_Feilding,_1st_Earl_of_Denbigh

William Feilding, 1st Earl of Denbigh (c. 1587 – 8 April 1643, Cannock[1]) was an English naval officer and courtier.

William Feilding was the son of Basil Fielding of Newnham Paddox in Warwickshire, (High Sheriff of Warwickshire in 1612), and of Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Walter Aston (1530–1599)[2] and his wife, Elizabeth Leveson.

The descent of the Feildings from the house of Habsburg, through the counts of Laufenburg and Rheinfelden, long considered authentic, and accepted by Edward Gibbon, has been proved to have been based on forged documents.[3]

Feilding matriculated at Queens' College, Cambridge in 1603.[4] Knighted on 4 March 1607, he was appointed Master of the Great Wardrobe in 1622, and Custos Rotulorum of Warwickshire in 1628, having been created Baron and Viscount Feilding in 1620, and Earl of Denbigh on 14 September 1622. He attended Prince Charles on the Spanish adventure, served as Admiral in the unsuccessful Cadiz Expedition in 1625, and commanded the disastrous attempt upon Rochelle in 1628, becoming the same year a member of the Council of war, and in 1633 a Member of the Council of Wales and the Marches. In 1631 Lord Denbigh visited the East.

On the outbreak of the English Civil War he served under Prince Rupert of the Rhine and was present at the Battle of Edgehill. On 3 April 1643 during Rupert's attack on Birmingham he was wounded and died from the effects on the 8th, being buried at Monks Kirby in Warwickshire. His courage, unselfishness and devotion to duty are much praised by the Earl of Clarendon.

Marriage and issue

In 1606 he married Susan, daughter of Sir George Villiers, sister of the future Duke of Buckingham, and on the rise of Buckingham received various offices and dignities.


Satirical print of the arms of the Feilding family superimposed on the Habsburg double-headed eagle lacking one head, dedicated to the Garter King of Arms and mocking the family's pretensions at ancestral connections to the Habsburg dynastySir William and his wife Susan Villiers had five children:

Basil Feilding, 2nd Earl of Denbigh (ca. 1608-1675)[5] George Feilding, 1st Earl of Desmond (ca. 1614-1665)[6] Lady Margaret (1613–1638), married James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton. One of their many descendants include the late Princess of Wales, Lady Diana Spencer.[7] Lady Anne (died 1636), married Baptist Noel, 3rd Viscount Campden[8] Lady Elizabeth, Countess of Guildford (died 1667), married Lewis Boyle, 1st Viscount Boyle.[9] His daughter, Lady Margaret Feilding (1613–1638), also known as Mary, was married to James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Hamilton, one of the heirs to the throne of Scotland after the descendants of James VI (James I of England). Her portrait was painted by Anthony van Dyck and Henry Pierce Bone. One of his two sons, George Feilding, was the 1st Earl of Desmond.


References

^ Andrew Thrush, ‘Feilding, William, first earl of Denbigh (c.1587–1643)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, Jan 2008, accessed 1 Jan 2009 ^ G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume IV, page 178. ^ J. H. Round, Studies in Peerage and Family History ^ Venn, J.; Venn, J. A., eds. (1922–1958). "Feilding, William". Alumni Cantabrigienses (10 vols) (online ed.). Cambridge University Press. ^ Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, 3 volumes (Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003), volume 1, page 1084. ^ G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume II, page 487. ^ G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume VI, page 261. ^ Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 516. ^ Cokayne, and others, The Complete Peerage, volume II, page 265. ^ Sir William Feilding Peerage.com E. Lodge, Portraits (1850), iv. 113 J. Nichols, History of Leicestershire (1807), iv. pt. 1, 273 Hist. MSS. Comm Ser. 4th Rep. app. 254 Cal. of State Papers, Dom. J. H. Round, Studies in Peerage and Family History,1901, p. 216.

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

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