William Locke, Knight (1480 - 1550) MP

‹ Back to Locke surname

Is your surname Locke?

Research the Locke family

Sir William Locke, Alderman of London's Geni Profile

Records for William Locke

433,249 Records

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!


Nicknames: "Lok", "Lock"
Birthplace: of St. Mary le Bow, London, Middlesex, England
Death: Died in London, Middlesex, England
Occupation: mercer, Alderman, Sheriff of London 1548, M13MAY1540 STLAWRENCE OLD JEWRY LONDON, Alderman of London
Managed by: Denise Puckett
Last Updated:

About William Locke, Knight

Sir William Locke, Knight (1480-1550)

From: The Book of the Lockes, by John Goodwin Locke. NOTE:  Excerpts taken from The Gentleman’s Magazine, 1746 and contain known errors in the family history…

When Henry VIII had parliament pass two acts in 1534 that 1) declared that the Pope had no authority in England, and 2) declared that Henry was the head of the Church of England, Pope Clement VII reacted by issuing a Bull (proclamation) that a curse be upon Henry VIII and the whole country. This Bull was posted at Dunkirk, France, and William Locke succeeded in the dangerous mission of pulling it down.

For this exploit, the King granted him a freehold of 100 pounds per year, dubbed him a Knight, and made him one of the gentlemen of his privy chamber.

Sir William lived to be an alderman of London, and was Sheriff of the city in 1548. He died in 1550.

Of the descendants of Sir William in England, the information is imperfect, but the list includes: George Locke of Tiverton buried at St. Sidwell’s in Essex 1586, Thomas Locke of Little Horsely, Essex, Rev. John Locke, Rector of Askerwell, Dorset, father to the Rev. William Locke (d.1686), Sir John Locke, Knight, an East India director (d.1746), and James Locke, his brother, husband to the Turkey Company. And yet perhaps none of these can compare to the contributions of John Locke, the great metaphysician and philosopher (1632- 1704), the Gr. Gr. Gr. grandson of Sir William.


"Sir William Locke was employed by Henry VIII., having the charge of his commercial affairs 'both at home and abroad,' In the Cottonian Library, London, are several manuscript letters from him to the King, and to Secretary Cromwell, dated at Antwerp, 1533-34, 1535 and 1538, relating to some works caring on at Calais, concerning negotiations with France and about the Wollen trade. 'He was' says Collins 'particularly employed by Queen Anne Bullen privately to gather the Epistles, Gospels and Psalms, from beyond sea, in which he ran great hazard, some having been secretly made away with for attempting the same thing.'" ("Book of the Lockes.")


from " the Autobiography of Sir John Bramston, which was written between the years 1670 and 1699, but not published until 1845. Sir John Bramston was the gr. gr. gr. son of Sir William Locke. He was b. 1611, the son of Sir John Bramston, of Boreham, Knight, Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench, who was b. May 18, 1577, and m. Bridget, dau. of Sir Thomas Moundeford, M. D. of London, who m. Mary, dau. of Richard Hill, mercer of London, who m. Elizabeth, the "20th" child of Sir William Locke.

"The said Thomas Moundeford married Mary Hill, one of the daus. of Richard Hill, of London, by Elizabeth Lock, the twentieth child of Sir William Lock, the famous citizen Alderman and Lord Maior (a) of London, of whome I think fitt here to insert the storie as I find it wreten by one of his daughters, Rose, married first to Anthony Hickman, merchant aduenturer, from whom is descended the now Earle of Plymouth, and soe is the alliance betweene our families, he beinge descended of one daughter, and myself from another of Sir William Lock, but his tytle to Lord Windsor came by a marriage in that familie; her second husband was Throgmorton of Brampton in Huntingdonsheire, esqueir. I find it in wast paper in her Bible, which hath binn carefully preserued by the females in the familie acording to her order, and is now in the hands of my • sister Lady Palmer, beinge giuen her by the aforementioned Mary, her and my Grandmother.

The storie is (as I find it) thus:

In the 25th yeare of King Henry the 8th, that was 1530, William Lock, citizen and Mercer of London, beinge in Dunkirke when a curse (interdiction, I suppose) was sett vp by the Pope's tnessinger or nuncio, against the King and Kingdom, in fauor and at the request of Qucene Katharine, Mr. Lock beinge then there, he tooke itdowne, (soe farr, sayes she, goes Hollinshead; but his daughter Rose adds) for which seruice the Kinge gaue him 100 pounds a yeare, and knighted him, and soe (says she) he was the first, that, beinge a Knight, was sheriff of London. He had alsoe the speciall fauor of the Kinge, to haue a key to his priuie chamber, to come to him when he would. The Kinge dined at his house, he being the King's mercer.

(a) II may be questionable whether Sir William Locke was ever Lord Mayor of London.


Parents were Thomas Locke & Joan Wilcock. 20 children.

Sir William was born about 1486, London, Middlesex, England. and married Alice SPENCER. She was born in England and died 1522 in England.

He married second Catharine COOKE. She was born in England and died 14 October 1537 in England.

He married third 13 May 1540, in St. Lawrence, Old Jewry, London, Middlesex, England, Eleanor _______. She was born in England and died 1646 in London, Middlesex, England.

He married fourth 28 January 1547/48 in London, Middlesex, England. She was born in England and died in December 1551. She was buried 5 December 1551 in Mercers' Chapel, London, Middlesex, England.

William died 24 August 1550 in London, Middlesex, England and buried 27 August 1550 in Mercers' Chapel, London, Middlesex, England.


From the peerage.com

Sir William Lock1 M, #327850 Last Edited=4 Sep 2010

Sir William Lock married Catherine Cook, daughter of Sir Thomas Cook. He was also known as William Leake.2

Child of Sir William Lock and Catherine Cook

  1. 1.Rose Lock+1


  • 1.[S229] Burke John and John Bernard Burke, A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies of England (1841, reprint; Baltimore, Maryland, USA: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1985), page 263. Hereinafter cited as Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies of England.
  • 2.[S22] Sir Bernard Burke, C.B. LL.D., A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire, new edition (1883; reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1978), page 591. Hereinafter cited as Burkes Extinct Peerage.


  1. Book of the Lockes: A Genealogical and Historical Record of the Descendants of William Locke, of Woburn. With an Appendix Containing a History of the Lockes in England, Also of the Family of John Locke, of Hampton, N. H., and Kindred Families and Individuals (Google eBook) John Goodwin Locke. J. Munroe & Company, 1853 - 406 pages. Page 358
  2. Livery Companies - Event details 1459. Mercer, William Lok (Male) Master Sir, Knight, Alderman
  3. [http://wicked-good-books.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/11/03v-Women’s-Works-extract4-ROSE.pdf Women's Work extract - Chapter V - Rose (Locke) Hickman Throckmorton (1526-1613)]


view all 26

Sir William Locke, Alderman of London's Timeline

London, Middlesex, England
Age 31
February 8, 1514
Age 34
Age 44
London, London, , England
December 26, 1526
Age 47
London, Middlesex , England
Age 50
Age 52
London, Middlesex, England
August 3, 1535
Age 55
of London
Age 57
Age 60
London, Middlesex, England