Sir William Locke, Alderman of London

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William Locke, Knight

Also Known As: "Lok", "Lock"
Birthplace: of St. Mary le Bow, London, Middlesex, England
Death: Died in Merton, Surrey, England,
Place of Burial: London, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Thomas Locke, merchant of London and Joan Locke
Husband of Alice Locke; Katherine Locke; Eleanor Locke and Elizabeth Locke
Father of Thomas Locke; Joane (Jane) Meredith; William Locke; Peter Locke; Richard Locke and 15 others
Brother of Thomas Locke and Michael Locke
Half brother of Robert Henry Bourne and Elizabeth Hayward

Occupation: mercer, Alderman, Sheriff of London 1548, M13MAY1540 STLAWRENCE OLD JEWRY LONDON, Alderman of London
Managed by: Denise Puckett
Last Updated:

About Sir William Locke, Alderman of London

Sir William Locke, Knight (1480-1550)

From: The Book of the Lockes, by John Goodwin Locke. NOTE:  Excerpts taken from The Gentleman’s Magazine, 1746 and contain known errors in the family history…

When Henry VIII had parliament pass two acts in 1534 that 1) declared that the Pope had no authority in England, and 2) declared that Henry was the head of the Church of England, Pope Clement VII reacted by issuing a Bull (proclamation) that a curse be upon Henry VIII and the whole country. This Bull was posted at Dunkirk, France, and William Locke succeeded in the dangerous mission of pulling it down.

For this exploit, the King granted him a freehold of 100 pounds per year, dubbed him a Knight, and made him one of the gentlemen of his privy chamber.

Sir William lived to be an alderman of London, and was Sheriff of the city in 1548. He died in 1550.

Of the descendants of Sir William in England, the information is imperfect, but the list includes: George Locke of Tiverton buried at St. Sidwell’s in Essex 1586, Thomas Locke of Little Horsely, Essex, Rev. John Locke, Rector of Askerwell, Dorset, father to the Rev. William Locke (d.1686), Sir John Locke, Knight, an East India director (d.1746), and James Locke, his brother, husband to the Turkey Company. And yet perhaps none of these can compare to the contributions of John Locke, the great metaphysician and philosopher (1632- 1704), the Gr. Gr. Gr. grandson of Sir William.


"Sir William Locke was employed by Henry VIII., having the charge of his commercial affairs 'both at home and abroad,' In the Cottonian Library, London, are several manuscript letters from him to the King, and to Secretary Cromwell, dated at Antwerp, 1533-34, 1535 and 1538, relating to some works caring on at Calais, concerning negotiations with France and about the Wollen trade. 'He was' says Collins 'particularly employed by Queen Anne Bullen privately to gather the Epistles, Gospels and Psalms, from beyond sea, in which he ran great hazard, some having been secretly made away with for attempting the same thing.'" ("Book of the Lockes.")


from " the Autobiography of Sir John Bramston, which was written between the years 1670 and 1699, but not published until 1845. Sir John Bramston was the gr. gr. gr. son of Sir William Locke. He was b. 1611, the son of Sir John Bramston, of Boreham, Knight, Lord Chief Justice of the King's Bench, who was b. May 18, 1577, and m. Bridget, dau. of Sir Thomas Moundeford, M. D. of London, who m. Mary, dau. of Richard Hill, mercer of London, who m. Elizabeth, the "20th" child of Sir William Locke.

"The said Thomas Moundeford married Mary Hill, one of the daus. of Richard Hill, of London, by Elizabeth Lock, the twentieth child of Sir William Lock, the famous citizen Alderman and Lord Maior (a) of London, of whome I think fitt here to insert the storie as I find it wreten by one of his daughters, Rose, married first to Anthony Hickman, merchant aduenturer, from whom is descended the now Earle of Plymouth, and soe is the alliance betweene our families, he beinge descended of one daughter, and myself from another of Sir William Lock, but his tytle to Lord Windsor came by a marriage in that familie; her second husband was Throgmorton of Brampton in Huntingdonsheire, esqueir. I find it in wast paper in her Bible, which hath binn carefully preserued by the females in the familie acording to her order, and is now in the hands of my • sister Lady Palmer, beinge giuen her by the aforementioned Mary, her and my Grandmother.

The storie is (as I find it) thus:

In the 25th yeare of King Henry the 8th, that was 1530, William Lock, citizen and Mercer of London, beinge in Dunkirke when a curse (interdiction, I suppose) was sett vp by the Pope's tnessinger or nuncio, against the King and Kingdom, in fauor and at the request of Qucene Katharine, Mr. Lock beinge then there, he tooke itdowne, (soe farr, sayes she, goes Hollinshead; but his daughter Rose adds) for which seruice the Kinge gaue him 100 pounds a yeare, and knighted him, and soe (says she) he was the first, that, beinge a Knight, was sheriff of London. He had alsoe the speciall fauor of the Kinge, to haue a key to his priuie chamber, to come to him when he would. The Kinge dined at his house, he being the King's mercer.

(a) II may be questionable whether Sir William Locke was ever Lord Mayor of London.


Parents were Thomas Locke & Joan Wilcock. 20 children.

Sir William was born about 1486, London, Middlesex, England. and married Alice SPENCER. She was born in England and died 1522 in England.

He married second Catharine COOKE. She was born in England and died 14 October 1537 in England.

He married third 13 May 1540, in St. Lawrence, Old Jewry, London, Middlesex, England, Eleanor _______. She was born in England and died 1646 in London, Middlesex, England.

He married fourth 28 January 1547/48 in London, Middlesex, England. She was born in England and died in December 1551. She was buried 5 December 1551 in Mercers' Chapel, London, Middlesex, England.

William died 24 August 1550 in London, Middlesex, England and buried 27 August 1550 in Mercers' Chapel, London, Middlesex, England.


  • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 34
  • Lok, William by Sidney Lee
  • LOK, Sir WILLIAM (1480–1550), London merchant, was son of Thomas Lok, mercer of London, and grandson of John Lok, sheriff of London in 1400 (cf. will of Zachary Lok, 1603, in Somerset House). From the grandfather also descended John Locke, mayor of Bristol in 1642, who was 'a sort of cousin' of the father of John Locke [q. v.] the philosopher. William was, like his father, brought up as a mercer, and became sworn mercer and agent to Henry VIII beyond the seas. In May 1520 he supplied much cloth of silver for the queen's use (Henry VIII's Letters and Papers, vol. iii. pt. i. p. 852). In 1521 he figured among the Duke of Buckingham's creditors (ib.vol. iii. pt. i. p. 1285). On 7 March 1526-7 he received a license to import cloth of gold and silver, silks, and jewels for the king, and in November 1527 supplied stuffs for the court revels. In 1529 and the following years he spent some time on business at Bergen-op-Zoom and from that town and from Antwerp sent many interesting letters of intelligence to Cromwell or the king between 1532 and 1537. While on business at Dunkirk in December 1533 he pulled down the papal bull excommunicating Henry VIII, a service which the king acknowledged by giving him 100l. a year, and making him a gentleman of the privy chamber (Grafton, Chron. p. 1222; Brampton, Autobiography, pp. 8-9), Henry also showed his regard for him by dining with him at his house. In 1536 he resided 'in Cheapside, at the sign of the Padlock.' On 29 Dec. 1537 he was granted by Henry part of the possessions of 'Elayng Spittell.' He became an alderman of the city, and was elected sheriff in 1548, when he was knighted. On 10 Oct. 1549 he rode in the procession conveying the Duke- of Somerset to the Tower (Wriothesley, Chronicle, ii, 27). He died in his house in Bow Lane on 24 Aug, 1550, and was buried on the 27th in the Mercers' Chapel in the church of St. Thomas Acres (Machyn, Diary, i. 313). He married four times: (1) Alice Spencer (d. 1522); (2) Catherine, daughter of William Cooke of Salisbury {d. 14 Oct. 1537, and buried at St. Martin Abbey, Surrey}; (3) Elinor, widow of Walter Marsh (d. 1540); and (4) Elizabeth (d. 1551), widow of one Hatton and of Robert Meredith successively. His fourth, like his first, wife was buried in Mercers' Chapel (cf. Machyn, Diary, pp. 12, 323). He left issue by his first two wives: by the first, eight sons and one daughter, and by the second five sons and five daughters. Michael Lok [q. v.] and Henry Lok, father of Henry Lok [q. v.] the poet, were sons of the second marriage.
  • [Carew's Survey of Cornwall; Fox Bourne's Life of John Locke; Gent. Mag. 1792, p. 799; King's Life of Locke; Letters and Papers of Henry VIII; Dr. Grosart's Memoir of Henry Lok in Fuller Worthies' Miscellanies, vol. ii.]
  • From:,_William_(DNB00)


  • Sir William Lock1
  • M, #327850
  • Last Edited=4 Sep 2010
  • Sir William Lock married Catherine Cook, daughter of Sir Thomas Cook. He was also known as William Leake.2
  • Child of Sir William Lock and Catherine Cook
  1. 1.Rose Lock+1
  • Citations
  • 1.[S229] Burke John and John Bernard Burke, A Genealogical and Heraldic History of the Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies of England (1841, reprint; Baltimore, Maryland, USA: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1985), page 263. Hereinafter cited as Extinct and Dormant Baronetcies of England.
  • 2.[S22] Sir Bernard Burke, C.B. LL.D., A Genealogical History of the Dormant, Abeyant, Forfeited, and Extinct Peerages of the British Empire, new edition (1883; reprint, Baltimore, Maryland: Genealogical Publishing Company, 1978), page 591. Hereinafter cited as Burkes Extinct Peerage.
  • From the
  • Sources
  1. Book of the Lockes: A Genealogical and Historical Record of the Descendants of William Locke, of Woburn. With an Appendix Containing a History of the Lockes in England, Also of the Family of John Locke, of Hampton, N. H., and Kindred Families and Individuals (Google eBook) John Goodwin Locke. J. Munroe & Company, 1853 - 406 pages. Page 358
  2. Livery Companies - Event details 1459. Mercer, William Lok (Male) Master Sir, Knight, Alderman
  3. [’s-Works-extract4-ROSE.pdf Women's Work extract - Chapter V - Rose (Locke) Hickman Throckmorton (1526-1613)]


  • Sir William Lok (1480 – 24 August 1550) was a gentleman usher to Henry VIII and a mercer, alderman, and sheriff of London. He was the great-great-great-grandfather of the philosopher John Locke (1632–1704).
  • William Lok was the second son of Thomas Lok, a London mercer, and the grandson of John Lok, also a mercer, who was Sheriff of London in 1461.[1] His mother was Joan Wilcock (d.1512), only daughter of one 'Mr Wilcock' of Rotherham, Yorkshire.[2][3]
  • Even before he was admitted to the Mercers' Company in 1507, Lok had already supplied cloth of gold and silver to Henry VIII. During the course of his visits as a mercer to the annual markets in Antwerp and Bergen op Zoom in the Low Countries, he collected intelligence which he passed on to the King and his chief minister, Thomas Cromwell.[1]
  • In March 1527 he was granted 'exclusive licence to import silks, jewels, and mercery wares for court revels'. In addition to his trade as a mercer, Lok was involved in other business ventures, including the export of beer. In 1528 he supplied the royal ordinance with six hundred leather harnesses. In 1531 a ship travelling from Chios to London which had been hired by Lok and John Gresham was detained at Lisbon.[1] According to a letter dating from 1533, Lok had at some time visited Crete, and may thus have been involved in the wine or currant trade.[1] The wealth he had accumulated as a merchant by 1535 is indicated by the fact that he was rated in that year, perhaps in connection with a subsidy, at £1000.[1]
  • Lok and his wife were Protestants, and supported Henry VIII's divorce from Catherine of Aragon.[4][5] His daughter, Rose Lok, later recounted how he pulled down a copy of the bull by which Pope Clement VII had excommunicated Henry VIII[1][4][5] for his marriage to his second wife, Anne Boleyn:[6]
    • Of my father in Holinshed's Chronicle I find this story. In the 25th year of the reign of King Henry 8, being the year of Our Lord 1534,[7] at the suit of the Lady Catherine, Dowager, a curse was sent from the Pope, which cursed both the King and the realm. This curse was set up in the town of Dunkirk in Flanders, for the bringer thereof durst no nearer approach, where it was taken down by Mr Lok of London, mercer. Now I, his daughter, Rose Throckmorton, widow, late wife of Simon Throckmorton, esquire, and first the wife of Anthony Hickman, a merchant of London, reading this of my father, have thought good to leave to my children this addition to it, that for that act the King gave him £100 a year, and made him a Gentleman of his Privy Chamber, and he was the King's mercer, and his Majesty vouchsafed to dine at his house. Moreover he was knighted, although he was never mayor, but only Sheriff of London, and so was never any Londoner before him.
  • Lok also brought French translations of the Gospels and Epistles from the continent for Henry VIII's second wife, Anne Boleyn.[5][4]
  • On 20 October 1545 he was elected alderman for Vintry ward, and on 3 March 1549 was elected Sheriff, and knighted by the young Edward VI.[1] On 10 October 1549 he was among those who escorted the Lord Protector, Edward Seymour, 1st Duke of Somerset, to imprisonment in the Tower of London after his first fall from power.[1]
  • Lok died 24 August 1550 at his house in Bow Lane,[8] and was buried on 27 August near his parents and his first wife, Alice Spenser, in the Mercers' Church at St Thomas of Acre in London,[8] where his coat of arms was depicted in a window.[1] His fourth wife, Elizabeth Meredith, was also buried there after her death in 1551.[8] In his will he left houses and shops in various London parishes including Bow, Spitalfields, and Cheapside, as well as twelve farms near London, and the Dog's Head inn in Cheapside.[1]
  • Lok married firstly Alice Spenser (d.1522), an early convert to Protestantism.[1][8]
  • He married secondly Katherine Cooke (d. 14 Oct 1537),[8] daughter of Sir Thomas Cooke of Wiltshire.[4][1][9]
  • He married thirdly a wife named Eleanor (d.1546), who was the widow of Walter Marsh.[8][1]
  • He married fourthly Elizabeth Farthing (d.1551) who was the widow firstly of a husband surnamed Hutton and secondly of Robert Meredith.[10][8][1][11]
  • Lok had nineteen children, of whom five sons and seven daughters, all children of his first two marriages, survived to adulthood. According to Sutton, all Lok's sons were mercers, and it is likely that all his daughters were silkwomen.[5]
  • A pedigree of the Lok family assigns Lok's children to his first two wives as follows:[2]
  • By his first wife, Alice Spence or Spencer:
    • William Lok (1511–17), died without issue.[2]
    • Philip Lok (d.1524), died without issue.[2]
    • Jane Lok (b. 29 August 1512), who married Robert Meredith of London, mercer.[1][2]
    • Peter Lok (d.1517) died without issue.[2]
    • William Lok (1517–1519), died without issue.[2]
    • Richard Lok (d.1516), died without issue.[2]
    • Edmund Lok, 'died for love of Sir Brian Tuke's daughter, 1545'.
    • Thomas Lok (8 February 1514 – 9 November 1556), mercer, eldest surviving son by his father's first marriage, who married Mary Long.[12][2][13][14]
    • Matthew Lok (d.1551) of London, merchant, married Elizabeth Baker.[2]
  • By his second wife, Katherine Cooke:
    • Dorothy Lok, who married firstly Otwell Hill (d.1543) of London, merchant, and secondly John Cosworth of London and Cornwall, merchant. Otwell Hill was the brother of Richard Hill.[15][2][16][17]
    • Katherine Lok, who married firstly Thomas Stacey of London, Warden of the Mercers' Company in 1555 together with his brother-in-law, Thomas Lok,[18] and secondly William Matthew of Bradden, Northamptonshire.[2]
    • Rose Lok (26 December 1526 ), who married firstly the London mercer Anthony Hickman, son of Walter Hickman of Woodford, Essex, and secondly Simon Throckmorton, esquire, of Brampton, Huntingdonshire, and was a Marian exile. She died 21 November 1613, aged 86.[1][19][2]
    • John Lok, who married Margaret Spert, and died in France without issue. He went to Jerusalem in 1553, and to Guinea in 1554.[20][2][21]
    • Alice Lok, (d.1537), died without issue.[2]
    • Thomasine Lok (d.1530), died without issue.[2]
    • Henry Lok (d.1571) of London, merchant and mercer, who married Anne Vaughan, by whom he was father of the poet, Henry Lok. His will, dated 18 January 1571, was proved 31 October 1571.[22][1][23][2]
    • Michael Lok of London, merchant, who married firstly Jane Wilkinson, daughter of William Wilkinson, mercer and sheriff of London, and secondly Margery Perient, widow of Caesar Adelmare, father of Sir Julius Caesar.[24][1][2]
    • Elizabeth Lok (3 August 1535 – c.1581), who married firstly Richard Hill (d.1568), mercer and alderman of London, and by him had 13 children, and secondly Nicholas Bullingham, Bishop of Worcester, who died in 1576, by whom she had one child.[15][1][25][26][2]
    • John Lok, whose mother died at his birth, and he the day after.[2]
  • From:


  • Book of the Lockes : A genealogical and historical record of the descendants of William Locke, of Woburn ... (1853) By John Goodwin Locke
  • Pg.342
  • The Locke family in this neighborhood consider themselves as descended from a very ancient house, arguing that they gave name to the parishes where they lived, before the Conquest, and do not derive their name with a De from the parishes, as is very commonly the case.
  • However, I have not seen any account of this family before Robert Locke, whom we find to have been joined with Thomas de Saint Maur, as Vicecomes of Wiltshire, anno 1350. John Locke, sheriff of London, 1460, is the first in a pedigree in my possession. Thomas, his son, was a merchant in London, who died anno 1507, and by Joan his wife (who was the only daughter and heir of Mr. Wilcock of Rotheram in Yorkshire) left three sons, John, William, and Michael. John is said to have died without issue, and buried in Mercer's Chapel, 1519, with his arms (a) in the window, a proof the family bore arms before those granted by Queen Mary, 1555. William, married two wives ; (b) first, Elizabeth, daughter and heir of Mr. Spencer, a citizen and fishmonger of London ; secondly, Catharine, daughter of William, and sister and co-heir of
    • (a) I am of opinion, after an examination of Stow's "Survey of London," that the "arms in the window" were those of Sir William Locke, who was buried in Mercer's Chapel in 1550: yet a doubt remains.
    • (b) He had four wives.
  • Pg.343
  • Sir Thomas Cook, of Wiltshire, knight. Rose Locke, the only daughter by the second ventor was married to Anthony, son of Walter Hickman of Woodford, in Essex, Esq. ; by whom she became ancestor to the baronets of that name, the late Lord Montjoy, the present Earl of Plymouth. Matthew Locke, the youngest son by the first ventor, had an only daughter Elizabeth, married to Richard Chandler of London, merchant, son of William Chandler of Little Walsingham, in Norfolk, Gent. ; whose only daughter Elizabeth married Ferdinando Richardson (who died 1596), groom of the stole to Queen Elizabeth. The above William Locke, 25 Henry VIII. undertook to go over to Dunkirk, and pull down the pope's bull, which had been there posted up by way of a curse to the king and kingdom. For this exploit the king granted him a freehold of .£100 per annum, dubbed him knight, and made him one of the gentlemen of his privy-chamber. Sir William lived to be an alderman of London, and was sheriff of the city in 1548. He died 1550, and by his first wife, left issue eight sons and daughters, exclusive of Matthew already mentioned. Of these elder branches of Sir William Locke's family we have in Somersetshire a very imperfect account. George Locke, of Tiverton, who was buried at St. Sidwell's in Exeter, anno 1586, was supposed to be one of the sons. And from another of them, Thomas Locke of Little Horsely, in Essex, is said to have been descended. He married Susannah, daughter of Sir William Welby, of Gedney, in Lincolnshire, Knight of the Bath, whose issue was an only daughter, Susannah, wife of the Rev. John Carse, D. D. She died Nov. 10, 1649. Perhaps from one of these sons descended the Rev. John Locke, Rector of Askerwell, in the County of Dorset, father to the Rev. William Locke, who died 1686, and who by a daughter of the Rev. Lyte Whynnel, clerk, became seized of the perpetuity of his father's living, which was by the Rev. William Locke, his son (who died May 8, 1722), sold to William Bennet of Norton Bavent in the County of Wilts, whose grandson is the present incumbent. It has been supposed that we are indebted to some part of Sir William Locke's family for two very respectable characters, in the persons of Sir John Locke, Knight, an East India director, who died 1746, and James Locke his brother, husband to the Turkey Company. I think you have told us in your Magazine, that a Mr. Oates, of Richmond in Surry, had one hundred and fifty thousand pounds in 1748, with a daughter of the latter ; and a Mr. Rawlinson, of Wiltshire, is thought to have had some such sum with a daughter of the former, with whom he intermarried in 1740.
  • The Rev. Mr. Locke, of Newark upon Trent, the Lockes of Oxfordshire, Gloucestershire, Wiltshire, Essex, London, and Bristol, including the celebrated Miss Locke of poetical memory, (see p. 72 of your present volume,) can say whether they do or do not derive their descent from Sir William Locke, Knight, Alderman of London.
  • Michael Locke, younger brother (a) of Sir William, according to a pedigree now before me, was father amongst other children of Matthew Locke, who became seated at Pensford in Buckinghamshire, and had two sons, Richard and Christopher. The former ... etc.
    • (a) English antiquarians have supposed that the Michael Locke here spoken of was a son of Sir William and not his brother, and so I have represented him in the chart that follows this article ; but I have strong suspicion that the statement in the text is true, and that Sir William had both a brother and a son named Michael. If I am right in my supposition, Matthew of Pensford, who is represented in the chart as the son of Michael, and gr. son of Sir William, was in fact the son of Michael and nephew of Sir William.
  • Pg.358
    • CHART
  • John Locke, Sheriff of London 1461, his Monument was in the Church of St. Mary, Bow, London. He was probably descended from Thomas Locke, of Merton Abbey, in Surrey. Lyson says the Rectory of Merton was granted to Thomas Locke by Edward III. in 1291.; ch: Thomas (m. Joan Wilcock) Locke.
  • Thomas, merchand of London, d. 1507, buried at St. Thomas of Acres, London. = Joan, only dau. and heir of Mr. Wilcock or Wilkokes, of Rotheram, in Yorkshire; d. 1512.; ch: Sir William (m. Alice Spence or Elizabeth Spencer & Katherine Cook & Eleanor & Elizabeth) , John, Thomas (m. Mary Minister), Michael? Locke.
  • Sir William, Knt. and Alderman, b.1480, d. 1550. he was knighted by Hen. VIII. for going over to Dunkirk and pulling down the Pope's bull; was sheriff of London 1548. Sir William was Bent. of the Privy Chamber. His 3d wf. was Eleanor, wid. of Walter Marshe. She d 1546. His 4th wf. was Elizabeth, widow of Robert Meredith. = 1st. Alice Spence or Elizabeth Spencer, of London, who died 1522, buried at Mercer's Chapel. London.; ch: William (b.1511), Philip (d.1524), Jane (m. Robt. Meredith), Peter (d.1517), William (b.1517), Richard (d.1516), Edmund (d.1545), Thomas (m. Mary Louge), Matthew (m. Elizabeth Baker) Locke.; = 2d. Katherine, dau. of William, and sister and co-heir of Sir Thos Cook of Wiltshire, Knt. She was buried at Merton Abbey, Surrey. She d. Oct. 14, 1537.; ch: Dorothy (m. Otwell Hill & Jno. Cosworth), Katherine (m. Thomas Stacey & William Matthew), (Pg.359 Rose (m. Anthony Hickman & _ Throgmorton) John, Alice, Thomasin, Henry (m. Anne Vaughan), Michael (m. Jane Wilkinson & Margery Preyn), Elizabeth (m. Richard Hill & Nicholas Bullingham), John Locke.
    • William, b. 1511, died 1517.
    • Philip, d. 1524, s. p.
    • Jane, born August 29, 1512; m. Robt. Meredith, of London, Mercer.; ch: Mary (m. Richard Springham) Meredith.
    • Peter, died 1517, s. p.
    • William, b. 1517, d. 1519.
    • Richard, d. 1516.
    • Edmund, died for love of Sir Brian Tuke's or Tuck's daughter 1545.
    • Thomas, b. Feb. 8, 1514, a merchant of London = Mary, dau. of __ Louge.; ch: William, Rowland, Matthew (m. _ Allen), John, Mary Locke
    • Mathew, of London, Merchant. = Elizabeth, daul of __ Baker, d. 1551.; ch: Elizabeth (m. Rich'd Chandler) Locke
    • Dorothy, md. 1. Otwell Hill, of Lond, merchant; 2. m. Jno. Cosworth, of Lond., merchant.; ch: Thomas Cosworth.
    • Katherine, m. 1 Thomas Stacey, of London, mercer. 2. m. William Matthew of Braden, Northamptonshire.
    • Pg.359
    • Rose, b. Dec. 26, 1526. 2 m. __ Throgmorton, Esq., of Brampton, in Huntingtonshire She d. Novemb. 21, 1613, a. 86. = 1. Anthony Hickman, merchant of London, son of Walter, of Woodford, in Essex.; ch: William, Henry (m. Ann Wallop), Walter (m. Elisabeth Stanes), Anthony (d.1597), Matthew, Eleaser, dau. (m. Robert Phillips) Hickman
    • John, d. in France s.p. went to Jerusalem 1553 and to Guinea 1554.
    • Alice, d. 1537, s p.
    • Thomasin, d. 1530, s. p.
    • Henry, of London, merchant and mercer. His will, dated Jan'y 18, 1570, proved Oct'r 31, 1571. = Anne Vaughan.; ch: Henry, Michael, Anne (m. _ Moyle) Locke.
    • Michael, of London, merchant, 2. m. Margery Peryn, wid. of Caesar Dalmarias, fa. of Sir Julius Caesar, Knt. = 1. Jane, dau. of William Wilkinson, mercer, and Shr. of London.; ch: Matthew, Eleaser, Benjamin, Zachary, dau. (m. Wm. Sanson), dau. (m. _ Jenney) Locke.
    • Elizabeth, b. Aug. 3, 1535, 2 m. Nicholas Bullingham, Bishop of Worcester, 1570, who d. 1576. Had one child. = Richard Hill, of London, who d. 1568, by him had 13 children.; ch: Katherine (m. Dr. Goad), Elizabeth (m. Edw'd Archbold), Margaret (m. Luke Smyth), Rowland, Otwell, Mary (m. Sir Thos. Mounteford, M.D.), Ann (m. _ Andros) Hill.
    • John, his mother died at his birth, and he d. the day after.


  • Dictionary of National Biography, 1885-1900, Volume 34
  • Lok, Michael by John Knox Laughton
  • LOK, MICHAEL (fl. 1615), traveller, was a younger son of Sir William Lok [q. v.] According to memorials presented by Michael Lok in 1576 and on 26 May 1577 (Cal. State Papers, East Indies), he was kept at school until 1545, when he was thirteen. His father then sent him to Flanders and France. After being seven years in Flanders he went in 1552 to Spain, following his business as a merchant, and there and at Lisbon had opportunities of seeing ‘the marvellous great trade of the Spanish West Indies, and the great traffic into the East Indies.’ During twenty-four years ‘he travelled through almost all the countries of Christianity,’ and was ‘captain of a ship of one thousand tons in divers voyages in the Levant.’ He also studied history, languages, and ‘all matters appertaining to the traffic of merchants, and spent more than 500l. in books, maps, charts, and instruments.’ His boast is corroborated by Hakluyt (Divers Voyages to America, Hakluyt Soc., p. 18), who speaks of him as ‘a man for his knowledge in divers languages, and especially in cosmography, able to do his country good, and worthy, in my judgment, for the manifold good parts in him, of good reputation and better fortune.’
  • In the course of his many voyages he had already made the acquaintance of Martin Frobisher [q. v.], and in 1576 entered warmly into the scheme for the voyage to the north-west, supplying many of the necessaries at his own cost. When the Cathay Company was formed in March 1577, Lok was appointed governor for six years. The venture, however, entirely failed, and in January 1579 he had to petition the privy council for relief and assistance (Cal. State Papers, East Indies). For the past three years, he wrote, he had taken charge of all the business of Frobisher's voyages; of his own money he had expended some 7,500l., ‘all the goods he had in the world, whereby himself, his wife, and fifteen children are left to beg their bread.’ On this petition 430l. was allowed him in February 1579; but in June 1581 he was again petitioning the privy council, being a prisoner in the Fleet, condemned at the suit of William Borough to pay 200l. for a ship bought for Frobisher's last voyage, ‘which is not the petitioner's debt.’ He was also bound for a debt of nearly 3,000l., ‘still owing by the company of adventurers.’ He was still petitioning in November, when he had been six months in prison (ib. pp. 63, 70). Of his release there is no account; but he does not seem to have recovered his money, and as late as 1614–15 he was still being sued for a debt of 200l. due for stores supplied to Frobisher's ships (Exchequer Decrees and Orders, 12–13 Jac. I).
  • In 1587–8 Lok was in Dublin, and in 1592 went out to Aleppo under an engagement as consul for the Levant Company for four years. After two years, however, the appointment was summarily cancelled, by the intrigues—as Lok asserted—of one Dorrington, in the employment of Sir John Spenser, alderman of London (Addit. MS. 12497; Zachary Lok to Cecil, 9 Dec. 1598, in Cal. State Papers, Dom.). He claimed the full amount of his salary for the four years; but in 1599 he was still claiming it, nor does it appear that he was ever paid. In 1603 Lok's son Zachary died, bequeathing him his seal, his black coat lined with plush, and all his books. On 29 June 1608 Lok wrote to the Earl of Salisbury, sending him intelligence of the warlike preparations of the king of Spain (ib.), and in 1614–15 he was still defending an action as to the debts of the Cathay Company. He was then eighty-three, and doubtless died shortly afterwards.
  • Lok married, first, Joan, daughter of William Wilkinson, sheriff of London. She died 1571, leaving several children, of whom eight are named in her will (dated 9 Feb. 1570–1, proved by Lok 6 April 1571). He married, secondly, Mary (or Margaret), daughter of Martin Perient, treasurer to the army in Ireland, widow of Cæsar Adelmare (d. 1569), and mother of Julius Cæsar [q. v.] the judge. In 1579 Lok described himself, in his petitions, as having a wife and fifteen children. An essay, ‘An conveniens sit Matrimonium inter Puellam et Senem’ (Add. MS. 12503), which he wrote in 1583, might be thought to imply that he was meditating a third marriage in his old age. Besides this essay, he translated into English part of Peter Martyr's ‘Historie of the West Indies,’ which was published in 1612. Lok's name is here spelt as he signed it.
  • [Authorities in the text; notes and references kindly communicated by Mr. W. Noel Sainsbury and Mr. G. E. Cokayne.]
  • From:,_Michael_(DNB00)





  • Michael Lok, also Michael Locke, (c.1532–1620x22) was an English merchant and traveller, and the principal backer of Sir Martin Frobisher's voyages in search of the Northwest passage.
  • Michael Lok was born in Cheapside in London,[1] by his own account in 1532.[2] He was one of the nineteen children,[3] and the youngest of the five surviving sons, of Sir William Lok (1480–1550),[1] gentleman usher to Henry VIII and mercer, sheriff and alderman of London, by his second wife, Katherine Cooke (d.1537), daughter of Sir Thomas Cooke of Wiltshire. One of his sisters was the Protestant exile, Rose Lok (1526–1613).[2][1][4] His father, Sir William Lok, was the great-great-great-grandfather of the philosopher John Locke (1632–1704).[4]
  • He was kept at school until 1545, when he was thirteen, at which time he was sent by his father to Flanders and France 'to learn those languages and to know the world'[2] He spent .... etc.
  • Lok married firstly, about 1562, Jane Wilkinson, the daughter of William Wilkinson (d.1543), mercer and Sheriff of London in 1538, by Joan North (d.1556), only sister of Edward North, 1st Baron North, and daughter of Roger North (d.1509) and Christian Warcop.[1][5][6][7][8] Lok's first wife died in 1571, leaving several children, of whom eight are named in her will (dated 9 February 1570–1, proved by Lok 6 April 1571).
  • Lok married secondly Margery Perient (died c.1583),[9][1] daughter of George Perient of Shropshire and Hertfordshire,[10][11] widow of Cæsar Adelmare (d.1569), and mother of Sir Julius Cæsar the judge.[9][1] In 1579 Lok described himself as having a wife and fifteen children.
  • From:


  • HICKMAN, Henry (d.1618), of Northampton.
  • Yr. s. of Anthony Hickman, merchant, of London and Woodford, Essex by Rose, da. of Sir William Locke, mercer, of London. educ. ?St. Paul’s; St. John’s, Camb. 1565, BA 1569, fellow 1571, MA 1572, senior fellow 1581, LLD 1584; incorp. Oxf. 1572. adv. Doctors’ Commons 1595. m. 8 Apr. 1601, Anne, da. of Richard Wallop of Bugbrooke, Northants., wid. of one Eccleston, of Eccleston, Lancs., 1s. 2da.
  • .... etc.
  • From:


  • The visitation of London in the year 1568. Taken by Robert Cooke, Clarenceux king of arms, and since augmented both with descents and arms by Cooke, Robert
    • Cosworth.
  • .... etc.
  • Robert Cosworth sonne & Heyre of Simon. = ___ da. of John Wolvedon of Woluedon in Cornwall. ; ch: Nicholas (eldest sonne), John (m. Dorothy Lock) Cosworth
    • John Cosworth Esq. 2 sonne Mercer of London for that he lived after the death of his nephew John is heyre masle to the howse of Cosworth. = Dorothy da. of Sr William Lock of London Alderman. ARMS. Per fess azure and or, a pale counterchanged, on the first three falcons rising, holding in their beaks a padlock of the second. ; ch: Thomas (sonne & heyre), John, Edward, Nicholas, William Cosworth.


  • Genealogical Gleanings in England, Volume 2 By Henry Fitz-Gilbert Waters
  • JOHN LOCKE, citizen and mercer of London 13 November 1510 (2 H. viii.), with a codicil bearing date 20 April 1518, proved 16 December 1519. If it please God that I decease within the city of London or within twenty miles nigh unto the same city then I will that my body shall be honestly conveyed and brought from the place where it shall happen me to decease unto the church of St. Thomas of Acres in West Cheape of London. My goods &c. to be divided into two equal parts if I die without issue, the one half for myself for the performance of this my will &;c. and the other half to remain unto Mary my wife. But if I die leaving issue &c. then three parts, whereof one part to myself one to my wife and the third to such issue as God shall send between her and me. The church of St. Antonyne, London, where as I am a parishioner. The church of Aldermary. The church of St. Mary Bothawe next London stone. Other churches &c. A marble stone of the value of ten marks to be laid upon me, to be graven with such convenient pictures and sculpture as shall be thought requisite. Gowns of black cloth of the price of five shillings the yard for my wife, my mother, Thomas Foster and his wife, John Bodman grocer, William Burwelles and his wife, William Locke and his wife and other persons, to the number of twenty persons. The poor. An honest priest of good name and fame to sing for my soul and my father's soul and all my kinsfolkes' souls in the foresaid church of St. Thomas of Acres, in the chapel there called the Mercers' Chapel, at seven or eight of the clock in the morning to begin his mass and at the Lavatory of mass to turn him to the people to say de profundis for my soul and the souls abovesaid by the space of ten years next ensuing after my decease. Other services. To Elizabeth Bulstrode my mother, if living at day of my decease, ten pounds. To Edith Underhill, late dwelling in St. Bartilmewe Spitell, if she be alive the time of my decease, twenty pounds sterling. Thomas Foster, "Browderer" of London, and Eme his wife. Jane my "sustre" in law. Alice Heron late servant with Edith Underhill. Dorothy my sister in law. Margaret Burwell. To twenty poor maidens' marriages thirteen pounds six shillings eight pence. Wife Mary to be executrix. Lands in Bedfordshire. William Burwell mercer of London. Ayloffe, 24.
  • OTWELL HYLL citizen and mercer of London, 11 November 1543. proved 21 November 1543. Goods &c. to be divided into three equal parts, whereof Dorothy my wife shall have one, according to the laudable custom of the City of London. The second part I give to the child now being in my wife's womb (if she be with child), to be paid at age of twenty one or marriage. If said child die before that time I give said part to my wife Dorothy. My brother Thomas Lok of London, mercer, shall have the governance, keeping and bringing up of my said child. The third part of my goods I reserve to myselt to perform my legacies and bequests. My late master Mr. William Gresham of London, mercer. Anthony Gresham of London, mercer, deceased. The last will and testament of my uncle Aleyn Hill deceased. My mother and my natural brethren and "sustern," being in the County of Lancaster. My uncle Randolfe Smyth. The parish of Rachdale in the County of Lancaster. My mother and my brother Thomas Hill (evidently living there). My brother Randolfe Hill. My brother Richard Hill. My brother Aleyn Hill. I give and bequeath to every of Thomas Lok, James Broun, Edmunde Lok, Matthew Lok and Thomas Stacye a black gown and a ring of gold of the value of forty shillings a piece. To either of my father in law Mr. William Lok of
  • London, mercer, and my mother in law his wife a ring of gold of the value of forty shillings and a black gown. To every other my said father in law's children a black gown. My wife Dorothy to be sole executrix and Thomas Lok and James Broun overseers. Spert, 27.
  • MY last will 1549 in March. WILLIAM LOK mercer and alderman of London (indexed on margin "T. Willi Lock militis") proved 11 September 1550. Written 15 March. To be buried in the mercers church at the great Conduit in Cheape, in the middle of the body of the church there where lieth buried my father and mother and my first wife. Money to be given to the four prisons, Newgate, Ludgate, the Marshalsey and Kings Bench. Money to be given in alms at Martyn, Wymbilton, the two Totings and Totnam. The poor of the Vintry Ward. Other poor. I give to Thomas, Mathew, John, Henry and Myghell Lok, my five sons, my dwelling house in Bow Lane and my house at the Lock in Cheape and my house at the Bell in Cheape, with all the shops and appurtenances belonging to them to that intent that they, or some of them, may dwell in them and keep the retailing shop still in my name to continue there. I give to John Loke my house that Parris now dwelleth in. To Henry Lok my house that John Edwardes dwelleth in. Three houses to Mighell Lok. Another house to Henry. Two houses to Matthew Lok. To John, Harry and Mighell Lok all my houses in the Poultry and Bucklersbury and in St. Johns Street. To Mathew Loke all my houses at Dowgate and in the Vintry. To Thomas Lok all my houses in Cheape being in St. Peters parish there. I give more to Thomas Lok my land at Martyn and Wymbilton that I may give him except one farm which I give to Henry and Mighell Loke my young sons. I give the lease of my garden betwixt my five sons to be kept in their hands for all their recreations in Grub Street. Other property divided among them. They to pay to my well beloved wife Elizabeth, for dower, forty pounds every year during her natural life out of all my lands and houses, as appeareth by a certain Indenture of Covenants &c. She to have a certain sum of money for her part of all my goods &c. by the custom of this noble City. My daughter Elizabeth to have to her marriage as much as any of my daughters that be ready married have had of my goods. My executors to be Thomas, Mathew and Henry Lok and my overseers John and Myghell Lok, and because some of my sons be young I shall desire my trusty and well beloved friend Sir Rowland Hyll, knight and alderman, to be my chief overseer. Per me Sir William Lok knight and alderman.
  • Commission issued 6 April 1571 to Michael Lok natural and lawful son &c. to administer the goods left unadministered by Thomas, Mathew and Henry Lok executors; now deceased. Coode, 20.
  • ELIZABETH LOCKE, widow, of the city of London ("Domina" in Act Book) 8 September 1551, proved 27 February 1551. Many legacies to individuals named. Margaret the maid that dwelleth with my daughter Anne Lock. Thomas Typkyne, brewer, for that he lost certain money by my husband Hutton. William, Mary, Elizabeth and Ellen Meredyth the children of my late husband Robert Meredithe. My house hold stuff at Newington. Newington Green. I give and bequeath to these persons following, each of them, a gold ring of the value of forty shillings apiece to Thomas Locke and his wife, to Mathew Loke and his wife, to Henry Lock and his wife, to Anthony Hickman and his wife, to Thomas Stassye and his
  • wife, John Cowswarth and his wife, Mighell Locke, John Locke, Richard Hills and Elizabeth Locke. My sister Elizabeth Farthinge. My sister Myston and her husband. Mr. Blundell and his wife. David Apowell and his wife. Mathew Fylde and Elizabeth Meredithe. William Meredith and Ellen Meredith. My mother Meredith. Others. To Elizabeth Locke one gilt cup with a cover, weighing twenty five ounces, with her arms on the cover. Richard Spryngham and his wife. Elizabeth Springham my son's daughter, to her marriage. Elizabeth and Robert Nicolles my godchildren. My son Richard Springham. Thomas Stacy mercer. John Cowswarthe mercer. I make my son Richard Springham and Thomas Nicolles the elder my executors.
  • Memorandum that the last day of November Auno 1551 this testament was presented as the last will and testament of this testator by the hands of Ellen Meredithe, this present day the day of the departure of the same in presence of &c. Powell, 7.
  • MATHEW LOCKE citizen and mercer of London, 23 February 1551, proved 27 May 1552. Goods &c. to be divided into three equal parts whereof wife Johan to have one, after the laudable custom of the city of London, the second to my daughter Elizabeth at age of twenty one or marriage, the third I reserve to myself and to mine executors. If daughter die before age or marriage then a part of her portion to the mercers' company and part to be divided among the children of my brother Thomas Locke and my brother Anthony Hickman, one half to each. Twelve sermons to be preached in St. Stephens Walbrooke. My cousin Makebray. Poor householders in Merton, Surrey, and at Tottenham. To my father Rigges and my mother his wife a standing cup, gilt, that my father Sir William Lock gave me at the day of my marriage. To wife Johan the lease of my house in which I dwell in London and my part of a lease in Tottenham. A ring of gold of forty shillings each to my father Rigges and his wife, my father Jermayn and his wife, my brother Thomas Locke and his wife, my brother Henry Locke and his wife, my brother John Lock, my brother Mighell Loke, my brother in law Anthony Hickman and his wife, my brother Thomas Stacy and his wife, my brother John Cosowarth and his wife, my brother Richard Hill and his wife, my brother Marshe and his wife, my cousin Richard Springham and his wife, my cousin Feilde and his wife, Mr. Robert Rose and his wife, my sister in law Elizabeth Baker and my friends Edward Castlen, William Dale and William Pierson. The residue to wife and daughter equally. Wife Johan and the said Thomas Lock and Anthony Hikman to be executors. Thomas Rigges and Edward Castolyn among the witnesses. The widow renounced execution. Powell, 16.
  • THOMAS LOK citizen and mercer of London, 21 March 1553, with a codicil, proved 11 December 1556. To be buried in the Mercers Church in West Cheape, London, commonly called St. Thomas of Acoru church, as nigh to the place there where my late father lieth buried as conveniently may be. My loving brethren and friends John Cosowarth, Thomas Stacy and Anthony Hykman citizens and mercers of London. My younger sons Rowland, Thomas and Mathewe Lok. Houses, lands, &c. in the city of London and the Suburbs and in the Counties of Middlesex and Surrey. Wife Mary to have (among other property) my best ring of gold set with a diamond that was my father's. My daughter Mary at lawful age or
  • marriage. My four sons, William, Rowland, Thomas and Mathew Lok at twenty one. William, my eldest son, and Anthony Hikman, my brother, to be executors, my said brother to administer by himself alone until my said eldest son shall accomplish the age of eighteen years.
  • In the codicil he speaks of his brother Thomas as having deceased. And God hath given me one other son whose name is John and one daughter called Anne and besides my said wife is with child, at this present uncertain whether it be a man child or a woman child. Mary mine eldest daughter. Ketchyn, 26.
  • ZACHARY LOK, 29 January 1602, proved 4 April 1603. I desire that my body might be buried in Mercers Chapel in London near to the place where my great grandfather Thomas Lok and my grandfather Sir William Lok were buried, if it please God I die near London, or otherwise in the parish church of that place where it shall please God to call me. The poor of Bow parish. To my father Mr. Michael Lok my seal of arms &c. To my brother Eleazer Lok my hoop ring with a diamond which I wear and the "Armyng swoorde" and dagger which my Lord Willoughby gave me. My brother Benjamin Lok. My brother Jenny and his wife. My brother Sansom and my sister Jone his wife. My sister Sansom's children. My brother Bleuett in Cornwall and each of his children by my sister Anne Lok. I give to Sir Edward Norris knight mine armor complete,
  • with the trunk wherein it is, which I pray him to accept, which I do in consideration of a wrong which I was privy unto that was done to his brother Sir John Norris in the low countries. And I know not where else to make any satisfaction for the clearing of my conscience. The residue I give and bequeath to my dearly beloved mistress Ursula Johnson whom I intend, by God's grace, to make my wife ; and her I do nominate, constitute and appoint to be the sole executrix of this my will. Bolein, 27.


  • Lincolnshire pedigrees Vol. 2 by Maddison, Arthur Roland
  • Pg.493
    • Hickman of Gainsborough. Pg.493-496
  • .... etc.
  • Walter Hickman of Woodford, co. Essex, 10 Henry 8, 1519; a benefactor to divers churches in Northamptonshire. = Alice, dau. of . . . . Jephson of Froyle, co. Hants. ; ch: William, Henry, Anthony (m. Rose Locke), Alice (m. John Waverley), Dorothy, Jane (m. John Ramridge) Hickman.
    • Anthony Hickman of London 1540, 3rd son, much in favour with Henry 8 and Edward 6. = Rose, dau. of Sir William Locke of London, Knt.; co-heir of her mother Catherine, dau. of Sir Thomas Cooke of Co. Wilts; died . . . . ; bur. at Gainsborough.
    • .... etc.



view all 27

Sir William Locke, Alderman of London's Timeline

London, Middlesex, England
Age 31
February 8, 1514
Age 34
Age 44
London, London, , England
December 26, 1526
Age 47
London, Middlesex , England
Age 50
Age 52
London, Middlesex, England
August 3, 1535
Age 55
of London
Age 57
May 13, 1540
Age 60
London, Middlesex, England