Solomon שלמה בן יהודה Ibn Gabirol איבן גבירול (1021 - 1058) MP

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Birthdate:
Birthplace: Málaga, Andalucía, España
Death: Died in Valencia, Comunidad Valenciana, España
Managed by: Ilana Burgess
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About Solomon שלמה בן יהודה Ibn Gabirol איבן גבירול

Solomon ibn Gabirol Solomon ben Judah שלמה בן יהודה אבן גבירול‎, أبوأيوب سليمان بن يحيى بن جبيرول‎, Abu Ayyūb Suleiman ibn Yahya ibn Jabirūl; Avicebron, was an Andalusian Hebrew poet and Jewish philosopher with a Neoplatonic bent. He was born in Málaga about 1021; died about 1058 in Valencia.

רבי שלמה בן יהודה אִבְּן גַבִּירוֹל (1021 – 1058) היה משורר ופילוסוף יהודי בתור הזהב של יהדות ספרד.

Little is known of Gabirol's life. His parents died while he was a child. At seventeen years of age he became the friend and protégé of Jekuthiel Hassan. Upon the assassination of the latter as the result of a political conspiracy, Gabirol composed an elegy of more than 200 verses. The death of Hai Gaon also called forth a similar poem. When barely twenty Gabirol wrote Anaḳ, a versified Hebrew grammar, alphabetical and acrostic, consisting of 400 verses divided into ten parts. Of this grammar, ninety-five lines have been preserved by Solomon Parḥon. In these Gabirol reproaches his townsmen with their neglect of the Hebrew language.

Gabirol's residence in Zaragoza was embittered by strife. He thought of leaving Spain, but remained and wandered about. He gained another friend and patron in the person of Samuel ibn Naghrela, whose praises he sang. Later an estrangement arose between them, and Naghrela became for a time the butt of Gabirol's bitterest irony. All testimonies agree that Gabirol was comparatively young at the time of his death, which followed years of wandering. The year of his death was probably 1058 or 1059.

A legend concerning the manner of Gabirol's death is related by Ibn Yaḥya in "Shalshelet ha-Kabbalah." In this legend, a Muslim poet, jealous of Gabirol's poetic gifts, killed him, and buried him beneath the roots of a fig tree. The tree bore fruit abundantly; and the fruit was of extraordinary sweetness. This strange circumstance excited attention; a search was instituted, the remains of the murdered Gabirol were brought to light, and the murderer expiated his crime with his life.(Wikipedia)

פיוטים Piyyutim

http://www.piyut.org.il/cgi-bin/search.pl?lang=&teiman=&Author=42&Tradition=&RulerComponents=authors

http://medievalhebrewpoetry.org/ibngabirolselection1.html

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solomon_ibn_Gabirol

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Solomon ibn Gabirol's Timeline

1021
1021
Málaga, Andalucía, España
1058
1058
Age 37
Valencia, Comunidad Valenciana, España