Brychan Gododdin ap Anllach, Saint, Brenin Brycheiniog
|Birthplace:||Brycheiniog, Powys, Wales, United Kingdom|
|Death:||Died in Powys, Wales, United Kingdom|
|Place of Burial:||Lundy Island, England|
Son of Anlach Goronog Goronog mac Cormac, King of Ireland and Marchell verch Tewdrig
|Occupation:||Brenin Brycheiniog, Saint, founded the church of S. Nevyn|
|Managed by:||Private User|
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About St. Brychan Gododdin, Brenin Brycheiniog
ID: I51199 _ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brychan _
Name: Brychan ap ANLACH
Given Name: Brychan ap
Change Date: 13 AUG 2009
Brychan (Saint) ap ANLLACHaka Brecon (King) of BRYCHEINIOG
!Arch Rec: Brychan Documents (three variations of his wife, Prwast; History of
Breckonshire (lists wives as Eurbrost, Ambrost, and Pharwystry); Bonedd Y Sain
(lists wives as Eurbrawst, Rhybrawst and Peresgri [Pheresgri]); Eminent
!ASSUMPTION: because of the extreme number of children, the first 3 marriages
have been assumed to have taken place at the same time. The children in the
4th and 5th marriages have been separated from the others, because of the
time periods in which they were married, which definitely places them later
then the other children.
1 Birth: 400 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Death: 450 in Wales, United Kingdom
Reference Number: > 60 WEL
Father: Anlach ap CORONAC b: 375 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Mother: Marchell ferch TEWDRIG b: 379 in Garthmadrun, Talgarth, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Marriage 1 Ribrawst (Ribwast) of POWYS
Nyfain ferch BRYCHAN b: 460 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Gwawr ferch BRYCHAN b: 472 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Brychan II Prince of MANAU b: ABT 470 in , South Wales
Marriage 2 Spouse Unknown
Beilo ferch BRYCHAN b: ABT 416 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Bethan ferch BRYCHAN b: ABT 418 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Cein "Breit" (Ceinwen) verch BRYCHAN b: ABT 420 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Cerddych ferch BRYCHAN b: ABT 422 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Clydai ferch BRYCHAN b: ABT 424 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Cynheiddon ferch BRYCHAN b: ABT 426 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Dwyn (Dwynwen) ferch BRYCHAN b: ABT 428 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Eiliwedd ferch BRYCHAN b: ABT 430 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Goleu ferch BRYCHAN b: ABT 432 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Gwen ferch BRYCHAN b: ABT 434 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Ilud ferch BRYCHAN b: ABT 436 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Tudfyl ferch BRYCHAN b: ABT 438 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Tudwystl ferch BRYCHAN b: ABT 440 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Tybie ferch BRYCHAN b: ABT 442 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Tudglid ferch BRYCHAN b: ABT 450 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Gwladus ferch BRYCHAN b: ABT 452 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Ceingair ferch BRYCHAN b: ABT 454 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Marchell ferch BRYCHAN b: ABT 474 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Lluan ferch BRYCHAN b: ABT 476 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Marriage 3 Prawst ferch TUDWAL b: 400 in Wales, United Kingdom
Rhain "Dremrudd" ap BRYCHAN b: 420 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Meleri ferch BRYCHAN b: 428 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Clydwyn ap BRYCHAN b: ABT 418 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Hunydd ferch BRYCHAN b: ABT 422 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Gwrygon "Goddeu" ferch BRYCHAN b: ABT 543 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Arianwen ferch BRYCHAN b: ABT 426 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Marriage 4 Banhadlwedd ferch BANADL b: ABT 404 in , Powys, Wales, United Kingdom
Cynog ap BRYCHAN b: ABT 416 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Arthen ap BRYCHAN b: ABT 418 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Cyflifer ap BRYCHAN b: ABT 420 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Cynon ap BRYCHAN b: ABT 422 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Dingad ap BRYCHAN b: ABT 924 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Pasgen ap BRYCHAN b: ABT 426 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Berwyn ap BRYCHAN b: ABT 928 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Papai ap BRYCHAN b: ABT 430 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Rhydoch ap BRYCHAN b: ABT 432 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales, United Kingdom
Abbrev: Pedigree Resource File CD 6
Title: Pedigree Resource File CD 6 (Salt Lake City, UT: Intellectual Reserve, Inc., 1999)serve, Inc., 1999)serve, Inc., 1999).
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Brychan Brycheiniog was a legendary 5th-century king of Brycheiniog (Brecknockshire) in South Wales.
Celtic hagiography tells us that Brychan was born in Ireland, the son of a Prince Anlach, son of Coronac, and his wife, Marchel, heiress of the Welsh kingdom of Garthmadrun (Brycheiniog), which the couple later inherited. Upon his father's death, he returned to Garthmadrun and changed its name to Brycheiniog. Brychan's name may a Welsh version of the Irish name Broccán and that of his father Coronac may represent Cormac. The Life of St. Cadoc by Lifris (c. 1100) portrays Brychan fighting Arthur, Cai and Bedivere because of King Gwynllyw of Gwynllwg's abduction of his daughter St. Gwladys from his court in Talgarth.
Portraiture and veneration
He is occasionally described as an undocumented saint  but the traditional literature does not call him a saint, referring to him as a patriarch instead, and he has no churches named for him. A 15th century stained glass window in the parish church at St Neot in Cornwall, supposedly depicts Brychan, seated and crowned, holding in his arms eleven children. This, however, has been described by a standard modern guide as "God the Father with souls in his lap".
Children of Brychan
According to Christian tradition, Brychan married three times: Prawst ferch Tydwal, Banhadlwedd ferch Banadi and Gwladys, and had a very large family. These are mentioned in several manuscripts, including those by William Worcester, John Leland and Nicholas Roscarrock. The number of children attributed to him varies from twelve to sixty-three, the number most frequently encountered being twenty-four. There are two main lists however, one of Welsh origin and one of Cornish origin. Most of his children appear to have travelled from Brecon to evangelise Cornwall and North Devon, where they are now venerated, but there is little agreement between the two lists. Some are referred to as being 'in Manau' which has led to associations of Brychan with Manaw Gododdin in modern Scotland; although the Isle of Man seems more likely.
The numbers of children may have grown over time, as more and more seculars as well as saints wished to claim descent from one of the 'Holy Families of Britain'. Listed below are children from Welsh, Cornish, Irish and Breton sources:
Sons in Welsh sources
The sons listed in the Cognacio Brychan, De Situ Brecheniauc and the genealogies of Jesus College MS 20 are Cynog, Rhain Dremrudd, Clydwyn, Arthen, Papai, Dingad, Berwyn and Rhydog. Also listed, but not in all three, are Cynon, Pasgen, Cylflifer, Marthaerun and Rhun. Other Welsh sources claim the following additional sons: Caian, Cynbryd, Cynfran, Cynin, Dogfan, Dyfnan, Dyfrig, Hychan, Llecheu, Neffei, Rhawin, Llofan, Llonio, Heilin, Afallach, Gwynnen and Gwynnws.
Daughters in Welsh sources
The De Situ Brecheniauc lists: Meleri, Hunydd, Gwladys, Ceingar, Tudglid, Nyfain, Gwawr, Marchell, Lluan, Gwrygon Goddeu, Arianwen, Bethan, Ceinwen (Keyne), Cerddych, Clydai, Cynheiddon (identified with Saint Endelienta), Dwynwen, Eiliwedd, Goleudydd, Gwen, Lludd, Tudful, Tudwystl and Tybie. Other Welsh sources claim the following additional daughters: Beiol, Tydieu, Eufail, Hawystl, Edwen, Gwenrhiw, Tudwen, Callwen, Gwenfyl, Gwennan and Mwynwen.
Descendants in Cornish sources
Listed in the Life of Saint Nectan are, by his wife, Gwladys:
Adwen, Canauc (Cynog), Cleder (Clether), Dilic (Illick), Endelient (Endelienta), Helie, Johannes (Sion), Iona, Juliana (Ilud), Kenhender (Cynidr), Keri (Curig), Mabon (Mabyn), Menfre (Menefrewy), Merewenne (Marwenna), Morewenna (Morwenna), Nectanus (Nectan), Tamalanc, Tedda (Tetha), Wencu (Gwencuff, Gwengustle, name of Saint Nennocha), Wenheden (Enoder), Wenna (Gwen), Wensent, Wynup (Gwenabwy) and Yse (Issey).
According to Robert Hunt, of the holy children that settled in Cornwall, we learn that the following gave their names to Cornish churches
Johannes at St Ive
Endelient at St Endellion
Menfre at St Minver
Tedda at St Teath
Mabon at St Mabyn
Merewenne at Marhamchurch
Wenna at St Wenn
Keyne at St Keyne
Yse at St Issey
Morewenna at Morwenstow
Cleder at St Clether
Keri at Egloskerry
Helie at Egloshayle
Adwen at Advent
Lanent at Lelant
The Book of Leinster lists the following sons by Brychan's wife, Dína daughter of the King of the Saxons: Mo-Goróc, Mo-Chonóc (Cynog), Diraid, Dubán (Dyfnan), Cairinne (Caian), Cairpre, Iast, Ellóc (Dilic), Paan, Cáemán and Mo-Beóc,
Breton tradition says that Brychan married Menedoc daughter of Constantine, King of the Scots. Together they were the parents of Saint Nennocha.
^ Koch, John T. Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia ABC-CLIO Ltd (15 Mar 2006) ISBN: 978-1851094400 p.301
^ Thornton, "Brychan Brycheiniog (fl. c.500)." ODNB.
^ Catholic Online, "St Brychan"
^ *Orme, Nicholas (2000) The Saints of Cornwall OUP Oxford (6 Jan 2000) ISBN: 978-0198207658 p.77
Thornton, David E. "Brychan Brycheiniog (fl. c.500)." Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press, 2004. -------------------- Based on merged profiles,
Prince of Manau Manau Gododdin
King of Brycheiniog
Born circa 437 or 450 -SPF -------------------- Based on merged profiles, born circa 407 or 419. -SPF -------------------- Brychan of Brecknock From OrthodoxWiki Jump to: navigation, search
The holy and right-believing King Brychan of Brecknock (b. circa 419) (also Brychain, Brecon, Brocanus) lived during the 5th Century in South Wales. He is famous for producing 24 children with his three wives, all of whom became saints known as the Tribe of Brychan; later becoming a hermit. His feast day is April 6. Life
St. Brychan was born in Ireland to King Anlach and Queen Marchel. Queen Marth was heiress of the Kingdom of Garthmadrun in Wales, to where they soon moved, residing at Y Fenni-Fach. At the age of four, St. Brychan was sent to be tutored by the blind St. Drichan along the River Ysgir. After seven years of education, St. Drichian asked young Brychan to bring him his spear, with which he pointed to a boar and stag that came out of a forest near a river of fish and beech tree dripping with honey. From this, St. Drichian predicted a bright future for St. Brychan.
When a war began between King Anlach and Irish usurper Banhadle, King of Powys, St. Brychan was sent as a hostage to the enemy's court when the opposing army proved stronger. Now a young man, St. Brychan was received well but soon fell in love with Banhadle's daughter, Banhadlwedd. Because the courtship was denied, he is said to have raped her.
Upon the death of Anlach, St. Brychan was allowed to return home with the pregnant Banhadlwedd. They came to the capital of Caer Efong, where St. Brychan was elevated to King by the local nobles. It was then that Banhadlwedd bore St. Cynog, whom St. Brychan had baptised and to whom he gave a gilded iron Armilla, or Torc from Heaven, as paternal recognition, which the child Cynog wore on his head.
St. Brychan became known as a goodly king, great patron of the Church, and observer of Her teachings. For this, the people renamed their land to Brycheiniog (known today as Breckknock) in his honour. Throughout his reign, the Holy King married thrice, producing 24 children who grew to become enlighteners of North Devon and Cornwall, some of whom also produced saintly offspring.
As good as he was to his people, St. Brychan was known to be ruthless to his enemies. After declining a proposal by a neighbouring king, St. Gwynllyw of Gwynllwg, to marry St. Brychan's daughter, St. Gwladys, she was kidnapped. St. Brychan pursued St. Gwynllyw, fighting a battle lasting days, until the High-King (King Arthur by legend) took St. Gwynllyw's side and ordered them to reconcile. Another time the King of Dyfed or Gwynedd raided Brycheiniog for glory, but discovering the action, St. Brychan slaughtered the army in battle, collecting the enemies' dismembered limbs as trophies.
Becoming old, St. Brychan abdicated his throne to his eldest legitimate son, Rhain Dremudd, and retired to Ynys Brychan to live as a hermit, where he reposed and was buried at an old age. Sources
* St. Brychan Catholic Online: Saints & Angels * St. Brychan Bran, from Lundy, Isle of Avalon by Mystic Realms * Cornwall: Land of the Saints Coast Lines, 2004. * Celtic and Old English Saints: 29 March: St. Gwynllyw of Wales; St. Gwladys IrishCatholicChurch@YahooGroups * King Brychan Brycheiniog of Brycheiniog David Nash Ford's Early British Kingdoms * St. Cynog David Nash Ford's Early British Kingdoms * Gwynllyw Wikipedia * Rhain Dremrudd, King of Brycheiniog David Nash Ford's Early British Kingdoms
Saint Bryan Ap AnnlachSaint Bryan Ap Annlach (b. 419, d. 450) Saint Bryan Ap Annlach (son of Anlach Mac Cormac and Marchell Ferch Tewdrig)1, 1 was born 419 in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales1, 1, and died 450 in Y1, 1. He married (2) Prawst Ferch Tudwal in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales1. He married (3) Ribrawst Verch Vortigern. He married (4) Banhadlwedd Verch Banadl. He married (5) Rigrawst. He married (6) Roistri. He married (7) Anlach in Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales1.
More About Saint Bryan Ap Annlach and Prawst Ferch Tudwal: Marriage: Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales.1
More About Saint Bryan Ap Annlach and Anlach: Marriage: Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales.1
Children of Saint Bryan Ap Annlach are:
1. +Bychan V De Manau, b. 450, Manau, Gododdin1, 1, d. 4671, 1
-------------------- King of Brycheinoig -------------------- Brychan Brycheiniog, King of Brycheiniog (Born c.AD 419) (Latin: Brocanus; English: Brecon) St. Brychan Brycheiniog was the son of King Anlach of Garthmadrun by Marchel, heiress of that kingdom. Perhaps he was a freckled baby as his name implies. Brychan was born in Ireland but, soon afterward, his parents moved Wales, to Y Fenni-Fach, then Marchel's homeland of Garthmadrun. At the age of four, Brychan was sent to be tutored by a holy-man named Drichan beside the River Ysgir. Seven years, Brychan was schooled in the ways of the World, before the poor blind Drichan finally called Brychan to bring him his trusty spear for the last time. With it, he pointed to a nearby boar and a stag who came from the forest to stand with a fish in the river, by a beech-tree dripping with honey; and Drichan predicted a happy and abundant future for the young Brychan.
A few years later, war broke out between Anlach and Banadl, the usurping Irish King of Powys. The fight did not go well for Anlach, and he was forced to send Brychan to Powys as a hostage in order to protect his lands. Brychan was treated well at the Irishman's court, but he fell madly in love with his host's daughter, Banhadlwedd. The match was frowned upon and, overcome with lust, Brychan took the poor girl by force. Before Brychan was sent back to Gathmadrun at the end of the War, the Irish Princess bore him a son named Cynog. Brychan gave his child a golden armilla as a sign of his paternal recognition.
Back in Garthmadrun, Anlach eventually died and the nobles raised Brychan to the Kingship. From Talgarth, His reign was triumphant, as Drichan had predicted, and the people decided to rename the Kingdom Brycheiniog in his honour. He was a saintly King dedicated to the Christian Church and its teachings. He married three times and had so many saintly children, they are almost impossible to count. The most popular figure is twenty-four sons and twenty-four daughters. Together they are known as one of the "Holy Families of Britain".
Depsite his piety, Brychan was not above defending his lands or his family when the need arose. One of his eldest daughters, Gwladys, was once abducted by King Gwynllyw of Gwynllwg. Brychan and his armies pursued them for many days and many nights before a horrendous battle was fought at which many men fell. Luckily, the High-King Arthur intervened and the two Welsh Monarchs were soon reconciled. On another occasion, the King of Dyfed (or Gwynedd) raided Brychan's Kingdom in order to dispel a boast by one of his countrymen, that no spoil could ever be taken from Brychan's land. When the King of Brycheiniog discovered this treachery, he led his armies to a great battle victory, after which the dismembered limbs of the enemy were collected as trophies!
In old age he is believed to have abdicated the throne of Brycheniog in order to become a hermit. He was succeeded in Brycheiniog by his eldest son, Rhain Dremudd. Professor Thomas suggests that Brychan's life at this period should be identified with that of his so-called son, St. Nectan. He died at a great age in the mid-5th century and was buried on Ynys Brychan (possibly Lundy Island).
CHILDREN OF BRYCHAN BRYCHEINIOG Source Records
From a combination of sources, it appears that the most popular Celtic tradition concerning King Brychan Brycheiniog stated that he had eleven sons and twenty-four daughters. However, their numbers grew over time, as more and more seculars as well as saints wished to claim descent from one of the Holy Families of Britain. Welsh, Cornish and Irish sources are, however, at complete variants with each other over the names of these children.
The earliest and most reliable sources are the De Situ Brecheniauc, the Cognacio Brychan and the Jesus College MS20. These Welsh records all list the following sons of Brychan, the first by Banhadlwedd daughter of Banadl, the others by his three wives, Prawst, Rhybrawst and Eurbrawst:
The following sons appear in the Cognacio Brychan and the Jesus College MS20, though the De Situ Brecheniauc refers to them as grandsons:
These two sources also list two extra sons:
Other Welsh sources claim the following additional sons:
The De Situ Brecheniauc also lists the following daughters:
Other Welsh sources list the following extra daughters:
Cornish sources are based on the Life of St.Nectan in the Gotha MS M.n.57 and list twenty-four children of Brychan by his wife, Gwladys:
The Irish record of The Mothers of the Irish Saints is found in the Books of Leinster, Ballymote, Lecan and Uí Maine. They list the following sons by Brychan's wife, Dína daughter of the King of the Saxons:
Breton Tradition says that Brychan married Menedoc daughter of Constantine, King of the Scots. Together they were the parents of:
St. Brychan Gododdin, Brenin Brycheiniog's Timeline
Powys, Wales, United Kingdom
Brycheiniog, Breconshire, Wales
Cymru, Breconshire, , Wales
Manau Gododdin, Wales