Stanley De Brath, M.Inst.C.E.
|Birthplace:||Sydenham, Kent, United Kingdom|
|Death:||Died in Kew, London, United Kingdom|
|Cause of death:||Died at 1:45 am on Monday morning, 20th December 1937|
|Place of Burial:||Golders Green Crematorium|
Son of Felix Dupeiron De Brath and Anna 'Louisa' De Brath
|Occupation:||Civil Engineer (India/England), Educator, Translator, Author and Psychical Researcher|
|Managed by:||Private User|
Historical records matching Stanley De Brath, M.Inst.C.E.
About Stanley De Brath, M.Inst.C.E.
1854 October 10 - Stanley born at the height of the Crimean War - his Spanish born (British naturalized) father Felix having left the same year for business in Montevideo, Uruguay in South America (Felix was there for five years, returning when Stanley was four). They were then living in Sydenham (in the district of Lewisham) Kent - now a part of Greater London. (Source: Morning Chronicle - Saturday 14 October 1854)
1854 Birth Registration Quarter: Oct-Nov-Dec District: Lewisham, Greater London SE26, UK
1858 Dec - brother Ernest born
1860 - brother Frank born, in Paris France (To quote Stanley in his 1920 autobiography: "........my father, tiring of the (English) country life, went to Paris. we had a house at Neuilly and then an "appartement" in the Rue du Chemin de Versailles, at the top of the Champs Elysees, for, I think, two years - 1860-62.
1862 Moved to Cosham, near Portsmouth, Hampshire (again Stanley states: " a house with beautiful grounds which I remember with pleasure".)
1869 - brother Cyril born when Stanley was 15.
1871 English Census: transcription error lists 'W' instead of 'De' for Felix and omits De for the rest of the family Felix W Brath 52 Louisa Brath 42 Stanley Brath 16 - born Sydenham Ernest Brath 12 - born Forest Hill, Surrey Frank Brath 10 - born Paris France - British Subject Cyril Brath 1 - born Lee, Kent.
In this Census, the De Brath and Newton families (both ancestors) are listed as neighbors, including Philip A. Newton, aged 10 born in Chiswick, who later married Ethel Sheringham. Ethel's sister, Priscilla, married Stanley De Brath:
Home schooled until age ten.
1864, at ten years old was sent to a dame's school - acc to Stanley's autobiography received much bullying at this institution Location: Brighton, Sussex, United Kingdom
followed by: St. Mary's College Preparatory School - a "high church' school selected by his mother, and, according to Stanley, with loathsome sanitary conditions and corporal punishment" Location: Harlow, Essex, United Kingdom
followed by: Lancing College (13 years to 15 years old) - another 'ultra high church' school where, according to Stanley, bullying and abuse were rampant Location: Lancing, United Kingdom 1869 - 1873 Home Schooled by Tutor between 15 and 19
1874 Coopers Hill College
The Royal Indian Engineering College I.C.E. College (Institution of Civil Engineering) at Coopers Hill Surrey, United Kingdom - where Stanley's autobiography states he excelled '(graduated 3rd out of 50), receiving prizes for rifle-shooting and in the workshop. (*a British college of Civil Engineering, intended to train engineers for the Indian Public Works department. The work of the college was transferred to India in 1906. – see www.ice.org.uk)
Entry from Register of Students Admitted to The Royal Indian Engineering College Coopers Hill 1871-1906'
Surname De BRATH
Given names Stanley Birth 10 October 1854 Marr 1882 Death 20 December 1937, at 13 Hyde Park Gardens Wifes name Priscilla Sheringham Fathers name Felix de Brath Term at CH: 1874-77 Academic achievements at Coopers Hill
- 1st year; prize in engineering;
- 3rd year prize in engineering;
Passed for the Indian Public Service as assistant engineer, 2nd grade; Served practical course at Westwood Baillie & Co. Poplar, London E.
Career Posted to Indus Valley Railway
- Founded Preparatory School in Guernsey;
- transferred to Bookham, Surrey 1901;
- later to Charters Towers, East Grinstead, Sussex
[Source: Coopers Hill Mag. IX 6 p90 & Obit Coopers Hill Mag. XIII 4]
ADULT LIFE 1877, aged 22, entered the Indian Service and spent the next years as a Civil Engineer iin the (Indian) Imperial Railway Service and Assistant Secretary to the Government of India Public Works Department, mostly in (Indian) native States and on the N.W. Frontier.
".....British on the other hand, after conquering the areas now constituting Pakistan in mid nineteen century moved the first line of defense all the way to the top of Hindu Kush Mountains. Thus freeing themselves to span the major rivers with permanent structures for both road and rail use. An era of large permanent bridge structures dawned in areas now constituting Pakistan." [Source: The Bridges of Pakistan" December 26, 2006 - newspaper All Things Pakistan]
1877 Indus Valley Railway
Stanley's memoirs recall his first charge was the Empress Bridge over the Sutlej, then levelling down the Indus Valley line to Sukkur "which was well done for I closed on the Trigonometrical Survey benchmark with an error of only half-an-inch in 200 miles." From his 'excellent' subordinate Baby Manerji. During this time he took daily lessons in Hindustani
1978 In the area of Rajputana was put in charge of first the Kalol sub-division, then of the Rohera and successive sub-divisions of the main
Western Rajputana Railway
construction. Finally he had charge of the whole branch of 350 miles from Ajmir to Nimach. Most of this service was spent living in friendly contact with natives of India of all classes including the Rajputs. [Mayo College was established by the British government in 1875 at Ajmer, Rajputana to educate Rajput princes and other nobles.]
From 1880 to 1882 Stanley lived with a 'Rajput' girl named 'Kesi' in Erinpura, Rajasthan. When he left on transfer he left her Rs400 in cash, all of his househould gear and bought for her the freehold of her little house and land in Erinpura. She subsequently married a 'Musselman' in comfortable circumstances. It is believed that they had two children during that time, subsequently adopted into her new family, but retaining the name 'De Brath'.
Also during this time Stanley said "I shot 9 tigers on foot, 1 from a tree, several leopard and bear and any amount of small game and black-buck. This, and later, some rather reckless riding after pig and between the flags, gave me a certain reputation that most men get from games." Stanley also played polo.
"The mass of people are not discontented, but very ignorant. The intellectuals are deeply discontented - they want respectful treatment and courtesy which they do not always get, and a share in the government of their own country. There are among them many wild men who stir up race-hatred to gain their own ends. While I was working on the Rajputana railway, I "found a score of my foremen-gangers sitting around my bungalow one morning. They asked me the meaning of the Census then in progress. I told them the King wanted to know the number of his subjects - "We are all counted, you and me and everyone." They said, "There is a babu from Calcutta who tells us that we are too many and the Government is counting us to know how many should be poisoned, and taxes doubled on the rest." I said, "These are fantastic lies: some of you are old men and can remember there was a count ten years ago. Did anything happen.?" Why then does he (the babu) tell us this?" I replied "Because he wants to make trouble. I wish he were thrown into the tank." They said "Is that an order?" "No of course not", I replied........but they went and threw him into three feet of mud and water!" ["Scepticism', by Stanley De Brath. pp 82-83]
1879 During the 2nd Afghan war, Stanley and a colleague, Jennings, of the Royal Engineers, were sent to strike out a line to Quetta (The South Afghanistan Railway Survey).
Currently (2013) there is great discontent in Quetta between many of the Shiites (including Hazaras, an ethnic group that migrated to Pakistan from Afghanistan more than a century ago) and the majority - Sunni Muslims.) "I lived five years on the Indian* frontier [current day Pakistan and Afghanistan frontier], and I know the temper that prevails there....war is considered the noblest occupation for a man." [Source: "Spiritualism and War. A Lecture.", page 6, Stanley De Brath. 24 Nov 1922]
In the fall of 1882, Stanley went to England and married an English girl, Priscilla Sheringham, whose family came from Fakenham, Norfolk.
At about the same time they married, his youngest brother, Cyril (aged 13) died of typhoid fever.
19 October 1882 in St Margaret's Church, Lee, Kent.
[Source: The Ipswich JournalSuffolk, England 24 Oct 1882 Births, Deaths, Marriages and Obituaries] Lynn. DE BRATH - SHERINGRAM. - 19th inst., at Lee, Streatham (Kent, UK), Stanley De Brath, eldest son of F. De Brath, of Russell Crescent, Brighton, to Priscilla Sheringham, of Blessington Road, Lee (Kent, UK),, second daughter of the late T. W. Sheringham, of Fakenham Marriages as reported in 'Domestic Occurrences' in the Times of India 1882 Editions
- Grooms Surname de Brath
- Grooms First names Stanley
- Brides Surname Sheringham
- Brides First names Priscilla
- Place Lee
- Year 1882 Oct 19
- Register Entry Oct 19th at St Margaret's Lee Mr Stanley de Brath of the Indian Public Works Dept to Priscilla daughter of the late Mr TW Sheringham of Fakenham Norfolk
- Register Edition 18 Nov 1882
Her dowry helped his meager salary - he was disappointed at serving for 7 years without promotion owing "to the simple fact that the Secretary of State in England did not realize that to double recruitment on a fixed cadre is to halve promotion, and the R.E. Heads of Departments were too busy doing justice to the claims of their own men in the service to have any to spare for the civilian members."
April/May 1883 "Something of myself and other autobiographical writings" by Rudyard Kipling refers to a week's mountaineering climb from Simla up the Himilaya-Tibet road to Kotgurh, via Baghi at 9000ft, in India (near NW Frontier) with 29 yr old Stanley and 27 yr old Priscilla April 30 thru early May 1885, when Rudyard was 18 years old. Stanley De Brath and Rudyard Kipling remained friends thereafter. Extract: : “The party consisted of young Rudyard Kipling' and a man in the Public Works Department named De Brath with his newly wedded wife Priscilla, their servants from down-country, and relays of hill-coolies to carry baggage.” “Kipling found himself odd man out in what was almost a honeymoon party and was envious of his companions’ happiness. On the journey, the wife coyly admitted she was in the family way, a felicitous event that Kipling remembered to use in The Story of the Gadsbys.”
July 21, 1883 - son Harold was born at Nasirabad, Rajputana, India
1885, August 30 - daughter Gladys was born in Simla, Bengal, India
When War was imminent in 1885, Stanley was one of four engineers specially chosen to make the mountain (upper) section of the Bolan military (railway) line, align the permanent line in that part and also that leading to Chaman on the (then) present frontier [between India and Afghanistan]. He was "busy from 5AM to 10PM daily on the engineering work and with 3000 men to feed."
1885, October - as recounted in his book "Scepticism', pp 82-83 - Stanley was able to quell a major Bolan riot in the Bolan Pass. "In putting through the Bolan military railway, he was given 10,000 pounds sterling a month to expend. It was a position of great trust, for the fulfillment of which he received the thanks of the Government. He had left his wife in Simla. The Engineer-in-Chief took him up to the plain of Hirok and left him there with no subordinates, no water and no plant but with money to hire workers - through telegraph to the magistrate at Peshawar he engaged 1500 Afghan labourers, on stamped contracts for six month on double pay and rations. After two weeks' work they thought they were masters of the situation and struck for treble pay. He refused; they said they would pay themselves, and half of them descended in a crowd with their long Afghan stabbing knives drawn, to the police tent where he had 30,000 rupees under a guard of twelve Sikh police. He heard them coming, called out the guard, ordered to load with ball cartridge, and might have fired on the crowd but that the muskets had no caps. The rioters of course did not know this; they stopped about twenty yards from the levelled carbines. He covered the ringleader, arrested him, and had him flogged then and there by the police, with his revolver at the man's ear in case of rescue. The riot was quelled and the men returned to work." "If he had not been acting justly both he and the police would have been killed on the spot." He informed the Chief and did not send in an official report, and there the matter ended.
After the work on the Bolan Pass railway had been completed he was transferred to be the Personal Assistant to the Engineer-in-Chief in Quetta, and remained there until he contracted a severe bout of fever while rectifying a portion of the Sind-Pishin railway, sending him with his family in 1889 back to England on a year's furlough, where on
1889, November 25th his son Noel Stanley De Brath was born at home at 29 Quentin Road, Lee, Lewisham, Kent, UK.
1890, Aged 11 months, Noel died in Fakenham, Norfolk - home of Priscilla's family (death is registered in Walsingham, Norfolk, Dec 1890) of Hodgkin's Disease (very rare in one so young). (Sources: Birth Certificate and BMD transcription)
It is thought that Stanley had already returned to India. He wrote:
"I was personally a contented agnostic till, in 1889, the facts led me away from that position to a sincere belief in essential Christianity. I do not now start from a prepossession in favour of survival or any other doctrine and select arguments to prove it - that is a reversal of the process. My late friend, Alfred Russel Wallace, the co-discoverer with Darwin of evolutionary law".........Like Wallace, I started as a sceptic and was convinced by the weight of the facts." Also ..."being familiar with these matters since 1889, having the privilege of friendship with most of the distinguished men from whose works I have quoted, and having seen nearly all the phenomena myself under strict conditions, I may be able to give a summary to serve as an introduction to more extended reading on facts which have a close bearing on personal life and conduct for every man and woman, and are pregnant with great changes in scientific and religious ideas." (Source: Extract from his 1925 book on "Psychical Research, Science and Religion")
- Harold and Gladys were with their mother Priscilla in England in 1889 and 1890 during the short life of their brother Noel. After this, Priscilla returned to be with Stanley in India for the next three years, leaving Gladys (age 5) and brother Harold (age 8) in the care of her family - the Sheringhams - in Fakenham, Norfolk, England. "Grannie Garland taught us to read and write and do sums." In the Easter holidays Gladys and Harold used to go and stay with the De Brath grandparents (Anna and Felix).
Four years later, Stanley retired from position as Assistant Secretary in 1894. [Stanley's and Priscilla's journey home was reported in the newspaper: "The Colonies and India › 24 February 1894 › Page 36" - Union Steamship Co.'s B.M.S. "Tartar" (Capt. E. T. Jones) Southampton, February 18]
He took up Educational work in England, publishing his first book in 1896 (see below).
At the same time, he began to study Chemistry and Geology. Darwin's "Descent of Man" made him a convinced 'materialist' and believer in 'materialisms', and he was also a friend of Dr. Arthur Russell Wallace who, before and independently of Darwin, proposed a theory of natural selection which prompted Charles Darwin to publish on his own theory.
1894 Stanley's children returned to live with him and Priscilla.
1896 Author: S. De Brath Book: The Foundations of Success: A Plea for Rational Education Publisher Kessinger Publishing , ISBN-10 1430473533, ISBN-13 9781430473534 1896
Nov. 1899 Journal of Education, p.730: George Philip and Son. "Over-Pressure" by (Authors) S. De Brath and F. Beatty (28yrs old - educator from Ireland, vice-principal at Stanley's school)
The De Brath and Hemy families both lived in Jersey, Channel Islands in 1901 - Harold De Brath and Gwenytth Hemy (both aged 17 and 16 respectively in 1901) were later married.
There is a family portrait photo of Gladys as a young girl with the imprint of 'Guernsey' on the corner - see below:
1901 CENSUS: British Channel Islands
Administrative County of Guernsey, Civil Parish of St Mary De Castro - living at Honmets, 208 Grands Rognes (or Bagues?), Castel (Parish of St Mary de Castro), Jersey, Channel Islands
Stanley 47 (born 1854) - Civil Engineer Retired. Priscilla 45 Harold 17 Gladys 15 Frederica Beatty* (partner, schoolmistress) aged 30 - born in Ireland* 3 pupils 3 servants and 1 cook
- CHARLOTTE ELIZABETH FREDERICA BEATTY
Date of Birth 5 January 1869 Address 67 MOUNTJOY SQUARE, DUBLIN, IRELAND Father EDWARD BEATTY Mother KATE SELINA BEATTY
1909, June 14 Son, Harold's Marriage Certificate signed by the Duckworth, Sub Dean of Westminster and Witnessed by daughter Gladys De Brath. (Lists her address as 24 Abercorn Place )
Charters Towers School
Established school at Charters Towers, Lingfield, nr East Grinstead, Surrey (Stanley's daughter, Gladys, met her future husband, Cyril McSwiney, there in 1910)
Stanley wrote "At Charters Towers we succeeded entirely in giving boys a reverence for the Bible by selecting typical passages and explaining them their 'natural' meaning, quite apart from any theological explanations. Every story and legend was taken as having (1) a historical setting and (2) a moral meaning.
1911 UK Census for Charters Towers, Lingfield, Surrey (District of Godstone) - near East Grinstead, Sussex:
- Stanley De Brath - Head, Married 29 years, M. 56 yrs old, Retired Engineer, Schoolmaster, Born Sydenham, India
- Priscilla (transcription error states Bisalt) De Brath, Married, F. 54 yrs old, born Fakenham, Norfolk
- Gladys De Brath - Daughter, Single, F. 25 yrs old, born Simb. India
- Frederica Beatty, Vice Principal, Single, M. 39 yrs old, b. Dublin Ireland
- Margaret Hyde, Visitor, Single F. 35 yrs old, Matron, b. Woolwich, Kent.
- Eve Hemy (transcription error states Eve Henry), Visitor, Single F. 29 yrs old
Preston House Preparatory School
1911 See photo of Stanley, Priscilla, Gladys and Frederica Beatty at Preston House, East Grinstead, Surrey, - a preparatory school for boys est. by Stanley.
1913 Frederica (Rica) Beatty was vice-principal at his school and died aged 42 from pneumonia contracted while on holiday in France. Her loss made the school a heavy burden for Stanley and overtaxed the powers of his wife, Priscilla.
In April of 1914 Stanley sold Preston House school and took a holiday in Switzerland. One month after returning, England was at war with Germany.
1914 lived at Royal Mount, Westbourne Park Road, Bournemouth (source: Joan McSwiney notes)
World War I - 1914, Dec 2 -1917, Sept 1
Stanley at sixty years old applied to a friend who had been Commander-in-Chief in India, General O'Moore Creagh, for a recommendation to the War Office to join the war effort. Given his engineering background and experience building railways in India, he planned on going to France in charge of the Light Railways at the front , but was told that no-one over forty would be sent. He therefore became Honorary Captain of the Royal Engineers and served as Temporary Inspector of Works, Barton Sub-Division, near Southampton. Stanley built camps for Indian and British troops, five hospitals to make ready for the wounded, and an aerodrome to construct for the repair and accommodation of 300 aircraft.l.
According to family notes, Stanley was also Chief Administrator of the VAD Hospital in Brighton, Sussex during First World War. His daughter Gladys also worked there during that time.
Retired on medical certificate (aged 62), having completed all of his work.
1917 February - London Gazette received commendation.
After the war was over he took up Psychical Research, which he had been interested in since 1889, as his "life-work."
In 1918 he began spending time in Paris, collaborating with the French researcher Professor Gustave Geley at the Institut Métapsychique International.
During this period he was responsible for the
- English translation of Geley's From the Unconscious to the Conscious (1920), as well as
- Supernormal Faculties in Man (1923), by Eugèn Osty, and
- Thirty Years of Psychical Research (1923) by Charles Richet. (see paranormal photos of Dr. G. Geley and Stanley De Brath)
1921 lived in Weybridge, England (son, Harold, listed his address as c/o Stanley, Merlewood, Castle, Rd. Oatlands, Weybridge (England) - Source: British Army WWI Medal Rolls Index Cards for Harold De Brath)
Stanley quotes his "old friend:
Dr. Alfred Russel Wallace===,
showed me the benefit of even a slight acquaintance with psysiological and psychic facts, which, whether we understand them or not, govern our lives." (Source: Kew, August 1934, preface to "How to make the best of life.")
Dr. Wallace was a British naturalist, evolutionary thinker, explorer, geographer, anthropologist and biologist. Alfred Russel Wallace co-authored, with Darwin, the first ever publication on natural selection: "On the Tendency of Species to Form Varieties; and on the Perpetuation of Varieties and Species by Natural Means of Selection "(1858); and is credited with co-discovering natural selection, although he was known to have independently proposing a theory of natural selection which prompted Charles Darwin to publish his own theory. "the biggest prize in evolutionary biology is the Darwin-Wallace Medal, awarded by the Linnean Society of London every 50 years on the anniversary of the publication of the 1858 paper for ‘major advances in evolutionary biology’. Both silver and gold medals are awarded; the only gold medal ever awarded was to Wallace in 1908." [Source: Stephen Montgomery] Wallace was also one of the leading evolutionary thinkers of the 19th century who made a number of other contributions to the development of evolutionary theory. He was strongly attracted to unconventional ideas. His advocacy of Spiritualism and his belief in a non-material origin for the higher mental faculties of humans strained his relationship with the scientific establishment, especially with other early proponents of evolution.
Page 302 of "An Elusive Victorian: the Evolution of Alfred Russel Wallace" by Martin Fichman: "In October 1895, Wallace had agreed to write an introductory note to Stanley's Psychic Philosophy. He considered De Brath's book a work of "great lucidity, a philosophy of the universe and of human nature in its threefold aspect of body, soul and spirit." "Wallace also wrote a prefatory note to the expanded second edition in 1908...endorsed De Brath's view that late nineteenth and twentieth century scientific developments, most were potent grounds for a conciliation between the findings of modern science and the basic teachings of Christianity. The basic teachings of Christianity, for both De Brath and Wallace, were quite specific: they were religious lessons divorced from dogma and institutionalized churches." "His work, Wallace declared, "was well calculated to raise the ethical standard of public life, and thus assist in the development of a higher civilisation." (De Brath 1921, v-vi, 29-31).
Stanley was also a friend of
Sir Oliver Lodge
(1889 President of the Liverpool Physical Society,physicist, inventor and writer - he wrote more than 40 books, about the afterlife, aether, relativity, and electromagnetic theory.)
Sir Arthur Conan Doyle
(poet, songwriter, prolific writer of factual and spiritual matters, as well best-selling author of Sherlock Holmes) Stanley wrote that "personally, we were excellent friends". After his 1930 death, Stanley wrote a tribute to him in the Journal Psychic Science (he had been ACD's secretary in psychic matters, responding to correspondence from all over the world. "In every important case I sent him a copy of my answer, so that he might be fully conversant with my continued correspondence.")
Occultism & Parapsychology Encyclopedia: Stanley De Brath (1854-1937) Sources: Pleasants, Helene, ed. Biographical Dictionary of Parapsychology. New York: Helix Press, 1964.
British College of Psychic Science (BCPS), London.
- Stanley was a member of the Council and Hon.Secretary
- In 1924 he assumed Editorship of the BCPS journal 'Psychic Science'
Christmas 1933, while living at 18 High Park Gardens, Kew Gardens, Surrey, Stanley and Priscilla's daughter, Gladys and grandchildren, came to stay. Gladys contracted pneumonia on Christmas Day, was nursed by her parents, but passed away in February 1934 (before the invention of penicillin which might have saved her).
He resigned his post at the Psychic Science Journal in January 1936, saying " I feel that the time has come for my resignation of the Editorship and my seat on the Council where my increasing deafness has made me nearly useless.
Nearly two years later, STANLEY DE BRATH. M.I.C.E.died on December 20, 1937, at 13 Hyde Park Gardens, Kew, London. Cremation Golders Green December 23 1937, 2.30 (Thursdav).
Grandson Pat McSwiney wrote in 'A Family History':
"...he was a man of very considerable intellect, who had the courage and practical ability to complete his life's work successfully in three widely diverse fields, but he was also well ahead of his time in both Education, and in the study and practice of Psychic Science. His unpublished studies of both Old and New Testaments are full of remarkable scholarship, and indicate far more than just a working knowledge of both Latin and Greek."
AUTHOR (Complete List is attached to this profile)
His early books include
1. Psychic Philosophy (under the pseudonym "V. C. Desertis") (1909),
2. The Mysteries of Life (1915), and
3. The Science of Peace(1916).
4. Psychical Research, Science And Religion [n|1925]
5. The Functions of Life.
6. Religion of the Spirit (1927),
7. The Drama of Europe (1930).
8. The Morality of Spiritualism
9. The Physical Phenomena of Spiritualism (1930)
10. Spirits And The Directing Will. Pages: 48
11. Supernormal Faculties In Relation To Survival
12. Psychic Philosophy As The Foundation Of A Religion Of Natural Law (Preface by A.R. Wallace, O.M.)
13. Practical Mysticism
13. The Foundations of Success - A Plea for Rational Education
14. How to Make the Best of Life - Letters from an Old Man of Eighty to Young People of Twenty (1934)
15. Why Do We Come to School? Written by S De B with F. Beatty (Frederica Beatty was Asst. Principal at Charters Towers School, where Stanley was owner and headmaster)
16. Clairvoyance and Materialisation, a Record of Experiments. by GELEY, DR. GUSTAVE, DE BRATH, STANLEY, TRANSL.
17. Thirty Years of Psychical Research by Professor Richet
18. Supernormal Faculties in Man: An Experimental Study: By Dr. EUGENE OSTY. Translated by Stanley De Brath. London: Methuen & Co., 1923. Pp. xi + 245. (See also The British Journal of Psychiatry 1925 v. 71, p. 134-137)
19. Animism and Spiriualism by Signor Ernesto Bozzano
20. History of Experimental Spiritualism, Vol. I., Primitive Man by Count Cesar de Vesme.
21. Prof Baron von Schrenck-Notzing's " Phenomena of Materialisations."
Biographical Dictionary of Parapsychology, 1964-1966. Edited by Helene Pleasants. New York: Garrett Publications, Helix Press, 1964. (BiDPara)
Encyclopedia of Occultism & Parapsychology. A compendium of information on the occult sciences, magic, demonology, superstitions, spiritism, mysticism, metaphysics, psychical science, and parapsychology, with biographical and bibliographical notes and comprehensive indexes. First edition. Edited by Leslie A. Shepard. Detroit: Gale Research, 1978. (EncO&P 1)
Encyclopedia of Occultism & Parapsychology. A compendium of information on the occult sciences, magic, demonology, superstitions, spiritism, mysticism, metaphysics, psychical science, and parapsychology, with biographical and bibliographical notes and comprehensive indexes. Second edition. Edited by Leslie A. Shepard. Detroit: Gale Research, 1984-1985. (EncO&P 2)
Encyclopedia of Occultism & Parapsychology. A compendium of information on the occult sciences, magic, demonology, superstitions, spiritism, mysticism, metaphysics, psychical science, and parapsychology, with biographical and bibliographical notes and comprehensive indexes. Third edition. Two volumes. Edited by Leslie A. Shepard. Detroit: Gale Research, 1991. (EncO&P 3)
Encyclopedia of Occultism & Parapsychology. A compendium of information on the occult sciences, magic, demonology, superstitions, spiritism, mysticism, metaphysics, psychical science, and parapsychology, with biographical and bibliographical notes and comprehensive indexes. Fourth edition. Two volumes. Edited by J. Gordon Melton. Detroit: Gale Group, 1996. (EncO&P 4)
Encyclopedia of Occultism & Parapsychology. A compendium of information on the occult sciences, magic, demonology, superstitions, spiritism, mysticism, metaphysics, psychical science, and parapsychology, with biographical and bibliographical notes and comprehensive indexes. Fifth edition. Two volumes. Edited by J. Gordon Melton. Detroit: Gale Group, 2001. (EncO&P 5)