About Stukely Westcott
1635, June 24- Arrived at Salem, MA.
1636- Freeman at Salem, MA.
1638, October 8- One of original 13 proprieters of Providence, RI. Roger Williams (Founder of RI) deeded him and the others land that Williams had recently purchased of the Naive American Sachems Canonicus and Miantonomi.
1639- He was one of the 12 original members of First Baptist Church organized this year.
1640, July 27- He signed an agreement wtih 38 others of Providence, RI to form a civil government.
1648, June 5- Residence: Old Warwick, RI. He was recorded as one of the inhabitants on this date.
1650, September 2- Taxed 13 shillings, 4 pence at Providence, RI where he still owned real estate.
1651-53, 55, 60: Commissioner.
1652, June 7- He bought 36 acres of John Gereardy.
1652-56: Surveyor of Highways. He often served on juries receiving 6 pence per case.
1653- Assistant. He was on a committee to confer with Indians about fencing, and etc.
1654- The Town Council met at his house.
1655, May 25-He was appointed to keep a house of entertainment. A sign was to be set out at the most perspicuous place.
1660, March 3- He was foreman of a Grand Inquest. His sons Amos and Jeremiah were also on the jury. The verdict was "We who are engaged to see the dead Indian, do find by diligent seach that he was beaten, which was the cause of his death."
1664- He was authorized to keep an ordinary (tavern) for entertainment of strangers during the time the King's Commissioners held court in Warwick, RI.
1676/7, January 12- Died at the home of his grandson in Portsmouth, RI after having been driven from his home in Old Warwick, RI by the Indians. He made his will the same day he died, calling himself aged about 85 years. He was unable to sign his will.
1695, November 1- Testimony was given by Joseph Stafford, Mercy Stafford, and her son Amos, before John Greene, Deputy Governor. It was shown that that the testator would have signed the will but was requested by Caleb Arnold to wait while his (the Testator's) sons were sent for from Prudence Island, but by the time they came he was unable to sign.
1697, February 18- The will was finally ordered recorded by the Town Council.
Descendants of Stukely Westcott
Generation No. 1
1. Stukely4 Westcott (Mr.3, Edward2, Thomas1) was born 1592 in Somersetshire, England, and died January 12, 1677 in Portsmouth, Newport Co, Rhode Island. He married Juliana Marchant October 5, 1619 in Yeovil, Somersetshire, England. She was born August 8, 1591 in England, and died 1670 in Rhode Island.
Notes for Stukely Westcott:
On August 8, 1638, nearly five months after Stukely Westcott had been ordered to leave Salem, Roger Williams "freely admitted twelve loving friends and neighbors" into equal ownership with himself of lands he had first purchased from the indians in 1636. On that list of stalwart men first appears the name of Stukely Westcott, and second, the name of William Arnold, both ancestors of the Westcotts of Cheshire and Milford, NY. The eighth name on the list is that of William Carpenter, who with Westcott and Arnold, made the crossing together from England. Others were John Greene, Thomas James, Robert Cole, William Harris, John Throckmorton, Thomas Olney, Francis Weston, Richard Waterman and Ezekiel Holliman--all thirteen men of names that have been perpetuated down through the years of nealy three centuries by deeds of public spiritedness. Roger Williams was an ancestor of the Westcott line, his progeny allied in nearly every generation.
All but Arnold, Greene and Carpenter, the former being from Hingham, Ma. were from Salem. Including Roger Williams, all became ancestors, through marriage, in the second to fifth generations, of the the descendants of Stukely Westcott.
When the whole number of settlers, including the original thirteen, had reached fifty-two, they made a first division between them of a portion of the lands upon which the city of Providence and its immediate suburbs, including Cranston, are located, allotting to each a "home lot," so called, and any outlying six-acre lot. The "home lots" each contained about five acres, and according to an old map of Providence, were located in the following order from north to south: Gregory Dexter, Mathew Waller, Thomas Painter, Edward Manton, John Greene Jr, Benedict Arnold, Francis Wickes, William Arnold, Thomas James, John Greene Sr, John Smith, Widow Reeve, Joshua Verin, Roger Williams, John Throckmorton, William Harris, Alice Daniels, John Sweet, William Carpenter, Robert Cole, Thomas Olney, Thomas Angell, Francis Weston, Richard Waterman, Ezekiel Holliman, STUKELY WESTCOTT, William Reynolds, Daniel Abbott, Chad Brown, John Warner, George Rickard, Richard Scott, William Field, John Field, Joshua Winsor, Thomas Harris, Adam Goodwin, William Borrows, William Mann, William Wickenden, Nicholas Power, Widow Tiler, Widow Sayer, Thomas Hopkins, Edward hart, Matthew Weston, John Lippitt, Hugh Bewit, Robert West, William Hawkins, Christopher _____nthank and Robert Williams.
The first Baptist Church to be organized in America, the old First Baptist Church of Providence, was founded March, 1639, by Roger Williams, Ezekiel Holliman, William Arnold, William Carpenter, Robert Cole, John Greene, William Harris, Thomas James, Thomas Olney, Richard Waterman, STUKELY WESTCOTT and Francis Weston, all but John Throckmorton of "the thirteen proprietors," becoming members. This venerable church was for the first century and a half of its existence of the Six-Principle Baptist sect. The six principles, or doctrines, held by the church, may be found in Hebrews 6:1-2 (new testament).
May 12, 1642, Stukely Westcott was a party to the agreement for the division of Pawtuxet from Providence. The Arnolds settled at Pawtuxet Falls. (History and Genealogy of Stukely Westcott, Vol. 1, Pgs. 15-16, 1932)
1635 June 24: Arrives in America, Salem, MA (8 people).
1636: Made a freeman.
1637 December 25: 1 acre granted to "Stuky Wesket" (8 people).
1638 March 12: General Court allows him to leave Salem, MA.
1639 January 5: Published in the church at Dorchester.
1639: Excommunicated from church.
(History and Genealogy of Stukely Westcott, Vol. 1, 1932)
Immediate Ancestry of Stukely Westcott
Assuming the son of Guy de Wescote was Thomas de Wescote, the student of genealogy may in the future years find the following lineage at least, suggestive of the immediate ancestry of Stukely Westcott. However, beyond the four generations first named, the compiler Roscoe L. Whitman, disclaims responsibility for its accuracy.
1. Thomas de Wescote married Elizabeth Littleton
2. Guido de Wescote married Alice Granville
3. Thomas Wescott [sic] married first Mary Wescott (his first cousin)
4. Thomas Wescott [sic] married second Alice Walker
5. Edward Wescote, son of Thomas and Mary, flourished in 1541 to 1551. Was his wife Damaris Stucley, daughter of Christopher and Mary Stucley??
6. unknown lineage
7. Did Stukely Westcott, 1592-1677, who married 1619, Juliana Marchant, name their first daughter Damaris for his grandmother from whom he derived his own Christian name?? But who were his parents?? [Rebecca's Note: using genealogy name patterns, one could assume his mothers maiden name was Stucley, however, evidence is not forthcoming. October 7, 1999]
Marriage of Stukely Westcott in 1619
Continued research has, hoever, definitely located Stukely Westcott in Ilmister, Somerset, in the autumn of 1619, at which time he was about twenty-seven years of age. This was sixteen years before he came to New England. He was married October 5, 1619, to Juliana Marchante. The marriage is recorded in the parish register of the ancient St. John the Baptist Church at Yeovil, Somerset; also the baptism of their tow oldest children. The record reads:
"Stucklie Westcott of Ilminster, and Julian Marchant of Yeovil, married 5 October, 1619."
"Damaris, daughter of Stukeley Westcott, baptised 27 January, 1621."
"Samuel, son of Stuckeley Westcott, baptised 3 March, 1623."
A careful examination of the ancient register from its origin in 1563 to the time Westcott left for New England, by a trusted representative of E. Dwelly, a leading genealogist and an acknowledged antiquarian of ability in England, having revealed only the above records, further effort to trace the immediate ancestry of Stukely Westcott must be directed in other sources.
(Book of Appendices, Stukely Westcott, Vol. 2, Pg. 7, 1939)
Who were the parents of Stukely Westcott? It is regretable that no positive answer tho this question has been found. However, it has been learned that Edward Westcote, son of Thomas Westcote and Alice Walker and direct in the family line, and his wife, Damaris Stucley, daughter of Christopher Stucley, were his grandparents. From the family name of his grandmother, Stukely derived his own unusual Christian name. He gave his grandmother's name to his eldest daughter, Damaris, who later was to be come the First Lady of Rhode Island.
Did Edward and Damaris Stucley Westcote have a son whom they named Guy? No documentary evidence to this effect has been found, so here the lineage chain remains broken. From two Westcott sources, however, comes the statement, unsupported by documentary authority, that the parents of Stukely Westcott, were Guy and Mary Stucley Westcott -- that Mary was a granddaughter of Sir Lewis Stucley, born in 1529, and his wife, Dorothy Hill. There is record of this Sir Lewis Stucley, but with only one child, Lewis, Jr. This Lewis Jr. was knighted by James I in 1603, and in 1617, was appointed guardian of Thomas Rolf, infant son of John Rolf and his wife, the American Indian Princess, Pocahontas. (Westcott Genealogical Bulletin, Nos. 29-30, March, 1944, written by Roscoe L. Whitman, author of the Westcott Genealogies, Volume 1, 1932 and Volume 2, 1939)
More About Stukely Westcott and Juliana Marchant:
Marriage: October 5, 1619, Yeovil, Somersetshire, England
Children of Stukely Westcott and Juliana Marchant are:
2 i. Damaris5 Westcott, born January 1621 in Yeovil, Somersetshire, England; died 1679 in Newport, Newport Co, Rhode Island1. She married Gov. Benedict Arnold, Sr. December 17, 1640 in Providence, Providence Co, Rhode Island; born December 21, 1615 in Lemington, England; died June 20, 1678 in Newport, Newport Co, Rhode Island.
Notes for Damaris Westcott:
Damaris was buried in the family burial ground of her husband in Newport, Rhode Island, her grave being next south of his, near Pelham Street, in a lot three rods square, forever dedicated by her husband as a family burial lot. (History and Genealogy of Stukely Westcott, Vol. 1, Pg. 127, 1932)
Damaris Westcott Arnold became the "First Lady of the Colony" when her husband succeeded Roger Williams in 1644 as President of the Colony and again in 1663, when he was named Governor under the Charter granted by King Charles II. (Book of Appendices, Stukely Westcott, Vol. 2, Pg. 76, 1939)
More About Damaris Westcott:
Burial: Gov. Benedict Arnold Graveyard, Newport, Newport Co, Rhode Island1
Christening: January 27, 1621, St. John the Baptist Church, Yeovil, Somerset, England2
Notes for Gov. Benedict Arnold, Sr.:
William Arnold, father of Benedict, came with Stukely Westcott, father of Damaris, to America from England in 1635. The burial lot is a few rods westerly from the old "mill," which, for many years, has excited so much of antiquarian interest, and which belonged to and which he referred to in his will as my "mill." After accompanying his parents to Hingham, Massachusetts and then to Providence, Rhode Island, where he remained until November 1651 or 1653, Benedict removed to Newport, Rhode Island. He is said to have been one of the wealthiest men in the colony, as well as one of its most eminent citizens. He owned large tracts of land in and around Newport, also owned the southern part of the large island in Narragansett Bay (Quonaniquot) Canonicut, now forming the town of Jamestown and one-seventh part of Pettiquanscut purchase, now South Kingstown, Rhode Island. In 1645, having acquired a knowledge of the Indian language, he was employed by the colony as its interpreter in its negotiations witht he Indian tribes. In 1670, he was chosen by the General Assembly as the agent of the colony to go to England, to protest its rights under the Charter against the claims of Connecticut. In 1654 and 1660, he was chosen one of the Governor's "Assistants." In 1657, 1662 and 1663, he was chosen President of the colony, the highest office under the first Charter of 1643. In 1663, he was named in the second Charter as Governor, and was afterwards elected by the people to that office in 1663-64-65-66, 1669-70-71-72, 1677 and in 1678 died in that office. The original seal of Governor Arnold, with a mahogany handle, bearing the letters B. A. and an anchor, is now in the archives of the Rhode Island Historical Society. The official chair he occupied when, in 1663, he received the Royal Charter from England, is in the possession of the Redwood Library at Newport. (History and Genealogy of Stukely Westcott, Vol. 1, Pg. 127, 1932)
Benedict died in office June 19, 1678, his wife surviving him. They removed from Providence to Newport, Rhode Island on November 19, 1651, where they died and are buried. (Book of Appendices, Stukely Westcott, Vol. 2, Pg. 76, 1939)
Was the richest man in the colony and by thorough acquaintance with the manners as well as language of the indians became the most effective in all negotiations with them. In 1653 he removed to Newport, was chosen Assistant next year and in 1663 made by the royal charter President and by annual election so continued for eight years and died 1678. His will of December 24, 1677, with codicill of June 10, 1678, was proven July 1, 1678. Both Godsgift, and Freelove, are by different authors made to marry Edward Pelham and, possibly he had two wives; Penelope is said to have married Roger Goulding; and Damaris married John Bliss. See Rhode Island History Coll. II. 51, and III. 294; Callender; Winth. and Knowles. (Genealogical Dictionary of New England Settlers, Vol. 1, Pg. 67)
A question was raised as to two Mary Wards. Investigation showed that they were both descendants of James Ward and Officer in Cromwells army, Sion Arnold, brother to Benedict, 3rd, married Mary Ward, daughter of Thomas Ward of Newport, Rhode Island, in February 1700. Sion died in 1753 and was buried in the common burying ground at Newport. Next to his grave is that of Mary Arnold, his wife, who died in 1754. Benedict, 3rd first married Patience Coggeshall on January 23, 1705. She died February 2, 1719; married, second, Mary Ward, daughter of Thomas Ward of Middletown, Connecticut. At Hartford State Historical Library are records from Middletown, Connecticut, which show land conveyances by Benedict Arnold, 3rd and the will of Thomas Ward, Sr. which makes a bequest to his daughter Mary, the wife of Benedict Arnold of Newport. (Arnold, Benedict by Ethan L. Arnold; via email from Sandra Zak, May 1998)
Governor Benedict Arnold, son of William Arnold, the colonist (see p. 15), was born December 21, 1615, and died June 10, 1678. He signed the agreement of 1640 for a form of government. Removed to Newport November 19, 1651, and was made Freeman of that town; was a Commissioner, 1654 to 1663; Assistant, 1655 to 1656, 1660 to 1661; President of the four towns, 1657 to 1660, 1662 to 1663, and the first Royal Governor of Rhode Island, 1663 to 1666, 1669 to 1672, and 1677 to 1678. He was on a council with fifteen others, appointed by the General Assembly, to advise with the Assembly. In the will of Benedict Arnold, probated in Newport in 1677, the testator says: "I devise that my body shall be buried near the path leading from my dwelling house to my stone windmill in the town of Newport, and that the lot shall forever be reserved for my kindred." He left the stone windmill to his wife, with lands and mansion house, for life. At Governor Arnold's funeral nearly a thousand persons were present. He married, December 17, 1640, Damaris, the daughter of Stukeley Westcott, of Warwick; she died 1678.
Their son, Caleb Arnold, was born December 19, 1644, and died February 9, 1719. In 1671 and 1680 he was Deputy. August 24, 1676, was of the court-martial at Newport for the trial of certain Indians charged with being engaged in King Philip's designs. He was at this time called Captain, having served through the Indian war of 1676. In 1684 he was elected Deputy from Portsmouth, but refused to serve on account of his profession (physician), and another was elected in his place. In 1707 he was again elected from Portsmouth, which established his residence in that place. He styled himself "Practitioner of Physic." In old public documents he is called "Doctor." At the time of his death he had considerable landed estate. His father left him one-fourth of all his land in Newport and one hundred and sixty acres in Canonicut to be held until his eldest son was of age, when he should possess it.
His marriage to Abigail, the daughter of Samuel and Hannah (Porter) Wilbur, took place June 10, 1666. She died November 17, 1730. Their daughter Penelope, to whom in his will he left a silver tankard and ten shillings, married George Hazard I. (Ancestral Records and Portraits Vol 1, Ancestry.com)
More About Gov. Benedict Arnold, Sr.:
Burial: Newport, Newport Co, Rhode Island
More About Benedict Arnold and Damaris Westcott:
Marriage: December 17, 1640, Providence, Providence Co, Rhode Island
3 ii. Samuel Westcott, born March 31, 1622 in Somersetshire, England; died c 1638 in Salem, Essex Co, Massachusetts.
+ 4 iii. Robert Westcott, Sr., born c 1624 in Yeovil, Somersetshire, England; died December 19, 1676 in Kingstown, Washington Co, Rhode Island.
+ 5 iv. Amos Westcott, Sr., born 1631 in Yeovil, Somersetshire, England; died January 1686 in Warwick, Kent Co, Rhode Island.
6 v. Mercy Westcott, born c 1632 in Yeovil, Somersetshire, England; died August 24, 1700 in Warwick, Kent Co, Rhode Island. She married Samuel Stafford, Sr. 1660 in Warwick, Kent Co, Rhode Island; born 1636 in Portsmouth, Newport Co, Rhode Island; died March 20, 1718 in Warwick, Kent Co, Rhode Island.
More About Mercy Westcott:
Burial: Stafford Family burial ground near Conimicut Point, Rhode Island
Notes for Samuel Stafford, Sr.:
Son of Thomas and Elizabeth Stafford, b-1636, d-Mar 20, 1718. Thomas Stafford, father of Samuel, b-Warwickshire, England, abt 1605, of Plymouth, Mass., as early as 1626, of Portsmouth or Newport, RI, Mar 1638, then of Providence, where he constructed the first grist mill at the mouth of the Moosausick river. He removed to Old Warwick from Providence 1650 and at the head of Mill Cove built a grist mill for the settlers. He was admitted freeman in 1638. It is related of him that he died at Warwick in 1677, "aged and worn out with labor, but industrious and prosperous." A desc., Thomas Stafford Drowne, D.D., of Garden City, LI had in his possession about 1886, the original family Coat of Arms, carved in wood, brought from England, bearing the inscription: "The Family of Stafford,of Warwickshire." Samuel, husband of Mercy, was admitted freeman 1669, chosen one of Governor's "Assistants" in 1674, which he declined to serve, and was elected deputy from Warwick to the Colonial Assembly, 1679-82-86 and 1705. He is said to have been a man of much influence and greatly esteemed. His sisters, Sarah and Deborah, were the wives of Mercy's brother, Amos. Both Mercy and her husband, and many of their earliest descendants, are buried in the old Stafford family burial ground near Conimicut Point. (History and Genealogy of Stukely Westcott, Vol. 1, Pg. 144, 1932)
More About Samuel Stafford and Mercy Westcott:
Marriage: 1660, Warwick, Kent Co, Rhode Island
+ 7 vi. Jeremiah Westcott, Sr., born 1633 in Yeovil, Somersetshire, England; died 1686 in Warwick, Kent Co, Rhode Island.
(History and Genealogy of Stukely Westcott, Vol. 1, 1932)
Staunch follower of Roger Williams. On 12 Mar 1638 obtained license from General Court at Salem, Mass., to remove with his family out of the jurisdiction of Mass. Bay Colony. On 8 Aug. 1638 Roger Williams admitted Stukely into equal ownership with himself in Rhode Island. Stukely owned up to 20,000 acres in Rhode Island and was a co-founder of the first Baptist Church in America (The First Baptist Church of Providence). He was chosen "assistant" (equal to Lieutenant Governor) and was frequently elected deputy to the Colonial Assembly. [From talk entitled "Stukely Westcott - First Generation in America" by Eleanor Wescott Trisman presented on August 8, 1964, at 15th Biennial Mtg. in Vermont. Quoted from address given by Roscoe Leighton Whiteman, founder of National Society of Stukely Westcott Descendants (1934).]
Last Will & Testament:
During his life Westcote conveyed to his sons by deeds of gift a considerable part of his landed estates. During his last illness, he prepared a will, of which the following is a copy:
“ I, Stukely Westcott of Warwick in the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations in New England, now residing in Portsmouth in Rhode Island aforesaid, being aged about eighty-five years, and in my right senses and perfect understanding and memory, doe make this my last will and testament, to the disposing of my estate which is as follows, to wit:
In the first place, I bequeath my body to the dust to be buryed, and my soul unto God who gave it.
Item. I make ordaine and appoint my eldest son Amos Westcott my lawful and sole executor to see this my will performed, and also to pay and receive all debts as belonging to me.
Item. I give and bequeath to my said Executor all my movable Estate as cattell goods and chattels, and also my land lying in Potaomet Neck, and my meadow lying at Toskownk in the township of Warwick aforesaid. Also two-fourths of my land at Cowesit: all of which said lands together with all privileges there unto belonging or appertaining I give to him his heirs and assighnees forever.
Item, I give and bequeath to my grandson Amos Westcott, my town lot in Warwick aforesaid which I formerly lived on, with orcharding fencing and all things there unto belonging: and also my thirty acres lot lying in Shawomet Neck, be it more or less. Also a six acre lot and a meadow lot lying in Shawomet aforesaid, and also my share of land lying in the south side of Patuxet River which I purchased together with Mr. Samuel Gorton, Mr. Holding, Mr. Collins and John Potter: all which aforesaid lands or parcels of lands with all and singular the privileges and appurtenances there unto belonging or in any wayes appertaining I doe give grant and confirm to my aforesaid grandson his heirs and assighnees forever.
Item. I give and bequeath unto my grandson Amos Stafford a fourth part of my lying in Cowesit which is to say, the fourth of the eleventh part of that purchase, to him his heirs and assigns forever.
In confirmation of all the above written presents, I set to my hand and seal this 12th day of January 167 6/7,”
This will was never executed. His grandson, Caleb Arnold. son of his daughter Damaris, being present, dissuaded him from signing it until his sons, who were then upon the neighboring island of Prudence, could be sent for, but before they could reach he was ‘‘not able to sign thereunto’’.
A short time after his death, his sons Amos and Jeremiah, by petition desired the town Council to setle the Estate of their father, who died without his will being sighned or sealled”. Whereupon the Town Council, first stating that they are informed that “he spake somewhat as in adition to his will which was not committed to writing, and for as much as by reason of the late unhappy warres the counsel have been put by that they could no sooner afect the same”, nevertheless deeming it their duty to “perfect the sayd will”, they then proceed to make a will for him by which they give to his son Amos “All the goodes chattells moveables and lands” not otherwise therein disposed of, and make him the executor to receive and pay all debts; to Jeremiah they give all of the lands his father had deeded to him in his lifetime; also the estate John Bennett had deeded to Westcote: also the share of meadow bought of Peeter Buzicot” on the south side of the brook that runs out of the “grate pond”, and one share of “meddowes at Potowomut laying above the rocky nooke, only we apointe him to pay 3 pounds country pay to his brother Amos”, to Damaris Arnold, his daughter, 20 shillings in silver to be laid out in “a piece of plate”; to Mercy Stafford, his daughter, “the bed in her hands with the furniture and such other of the goods mentioned in the inventory to bee in her hands”, provided the executor is to be ‘freed from any other payment concerning his fathers keepinge or funerall to her husband or her”, to “Robert Westcotes eldest sonn Zerobabell, is given one fourth part of the farm at Weequichaconuke”; to Amos Stafford, “sonn” of his daughter Mercy, is given a “fowerth part” of his grandfather’s share in the township of “Coweeset”; to Amos Westcotes sonn of Amos his grandfather Stukeley Westcotts town lott and comanidg”, “After his fathers dicease”, and one fourth part of his grandfathers farm at ‘Weequisaconet” when he comes of age of ‘twenty one years”. This will is dated 1677, January 11th and is signed and sealed by John Green, assistant, Samuel Gorton, assistant, Randall Houldon, Thomas Green and Benjamin Barton, they then being the Town Council of Warwick.
Notes for Stukely Westcott:
Aug 8 1638, nearly 5 mos aft Stukely Westcott had been ordered to leave Salem, Roger Williams "freely admitted 12 loving friends & neighbors" into equal ownership w/himself of lands he 1st purchased from Indians in 1636. On that list of stalwart men 1st appears name of Stukely Westcott, & 2nd, name of William Arnold, both ancestors of Westcotts of Cheshire & Milford, NY. 8th name on list is that of William Carpenter, who w/Westcott & Arnold, made crossing together from Eng. Others were John Greene, Thomas James, Robert Cole, William Harris, John Throckmorton, Thomas Olney, Francis Weston, Richard Waterman & Ezekiel Holliman-all 13 men of names that have been perpetuated down thru yrs of nearly 3 centuries by deeds of public spiritedness. Roger Williams was ancestor of Westcott line, his progeny allied in nearly every generation.
All but Arnold, Greene & Carpenter, former being from Hingham, MA were from Salem. Including Roger Williams, all became ancestors, thru marriage, in 2nd to 5th generations, of descendants of Stukely Westcott.
When whole number of settlers, including original 13, had reached 52, they made 1st division bet them of portion of lands upon which city of Providence & its immediate suburbs, including Cranston, are located, allotting to each "home lot," so called, & an outlying 6-acre lot. "Home lots" each contained abt 5 acres, & according to old map of Providence, were located in following order from north to south: Gregory Dexter, Mathew Waller, Thomas Painter, Edward Manton, John Greene Jr, Benedict Arnold, Francis Wickes, William Arnold, Thomas James, John Greene Sr, John Smith, Widow Reeve, Joshua Verin, Roger Williams, John Throckmorton, William Harris, Alice Daniels, John Sweet, William Carpenter, Robert Cole, Thomas Olney, Thomas Angell, Francis Weston, Richard Waterman, Ezekiel Holliman, STUKELY WESTCOTT, William Reynolds, Daniel Abbott, Chad Brown, John Warner, George Rickard, Richard Scott, William Field, John Field, Joshua Winsor, Thomas Harris, Adam Goodwin, William Borrows, William Mann, William Wickenden, Nicholas Power, Widow Tiler, Widow Sayer, Thomas Hopkins, Edward hart, Matthew Weston, John Lippitt, Hugh Bewit, Robert West, William Hawkins, Christopher _____nthank & Robert Williams. 1st Baptist Church to be organized in Am, old 1st Baptist Church of Providence, was founded Mar, 1639, by Roger Williams, Ezekiel Holliman, William Arnold, William Carpenter, Robert Cole, John Greene, William Harris, Thomas James, Thomas Olney, Richard Waterman, STUKELY WESTCOTT & Francis Weston, all but John Throckmorton of "13 proprietors," becoming mbrs. This venerable church was for 1st century & 1/2 of its existence of 6-Principle Baptist sect. 6 principles, or doctrines, held by church, may be found in Hebrews 6:1-2 (new testament). May 12 1642, Stukely Westcott was party to agreement for division of Pawtuxet from Providence. Arnolds settled at Pawtuxet Falls. (History & Genealogy of Stukely Westcott, Vol 1, p 15-16, 1932).
1635 Jun 24: Arrives in Am, Salem, MA (8 people).
1636: Made freeman.
1637 Dec 25: 1 acre granted to "Stuky Wesket" (8 people).
1638 Mar 12: Gen'l Court allows him to leave Salem, MA.
1639 Jan 5: Published in church at Dorchester.
1639: Excommunicated from church.
(History & Genealogy of Stukely Westcott, Vol 1, 1932)
Immediate Ancestry of Stukely Westcott
Assuming son of Guy de Wescote was Thomas de Wescote, student of genealogy may in future yrs find following lineage at least, suggestive of immediate ancestry of Stukely Westcott. However, beyond 4 generations 1st named, compiler Roscoe L Whitman, disclaims responsibility for its accuracy.
1. Thomas de Wescote married Elizabeth Littleton
2. Guido de Wescote married Alice Granville
3. Thomas Wescott [sic] m1 Mary Wescott (his 1st cousin)
4. Thomas Wescott [sic] m2 Alice Walker
5. Edward Wescote, son of Thomas & Mary, flourished in 1541 to 1551. Was his wife Damaris Stucley, dtr of Christopher & Mary Stucley??
6. unk lineage
7. Did Stukely Westcott, 1592-1677, m 1619, Juliana Marchant, name their 1st daughter Damaris for his grandmother from whom he derived his own Christian name?? But who were his parents?? [Rebecca's Note: using genealogy name patterns, assume his mother's maiden name was Stucley, however, evidence is not forthcoming. October 7 1999]
Marriage of Stukely Westcott in 1619
Continued research has, however, definitely located Stukely Westcott in Ilmister, Somerset, in autumn 1619, at which time he was abt 27 yrs of age. This was 16 yrs bef he came to New England. He m Oct 5 1619 Juliana Marchante. Marriage is recorded in parish register of ancient St John Baptist Church at Yeovil, Somerset; also baptism of their two oldest children. Record reads:
"Stucklie Westcott of Ilminster, & Julian Marchant of Yeovil, married 5 Oct 1619."
"Damaris, dtr of Stukeley Westcott, baptised 27 January, 1621."
"Samuel, son of Stuckeley Westcott, baptised 3 March, 1623."
Careful exam of ancient register from its origin in 1563 to time Westcott left for New England, by trusted representative of E Dwelly, leading genealogist & acknowledged antiquarian of ability in Eng, having revealed only above records, further effort to trace immediate ancestry of Stukely Westcott must be directed in other sources.
(Book of Appendices, Stukely Westcott, Vol 2, p 7, 1939)
Who were parents of Stukely Westcott? It is regretable no positive answer to this question has been found. However, it has been learned that Edward Westcote, son of Thomas Westcote & Alice Walker & direct in family line, & his wife, Damaris Stucley, dtr of Christopher Stucley, were his grandparents. From family name of his grandmother, Stukely derived his own unusual Christian name. He gave his grandmother's name to his eldest dtr, Damaris, who later was to be come 1st Lady of RI. Did Edward & Damaris Stucley Westcote have son whom they named Guy? No documentary evidence to this effect has been found, so here lineage chain remains broken. From 2 Westcott sources, however, comes statement, unsupported by documentary authority, that parents of Stukely Westcott, were Guy & Mary Stucley Westcott-that Mary was grddtr of Sir Lewis Stucley, b 1529, & his wife, Dorothy Hill. There is record of this Sir Lewis Stucley, but w/only 1 child, Lewis Jr. This Lewis Jr was knighted by James I in 1603, & in 1617, was appointed guardian of Thomas Rolf, infant son of John Rolf & his wife, Am Indian Princess, Pocahontas. (Westcott Genealogical Bulletin, Nos 29-30, Mar, 1944, by Roscoe L Whitman, author of Westcott Genealogies, Vol 1, 1932 & Vol 2, 1939)
More abt Stukely Westcott & Juliana Marchant:
Marriage: Oct 5 1619, Yeovil, Somerset, Eng
Children of Stukely Westcott & Juliana Marchant:
i Damaris Westcott, b Jan 1621 in Yeovil, Somerset, Eng; d 1679 Newport, Newport Co, RI. She m Gov Benedict Arnold Sr Dec 17 1640 in Providence, Providence Co, RI; b Dec 21 1615 in Lemington, Eng; d Jun 20, 1678 in Newport, Newport Co, RI.
Notes for Damaris Westcott: buried in family burial grd of husband in Newport, RI, her grave being next south of his, near Pelham St, in lot 3 rods sq, forever dedicated by her husband as family burial lot. (History & Genealogy of Stukely Westcott, Vol 1, p 127, 1932)
Damaris Westcott Arnold became "1st Lady of Colony" when her husband succeeded Roger Williams in 1644 as Pres of Colony & again in 1663, when he was named Gov under Charter granted by King Charles II. (Bk of Appendices, Stukely Westcott, Vol 2, p 76, 1939)
More abt Damaris Westcott: Burial: Gov Benedict Arnold Graveyard, Newport, Newport Co, RI
Christen: Jan 27 1621, St John Baptist Church, Yeovil, Somerset, Eng -------------------- B. 1592 Somersetshire, England
Spouse & Children
Julianna Marchant 1591 – 1625
Robert Wescott –
Amos Wescott –
Mercy Wescott –
Jeremiah Wescott 1633 – 1686
- 'Stukeley Westcott (1592 – 12 January 1677) was one of the founding settlers of the Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations and one of the original members of the first Baptist Church in America, established by Roger Williams in 1638. Coming to the New World from the town of Yeovil in Somerset, England, he first settled in Salem in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, but difficulties with the authorities prompted him to join Roger Williams in settling on the Narragansett Bay in 1638 at a place named Providence. He remained there for a few years, but in 1648 he was recorded as an inhabitant of Warwick, probably having settled there several years earlier. He was most active in colonial affairs from 1650 to 1660 when he was a commissioner, surveyor of highways, and the keeper of a house of entertainment. His highest office held was deputy of the colony in 1671. He made his will on January 12, 1677, dying the same day with the will unsigned, leaving his affairs in limbo for the following two decades.
- Early life
- 'The place of origin of the Westcott family appears to center around the town of Affton in county Devon in England. Here the unusual combination of the surnames Stukeley and Westcott appears, as does the very unusual female given name of Damaris, found in the Stukeley family..
- 'Stukeley Westcott first appears on a public record when he was married in St. John's Church in Yeovil, Somerset, England on October 5, 1619 to Juliann Marchante; his marriage record indicates that he was from Ilminster, a town in Somerset about twelve miles west of Yeovil. Juliann was the daughter of John Marchante (baptized at Yeovil 8 August 1571) who was the son of John Marchante (died 1593) by his wife Eva Corninge, which couple was married in Yeovil 18 July 1568. John Marchante was the same as the John Marchant who sailed with Sir Francis Drake and died in Panama in 1595. The baptisms of two of Stukeley Westcott's children were also recorded in Yeovil: a daughter Damaris in 1620/21 and a son Samuel in 1622/23. There is no record of where Westcott lived following the baptisms of these two children, but there is reasonable speculation that in 1635 he and his family accompanied the family of William Arnold to New England, departing from the port town of Dartmouth in county Devon. While Roscoe Whitman states this as a fact, he provides no evidence. However, the Arnold family came from the town of Ilchester, scarcely five miles north of Yeovil, and it is possible that the two families were acquainted with each other before sailing to the New World. Both families arrived in the Massachusetts Bay Colony at about the same time, and both came to Providence at about the same time. The oldest daughter of Stukeley Westcott, Damaris, would later marry Benedict Arnold, the oldest son of William Arnold.
- Settling in New England
- 'Once in New England, Westcott first settled in the town of Salem, in the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Here he was received as an inhabitant and made a freeman in 1636. In late 1637 he was granted a house lot in Salem, his family then consisting of eight members. Soon tensions with the local authorities arose, and he, along with several others, was given a license to depart Salem in March 1638, with the proviso that he would be summoned if not gone by a court date in May. Within weeks Westcott and his family joined Roger Williams and other settlers in establishing a new settlement on land that Williams had bought of the local Indians on the Narragansett Bay. The settlement was named Providence and on the initial deed signed by Roger Williams, the initials S.W. for Stukeley Westcott appear first, followed by the initials W.A. of his future in-law, William Arnold.
- 'In 1640 Westcott signed an agreement with 38 others to form a civil government in Providence. He lived in Providence for a few years, but in 1648 he was recorded as one of the inhabitants of Warwick. However, he had likely gone to Warwick shortly after its establishment by Samuel Gorton in 1642, and may have been there as early as 1643. He lived in Warwick for most of the remainder of his life until the events of King Philip's War compelled him to move across the Narragansett Bay.
- 'Stukeley Westcott appears most often on the public records for Rhode Island between 1650 and 1660. During this time period he was a commissioner from Warwick during five different years and during most of these years he was a surveyor of highways. In 1653 he had the position of assistant in the colony and was on a committee to confer with the Indians about fencing and other matters. Warwick settlers had been accused of treating the Indians unfairly, and in 1655 Westcott and a Mr. Smith were ordered to gather up compensation that was due the Indians. In 1660 he was the foreman of a grand inquest to look into the beating death of a local Indian.
- 'In 1655 Stukeley Westcott was appointed to keep a house of entertainment, and nine years later in 1664 he once again received authorization for keeping "an ordinary for entertainment" while the King's Commissioners held court in Warwick.
- King Philip's War
- 'The highest office held by Westcott was Deputy of the colonies, which he held during the year 1671 when he was nearly eighty years old. Within a few years, aged and infirm, he was surrounded by the tumultuous events of King Philip's War which was the outcome of severe friction between several of the indigenous New England tribes and the English settlers. The settlement of Warwick was totally destroyed, and the old man was taken to the settlement at Portsmouth on Aquidneck Island, just north of Newport, to the house of his grandson Caleb Arnold, the son of Governor Benedict Arnold. On January 12, 1677, with the end of his life near, he drafted a will under the direction of his grandson. He did not sign the will, however, expecting his sons to arrive from Prudence Island the next day. He died before they could get to his side, however, and the will was never signed. It was not until twenty years after his death that the will was approved and recorded into the town records. Shortly after his death, his remains were carried back to Warwick where he was buried by his wife on their old homestead.
- 'The children of Stukeley and Juliann (Marchante) Westcott were:
- Damaris (baptized at Yeovil 27 Jan 1620/21 - after 1678) married 17 December 1640 Benedict Arnold, the son of William and Christian (Peak) Arnold, and had nine children.
- Samuel (baptized at Yeovil 31 March 1622) probably died before adulthood in New England.
- Robert (died 1676) married Catharine __________ and had six children. Robert was a lieutenant and was killed during King Philip's War.
- Amos (1631–1685) married (1) on 13 July 1667 Sarah Stafford, the daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth Stafford; married (2) on 9 June 1670 Deborah Stafford, the sister of Sarah. He had one child by his first wife and five by his second.
- Mercy (died 25 March 1700), married Samuel Stafford, son of Thomas and Elizabeth Stafford and had nine children.
- Jeremiah (died 1686), married 27 July 1665 Eleanor England, daughter of William and Elizabeth England, and had eight children.
- 'Notable descendants of Stukeley Westcott, through his daughter Damaris, wife of Governor Benedict Arnold, include a great-great-grandson, Benedict Arnold, one of the great generals of the American Revolutionary War who was best known for his treason to the American cause; Commodore Oliver Hazard Perry, American hero of the Great Lakes during the War of 1812 and his younger brother Commodore Matthew C. Perry, who was sent by President Millard Filmore to compel the opening of Japan to the West with the Convention of Kanagawa in 1854; and Stephen Arnold Douglas who debated Abraham Lincoln in 1858 before a senate race and later lost to him in the 1860 presidential election.
- See also
- Benedict Arnold (governor)
- William Arnold (settler)
- William Carpenter (Rhode Island)
- Roger Williams (theologian)
- Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations
- List of early settlers of Rhode Island
- 1.^ a b c d e f g Austin 1887, pp. 416,418.
- 2.^ Whitman 1932, p. 13.
- 3.^ Arnold, Fred RIHSC, pp. 75-76.
- 4.^ Arnold 1921, p. 29-30.
- 5.^ a b c Moriarity 1944, p. 233.
- 6.^ a b c Whitman 1939, p. 7.
- 7.^ Whiman 1932, p. 13.
- 8.^ a b c d e f g Austin 1887, p. 416.
- 9.^ Whitman 1932, p. 20.
- 10.^ a b c d e f Austin 1887, p. 418.
- 11.^ a b Arnold 1921, p. 31.
- 12.^ Austin 1887, pp. 416-421.
- 13.^ Arnold 1935, p. 132.
- 14.^ a b Arnold 1935, p. 90.
- 15.^ Arnold 1935, p. 274.
- Arnold, Elisha Stephen (1935). Arnold Memorial. Rutland, VT: Tuttle Publishing Company.
- Arnold, Frederick Augustus (1921), "William Arnold, Stukeley Westcott and William Carpenter", in Arnold, E. S., Arnold Memorial, Rutland, VT: Tuttle Publishing Company, pp. 9–39
- Arnold, Frederick Augustus (1918). "An Account of the English Homes of three early "Proprietors" of Providence". Rhode Island Historical Society Collections. XIV. pp. 75–76. Retrieved 12 October 2010.
- Austin, John Osborne (1887). Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island. Albany, NY. ISBN 9780806300061.
- Moriarity, G. Andrews (April 1944). "Additions and Corrections to Austin's Genealogical Dictionary of Rhode Island". The American Genealogist 20: 233.
- Whitman, Roscoe L. (1932). History and Genealogy of the Ancestors and some Descendants of Stukely Westcott. privately published.
- Whitman, Roscoe L. (1939). Book of Appendices to the History and Genealogy of the Ancestors and Descendants of Stukely Westcott. privately published.
- Further reading
- Anderson, Robert C.; Sanborn, George F. Jr.; Sanborn, Melinde L. (1999). The Great Migration, Immigrants to New England 1634-1635. Vol. I A-B. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society. ISBN 0-88082-110-8. See entry under William Arnold.
- 'New England families, genealogical and memorial: a record of the ..., Volume 4 edited by William Richard Cutter
- Pg. 1648
- ' Stukeley Wescott or Westcott, the immigrant ancestor, was born in England in 1591, lived at Salem, Massachusetts, and at Providence and Warwick, Rhode Island. He was one of the twelve who were grantees of the deed from Roger Williams and was one of the original members of the Baptist church of Providence. He was assistant in 1653 and deputy in 1671.
- ' During the revolution, the ancestor of this Maine branch of the family was a Loyalist and had large estates forfeited in Rhode Island.
- (I) James Warren Wescott, descendant of Stukeley Wescott or Westcott, was born at East Machias, Maine, about 1812 or 1814, died at Eau Claire Wisconsin, 1870. He was a son of Samuel Wescott, born in Novia Scotia, and Mary Jane Wescott, his wife. He resided in Machias, Maine, in Waterford, in Mt. Chase, and in 1865 came to Patten, Maine. He was a carpenter by trade and followed this occupation all his life. In early life he was a democrat, but at the time of the cival war he became a Republican. He was selectman of the town of Mt. Chase and also held the office of town clerk and other positions of trust. He was an active member of the Methodist church; member of the lodge of Free and Accepted Masons of Ashland, Maine. He married (first) Mary Gove, who died at Mt. Chase in 1853. She was a native of Weston, Maine. He married (second) Mae Elvira (Giles) Kneeland, widow od Josiah Kneeland, of Paris, Maine, a farmer. She was born in Oxford county, Maine, 1812, died at West Medford, Massachusetts, 1892. She had two brothers, Marshall, who died in Oxford County, Maine in 1903; Dexter, who died in South Paris, Maine; and a sister, Josephine Kneeland, who died in Portland, married Orville Hodgman, a railroad conductor. Children of James Warren Wescott by first wife: 1. William H., drowned at Matagamon Lake; enlisted in cival war, but not mustered in. 2. John, served three years in civil war and died of wounds received in action. 3. Harrison, resides in California; a builder and contractor; married Lucy A. Kneeland, born at Sweden, Maine. 4. Daniel, enlisted in Company I, Fourteenth Maine Regiment; died of disease while in the service in Louisiana. 6. Daughter, died young. Children by second wife: 6. Charles W., mentioned below. 7. James B., born at Mt. Chase, April 19, 1859, died in New Mexico. 8 Mary E., born at Mt. Chase, April 19, 1862; married (first) Frank Barker, of Patten, (second) ___ Carter, of Newton, New Hampshire. 9. Edith, born 1865; married W. H. Preble, a bookkeeper, Boston.
- 'New England marriages prior to 1700 By Clarence Almon Torrey, Elizabeth Petty Bentley
- Pg. 797
- 'WESTCOTT, Stukeley (1592-1677) (uncle of John COOKE 1652) & ?Julian MARCHANTE; Yeovil, Somerset, in Eng, b. 1681, 5 Oct 1619; Salem/Providence/etc.
- WESTCOTT, Stukeley (1672-1750), Providence & Priscilla BENNETT (-1754), E. Greenwich; 21 Dec 1693; Providence/Warwick, RI
- 'A genealogy of the wives of the American presidents and their first two ... By Craig Hart
- Pg. 60
- Benedict ARNOLD, b. England; d. 1678, England, m. Demaris WESCOTT, b. England; d. England
- Pg. 61
- 'Stukeley WESCOTT,* b. 1592, England; d. 1677, England, m. Julian MARCHANTEL,* b. England; d. England
- 'Rhode Island Historical Society collections, Volumes 11-14 By Rhode Island Historical Society
- Pg. 1
- 'Stukeley Westcott whose initials W. W. stand first on the proprietors deed of 1637, at Providence, was in Salem where he received in . . . . , the record showing that his family then consisted of eight persons. And as the names of only five of his children appear later on Rhode Island records, he must have lost one by death, perhaps Samuel, after 1636. . . .
- 'An account of the English homes of three early "proprietors" of Providence (1921)
- 'Westcott 43, of Yeovil and wife name unknown with children, Robert Westcott, Samuel Westcott, 13, born at Yeovil Mar. 31 1622 Damaris Westcott, later wife of Benedict Arnold: Amos Westcott, 4. Mercy Westcott, and Jeremiah Westcott. ...
*'''''' .... But, STUKLY WESTCOTT had a son, Samuel, baptized there March 31, 1622 You give Stukely as a Devonshire man, but my notes from Judge Bullock's Westcote Genealogy have -- born 1592 probably in Co. Devon. I never learned why the Judge made the guess, and recal nothing really suggesting it. Don't say that the Yeovil Stukly was the Providence man, but the item shows that one of the name was of Co. Somerset in 1622.
- 'Incidents in the life and times of Stukeley Westcote, with some of his descendants (1886)
-------------------- Stukely Westcott was born 1592 in Somersetshire, England, and died 1677. He married Juliana Marchant 05 October 1619 in Yeovil, Somersetshire, England, daughter of John Marchant and wife (unknown name).
Stukely had become a Quaker and was ordered to leave Salem in early 1638. By August of 1638 Roger Williams was preparing to go to land that he had purchased from the Indians, that eventually became Rhode Island. Stukely was one of those that left Salem for this new colony... On the list of stalwart men that went to the New Colony the first appears the name of Stukely Westcott, and second, the name of William Arnold, both ancestors of the Westcotts of Cheshire and Milford, NY. The eighth name on the list is that of William Carpenter, who with Westcott and Arnold, made the crossing together from England. Others were John Greene, Thomas James, Robert Cole, William Harris, John Throckmorton, Thomas Olney, Francis Weston, Richard Waterman and Ezekiel Holliman.
- Damaris born before 27 January 1620/21; died after 1678, Newport, Newport County, Rhode Island
- Samuel born before 1623; death date not known. Died Salem, Massachusetts. Christened 3 March 1622/23, 1623 - St. John the Baptist, Yeovil, Somerset, England
- Robert born circa 1624, England; died circa 1675, Rhode Island.
- Amos born circa 1631, England; died circa 1686, Old Warwick, Kent County, Rhode Island.
- Mercy born circa 1632, England; d. 25 March 1700, Warwick, Kent County, Rhode Island.
- Jeremiah born circa 1633, England; died 1686, Old Warwick, Kent County, Rhode Island.
SOURCE (birth of Stukely): Roscoe L. Whitman,"Book of Appendices to the History and Genealogy of the Ancestors and Some Descendants of Stukely Westcott," 1939, p.7.
Stukely Westcott's Timeline
Devenshire, Marwood Parish, Devon, England
December 19, 1618
Yeovil, Somerset, England
October 5, 1619
Yeovil, Somerset, United Kingdom
January 27, 1621
Yeovil, Somerset, England
March 31, 1622
Yeovil, Somerset, England
Yeovil, Somerset, England
St. John the Baptist Church - Yeovil, Somerset, England, UK
Yeovil, Somerset, England
Warwich, Kent, Rhode Island, United States