Sultan Sharif Ali (23)

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Sultan Sharif Ali (23)

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Taif, Makkah Province, Saudi Arabia
Death: (Date and location unknown)
Immediate Family:

Son of Syarif Ajlan ibn Rumaithah (22)(عجلان أبو السرجة) and NAMA
Husband of Puteri Ratna Kesuma ibni armarhum Sultan Ahmad
Father of Sultan Sulaiman (24)
Brother of alHassan; Ali; Mohammed and Ahmed
Half brother of الحسن بن عجلان; الشريف الحسن and الشريف الحسن

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Immediate Family

About Sultan Sharif Ali (23)

3rd sultan of brunei

Taif. Pergi berdakwah di Borneo utara dari Kemboja. Sultan Brunei ke3; 1432-33.

http://bruneiresources.blogspot.com/2008_11_01_archive.html

One of the problems with Brunei History is that it is an ancient state. An ancient state with complete records is okay. It is an ancient state with incomplete record. For instance, according to Chinese records, Brunei as a country had been sending tributes and keeping diplomatic relations with China as far back as the year 515. We have no idea who the kings were and what the country looked like then. We are not even sure where the capital was, other than the Chinese records saying it is at the mouth of the current Brunei river.

The current sultanate lineage was based on the Batu Tersilah on which was carved the description to the lineage. But we know that it was completed by Khatib Haji Abdul Latif during the reign of Sultan Muhammad Tajuddin (1795-1804AD) and (1804-1807AD) which historically is quite recent. The possibility of Brunei Sultans missing from the list is very real as that tablet is not as accurate as we hoped it to be. The first obvious missing Sultan was Sultan Abdul Majid Hassan who died in Nanjing China. Even his son Xia Wang, who was said to take over the throne after the death of his father is not included in the genealogical list.

I was reading a 1996 Beriga, which is a publication produced by Dewan Bahasa, written by Haji Mohamad Salim, a curator at the Brunei Museums. In his article, he was describing about his research on tombstones or batu nisan belonging to the Sultans of Brunei. Out of the 29 listed, with the exception of Sultan Sharif Ali and Sultan Bolkiah, the 3rd and 5th Sultan, only tombstones belonging to the most recents Sultsn had been found. I read another article on Brunei Museums Journal, another tomb was discovered described as KB2. The remnants of the tomb was huge but we do not know whose it was.

The Beriga article described one other tombstone found which is the photograph above. That was inscribed to belong to Maharaja Sultan Brunei. But there was no mention of the date of hs death or his proper name. According to a Chinese researcher, this tombstone came from Quanzhou China and had similarities to the Islamic graves in Quanzhou. The researcher believe the tombstone dated around early 1300s. If that is so, then the Sultans of Brunei embraced Islam much earlier than the official history of Brunei which placed the conversion of Awang Alak Betatar as Sultan Muhammad in 1376 and not to mention push the lineage of the current Sultanate by almost another century older. Interesting.

Posted by Rozan Yunos at Friday, November 21, 2008 0 comments

http://www.pelitabrunei.gov.bn/news/pelita/27ogos09/berita17.htm

Agama Islam : Sumber Kesejahteraan

dan Keamanan Negara

KEBAWAH Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah Sultan Dan Yang Dipertuan Negara Brunei Darussalam ketika bertitah di Majlis Perayaan Ulang Tahun Hari Keputeraan Baginda ke 57 pada 15 Julai 2003 antara lain baginda bertitah :

"Kita semua wajiblah bersyukur kerana dapat menikmati keadaan aman dan makmur yang berterusan di negara ini, lebih-lebih lagi dalam suasana dunia senantiasa mengalami pelbagai cabaran dan pergolakan ini.

Dalam tempoh setahun yang lalu pelbagai krisis telah melanda masyarakat antarabangsa, sama ada dalam bentuk peperangan, wabak penyakit mahupun serangan-serangan yang menjejaskan nyawa dan harta-benda."

Dalam kuliah kedua yang disampaikan oleh Pengarah Penerangan, Dr. Muhammad Hadi kepada mahasiswa Institut Teknologi Brunei, perbincangan telah ditumpukan terhadap isu kedatangan agama Islam berdasarkan kepada bukti hubungan awal antara Brunei dan China. Islam telah mula berkembang pesat dengan kehadiran Sultan Brunei ketiga iaitu Sultan Sharif Ali (TM 1425-1432) yang datang dari Taif, keturunan Nabi Muhammad Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam menerusi Sayidina Hasan. Pada peringkat permulaan, baginda datang ke Brunei sebagai pendakwah Islam, namun setelah baginda berkahwin dengan puteri Sultan Ahmad, Puteri Ratna Kesuma ternyata ikatan perkahwinan tersebut memudahkan lagi baginda untuk mengembangkan dan menyebarkan syariat Islam di Brunei. Salasilah Raja-Raja Brunei versi Al-Marhum Pengiran Di-Gadong Sahibul Mal Pengiran Haji Muhammad Salleh ada meriwayatkan tentang asal usul keturunan Sultan Sharif Ali dan perkahwinan baginda dengan Puteri Ratna Kesuma :

… Dia bergelar Sultan Ahmad, kerajaan di negeri Brunei. Maka baginda itu pun beranak perempuan … bermula seorang alim Parsi datang ke Brunei. Maka tuan itu pun berahi akan anak Raja itu. Maka tuan itu pun menamai dirinya Sharif Ali pancir daripada Amirul Hasan datang dari Negeri Taif. Maka diambil oleh baginda akan jadi menantu itu dan ialah pula kerajaan di Negeri Brunei ..."

Sultan Sharif Ali itu berasal dari negeri Taif adalah berdasarkan kepada pusaka peninggalan baginda iaitu 'Pedang Si Bongkok' yang masih tersimpan dan dipelihara oleh sultan-sultan Brunei sebagai pewaris turun-temurun. Bentuk dan keadaan 'Pedang Si Bongkok' ini sama seperti pedang yang tersimpan di Muzium Islamiah, Mesir. Menurut informasi, pedang itu hadiahkan oleh Kerajaan Turki kepada dua Amir iaitu Amir Mesir dan Amir Mekah dan digunakan dalam sekitar KM 14 dan 15. Ini jelas menunjukkan bahawa Sultan Sharif Ali itu datang dari Mekah dan berkemungkinan besar pernah menjadi Amir Mekah sewaktu Mekah di bawah pemerintahan Kerajaan Turki.

Memandangkan Sultan Sharif Ali ini adalah seorang sultan yang kuat beribadat dan mempunyai berkat sehingga baginda termasyhur dengan gelaran 'Sultan Berkat' maka baginda telah mendirikan masjid dan menjalankan corak pemerintahan negara berdasarkan Islam bagi mengukuhkan kedudukan Islam di negara ini dan menjadi sumber kesejahteraan dan kemakmuran kehidupan rakyat Brunei seperti mana yang tercatat di Batu Tarsilah yang terletak di Makam Diraja, Bandar Seri Begawan :

Inilah Salasilah Raja-Raja Brunei yang berkerajaan di Negeri Brunei dinyatakan oleh Dato Imam Yaakub ia mendengar daripada Marhum Bungsu yang bernama Sultan Muhyidin dan Paduka Maulana Sultan Kamaluddin kedua raja itu menyuruh menyuratkan dato nini moyangnya supaya diketahui oleh segala anak cucunya sampai sekarang. Ini Wallallahu'alam maka Paduka Seri Sultan Muhammad Tajuddin menitahkan kepada Haji Khatib Abdul Latif menyuratkan salasilah ini ketahui oleh segala anak cucunya raja yang mempunyai takhta mahkota kerajaan dalam kandang daerah Negeri Brunei yang turun temurun yang mengambil Pusaka Nobat Nakara dan Ganta Alamat dari Minangkabau iaitu Negeri Andalas maka adalah yang pertama kerajaan di Negeri dan membawa ugama Islam dan mengikut syariat Nabi Muhammad Salallahu Alaihi wa sallam iaitu Paduka Seri Sultan Muhammad.

Versi Datu Imam Yaakub dalam Salasilah Raja-Raja Brunei juga turut menyebutkan hal yang sama antaranya :

… Maka Sharif Ali itulah kerajaan, dinamai akan dia Paduka Seri Sultan Berkat dan ialah mengeraskan syariat Rasulullah Sallallahu 'Alaihi wa Sallam dan berbuat masjid.

Ketegasan baginda untuk menjadikan negara ini benar-benar berpegang dan mengamalkan cara hidup Islam itu terbukti jelas apabila baginda telah menitahkan bahawa rakyat Brunei tidak dibenarkan makan babi dan sesiapa yang berbuat demikian akan dihukum bunuh. Pengehukuman terhadap sesiapa sahaja perbuatan mungkar dan nangkir yang bertentangan dengan hukum Allah tetap dilaksanakan dalam pemerintahan Kesultanan Brunei dalam abad ke 14 dan 15. Ini digambarkan melalui kewujudan Makam Raja Ayang sebagai pembuktian sejarah akan keras pemerintahan sultan-sultan Brunei dalam menegakkan hukum Islam. Makam Raja Ayang masih kekal wujud sehingga ke hari ini, yang terletak di Bandar Seri Begawan sebagai lambang kekuatan pegangan terhadap agama Islam di Brunei pada abad ke-15.

Lambang panji-panji yang mempunyai tiga sayap di atasnya terletak 'Tunggul Alam Bernaga' dan penggunaan Mahkota Brunei yang masih digunakan kini dalam setiap adat istiadat diraja itu merupakan suatu simbol kebesaran, kekuasaan dan peringatan tentang perjuangan semangat syiar Islam yang baginda sebarkan di Brunei.

Berdasarkan kepada bukti 'Pedang Si Bongkok'(1), Panji-Panji Tiga dan Batu Nisan menunjukkan bahawa telah wujudnya Kesultanan Melayu Islam di Brunei pada abad ke-14 dan bukan ke-15 seperti dikatakan oleh sejarawan barat. Di samping itu, terdapat beberapa buah batu nisan yang membuktikan wujudnya peranan oarng-orang Arab dalam mengembangkan agama Islam ke Brunei. Pendakwah-pendakwah Arab ini telah datang ke Brunei sezaman dengan Sultan Sharif Ali. Diantaranya ialah Sharif Mufakih, Sharif Abdul Rahman, Sharif Adam dan lain-lain. Mereka ini kebanyakan berkubur di sekitar perkuburan Islam Bandar Seri Begawan dimana bertapaknya kerajaan Islam di bawah pemerintahan Sultan Sharif Ali. Nama Darussalam iaitu negara aman dan sejahtera telah wujud dalam pemerintahan baginda ini adalah lanjutan dari penegakan hukum-hukum dalam pemerintahan baginda. Makanya, Agama Islam itu adalah meruapakan sumber kepada keamanan dan kesejahteraan rakyat sebagaimana titah Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah Mu'izzaddin Waddaulah, Sultan dan Yang Dipertuan Negara Brunei Darussalam sempena Majlis Sambutan Hari Raya Aidilfitri anjuran Yayasan Sultan Haji Hassanal Bolkiah pada 4 Disember 2004:

"Adapun kemakmuran dan kesejahteran yang menyalahi nilai-nilai ugama itu, tidak akan dapat bertahan lama, kerana ia sebenarnya kosong daripada berkat dan apa pun jua ketandusan berkat tidak akan menghasilkan kebahagian sejati."

Oleh itu untuk mendapat keredhaan dan keberkatan kita sebagai hamba Allah Yang Maha berkuasa hendaklah kembali ke jalan yang benar dengan berlandaskan kepada Al-Qur'an dan Sunnah Rasulullah Sallallhu Alaihi Wasallam. Sebagaimana titah baginda sultan dalam Majlis Pertandingan Membaca Al-Qur'an Bahagian Dewasa Peringkat Kebangsaan Tahun 1413/1993 di Taman Sir Muda Omar 'Ali Saifuddien, Bandar Seri Begawan pada 3 Januari antara lain menitahkan bahawa "dalam dunia yang penuh krisis dan kegelisahan ini, barangkali satu jalan terbaik untuk mengatasi ialah dengan Al-Quraan. Manusia perlu kembali kepada Al-Quraan, perlu berpegang dan bersandar dengannya sebab Al-Quraan itu tidak pernah salah dalam memberikan pimpinan kepada manusia."

Dalam hal ini manusia tidak perlu sombong, bongkak, dan bermegah-megah dengan pangkat, kedudukan dan kekayaan dunia tetapi sebaliknya hendaklah sentiasa insaf dan mensyukuri nikmat Allah Subhanahu Wata'ala sebagaimana firman-Nya yang bermaksud "Kamu telah dilalaikan (dari mengingati Allah) kerana bermegah-megah) hingga kamu masuk ke dalam kubur. Sebenarnyalah kelak kamu akan mengetahui, kemudian sebenarnyalah kelak kamu akan mengetahui. Sebenarnya, sekiranya kamu mengetahui dengan pengetahuan yang yakin. Sungguh kamu akan melihat neraka itu, kemudian sungguh kamu akan melihatnya dengan penglihatan yang yakin, kemudian sungguh kamu akan ditanya pada hari itu tentang nikmat". Surah At-Takaatsur, ayat 8.

Makanya kita sebagai hamba-Nya hendaklah senantiasa bersyukur dan yakin akan segala cubaan dan dugaan yang dikurniakan sama ada yang baik atau buruk. Misalnya bencana alam tanah susur, banjir dan penyakit pandemik Influenza A (H1NI) adalah semuanya datang daripada Allah untuk peringatan kepada kita semua hamba-Nya. Kerana manusia selalunya lalai dan lupa Maha Penciptanya apabila memiliki kesenangan dan kenikmatan kehidupan dunia yang bersifat semantara. Kesemua kesusahan dan rintangan yang kita hadapi adalah satu dugaan atau hukuman kepada manusia yang angkuh dan lupa akan Tuhanmya sebagaimana firman Allah Subhanahu Wata'ala dalam Surah Al-Qashash, ayat 59 yang bermaksud:

"Dan tidak adalah Tuhanmu membinasakan kota-kota, sebelum Dia mengutus di ibu kota itu seorang Rasul yang membacakan ayat-ayat Kami kepada mereka; dan tidak pernah (pula) Kami membinasakan kota-kota, kecuali penduduknya dalam keadaan melakukan kezaliman."

Ini adalah janji Allah kepada hamba-Nya supaya sentiasa patuh dan mengikuti perintah-perintah-Nya dengan mengerjakan suruhan-suruhan-Nya dan menjauhkan segala larangan-Nya. Dalam hal ini, kita hendaklah senantiasa berzikir dan mengingati Allah di mana pun kita berada. Dalam bulan Ramadan yang mulia dan penuh berkah ini, maka perbanyakkanlah zikir dan amalan soleh serta sentiasa berdoa serta mensyukuri limpah dan kurnia-Nya. Kita juga hendaklah memohon keampunan serta perlindungan dari segala bencana dan penyakit khususnya pandemik Influenza A (H1N1) yang masih kita hadapi masa kini sebagaimana yang telah disarankan oleh Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Paduka Seri Baginda Sultan dan Yang Dipertuan Negara Brunei Darussalam:

"Kita semua wajiblah bersyukur kerana dapat menikmati keadaan aman dan makmur yang berterusan di negara ini, lebih-lebih lagi dalam suasana dunia yang senantiasa mengalami pelbagai cabaran dan pergolakan ini".(Titah di Majlis Perayaan Ulang Tahun Hari Keputeraan Baginda Ke-57, pada 15 Julai 2003).

(1) Dalam Salasilah Raja-Raja Brunei menyebutkan ketika Sharif Ali datang ke Brunei, Baginda membawa bersamanya sebilah pedang (Pedang Si Bongkok). Pedang Si Bongkok ini serupa dengan pedang yang dipamerkan di Muzium Islam Mesir kerana pedang itu adalah pedang kerajaan yang diberikan oleh Kerajaan Turki iaitu, satu kepada Amir Mesir dan satu kepada Amir Makkah. Dalam hubungan ini kemungkinan besar Sharif Ali pernah menjadi Amir Makkah suatu ketika dahulu.

Pada zaman Baginda pelabuhan Brunei sentiasa dipenuhi oleh pedagang daripada pelbagai negeri. Rakyat hidup dalam aman, sentosa dan makmur kerana itu Brunei juga dikenali dengan nama 'Darussalam'.

(Oleh : Dr. Muhammad Hadi bin Muhammad Melayong)

http://www.history-centre.gov.bn/sultanbrunei.htm

Sultan Sharif Ali (TM 1425 - 1432)

Sultan Sharif ‘Ali ibnu Sharif ‘Ajlan naik takhta pada TM 1425 bagi menggantikan mertua Baginda, Sultan Ahmad yang tidak mempunyai waris (putera). Baginda dijunjung untuk menjadi Sultan atas persetujuan pembesar-pembesar negara dan rakyat Brunei. Baginda keturunan Arab, berasal dari Taif. ‘Pedang Si Bongkok’ yang dibawa Baginda bersama ke Brunei itu membuktikan Baginda pernah menjadi Amir Makkah iaitu Al–Amir Sharif ‘Ali bin Sharif ‘Ajlan bin Sharif Rumaithah bin Sharif Muhammad Abu Numaie Al-Awwal, mempunyai jurai keturunan daripada Nabi Muhammad Sallallahu ‘Alaihi wa Sallam melalui cucunda Baginda, Sayidina Hasan. Memandangkan jasa dan kearifan Baginda menyebarkan ajaran Islam maka Baginda dijodohkan oleh Sultan Ahmad dengan puteri Baginda, Puteri Ratna Kesuma. Baginda lindung pada TM 1432 dan digantikan oleh putera Baginda, Pengiran Muda Besar Sulaiman.

http://www.geocities.com/mzfr/dinastiquraish/pengasas.htm

Syarif ‘Ali ibn Syarif Ajlan ibn Syarif Rumaithah ibn Sharif Muhammad Abu Nu’may ibnu Syarif Abu Sa’ad Al-Hassan ibnu Syarif ‘Ali Al-Akbar ibnu Syarif Qitadah ibnu Syarif Idris ibnu Syarif Muta’in ibnu Syarif Abdul Karim ibnu Syarif Isa ibnu Syarif al-Hussein ibnu Syarif Sulaiman ibnu Syarif ‘Ali ibnu Syarif Abdullah ibnu Syarif Abu Ja’afar Muhammad ibnu Syarif Abdullah Al-Akbar ibnu Syarif Muhammad At-Thaer ibnu Syarif Musa Ath-Thani ibnu Syarif Abdullah Asy-Saleh ibnu Musa Al-Jaun Abdul Hasan ibnu Abdullah Al-Muhudh ibnu Syarif Hassan Al-Muthanna ibnu Sayyidina Hassan As-Sibti ibnu Sayyidatina Fatimah binti Rasulullah SAW .

http://www.gilani.com.pk/kings/sharif.htm

A Syed from Hassni (Hashemite) lineage, named, Syed Qutadah Abu Sharif conquered Makkah in 1201 A.D, during regime of Abbasid Khalifah and proclaimed himself Sharif (Amir) of Makkah.

Historians have mentioned his lineage as under.

Syed Qutadah Abu Sharif bin Syed Idrees bin Syed Mutain bin Syed Abdul Kareem bin Syed Essa bin Syed Al-Hussain bin Syed Suleman bin Syed Ali bin Syed Abdullah bin Syed Muhammad Abu Jaffar Al-Saleh bin Syed Abdullah Al-Akbar bin Syed Muhammad Al-Tahir bin Syed Musa Al-Sani bin Syed Abdullah Sani bin Syed Musa Al-Jaun bin Syed Abdullah Al-Mehaz bin Syed Hassan Mussana bin Syed Imam Hassan bin Imam Ali.

Some authors have written that Syed Qutadah Abu Sharif was the First Sharif of Makkah but others have wrote that Syed Muhammad Abu Jaffar Al-Saleh was First to hold this honor but he was deposed and Syed Qutadah restored Hassni Syed’s rule after conquering this holy city. On other side a sector of historians have indicated that Hassni Syeds were Sharifs of Makkah from very beginning but during regimes of Umayyad and Abbasid Khalifah keep them deprived from their hereditary claim and right.

Anyhow Hassni Syeds again took control of their traditional status, under the leadership of Syed Qutadah Abu Sharif in 1201A.D. They successfully accepted Mamluk and later Turkish suzerainty in 1517 A.D. Syed Qutada’s descendants continued to hold the office of Guardian of the Holy places for 800 years.

Syed Qutadah Abu Sharif ruled from 1201 A.D to 1220 A.D, Syed Ali bin Syed Qutadah Abu Sharif, 1220 A.D to 1241 A.D, Syed Al-Hassan bin Syed Ali, 1241 A.D to 1254 A.D, Syed Muhammad Abu Numayy I bin Syed Al-Hassan, 1254 A.D to 1301 A.D, Syed Rumaytha bin Syed Muhammad Abu Numayy, 1301 A.D to 1346 A.D, Syed Ajlan bin Syed Rumaytha, 1346 A.D to 1375 A.D, Syed Al-Hussain bin Syed Ajlan, 1394 A.D to 1425 A.D and Syed Barkat I bin Syed Al-Hussain ruled as Sharif (Amir) of Makkah from 1425 A.D to 1455 A.D.

Sharif Malik-ul-Adil Muhammad III, Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Malik ul-Adil Muhammad III bin Barkat was installed as Sharif of Makkah in August 1455 and died in September 1497, having had issue, more than eight sons:

(1) Sharif Humaida bin Muhammad. Proclaimed by the Egyptian soldiers, as Deputy Sharif of Makkah in January 1504, without prior approval of the Sultan but removed by the latter’s order in June 1504. (2) Sharif Rumaidha bin Muhammad. (3) Sharif Ahmad Al-Jazan bin Muhammad. Deputy Sharif of Makkah from April 1503 to January 1504. He was ancestor of Dhawu Jazan clan. Arrested his brother and sent him in chains to Cairo. Egyptian soldiers in January 1504 killed him at Makkah. (4) Sharif Barkat II bin Muhammad, Grand Sharif of Makkah.(5) Sharif Hazza bin Muhammad. Rebelled against his brother and exiled to Yanbu, but raised a force and expelled him. Deputy Sharif of Makkah from June to November 1501. (6) Sharif Kaitbay bin Muhammad. Governor of Makkah from June 1504 to May 1512. (7) Sharif Ali bin Muhammad. (8) Sharif Rajih bin Muhammad.

Sharif Barkat II bin Muhammad, Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Barkat II bin Muhammad was born in 1456. Became deputy Sharif to his father, 1473 and succeeded him on his death in September 1497. Recognized as ruler of Makkah and Madina, Jeddah and the whole of the Hijaz and granted the title of Amir by the Sultan of Turkey. Expelled by his brother to Cairo, but continued to enjoy the confidence of the Sultan of Egypt. He married to several wives, including Ghubaiya (in June 1504) daughter of Humaidan bin Shaman Al-Hussaini. He died at Makkah in September 1525, having had issue, more than seven sons, including:

(1) Sharif Thaqaba bin Barkat. (2) Sharif Ali bin Barkat, who appointed for sometime as Deputy Governor of Makkah. (3) Sharif Abu Al-Qasim bin Barkat. (4) Sharif Muhammad Abu Numayy II Nazim-ud-Deen bin Barkat (S/O Ghubaiya). (5) Sharif Sanad bin Barkat. (6) Sharif Wasil bin Barkat. (7) Sharif Ibraheem bin Barkat.

Amir Muhammad Abu Numayy II Nazim-ud-Deen, Sharif of Makkah

Amir Muhammad 'Abu' Numayy II Nazim ud-Deen bin Barkat was born at Makkah on 3rd May 1505. He succeeded on the death of his father in September 1525 and granted the title of Amir by the Sultan of Turkey in 1548. He died at Najd, February in 1583 (buried at Makkah). He was father of 13 sons.

1) Sharif Thaqaba bin Muhammad Abu Numayy. Deputy Sharif of Makkah, February 1583. He d. ca. 1584, having had issue (ancestor of the Dhawu Thaqaba clan of Quraish): (a) Sharif Qitada bin Thaqaba. He had issue, a son namely Sharif Ahmad.

2) Sharif Ahmad bin Muhammad Abu Numayy was born at Makkah in December 1525 and appointed Deputy Sharif with his father in 1540. He died at Najd in December 1601, having had issue, 27 sons and 17 daughters (the Al-Mandil and Al-Haraz clans).

3) Sharif Bashir bin Muhammad Abu Numayy was father of one son namely Sharif Zubair bin Bashir, who was also father of a son, Sharif Khayran bin Zubair. He fled from Makkah and took refuge in the Yemen. He had issue, three sons: (I) Sharif Muzaffar bin Khayran. (II) Sharif Muhammad bin Khayran. He had issue, five sons: (a) Sharif Hawdan bin Muhammad. He was Governor of Abu Aris from 1744 to 1745 and killed outside Abu Aris in June 1750. He was father of one son namely Sharif Ahmad bin Hawdan. He died in 1749. (b) Sharif Hussain bin Muhammad. He had issue, three sons: (I) Sharif Zafir Hussain. He was Governor of Sabiya from 1748 to1759 (II) Sharif Mubarak bin Hussain. (III) Sharif Nasir bin Hussain. (c) Sharif Mubarak bin Muhammad. He died in prison at Makkah on 2nd August 1759, having had issue, one son, Sharif Zubair bin Mubarak. He had issue, two sons: (1) Sharif Bashir bin Zubair. (II) Sharif Hussain bin Zubair. (3) Sharif Hussain bin Khayran. (4) Sharif Ali bin Muhammad. (5) Sharif Ahmad bin Muhammad was Governor of Abu Aris from 1728 to 1742. He died at Al-Haqa on 11th January 1742, having had issue, four sons: (I) Sharif Muhammad bin Ahmad. Governor of Abu Aris from 1742 to 1744 and 1745 to 1771. He died at Abu Aris on 13th April 1771, having had issue, eleven sons: (1) Sharif Ahmad bin Muhammad. Governor of Sabiya from 1759 to 1763 and of Abu Aris from 1771 to 1773, 1776 to 1777 & 1779 to 1781. He was father of 3 sons, namely Sharif Nasir bin Ahmed, Governor of Sabiya in 1763. Sharif Ali bin Ahmed Governor of Harad in 1744. Sharif Hassan bin Ahmed, Governor of Abu Aris from 1755 to 1776. He had issued one son, Sharif Muhammad bin Hassan (2) Sharif Abu Talib bin Muhammad. (3) Sharif Masood bin Muhammad. (4) Sharif Khizar bin Muhammad. He had issue, a son: (A) Sharif Ali bin Khizar. He had issue, a son: Sharif Al-Moeen (?) bin Ali. (5) Sharif Bashir bin Muhammad. He had issue, a son: Sharif Hassan bin Bashir. (6) Sharif Mansoor bin Muhammad. (7) Sharif Nasir bin Muhammad. He had issue, two sons: Sharif Mansoor bin Nasir and Sharif Haidar bin Nasir. (8) Sharif Noor-ul-Islam Ali Farris bin Muhammad who was Governor of Wadi Damadi in 1764, Abu Aris from 1777 to 1778 & 1796 to 1798. He had issue, a son: Sharif Yahya bin Ali Farris. (9) Sharif Hamud bin Muhammad. He was Governor of Abu Aris from 1798 to 1810. He had issue, one son: Sharif Ahmad bin Abu Hamud. (10) Sharif Yahya bin Muhammad, Governor of Abu Aris from 1778 to 1779 & in 1781. (11) Sharif Haidar bin Muhammad, Governor of Abu Aris 1773 to 1775. He had issue, two sons: (I) Sharif Ali bin Haidar, who had issue, two sons: Sharif Muhammad bin Ali and Sharif Hussain bin Ali. (II) Sharif Muhammad bin Haidar.

4) Sharif Jaafar bin Muhammad Abu Numayy. He had issue, a son, Sharif Barkat bin Jaafar, who was also father of a son, Sharif Umar bin Barkat.

5) Sharif Hassan III bin Muhammad Abu Numayy, Sharif of Makkah.

6) Sharif Qasim bin Muhammad Abu Numayy. He had issue, a son: (a) Sharif Hashim bin Qasim. He had issue, a son, Sharif Ali bin Hashim.

7) Sharif Suqba bin Muhammad Abu Numayy. He had issue, a son: (a) Sharif Aclan bin Suqba. He had issue, a son, Sharif Selman bin Aclan.

8) Sharif Rajih bin Muhammad Abu Numayy.

9) Sharif Nasir bin Muhammad Abu Numayy.

10) Sharif Sarur bin Muhammad Abu Numayy, having a son, Sharif Zafar.

11) Sharif Hussain bin Muhammad Abu Numayy, Deputy Sharif of Makkah from 1548 to 1566. He died in 1566. He had issue: one son Sharif Idrees Abu Awun bin Hussain.

12) Sharif Lazim bin Muhammad Abu Numayy. He had issue, a son, Sharif Azim bin Lazim. He had issue, a son, Sharif Qasim bin Azim. He had issue, a son, Sharif Hashim bin Qasim. He died in 1644, having had issue, Sharif Abdullah bin Hashim, Deputy Sharif of Makkah in 1693.

13) Sharif Barkat bin Muhammad Abu Numayy. He had issue, seven sons (a) Sharif Jaafar bin Barkat. He had issue, a son, Sharif Barkat bin Jaafar, father of a son, Sharif Ammar bin Barkat. (b) Sharif Humaida bin Barkat. He had issue, a son, Sharif Ahmad bin Humaida. He had issue, a son, Sharif Hanna bin Ahmad. (c) Sharif Saeed bin Barkat. He had issue, a son, Sharif Kaitbay bin Saeed, father of a son, Sharif Rajih bin Kaitbay. (d) Sharif Ali bin Barkat. (e) Sharif Ibraheem bin Barkat, having a son, Sharif Muhammad bin Ibraheem, father of four sons: (1) Sharif Amir bin Muhammad. (2) Sharif Wabir bin Muhammad. (3) Sharif Ibraheem bin Muhammad, Grand Sharif of Makkah (4) Sharif Barkat III bin Muhammad Grand Sharif of Makkah. (f) Sharif Musa bin Barkat, having two sons, Sharif Suleman bin Musa. He had issue, a son, Sharif Bashir bin Suleman, having had a son, Sharif Mubarak bin Bashir and Sharif Hamza bin Musa who had a son Sharif Ya'ala bin Hamza. He had issue, a son, Sharif Muhammad bin Ya'ala. He had issue, a son: Sharif Abdul Karim bin Muhammad, Grand Sharif of Makkah. (g) Sharif Yahya Pasha bin Barkat. He was Vizier of Damascus in 1692 and Amir-ul-Haj from 1721 to 1726. He died at Damascus on 4th March 1726.

Sharif Al-Hassan III bin Muhammad Abu Numayy, Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Al-Hassan III bin Muhammad Abu Numayy was born at Makkah in 1524. He succeeded his brother as Deputy Sharif in 1548 and his father on his death in February 1583. He died in December 1601 and left twenty-six sons, including:

1) Sharif Muhammad Al-Harith bin Hassan. He had issue, three sons: (a) Sharif Mubarak bin Muhammad Al-Harith. (b) Sharif Hazza bin Muhammad Al-Harith. He had issue, a son Sharif Ali bin Hazza. (c) Sharif Ahmad bin Muhammad Al-Harith. He had issue, two sons, Sharif Nasir bin Ahmad. He had issue, a son: Sharif Abdullah bin Nasir and Sharif Muhammad bin Ahmad.

2) Sharif Kaitbay bin Hassan.

3) Sharif Salim bin Hassan.

4) Sharif Fuhaid bin Hassan.

5) Sharif Hussain bin Hassan, father of a son Sharif Mohsin I, Grand Sharif of Makkah.

6) Sharif Abu Talib bin Hassan, born in 1558 A.D, Deputy Sharif from 1575 A.D to 1589 A.D. He died at Makkah in November 1603 A.D.

7) Sharif Idrees II Abu Aun bin Hassan, Sharif of Makkah.

8) Sharif Abdul Karim bin Hassan, having a son, Sharif Humaida bin Abdul Karim.

9) Sharif Bashir bin Hassan. He had issue, three sons: (a) Sharif Hashim bin Bashir. (b) Sharif Saeed bin Bashir. (c) Sharif Mubarak bin Bashir.

10) Sharif Abdul Moeen bin Hassan, having two sons: (a) Sharif Sarur bin Abdul Moeen. (b) Sharif Nazir bin Abdul Moeen. He had issue, three sons: (I) Sharif Abdul Moeen bin Nazir. (II) Sharif Mubarak bin Nazir. (III) Sharif Nafi bin Nazir.

11) Sharif Masood bin Hassan. He had issue, two sons: (a) Sharif Ahmad bin Masood. (b) Sharif Fadhl bin Masood. He had issue, a son, Sharif Mubarak bin Fadhl, who was father of a son, Sharif Bashir bin Mubarak.

12) Sharif Massed bin Hassan, father of a son, Sharif Muhammad bin Masood. He had issue, a son, Sharif Ghalib bin Muhammad, who had two sons: (1) Sharif Hussain bin Ghalib. (2) Sharif Ahmad bin Ghalib, Grand Sharif of Makkah.

13) Sharif Abdul Muttlib bin Hassan, Deputy Sharif of Makkah from 1575 A.D to1601 A.D. He was father of four sons: (a) Sharif Namir bin Abdul Muttlib, Sharif of Makkah (b) Sharif Ahmad bin Abdul Muttlib, Sharif of Makkah (c) Sharif Muhammad bin Abdul Muttlib. (d) Sharif Hashim bin Abdul Muttlib.

14) Sharif Abdullah I bin Hassan, Grand Sharif of Makkah, having one daughter, Sharifa Zainab binnat Hassan.

Sharif Idrees II Abu Aun bin Hassan, Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Idrees II Abu Aun bin Hassan was born in 1566 A.D and Installed as Sharif of Makkah, by unanimous acclamation of the Sharifs in December 1601 A.D but abdicated and retired to Turkey in 1610 A.D. He died at Shammar in March 1624 A.D, having had issue: (1) Sharif Aun bin Idrees. (2) Sharif Abdul Karim bin Idrees. (3) Sharif Abdul Aziz bin Idrees. (4) Sharif Saeed bin Idrees. (5) Sharif Masood I bin Idrees.

Sharif Mohsin I bin Hussain, Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Mohsin I bin Hussain was born in 1557 A.D and appointed as Deputy Sharif to his uncle in November 1603 A.D. He succeeded him as sole ruler in 1610 A.D but deposed and expelled to the Yemen in May 1628 A.D. He died at San'a in 1692 A.D, having a son

Sharif Zaid bin Mohsin.

Sharif Ahmed bin Talib, Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Ahmad bin Talib Al-Hassan, son of Sharif Abu Talib bin Hassan, sometime Deputy Sharif of Makkah. Induced by the Turkish Governor designate of the Yemen, Ahmad Pasha, to depose and expel his cousin in May 1628 A.D. He succeeded his nephew in 1628 A.D but deposed by Sharif Masood bin Idrees in October 1629 A.D.

Sharif Masood I bin Idrees, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Masood I bin Idrees, deposed and succeeded his cousin in October 1629 A.D. It is Saeed that he was the first of his line to use the title of Grand Sharif. During his reign, the entire Ka'aba was demolished in floods, and had to be reconstructed. He died at Makkah in November 1630 A.D.

Sharif Abdullah I bin Hassan, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Abdullah I bin Hassan, succeeded his nephew in November 1630 A.D. He was briefly deposed in favor of Sharif Aun bin Idrees Abdul Karim from March to July 1631 A.D and abdicated in favor of his second son in September 1631 A.D. He was father of nine sons (ancestor of the Abadillah clan):

1) Sharif Hamud bin Abdullah, Grand Sharif of Makkah.

2) Sharif Muhammad bin Abdullah, Grand Sharif of Makkah.

3) Sharif Hussain bin Abdullah. He had issue, a son: (a) Sharif Abdullah bin Hussain, who was father of a son, Sharif Mohsin bin Abdullah. He died in 1734 A.D, leaving four sons behind. (A) Sharif Aun bin Mohsin, having two sons (ancestor of the Dhawu Aun clan): (a) Sharif Abdul Moeen bin Aun. He was father of, (I) Amir Muhammad bin Abdul Moeen, Grand Sharif of Makkah. (b) Sharif Fawwaz bin Aun. He was father of Sharif Al-Nasser bin Fawwaz, who left two sons: 1. Sharif Abdullah bin Al-Nasser. 2. Sharif Fawwaz bin Al-Nasser. He was father of two sons:

A. Sharif Zaid bin Fawwaz, Governor of Taif from 1908 A.D to 1913 A.D. He left three sons: (I) Sharif Abdullah bin Zaid. (II) Prince Shaker bin Zaid, Amir of the Ataibah, born in 1889 A.D. He was Governor of Taif in 1916 A.D, took part in the great Arab Revolt in 1916 A.D to 1918 A.D, Regent of Transjordan from 21st July to 19th August 1924 A.D. King Abdullah I of Jordan granted him personal title of Prince (Amir) with the style of His Highness. He married to a daughter of the Sharif of Churma and died at Amman in December 1934 A.D, having had issue: 1a. Field Marshal Prince Zaid bin Shaker, born at Amman on 4th September 1934 A.D. King Hussain I of Jordan granted him the personal title of Prince (Amir) with the style of His Highness on 4th February 1996. He married to Princess Nawzat. He died suddenly from a heart attack, at Amman on 30th August 2002 leaving one son and one daughter: 1b. Sharif Shaker bin Zaid, married and has issue: 1c. Sharif Ghazi bin Shaker, born in 1989 A.D. 2c.Sharifa Nasreen binnat Zaid. (III) Sharif Hamud bin Zaid. Deputy Governor of Taif in 1916 A.D.

B. Sharif Rajih bin Fawwaz. He was father of Sharif Sharf bin Rajih Al-Fawwaz, born in 1880 A.D, Governor of Taif from 1916 A.D to 1925 A.D, Senator of Transjordan from 1940 A.D to 1941 A.D and 1944 A.D to 1946 A.D, and of Jordan from 1946 A.D to 1955 A.D, Regent of Iraq under Rashid Ali on 10th April but fled to Iran on the approach of the Allied forces on 30th May 1941 A.D. Captured and exiled to Southern Rhodesia from 1941 A.D to 1944 A.D. He married (first) a daughter of the Sharif of Taif, (second) to Sharifa Azma (died in 1950 A.D), sister of his first wife, and younger daughter of the Sharif of Taif. He died at Amman in 1955 A.D, having had issue, three sons and two daughters: (1) Major-General Sharif Muhammad bin Sharf Hashim, born at Makkah in 1914 A.D. He was a close alley to King Hussain I of Jordan. (2) Sharif Fawwaz Sharf, born at Amman in 1938 and left three sons: (2-a) Sharif Sharf Fawwaz Sharf. (2-b) Sharif Aun Fawwaz Sharf. (2-c) Sharif Ali Fawwaz Sharf. (3). Sharif Abdul-Hamid Sharf, born at Baghdad at 8th July 1939 A.D, Prime Minister and Minister for Defense and Foreign Affairs in 1979 A.D & 1980 A.D. He married at Paris in 1965 to Leila Sharf (born at Beirut in 1940 A.D), daughter of Dr. Najjar. He died in his sleep at Amman on 3rd July 1980 A.D, leaving two sons Sharif Nasser Sharf and Sharif Faris Sharf. (4). Sharifa Shaikha binnat Sharf. (5). Sharifa Sakina binnat Sharf.

(B) Sharif Ahmad bin Mohsin. (C) Sharif Hassan bin Mohsin. (D) Sharif Abdullah bin Mohsin.

4) Sharif Ahmad bin Abdullah, father of a son, Sharif Muhammad Barkat bin Ahmad. He was father of a son Sharif Bashir bin Muhammad Barkat.

5) Sharif Mansoor bin Abdullah.

6) Sharif Hashim bin Abdullah, father of Sharif Abdullah II bin Hashim, Grand Sharif of Makkah.

7) Sharif Mubarak bin Abdullah.

8) Sharif Jamil bin Abdullah, father of Sharif Ghalib bin Jamil. He had issue, Sharif Ahmad bin Ghalib, Grand Sharif of Makkah.

9) Sharif Zain-ul-Abideen bin Abdullah, father of Abdul-Aziz bin Zain-ul-Abideen.

Sharif Zaid bin Mohsin, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Zaid bin Mohsin, Grand Sharif of Makkah, born at Wadi-e-Bisha in October 1607 A.D, son of Sharif Mohsin I bin Hussain, Sharif of Makkah. He was on exile in Yemen but invited and appointed as Deputy Sharif by his cousin in early 1631 A.D. Fled to Madina after the battle of Wadi-e-Al-Abar on 18th March 1632 A.D. He was installed at the Prophet's Mosque in Madina and died at Makkah in July 1666. He was father of four sons (ancestor of the Bani Zaid clan): (1) Sharif Saad Pasha, Grand Sharif of Makkah. (2) Sharif Ahmad bin Zaid, Grand Sharif of Makkah.(3) Sharif Hussain bin Zaid, father of a son, Sharif Mohsin II bin Hussein, Grand Sharif of Makkah. (4) Sharif Muhammad Yahya bin Zaid. He was father of two sons: (a) Sharif Mazi bin Muhammad Yahya. (b) Sharif Rakhi-ul-Allah bin Muhammad Yahya, father of a son, Sharif Musaud bin Rakhi-ul-Allah. He had issued, a son, Sharif Rakhi-ul-Allah bin Musaud. He had issue, a son, Sharif Musaud bin Rakhi-ul-Allah.

Sharif Saad Pasha, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Saad Pasha, Grand Sharif of Makkah (first time) 1666 A.D to 1671 A.D.

Sharif Mohsin bin Ahmed, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Mohsin bin Ahmad, Grand Sharif of Makkah (first time) 1667 A.D to 1668 A.D.

Sharif Hamud bin Abdullah bin Hassan, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Hamud bin Abdullah bin Hassan I, Grand Sharif of Makkah, appointed in June 1670 A.D but removed in November that same year. He died at Taif in 1674 A.D, leaving, three sons: (1) Sharif Abu Al Qasim bin Hamud, father of one son, Sharif Qasim bin Abu Al Qasim. (2) Sharif Hassan bin Hamud. (3) Sharif Muhammad bin Hamud.

Sharif Abu Al Barkat III bin Muhammad, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Abu Al Barkat III bin Muhammad, Grand Sharif of Makkah (from 1672 A.D to 1682 A.D), son of Sharif Muhammad bin Ibraheem and great-great-grandson of Sharif Muhammad Abu Numayy II bin Barkat, appointed in April 1672 A.D and removed in April 1682 A.D. He died in 1687 A.D, leaving four sons:

(1) Sharif Saeed I bin Barkat, Grand Sharif of Makkah. (2) Sharif Yahya I bin Barkat, Grand Sharif of Makkah. (3) Sharif Abdullah bin Barkat. He was father of five sons. (a) Sharif Saeed bin Abdullah. He had issue, a son, Sharif Mubarak bin Saeed. (b) Sharif Barkat bin Abdullah. He was father of a son, Sharif Abdul Mohsin bin Barkat. (c) Sharif Muhammad bin Abdullah. He had issue, a son, Sharif Hamud bin Muhammad, who was father of Sharif Saad bin Hamud. (d) Sharif Abdul Karim bin Abdullah. He had issue, two sons. (I) Sharif Mubarak bin Abdul Karim. (II) Sharif Muhammad Al-.... q bin Abdul Karim. He had issue, a son, Sharif Abdul Karim bin Muhammad Al-…q, which was father of Sharif Muhammad bin Abdul Karim. He had issue, a son namely Sharif Abdul Karim bin Muhammad. He was father of three sons: 1. Sharif Abdul Majid bin Abdul Karim. He had issue, two sons: a. Sharif Abdullah Abdul Majid. b. Sharif Muhammad bin Abdul Majid. 2. Sharif Muhammad bin Muhammad. 3. Sharif Abdul Hamid bin Muhammad. (e) Sharif Musaud bin Abdullah. He had issue, a son, Sharif Hussain bin Musaud.

(4) Sharif Hussain bin Barkat.

Sharif Ibraheem bin Muhammad, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Ibraheem bin Muhammad, Grand Sharif of Makkah (1682 A.D to 1684 A.D), succeeded his brother in 1682 A.D, exiled to Cairo from 1699 A.D to 1701 A.D and Constantinople in 1700 A.D.

Sharif Saeed I bin Barkat, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Saeed I bin Barkat, Grand Sharif of Makkah, succeeded his father in 1682 but deposed in 1683 A.D.

Sharif Ahmed bin Zaid, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Ahmad bin Zaid, Grand Sharif of Makkah (1669 A.D to 1671 A.D and 1684 A.D to 1688 A.D) second son of Sharif Zaid bin Mohsin, Grand Sharif of Makkah, appointed as co-ruler with his elder brother, Saad in 1669 A.D and deposed with him in 1671. He was Governor of Kirklareli from1672 A.D to 1684 A.D and re-appointed as sole ruler in October 1684 A.D. He died in March 1688, having had issue, three sons: (1) Sharif Abdul Mohsin bin Ahmad, Grand Sharif of Makkah. (2) Sharif Abdul Muttlib bin Ahmad. (3) Sharif Mubarak bin Ahmad, Grand Sharif of Makkah.

Sharif Ahmed bin Ghalib, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Ahmad bin Ghalib, Grand Sharif of Makkah, appointed on 4th January 1688 A.D and removed in April 1690 A.D. He died at Constantinople in January 1701 A.D, having had issue, four sons (ancestor of the Dhawu Masood clan), (1) Sharif Abu Talib bin Ahmad. (2) Sharif Jasad bin Ahmad. (3) Sharif Abdul-Muttlib bin Ahmad. (4) Sharif Zahir bin Ahmad.

Sharif Mohsin bin Ahmed, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Mohsin bin Ahmad, Grand Sharif of Makkah, was empowered from 1667 A.D to 1668 A.D and1689 A.D to1690 A.D but removed same year in April.

Sharif Mohsin II Pasha bin Hussain, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Mohsin II Pasha bin Hussein, Grand Sharif of Makkah, Installed in April 1690 and removed in October 1691 A.D. He died at Madina in 1695 A.D.

Sharif Saeed II bin Saad, Grand Sharif of Makkah


Sharif Saeed II bin Saad, Grand Sharif of Makkah (first time) 1691 A.D to 1694 A.D.

Sharif Saad Pasha, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Saad Pasha, Grand Sharif of Makkah (second time) 1693 A.D to 1694 A.D.


Sharif Abdullah II bin Hashim, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Abdullah II bin Hashim, Grand Sharif of Makkah was appointed in August 1694 A.D but removed in December that same year. He died at Constantinople, Turkey in January 1701 A.D.

Sharif Saad Pasha, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Saad Pasha, Grand Sharif of Makkah (1666 A.D to 1672 A.D, 1693 A.D to 1694 A.D and 1694 A.D to 1702 A.D) was born in 1647 A.D, eldest son of Sharif Zaid bin Mohsin, Grand Sharif of Makkah, succeeded on the death of his father, in July 1666 A.D. Deposed in April 1672 A.D. Re-appointed on 13th March 1693 A.D but deposed again in August 1694 A.D. Re-appointed for the third time in December 1694 A.D and deposed in March 1702 A.D. He died in 1709 A.D, having had issue, three sons:

(1) Sharif Saeed II bin Saad, Grand Sharif of Makkah.

(2) Sharif Masood bin Saad, father of Sharif Musaud bin Masood. He issue, a son, Sharif Abdullah bin Musaud who was father of Sharif Ahmad bin Abdullah. He had issue, two sons: (a) Sharif Rajih bin Ahmad. (b) Sharif Muhammad bin Ahmad.

(3) Sharif Yahya bin Saad. He had issue, a son, Sharif Suleman bin Yahya, who was father of Sharif Mazi? bin Suleman. He had issue, a son named Sharif Hassan bin Mazi?

Sharif Saeed II bin Saad, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Saeed II bin Saad, Grand Sharif of Makkah (second time) 1702 A.D to 1704 A.D.

Sharif Abdul Mohsin bin Ahmed, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Abdul Mohsin bin Ahmad, Grand Sharif of Makkah, eldest son of Sharif Ahmad bin Zaid, Grand Sharif of Makkah, appointed and deposed in July 1704. He died in 1718 A.D leaving a son, Sharif Ahmad bin Abdul Mohsin.

Sharif Saeed II bin Saad, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Saeed II bin Saad, Grand Sharif of Makkah (third time) in 1705 A.D.

Sharif Abdul Karim bin Muhammad, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Abdul Karim bin Muhammad, Grand Sharif of Makkah (first time) 1704 A.D to 1705 A.D and 1705 A.D to 1711 A.D, son of Sharif Muhammad bin Ya'ala, a descendant of Sharif Muhammad Abu Numayy II, appointed in July 1704 A.D, removed in February 1705 A.D, restored in November 1705 A.D, removed again and exiled to Cairo in December 1711 A.D. He died at Cairo, Egypt in 1719 A.D, with two sons as descendants. (1) Sharif Muhammad bin Abdul-Karim. (2) Sharif Ahmad bin Abdul-Karim.

Sharif Saeed II bin Saad, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Saeed II bin Saad, Grand Sharif of Makkah, born in 1674 A.D, eldest son of Sharif Saad bin Zaid, Grand Sharif of Makkah. He was installed in October 1691 A.D, removed in August 1692 A.D, restored in March 1702 A.D, removed in July 1704 A.D, restored in March 1705 A.D, removed in November 1705 A.D, restored December 1711 A.D but finally removed in January 1717. He died in March 1717 A.D, leaving, twelve sons:

(1) Sharif Abdullah III bin Saeed, Grand Sharif of Makkah. (2) Sharif Ali bin Saeed, Grand Sharif of Makkah. (3) Sharif Hussain bin Saeed. He had issue, a son: Sharif Saeed bin Hassan. (4) Sharif Madhar bin Saeed. (5) Sharif Masood II bin Saeed, Grand Sharif of Makkah. (6) Sharif Mubarak bin Saeed. (7) Sharif Masaad bin Saeed, Grand Sharif of Makkah. (8) Sharif Saud bin Saeed. (9) Sharif Jaafar bin Saeed, Grand Sharif of Makkah. (10) Sharif Rajih bin Saeed, died in 1748 A.D. (11) Sharif Ahmad bin Saeed, Grand Sharif of Makkah. (12) Sharif Abdullah bin Saeed. He was father of six sons: (a) Sharif Fuhaid bin Abdullah. (b) Sharif Ali bin Abdullah. (c) Sharif 'Umar bin Abdullah. (d) Sharif Masaad bin Abdullah. (e) Sharif Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah. (f) Sharif Masood Al-Awaji bin Abdullah.

Sharif Abdullah III bin Saeed, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Abdullah III bin Saeed, Grand Sharif of Makkah (first time). 1717 A.D to 1718 A.D.

Sharif Ali bin Saeed, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Ali bin Saeed, Grand Sharif of Makkah, second son of Sharif Saeed II, Grand Sharif of Makkah, succeeded on the deposition of his brother in April 1718 A.D but was himself deposed and killed in November 1718 A.D.

Sharif Yahya I bin Barkat, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Yahya I bin Barkat, younger son of Sharif Barkat III, Grand Sharif of Makkah was remained Grand Sharif of Makkah from 1718 A.D to 1719 A.D. He left three sons:

(1) Sharif Barkat bin Yahya, Grand Sharif of Makkah.

(2) Sharif Hussain bin Yahya, father of eight sons. (a) Sharif Abdullah IV bin Hussain, Grand Sharif of Makkah. (b) Sharif Hamad bin Yahya, having one son: Sharif Abdullah bin Hamad. (c) Sharif Saad bin Yahya, father of a son: Sharif Saeed bin Saad. (d) Sharif Ghalib bin Yahya left one son: Sharif Hazim bin Ghalib, who was also father of a son: Sharif Abdul Moeen bin Hazim. He had issue, two sons: (A) Sharif Sharf bin Abdul Moeen. He had issue, three sons: (I) Sharif Aun bin Sharaf. He had issue, two sons: (1a) Sharif Muhammad bin Aun, father of Sharif Aun bin Muhammad. (1b) Sharif Niaf bin Aun. (II) Sharif Faisal bin Sharaf. He had issue, two sons: Sharif Sharf bin Faisal and Sharif Abdullah bin Faisal. (III) Sharif Hassan bin Sharf, father of three sons: Sharif Talal bin Hassan. Sharif Sharf bin Hassan and Sharif Jawad bin Hassan. (B) Sharif Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Moeen, father of a son. Sharif Masood bin Abdul Aziz. (e) Sharif Suleiman bin Yahya, father of Sharif Ibraheem bin Suleiman. (f) Sharif Muhammad bin Yahya, left one son: Sharif Zain-ul- Abideen bin Muhammad. He had issue, a son: Sharif Muhammad bin Zain-ul-Abdeen. (g) Sharif Abdul Karim bin Yahya. He had issue, a son: Sharif Barkat bin Abdul Karim, father of Sharif Mubarak bin Barkat. He had issue, a son: Sharif Mohsin bin Mubarak. (h) Sharif Ghaith bin Yahya, father of a son, who had issue: (1) Sharif Abdul Mohsin. (2) Sharif Ubaid Ullah. He had issue, three sons: (a) Sharif Ahmad bin Ubaid Ullah. He was father of two sons: (I) Sharif Abdullah bin Ahmad. (II) Sharif Saad bin Ahmad. (b) Sharif Shakir bin Ubaid Ullah. He had issue, four sons: (1) Sharif Abdul Karim bin Shakir, father of one son: Sharif Mutaliq bin Abdul Karim. He had issue, three sons: Sharif Saad bin Mutaliq. Sharif Nasir bin Mutaliq and Sharif Thaqba Bin Mutaliq. (2) Sharif Masood bin Shakir. He had issue, two sons: (2A) Sharif Musa bin Masood, father of one son: Sharif Mansoor bin Musa. He was father of two sons: (I) Sharif Shakir bin Mansoor. He had issue, two sons, including: Sharif Ghaith bin Shakir. (II) Sharif Nasir bin Mansoor. (2B) Sharif Mubarak bin Masood. (3) Sharif Nasir bin Shakir. He had issue, two sons: (3A) Sharif Khidr bin Nasir. He had issue, three sons: Sharif Saad bin Khidr, Sharif Naif bin Khidr and Sharif Nasir bin Khidr. (3B) Sharif Ghazi bin Nasir. He had issue, two sons: (a). Sharif Ghaith bin Ghazi, father of Sharif Raad bin Ghaith. (b). Sharif Gali Bin Ghazi. (4) Sharif Muhammad.... bin Shakir, father of Sharif Hassan bin Ubaid Ullah.

3) Sharif Ibraheem bin Yahya.

Sharif Mubarak bin Ahmed, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Mubarak bin Ahmad, Grand Sharif of Makkah (first time) 1720 A.D to 1722 A.D.

Sharif Barkat bin Yahya, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Barkat bin Yahya, eldest son of Sharif Yahya I, Grand Sharif of Makkah, appointed on the deposition of Sharif Mubarak in September 1722 A.D but removed from office in October 1723 A.D.

Sharif Mubarak bin Ahmed, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Mubarak bin Ahmad, youngest son of Sharif Ahmad bin Zaid, Grand Sharif of Makkah, appointed in May 1720 A.D but removed from office in September 1722 A.D. He was re-appointed in October 1723 A.D but again removed in March 1724 A.D. He died in the Yemen in 1727 A.D, leaving six sons:

1) Sharif Abdullah bin Mubarak.

2) Sharif Faiz bin Mubarak.

3) Sharif Hussain bin Mubarak, father of Sharif Ahmad bin Hussain, who had issue, two sons: Sharif Masood bin Ahmad and Sharif Yahya bin Ahmad.

4) Sharif Saeed bin Mubarak, father of Sharif Ali bin Saeed, who left Sharif Mohsin bin Ali as his only son.

5) Sharif Jasar bin Mubarak, left one son: Sharif Hayin bin Jasar.

6) Sharif Madhi bin Mubarak, father of Sharif Mubarak bin Madhi, who issued one son, Sharif Mahdi bin Mubarak.

Sharif Abdullah III bin Saeed, Grand Sharif of Makkah

1717-1718 and 1724-1731 Sharif Abdullah III bin Saeed, eldest son of Sharif Saeed II, Grand Sharif of Makkah was installed in January 1717 A.D, removed in April 1718 A.D, restored in March 1724 A.D but finally removed in May 1731 A.D. He died in 1775 A.D, leaving six sons:

(1) Sharif Muhammad bin Abdullah, Grand Sharif of Makkah.(2) Sharif Thaqaba bin Abdullah. (3) Sharif Abdul Aziz bin Abdullah, left a son: Sharif Yahya bin Abdul Aziz. (4) Sharif Masaad bin Abdullah, father of a son, Sharif Abdul ... bin Masaad, who left Sharif Saeed bin Abdul … as only descendant. (5) Sharif Ubaid Ullah bin Abdullah, left a son Sharif Muhammad bin Ubaid Ullah. (6) Sharif Fuhaid bin Abdullah. He had issue, a son: Sharif Abdullah bin Fuhaid.

Sharif Muhammad bin Abdullah, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Muhammad bin Abdullah, Grand Sharif of Makkah (first time) 1731 A.D to 1732 A.D.

Sharif Masood II bin Saeed Ii, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Masood II bin Saeed II, Grand Sharif of Makkah (first time) 1732 A.D to 1733 A.D.

Sharif Muhammad bin Abdullah, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Muhammad bin Abdullah, born in 1715 A.D as eldest son of Sharif Abdullah III, Grand Sharif of Makkah. He was installed in May 1731 A.D, removed in November 1732 A.D, restored in January 1733 and removed in February 1734 A.D. He died in 1756 A.D, leaving only son, Sharif Mubarak bin Muhammad.

Sharif Masood II bin Saeed Ii, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Masood II bin Saeed II, fourth son of Sharif Saeed II, Grand Sharif of Makkah, installed in November 1732 A.D, deposed in January-February 1733 A.D, restored in February 1734 A.D but deposed again on 18th February 1752 A.D. He died at Makkah on18th February 1752 A.D.

Sharif Masaid bin Saeed II, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Masaid bin Saeed II, Grand Sharif of Makkah (first time) 1752 A.D to 1758 A.D.

Sharif Jaffar bin Saeed, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Jaafar bin Saeed, seventh son of Sharif Saeed II, Grand Sharif of Makkah, succeeded on the deposition of his brother on 24th August 1759 A.D but was removed, in January 1760 A.D. He died in 1764 A.D.

Sharif Masaad bin Saeed II, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Masaad bin Saeed II, fifth son of Sharif Saeed II, Grand Sharif of Makkah, succeeded his brother on 18th February 1752 A.D. He deposed on 24th August 1759, but re-appointed in January 1760. He died as Grand Sharif of Makkah in same city on 23rd May 1770, leaving seven sons:

(1) Sharif Sarur bin Masaad, Grand Sharif of Makkah.(2) Sharif Masood bin Masaad, left one son: Sharif Masaad bin Masood. (3) Sharif Abdul Moeen bin Masaad, Grand Sharif of Makkah. (4) Sharif Abdul-Aziz bun Masaad. (5) .Sharif Ghalib bin Masaad, Grand Sharif of Makkah - see below. (6) Sharif Luwai bin Masaad, Governor of Najd in 1797 A.D. (7) Sharif Muhammad bin Masaad.

Sharif Ahmed bin Saeed, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Ahmad bin Saeed, ninth son of Sharif Saeed II, Grand Sharif of Makkah, installed on 23rd May 1770 A.D but expelled from Makkah on 12th July 1770 A.D. Retreated to Taif and later to Lithe. Raised an army and took Makkah with the help of the Thuqaif tribe in October 1770 A.D but expelled again, later that same month. He died at Jeddah in 1781 A.D.

Sharif Abdullah IV bin Hussain, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Abdullah IV bin Hussain, son of Sharif Hussain bin Yahya, and grand son of Sharif Yahya I, Grand Sharif of Makkah, installed at Makkah on 12th July 1770 A.D, deposed by his cousin, Sharif Sarur on 5th February 1773 A.D and exiled in 1779. He died. at Izmir, Turkey in1788, leaving a son: Sharif Sharf bin Abdullah. He had issue, a son: Sharif Muhammad Abu Numayy bin Sharf. He was father of a son, Sharif Ali bin Muhammad Abu Numayy. He left Sharif Muhammad bin Ali as only descendant.

Sharif Sarur bin Masaad, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Sarur bin Masaad, born 1744 A.D, eldest son of Sharif Masaad bin Saeed II, Grand Sharif of Makkah, entered Makkah at the head of an army and deposed his uncle on 5th February 1773 A.D, deposed on 21st January 1788 A.D. He married in 1779 A.D to his distant cousin, Lalla Lubaba, daughter of his distant cousin, Sultan Alawi Sidi Muhammad III, Sultan of Morocco. He died at Makkah, 20th September 1788, leaving six sons behind.

(1) Amir Yahya II bin Sarur, Grand Sharif of Makkah.(2) Sharif Abdullah bin Sarur, born at Makkah in 1776 A.D, rebelled against his uncle at the age of 12. He was father of seven sons: (a) Sharif Masaad bin Abdullah. (b) Sharif Hashim bin Abdullah. He died at Constantinople, 1850 A.D leaving one son: Sharif Atiq Ali Pasha. (c) Sharif Ali bin Abdullah. (d) Sharif Muhammad bin Abdullah. He had issue, two sons. (e) Sharif Mansoor bin Abdullah. (f) Sharif Zaid bin Abdullah. (g) Sharif Nami bin Abdullah. (3) Sharif Saeed bin Sarur, left two sons, Sharif Ali bin Saeed and Sharif Muhammad bin Saeed. He had issue, a son: Sharif Sarur bin Muhammad, left one son Sharif Abdullah bin Sarur, who was father of Sharif Hassan bin Abdullah. (4) Sharif Hassan bin Sarur. (5) Sharif Ahmad bin Sarur. He had issue, a son: Sharif Abdullah bin Ahmad. (6) Sharif Muhammad bin Sarur.

Sharif Abdul Moeen, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Abdul Moeen, born in 1747 A.D and appointed on 21st January but was deposed, 31st January 1788 A.D. He died in July 1803 A.D.

Sharif Ghalib, Grand Sharif of Makkah

Sharif Ghalib, born in 1750 A.D, succeeded on the death of his brother on 31st January 1788 A.D, deposed by the Turks on 2nd November 1813 A.D and exiled with his family to Salonika. He married to several wives including (a) a sister of Sharif Usman bin Abdul Rahman Al Madaifi and (b) Sharifa Qamar (poisoned at Salonika, Greece in 1816 A.D). He died in exile at Salonika, Greece in January 1817 A.D, leaving three sons and two daughters:

(1) Sharif Hussein bin Ghalib. He died at Alexandria in January 1814 A.D. (2) Sharif Abdullah bin Ghalib. He was killed (poisoned) at Salonika, Greece, with his wife and son in 1816 in having had issue one son: Sharif Muhammad bin Abdullah, who was poisoned at Salonika, Greece, with both his parents in 1816 A.D. (3) Amir Abdul-Muttlib bin Ghalib, Grand Sharif of Makkah.(4) Sharif Ali bin Ghalib, left two sons: (a) Sharif Hussain bin Ali. (b) Sharif Mohsin bin Ali. He had issue, a son: Sharif Nasir bin Mohsin. (5) Sharif Yahya bin Ghalib, left a son, Sharif Luwai bin Yahya (6) Sharifa Amira binnat Ghalib (d/o Qamar). She was killed (poisoned) at Salonika, Greece in 1816 A.D. (7) Sharifa Muzeyma binnat Ghalib, escaped the extermination of her family in 1816 A.D.

Amir Yahya II, Grand Sharif & Amir of Makkah

Amir Yahya II was appointed as Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah, by the Turks to succeed his uncle on 2nd November 1813 A.D but deposed in August 1827 A.D. He died at Cairo in 1838, having had issue, two sons:

(1) Sharif Mansoor bin Yahya. He had issue, a son: Sharif Hussain bin Mansoor. (2) Sharif Hassan bin Yahya.

Amir Abdul Muttlib Pasha, Grand Sharif & Amir of Makkah

Amir Abdul Muttlib Pasha was appointed Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah (First time) in 1827 A.D.

Amir Muhammad III bin Abdul Moeen Al Aun, Grand Sharif & Amir of Makkah

Amir Muhammad III bin Abdul Moeen Al Aun, appointed Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah (first time) from 1827 A.D to 1836 A.D.

Interregnum

Interregnum from 1836 A.D to 1840 A.D. No one was appointed as Amir and grand Sharif of Makkah in this period.

Amir Muhammad III bin Abdul Moeen Al Aun, Grand Sharif & Amir of Makkah


Amir Muhammad III bin Abdul Moeen Al Aun, Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah (second time) from 1840 A.D to 1851 A.D.


Amir Abdul Muttlib Pasha, Grand Sharif & Amir of Makkah

Amir Abdul Muttlib Pasha was appointed as Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah from 1851 A.D to 1856 A.D. (second time).

Amir Muhammad III bin Abdul Moeen Al Aun, Grand Sharif & Amir of Makkah

Amir Muhammad III bin Abdul Moeen Al Aun, born at Makkah in 1767 A.D, son of Sharif Abdul Moeen bin Aun, proclaimed at Makkah in succession to his cousin on September 1827 A.D. He was deposed in 1836 but restored in 1840, deposed again in July 1851 A.D, re-appointed on 6th January 1856 A.D, installed at Makkah on 17th April 1856 A.D. He died at Makkah on 28th March 1858 A.D as Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah, having had issue, six sons and four daughters, including:

(1) Amir Abdullah Kamil Pasha, Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah. He was born in 1823 A.D. (2) Sharif Ali bin Muhammad, born in 1833 A.D and married (a) a Circassian lady. (b) Salha, a Yemeni widow from the Bani-Shahar tribe. He died at Constantinople, Turkey in 1871 A.D. He left two sons and four daughters: (a). Hussain bin Ali, King of the Hijaz (s/o Salha). (b) Prince Nasser bin Ali Pasha, born at Constantinople, Turkey, 1863. Granted the personal title of Prince (Amir) with the style of His Highness by his brother, King Hussain bin Ali of the Hijaz. He married (first) at Makkah in 1879 to Dilber Khanum, (second) to Perendis Khanum, (third) to Munira and (fourth) Nafia Khanum (died in 1922 A.D), daughter of Halil Pasha. He became father of seven sons and four daughters:

(I) Sharif Jamil Ali Bey (s/o Dilber), Governor of the Hauran in 1920 A.D. He married to Wijdan Khanum, daughter of Shaker Pasha. He died at Amman in August 1938 A.D, leaving, one son and two daughters: (1A). Lieutenant General Sharif Nasser bin Jamil, born at Amman on 7th August 1927. He married (first) (divorced) to Sharifa Fatima Newzad binnat Rakan, daughter of Sharif Rakan bin Nasser, (second) in 1973 to Hind Mango (born in 1940 A.D), artist and UNICEF Communications Officer. He died on 23rd March 1979 A.D, having had issue, two sons and three daughters by his first wife, and one son and two daughters by his second: (a) Sharif Jamil bin Nasser, born at Amman on 27th December 1952 A.D (s/o Sharifa Fatima Newzad) and married to Maqbula binnat Zaben. He was father of two sons and one daughter: (I) Sharif Nasser bin Jamil. (II) Sharif Faisal bin Jamil. (III) Sharifa Anoud bin Jamil. (b) Sharif Hussein bin Nasser, born at Amman in 1962 (s/o Sharifa Fatima Newzad), married (first) (divorced) to Seema, née Tabbaa, (second) to Jemman, née Ammari. He has issue, a son: Sharif Jamil bin Hussein (s/o Seema). (c) Sharif Nasser bin Nasser, born at Amman in 1979 (s/o Hind). (d) Sharifa Zain Al Sharif binnat Nasser, born at Amman in 1954 (d/o Sharifa Fatima Newzad), married (first) (divorced) to Muhammad Madi (second)... (e) Sharifa Noor binnat Nasser was born at Amman in 1956 (d/o Sharifa Fatima Newzad). She married (divorced) to Abdullah Siraj. (e) Sharifa Rajiha binnat Nasser, born at Amman in 1959 (d/o Sharifa Fatima Newzad) and married (divorced) to Nidal Arafat. (f) Sharifa Nofa binnat Nasser was born at Amman in 1974 (d/o Hind). (g). Sharifa Zainab binnat Nasser, born at Amman in 1976 (d/o Hind).

1B) Sharifa Zain binnat Jamil Ali [Queen Zain of Jordan], born in Egypt on 2nd August 1915 and married at Amman on 27th November 1934 to Shah Talal I, King of Jordan (born at Makkah on 26th February 1909 & died at Istanbul, Turkey on 8th July 1972), eldest son of Abdullah I, King of Jordan, by his first wife Queen Musbah, elder twin daughter of Amir Nasser Pasha. She died at Lausanne, Switzerland on 26th April 1994, leaving three sons and one daughter.

1C) Sharifa Nafia binnat Jamil Ali, married to Sharif Fawwaz Muhana, architect. She became mother of (a) Sharifa Wijdan binnat Fawwaz Muhana [Princess Wijdan Ali], born at Baghdad on 29th August 1939 and married at Amman on 11th April 1969 to Prince Ali Azim (born on 10th August 1941), eldest son of General Prince Naif of Jordan, by his wife Princess Mehrimah. She had issue, one son and three daughters.

2) Prince Jaafar bin Nasser Bey, born at Constantinople in 1902 (s/o Munira). King Abdullah I of Jordan granted him the personal title of Prince (Amir) with the style of His Highness.

3) Sharif Zamil bin Nasser Bey (s/o Munira).

4) Sharif Rakan bin Nasser Bey (s/o Nafia), married to Qudrat, née Badrakhan. He had issue one son and three daughters:

(A) Sharif Ghazi bin Rakan Nasser, born at Cairo, Egypt in 1939, married to Huzaima (Sharifa Huzaima Nasser), sometime Lady-in-Waiting to Princess Muna Al-Hussain, elder daughter of Abdul Jabbar Mahmood, by his wife Princess Rajiha, second daughter of Faisal I King of Iraq. He had issue, one son and three daughters: (a) Sharif Rakan bin Ghazi, married to Karima, née Yolanda Bravo-Her radon. He left only daughter: Sharifa Haya binnat Rakan. (b) Sharifa Rajha binnat Ghazi, married to Amir Muheisen. (c) Sharifa Sara binnat Ghazi, married to Ra'ad Rifai. (d). Sharifa Nafeesah binnat Ghazi.

(B). Sharifa Nafia binnat Rakan.

(C) Sharifa Fatima Newzad binnat Rakan, married (divorced) to Lieutenant-General Sharif Nasser bin Jamal Ali (born at Amman on 7th August 1927 & died on 23rd March 1979), son of Sharif Jamil Ali Bey, by his wife, Wijdan Khanum, daughter of Shaker Pasha. She had issue, two sons and three daughters.

(D) Sharifa Huzaima binnat Rakan, married to Suleiman Dajani.

(E) Sharifa Thuraya binnat Rakan, married at Amman, 1966 (divorced) Sharif Zaid bin Hussain (born on 3rd July 1947 & married second in1973 to Feriha Debbas), only son of her uncle, Prince Hussain bin Nasser Bey, sometime Prime Minister of Jordan, by his wife Princess Maqbula, third daughter of Abdullah I, King of Jordan. She had issue, only one son.

5) Sharif Abdul Moeen bin Nasser Bey (s/o Dilber).

6) Prince Hussain bin Nasser Bey, born at Taif on 30th November 1902 (s/o Perendis), He was Private Secretary to King Faisal I of Iraq from 1929 to 1935 and Prime Minister of Jordan from 1963 to 1964 and in 1967. He married at Amman in 1943 to Princess Maqbula (born at Makkah on 6th February 1921 & died at Amman on 1st January 2001), third daughter of Abdullah I, King of Jordan, by his second wife, Princess Suzdil. He died at Amman, Jordan on 1st May 1982, having had issue, one son: Sharif Zaid bin Hussain, born on 3rd July 1947. He married (first) at Amman in 1966 (divorced) to Sharifa Thuraya binnat Rakan (born on 14th March 1945), youngest daughter of his uncle, Sharif Rakan bin Nasser Bey, by his wife, Qudrat, née Badrakhan, (second) in 1973 to Ferihan (born on 3rd May 1952), née Debbas. He had issue, one son by his first wife, and three sons by his second: (a) Sharif Hussein bin Zaid, born at Amman, Jordan on 12th September 1967 (s/o Thuraya) and married (first) name not known, (second) on 27th October 2002 to Rusha Al Ahmad (born on 16th April 1973), left one daughter by his second wife: Sharifa Thuraya binnat Hussain, born on 27th August 2003. (b) Sharif Hassan bin Zaid born at Amman, Jordan on 22nd May 1974 (s/o Ferihan), (c) Sharif Ali bin Zaid, born at Amman, Jordan on 8th July 1975 (s/o Ferihan).(d) Sharif Abdullah bin Zaid, born at Amman on Jordan, 10th October 1976 (s/o Ferihan).

7) Sharif Ali bin Nasser Bey (s/o Perendis).

8) Sharifa Musbah Khanum [Queen Musbah of Jordan], born at Makkah in 1885 (d/o Dilber), married at Constantinople in 1904, as his first wife to Abdullah I, King of Jordan, third son of Hussain I, Khalifah-tul-Islam, King of the Hijaz, Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah, by his first wife Sharifa Abdiya binnat Abdullah. She died at Irbid on 15th March 1961, as mother of one son and one daughter.

9) Sharifa Huzaima Khanum [Queen Huzaima of Iraq], born at Makkah in 1885 (d/o Dilber), married at Constantinople in 1904 to Faisal I, King of Iraq, fourth son of Hussein I, King of the Hijaz, by his first wife, Sharifa Abdiya binnat Abdullah, daughter of Amir Abdullah bin Muhammad, Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah. She died at Baghdad on 27th March 1935, having had issue, one son and three daughters.

10) Sharifa Jamila Khanum (d/o Dilber).

11) Sharifa Fatima Khanum (d/o Nafia), married to Amir Sharif Muhammad Mohsin, grandson of a former Amir of Makkah.

12). Sharifa Haya binnat Ali (d/o Salha).

13). Sharifa Zain as-Sharif binnat Ali.

14). Sharifa Asma binnat Ali.

15). Sharifa Rahma binnat Ali, married to Amir Ali Pasha, Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah (born in 1859 & died in Egypt), second son of Amir Abdullah bin Muhammad, Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah. She had issue. (A). Amir Hussein Pasha, Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah. (B). Amir Aun Al Rafiq Pasha, Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah. (C). Sharif Sultan bin Muhammad, born in 1843 & died in April/May 1867, leaving, a daughter, Sharifa Fatima Khanum, died after 1908. (D). Amir Abdul-Ilah Pasha, Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah.

Amir Abdullah Kamal Pasha bin Muhammad, Grand Sharif & Amir of Makkah

Amir Abdullah Kamil Pasha bin Muhammad, born in 1823 and appointed by the Sultan of Turkey to succeed his father on 1st May 1858. He died at Taif on 26th June 1877, leaving, three sons and four daughters:

1). Sharif Sharf bin Abdullah, born at Makkah in 1851 and died at Taif in 1871.

2). Amir Ali Pasha, Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah.

3). Sharif Muhammad Pasha, born in 1864 and died on 19th November 1893, having had issue, two sons and one daughter: (a) Sharif Mohsin Bey [Cairo] (b). Sharif Abdullah Bey [Cairo]. (c). Sharifa Fakhr ul-Muhaddarat Khanum.

1) Sharifa Abaidiya Khanum married at Makkah, as his first wife to Hussain bin Ali, King of the Hijaz, Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah. She died in 1888, having had issue four sons and one daughter.

Amir Hussain bin Muhammad, Grand Sharif & Amir of Makkah

Amir Hussein bin Muhammad, born in 1838, appointed by the Sultan of Turkey to succeed his brother on 11th July 1877. He died from wounds received from an assassin, at Jeddah on 15th March 1880, leaving three daughters.

Amir Abdul Muttlib Pasha, Grand Sharif & Amir of Makkah

1827, 1851-1856 and 1880-1881 H.H. Amir Abdul Muttlib Pasha, born in 1790 as third son of Sharif Ghalib, Grand Sharif of Makkah and appointed by the Sultan of Turkey to succeed his cousin in August 1827. He was deposed in September 1827 but re-appointed in July 1851, deposed for the second time on 6th January 1856, re-appointed in June 1880 and finally deposed on 17th August 1882.

He died at his house near, Mina on 29th January 1886, leaving eight sons and two daughters:

(1) Sharif Reza Bey. He had issue, one son: Sharif Mused bin Reza. Who was also father of one son namely, Sharif Saud bin Mused.

(2) Sharif Azad Bey. He died unmarried.

(3) Sharif Ahmad Adnan Pasha. He died in 1910, leaving (a) Sharif Masaid Pasha. (b) Sharif Sadiq Pasha, married to Rafia Khanum, and died before December 1922, leaving six children, including: (I) Sharif Rafiq bin Sadiq, left four sons: (A) Sharif Talib bin Rafiq. (B) Sharif Mubarak bin Rafiq. (C) Sharif Sadiq bin Rafiq. (D) Sharif Haris bin Rafiq. (II) Sharif Khalid bin Sadiq. (III) Sharif Hamid Adnan bin Sadiq Pasha, born at Constantinople, Turkey in 1907. (IV) Sharifa Dellal binnat Sadiq Pasha. (V) Sharifa Sadiah binnati Sadiq Pasha. (c) Sharif Yahya Pasha Adnan. He had issue, several sons: (I) Sharif Muhammad bin Yahya Pasha. (II) Sharif Rajwan [Wijwan] bin Yahya Pasha. He left four sons: (A) Sharif Saad bin Rajwan [Wijwan]. (B) Sharif Mubarak bin Rajwan [Wijwan]. (C) Sharif Majid bin Rajwan [Wijwan]. (D) Sharif Muhammad bin Rajwan [Wijwan]. (III) Sharif Ali bin Yahya Pasha. He left seven sons: (1) Sharif Zain-ul-Abdeen bin Ali, left three sons. (a) Sharif Auni bin Zain-ul-Abideen. (b) Sharif Daud bin Zain-ul-Abideen. He had issue, two sons: (I) Sharif Tarir bin Daud. (II) Sharif Ibraheem bin Daud. He left one son: Sharif Nakh …bin Ibraheem. (c) Sharif Adil bin Zain-ul-Abideen. (2) Sharif Hassan bin Ali. He had issue, a son: (3) Sharif Abdul Muttlib bin Ali. (4) Sharif Abdullah bin Ali. He left five sons: (a) Sharif Munir bin Abdullah. (b) Sharif Jabir bin Abdullah. (c) Sharif Luwai bin Abdullah. (d) Sharif Shakir bin Abdullah. (e) Sharif Ali bin Abdullah. (5) Sharif Mohsin bin Ali. (6) Sharif Ahmad bin Ali. He had issue, three sons: (a) Sharif Faisal bin Ahmad. He left, two sons: Sharif Sadiq Al-… bin Faisal and Sharif Khal …bin Faisal. (b) Sharif Abdul Muttlib bin Ahmad. He left Sharif Hashim bin Abdul Muttlib as his only son. (c) Sharif Mehmood (?) bin Ahmad. He had issue, six sons: (I) Sharif Hanifa bin Mehmood. (II) Sharif Abdul Mohsin bin Mehmood. (III) Sharif Abdul Aziz bin Mehmood. (IV) Sharif Abdul … bin Mehmood. (V) Sharif Asad bin Mehmood. (VI) Sharif Abdul …bin Mehmood. (7) Sharif Sarur bin Ali. He had issue, a son: Sharif Mansoor bin Sarur. (IV) Sharif Sharaf bin Yahya Pasha. He left four sons: (1) Sharif …id bin Sharaf, left Sharif Jamil bin …id, as only descendant. (2) Sharif Naqi bin Sharaf. (3) Sharif Muhammad bin Sharaf. (4) Sharif Sharaf bin Sharaf. (V) Sharif Narikh (?) bin Yahya Pasha, father of two sons: (1) Sharif Majid bin Narikh (?). (2) Sharif Mitas bin Narikh (?). (VI) Sharif Rajih bin Yahya Pasha. He left one son and one daughter: Sharif Hamid bin Rajih and Sharifa Wijdan [Rajwan] binnat Rajih. (d) Sharif Muhammad Ali Adnan. (e) Sharif Muhammad Sharaf Pasha Adnan left two sons: Sharif Zahid bin Muhammad Sharaf and Sharif Rabin bin Muhammad Sharaf.

4) Sharif Abdullah Bey.

5) Sharif Hashim Pasha. He born in 1858 and died in 1881 leaving a son: Sharif Saad ud-Deen bin Hashim. He had issue, three sons: (A) Sharif Hamad bin Saad-ud-Deen. He left two sons: (1) Sharif …n bin Hamad. (2) Sharif Hazza bin Hamad. He had issue, two sons: (a) Sharif Hassan bin Hazza. (b) Sharif Hamad bin Hazza. (B) Sharif Muhammad …bin Saad ud-Deen, left a son. Sharif Saadullah bin Muhammad … (C) Sharif Mahdi bin Saad ud-Deen.

6) Sharif Ali Jabir Al-Devi Pasha, born in 1860 and died at Constantinople, Turkey in April 1880, leaving five sons and two daughters: (a) Amir Ali Haidar bin Ali Jabir Al-Devi, Grand Sharif of Makkah (s/o a Circassian slave). (b) Sharif Ali bin Ali Jabir Al-Devi. (c) Sharif Saeed bin Ali Jabir Al-Devi. (d) Sharif Jaafar Haidar bin Ali Jabir Al-Devi. He lived at Lahej, Aden after the Great War and Hatija [Khadeejah] (died in 1918), daughter of Mohi-ud-Deen. He left a son: Prince Abdul-Karim Jaafar, born in 1914 (s/o Hatija). King Hussain I of Jordan granted him the personal title of Prince (Amir) with the style of His Highness. He married at Amman on 10th June 1943 to Princess Haya (born at Constantinople, Turkey in 1907; died at Amman in 1990), eldest daughter of Abdullah I, King of the Hashemite Kingdom of the Jordan, by his first wife, Queen Musbah. (e) Sharif Ghalib bin Ali Jabbar Al-Devi. (f) Sharifa Hariya Ali Jabir Al-Devi. She died unmarried (g) Sharifa Attiya binnati Ali Jabir Al-Devi, married to Yahya. She died in 1935.

7) Sharif Fahad Bey, born in 1862 and died in 1884, leaving two sons: Sharif Yousuf bin Fahad and Sharif Reza bin Fahad.

8) Sharif Mehmood Bey, died on 4th August 1891.

9) Sharifa Muzaima Khanum.

10) Sharifa Azza Khanum.

Amir Abdullah Pasha, Grand Sharif & Amir of Makkah

Amir Abdullah Pasha was appointed as Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah (first time) from 1881 to 1882.

Amir Aun Al-Rafiq Pasha, Grand Sharif & Amir of Makkah

Amir Aun Al-Rafiq Pasha, born at Makkah in February 1841, son of Amir Muhammad III bin Abdul Moeen Al-Aun, Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah. He was appointed as Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah by the Sultan of Turkey on 30th August 1882 and installed at Makkah on 8th October 1882. He married to Fatima Khanum (died after 1919), daughter of Jari. He died at Taif on 17th July 1905, leaving one son: Sharif Muhammad Abdul-Aziz Bey, born at Constantinople in 1875 and married to Syeda Fatima binnat Asad. He left seven sons:

a) Sharif Ahmad bin Muhammad Abdul-Aziz, born in 1896 and married at Cairo, Egypt in 1927 (divorced in 1929) to Muhiba [Biba] Khanum (born in August 1904; married second to (Sahib-ul-Izza) Sharif Shaheen Bey), second daughter of (Sahib-us-Saada) Muhammad Mohsin Pasha, by his wife, Madiha Khanum, daughter of (Sahib-us-Saada) Khalil Kamil Yeghen Pasha. He died in 1948, leaving one daughter: Sharifa Suhaila binnat Ahmad, born in 1928 and died in 1929.

b) Sharif Abdul Hamid bin Muhammad Abdul-Aziz, born in1898 and married to Fahria Brav or Shireen (died at Cairo in 1982), a Turkish lady. He died at Kensington, London on 6th September 1963, leaving a daughter: Princess Deena binnat Abdul-Hamid, born at Cairo in1928. Styled Queen Deena Al-Hussain with the style of Her Majesty from 19th April 1955, and Princess Deena with the style of Her Royal Highness from 24th June 1957. She married (first) at Raghadan Palace, Amman on 19th April 1955 (divorced on 8th June 1957) to Hussain I, King of the Hashemite Kingdom of the Jordan (born at Amman on 14th November 1935; died at Amman on 7th February 1999), eldest son of Shah Talal I, King of the Hashemite Kingdom of the Jordan, by his wife Queen Zain. (Second) at Cairo, Egypt on 7th October 1971 to Asad Suleman Abdul Qadir (born at Bethlehem on 27th October 1942), Alias Salah Tamari.

c) Sharif Hussain bin Muhammad Abdul-Aziz.

d) Sharif Al-Aun bin Muhammad Abdul-Aziz, born in 1902 and married at Constantinople on 31st August 1953 to Shahindi, daughter of Yusuf Zia Sukal. He died in 1968.

e) Sharif Hassan bin Muhammad Abdul-Aziz, born in 1902 and died unmarried in 1968.

f) Sharif Yousuf bin Muhammad Abdul-Aziz, born in 1906 and married to Adila Khanum. He left two sons, and one daughter: (I) Sharif Aun bin Yousuf, born in 1948. (II) Sharif Ahmad bin Yousuf, born in 1951. (III). Sharifa Aalya binnat Yousuf, born in 1952 and died in 1968.

g) Sharif Ali bin Muhammad Abdul-Aziz, born in 1908 and married to Indji Khanum. He left one son and one daughter: (I) Sharif Muhammad bin Ali, born in 1950. (II) Sharifa Fatima binnat Ali, born in 1948.

Amir Abdullah Pasha bin Muhammad, Grand Sharif & Amir of Makkah

Amir Abdullah Pasha bin Muhammad, born in 1845 and appointed as the successor to his brother in 1905 but he died at Constantinople, before taking up his post in 1905.

Amir Ali Pasha, Grand Sharif & Amir of Makkah

Amir Ali Pasha was born in 1859 as second son of Amir Abdullah Kamil Pasha, Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah. He was appointed as Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah by the Sultan of Turkey on14th October 1905 but deposed and ordered to reside in Constantinople on 29th October 1908.

He married (first) to Sharifa Rahma binnat Ali, youngest daughter of Sharif Ali bin Muhammad, (second) to a daughter of Sharif Fittin. He died in Egypt, after 1932 having had issue, four sons: (1) Sharif Abdullah bin Ali Bey. (2) Sharif Abdul Mohsin bin Ali Bey. (3) Sharif Hassan bin Ali Bey. (4) Sharif Hussain bin Ali Bey, born on 30th September 1918. He escaped into exile in London with his family after the coup d'etat in Iraq in1958. He married to Princess Badia (born at Damascus, Syria in 1919), third daughter of Ali bin Hussain, King of the Hijaz and Grand Sharif of Makkah, by his wife Queen Nafeesah (second daughter of Amir Abdul Ilah Pasha, Grand Sharif of Makkah). He died at London on 1st July 1998, leaving three sons: (a) Sharif Muhammad bin Al-Hussain, born at Baghdad, Iraq in 1950. He married to a Persian lady. (b) Sharif Abdullah bin Al-Hussain, born at Baghdad, Iraq in 1952. He married in 1988 to Antonella Sophia Gabrielle Maria (born on 24th December 1957), only daughter of The Hon John Wynn Harvey, by his wife, Elena Maria-Theresa [The Hon Mrs. John Harvey], younger daughter of The Noble Giambattista, Marques Curtopassi, of Rome Italy. He left two sons and one daughter: (I) Sharif Abdullah bin Abdullah, born on 13th March 1992. (II) Sharif Hassan bin Abdullah, born on 1st November 1994. (III). Sharifa Badia binnat Abdullah. b. 1990. (c) Sharif Ali bin Al-Hussain, born at Baghdad, Iraq in 1956. He proclaimed himself pretender to the Throne of Iraq (not in accordance with the laws of succession). He married to Lina, and left one son and three daughters.

Amir Abdullah Pasha, Grand Sharif & Amir of Makkah

Amir Abdullah Pasha, fourth son of Amir Muhammad bin Abdul Moeen Al-Aun, Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah was appointed in 1881 but deposed and imprisoned in the Castle of Taif in 1882. He was re-appointed in 1908 but died before proceeding to the Holy cities. He married to Mihr-i-Shah Malika Khanum (died at Baghdad, Iraq on 22nd November 1927), a Circassian lady. He died at Emirgan (Basphorus) Turkey in 1908, leaving, one son and two daughters:

1) Sharif Salim Pasha. He died at Constantinople and left two sons and one daughter: (a) Sharif Dr. Ahmad Hazim Bey. He married to Princess Jalila (born at Makkah in 1923; died in Hospital, at Baghdad, Iraq on 28th December 1955), youngest daughter of Ali bin Hussain, King of the Hijaz, and Grand Sharif of Makkah, by his wife Queen Nafeesah. (b) Sharif Hashim Bey. (c) Sharifa Musbah Khanum.

2). Sharifa Abdiya Khanum, born at Constantinople, Turkey.

3) Sharifa Nafeesah Khanum [Queen Nafeesah of the Hijaz], born at Constantinople, Turkey in 1886 and married at Yenikoy (Basphorus) Turkey in 1906 to Ali bin Hussain, King of the Hijaz, and Grand Sharif of Makkah, (born at Makkah in 1879; died at Baghdad on 14th February 1935), eldest son of Hussain bin Ali, Khalifah-tul-Islam, King of the Hijaz, Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah, by his first wife, Sharifa Abdiya binnat Abdullah, daughter of Amir Abdullah Pasha, Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah. The military plotters outside the Rihab Palace, Baghdad, killed her on 14th July 1958. She left one son and four daughters.

Amir Hussain Pasha, grand Sharif & Amir of Makkah

Amir Hussain Pasha was Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah from (first time) 1908 to 1916. He later became the first Khalifah-tul-Islam, King of the Hijaz, and Commander of the Faithful. (Kings of Hijaz)

Amir Ali Haidar Pasha, Grand Sharif & Amir of Makkah

Amir Ali Haidar Pasha was born at Kaniyah on 15th December 1866, eldest son of Sharif Ali Jabir Al-Devi Bey. Sultan of Turkey appointed him as Amir of Makkah and 1st Vice-President of the Senate on 18th June 1916. He never reached Makkah, only Madina. He resided there from 1st July 1916 to March 1917 and then went into voluntary exile.

He was married (first) at Constantinople in 1884 to Sabiha Khanum (died on 8th February 1961), (second) at Constantinople in April 1902 to Fatima Khanum, née Isobel (born in 1874; died at Alexandria, Egypt on 12th May 1952), daughter of Brigadier-General Dunn Bey, a British officer in Turkish service. He died at Beirut, Lebanon on 12th May 1935, leaving four sons and three daughters:

(1). Prince Damad Muhammad Abdul Majid Haidar Bey Effendi, born at Constantinople, Turkey in 1889 (s/o Sabiha). He married at Göztepe, Turkey on 17th February 1910 to Princess Rukkiya Sultana (born at the Ciragan Palace, Ortakoy on 1st June 1885; died at Istanbul on 16th June 1971), third daughter of Major-General Prince Muhammad Salah-ud-Deen Effendi of Turkey, by his second wife, Davhida Zat-i-Gul Khanum Effendi. He died at Istanbul, Turkey on 23rd November 1965.

(2) Sharif Muhammad Mohi-ud-Deen Bey Targan, born at Constantinople, Turkey in 1892 (s/o Sabiha). He married on 8th April 1950 to Safiyya Ayla (born in 1907). He died at Istanbul, Turkey on 13th September 1967.

(3) Sharif Muhammad Amin Haidar Bey (s/o Sabiha).

(4) Sharif Faisal Haidar Bey Targan, born in 1905 (s/o Sabiha). He lived in Turkey and managed the family properties there. He married to Farida Khanum and died at Zencirlikuyu, Istanbul (Turkey) on 2nd June 1956, leaving two daughters: (a) Sharifa Nukhad, married to James Hovel. (b) Sharifa Najla [Necla], married (first) to Ilhan Sarvan and (second) to … Sarpel.

(5) Sharifa Nimatullah Khanum (d/o Sabiha).

(6) Sharifa Sufeyma Khanum (d/o Fatima).

(7) Sharifa Musbah Khanum, born at Constantinople, Turkey on 25th November 1908 (d/o Fatima). She married to Major Francis Daniel Stewart Frap (born at Bristol, Somerset on 8th April 1898; died after 1939), elder son of Daniel Stuart Frap, by his wife, Ethel Frances, née Alder ton. She died at London on 13th January 1977.

This is necessary to mention here that principally Amir Hussain Pasha was the last Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah while Amir Haidar worked only as dummy Grand Sharif and Amir of Makkah because during the Great War in 1916, the then Grand Sharif of Makkah, Hussain bin Ali, proclaimed the independence of Sharifs of the Arabs. Although he initially assumed the leadership of All the Arabs but the lack of Allied recognition and opposition from Imam Yahya of Yemen and Bani Saud of Najd, resulted his recognition as King of Hijaz Alone. Armed conflict with the Saudis continued after the conclusion of the Great War, eventually forcing Hussain to give up his throne in favor of his eldest son, Ali.

King Ali experienced no greater success against Bani Saud of Najd and was him self forced to evacuate Makkah Muazamma and Madina Munawarah in 1925, so as to avoid bloodshed and profanation of these Holy cities. His younger brothers, Abdullah and Faisal, had become Amir of Trans Jordan, later King of Jordan and King of Iraq, respectively.

This was the end of 724 years long Hashemites rule on Makkah as well as Arab (now Saudi Arabia) also.

http://santribuntet.wordpress.com/2007/01/10/bab-ii-buku-asal-usul-wali/

Raja Bongsu II – 13 April, 2007

Kepada Pak Uray Aswin Umar,

Keturunan Diraja Kesultanan Sambas adalah berhubungan dengan Kesultanan Brunei & Sulu. Di mana, Sultan Muhammad Hassan (Sultan Brunei ke-9) mempunyai beberapa orang Putera seperti;

1. Sultan Jalilul Akbar (Putera Sulong) -menjadi Sultan di Brunei,

2. Sultan Muhammad Ali (Putera Kedua) -menjadi Sultan di Brunei beberapa tahun. Kemudian wafat kerana dibunuh.

3. Sultan Tengah -(Putera Tengah) -Telah dihantar ke Sarawak menjadi Sultan. Namun baginda manggat di Sukadana. Putera baginda yang bernama Radin Sulaiman telah berkahwin dengan puteri dari Kesultanan Sambas. Dan akhirnya baginda dilantik menjadi Sultan Bergelar “Sultan Saifuddin I ibni Sultan Tengah ibni Sultan Muhammad Hassan”.

4. Raja Bongsu-I @ Pangiran Shabandar Maharajalela (Putera Bongsu) -Telah dihantar ke Sulu menjadi Sultan Sulu dan digelar sebagai “Sultan Mawalil-Wasit-I @ Raja Bongsu-I ibni Sultan Muhammad Hassan”. Ibu Raja Bongsu-I ini adalah Puteri Sulu yang berkahwin dengan Sultan Muhammad Hassan. Dan Puteri Sulu ini adalah puteri kepada Sultan Pangiran Buddiman Ul-Halim ibni Sultan Nasaruddin Awal ibni Sultan Muizzuddin Mutawaddin @ Maharajah Upo ibni Sultan Kamaluddin ibni Sultan Shariful-Hashim (Sultan Sulu yang Pertama).

Sebagai “Bukti” bahawa Sultan Mawalil-Wasit-I @ Raja Bongsu-I itu adalah “Putera” kepada Sultan Muhammad Hassan, semasa penghantaran baginda ke Sulu, baginda telah diberikan sebuah barang “Pusaka” yang dipanggil sebagai “Pulau Janggi @ Sepoh/Sepong Janggi” (Coco de mer) sebagai bukti asal-usul keturunan baginda. Barang pusaka ini telah diamanahkan untuk disimpan oleh Keluarga Pewaris Kedua (Keluarga Maharajah Adinda) sahaja sejak sekian lama. Coco de mer ini dikatakan telah dikerat menjadi “3 Bahagian” dimasa pemerintahan Sultan Muhammad Hassan dan dijadikan lambang tanda hubungan darah “3 Keluarga Diraja”, Brunei, Sambas & Sulu.

Bahagian Tengah (Induk) dipercayai telah diberikan kepada Putera Sulong Sultan Hassan (Sultan Jalilul-Akbar), Sebelah bahagian tepi kiri dipercayai telah diberikan kepada Putera Tengah Sultan Hassan yang dihantar menjadi Sultan di Sarawak (iaitu Sultan Tengah). Dan bahagian tepi sebelah kanan, telah diberikan kepada Putera Bongsu Sultan Hassan yang dihantar menjadi Sultan Sulu (iaitu Sultan Mawalil-Wasit-I @ Raja Bongsu-I).

Jika ketiga-tiga bahagian ini dapat dicantum dan dipersatukan, ianya adalah suatu “Bukti” jelas bahawa 3 Keluarga Diraja (Brunei, Sambas & Sulu) adalah bersaudara yang berasal dari satu “Zuriat” keturunan Sultan Muhammad Hassan.

Dan Susur-galur/ Salasilah (Genealogy) Sultan Muhammad Hassan adalah;

Sultan Muhammad Hassan ibni Sultan Saiful-Rizal ibni Sultan Abdul Kahar ibni Sultan Bolkiah ibni Sultan Sulaiman ibni Sultan Sharif Ali @ Sultan Barkat Ali (bekas Amir Mekah) ibni Sharif Ajlan (Amir Mekah) ibni Sharif Rumaithah (Amir Mekah) dan bernasab terus berapa generasi sehingga ke Saidina Hassan r.a ibni Saidina Ali.

Dan barang pusaka lambang Keturunan Kesultanan Diraja Sulu ini (Pulau Janggi) telah dihantar ke Muzium Brunei oleh waris Keluarga Maharajah Adinda (YM Datu Aliuddin Haddis Pabila bin Datu Mohammad Sheikh/Sie/Seh ibni Maharajah Adinda Sultan Mohammad Aranan/Adanan Puyo ibni Paduka Raja Muda datu bantilan ibni Sultan Azimuddin/Alimuddin-II ibni Sultan Bantilan Muizzuddin ibni Sultan Badaruddin-I ibni Sultan Salahuddin-Karamat ibni Sultan Mawalil-Wasit-I @ Raja Bongsu-I ibni ibni Sultan Muhammad Hassan) pada tahun 1978, untuk disimpan dengan selamat. Dan sememangnya ianya telah disahkan benar oleh pihak Muzium Brunei.

Sekiranya benar yang Pak Uray Aswin Umar berasal dari Keluarga Diraja Sambas, dan mempunyai “Barang Pusaka” seperti yang saya nyatakan di atas, sila hubungi saya melalui e-mail saya; rajabongsu2@gmail.com

Saya juga mempunyai “Salasilah Lengkap” akan beberapa keturunan Rasulullah SAW yang menjadi pemerintah dibeberapa Kesultanan samada disebelah Negara Arab, Afrika & di kawasan Asia Tenggara ini.

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Sultan Syarif Ali@Sultan Berkat Brunei bukan keturunan Sayyid Hussien Jamadil Qubra By Kelab Pencinta Sejarah Kelantan on October 3, 2012

     2 Votes

Syarif Ali (Sultan Barakat) 1426-1432, Sultan Brunei ke 3

Telah tercatat bahawa Syarif Ali berasal dari Taif di Jazirah Arab. Baginda ke Brunei dalam tahun 1395. Kedatangannya sebagai mubaligh Islam. Kemudian, baginda telah dikahwinkan dengan Puteri Ratna Kesuma iaitu Puteri Sultan Ahmad yang memerintah Brunei waktu itu. Setelah Sultan Ahmad mangkat, beliau ditabal sebagai Sultan dan lebih dikenali dengan nama Sultan Baraakat@Berkat.

Diriwayatkan Syarif Ali Bilfaqih berasal dari keturunan Rasulullah S.A.W melalui cucundanya, Sayyidina al-Hassan RA. Beliau juga merupakan satu-satunya pengasas Kesultanan di Nusantara yang diketahui berketurunan al-Hassan dan kebanyakan sultan-sultan di sini berketurunan dari Rasulullah S.A.W melalui titisan cucunda baginda, al-Hussien.

Catatan Tarsila Brunei, Syarif Ali ini pernah menjadi penguasa Mekah. Salasilah Raja-Raja Brunei pula menyatakan bahawa, Syarif Ali datang dari Taif dengan membawa sebilah pedang yang dikenali sebagai ‘Pedang Si Bongkok’. Pedang ini merupakan pemberian Kerajaan Turki kepada Amir Mesir dan Syarif-Syarif di Mekah.

PEREBUTAN KUASA DI MEKAH

Setelah kewafatan Syarif Ahamd pada 1387, baginda telah digantikan oleh Syarif Muhammad yang masih kecil dan dibantu oleh bapa saudaranya, Syarif Qubaish ibni Syarif Ajlan. Tidak berapa lama kemudian Syarif Muhammad telah terbunuh dan kuasa memerintah kini menjadi rebutan antara Syarif Inan ibni Mughamis dengan dibantu 3 sepupunya : 1) Syarif Ahmad ibni Thaqabah ibni Rumaithah 2) Syarif Aqil ibnu Mubarak ibni Rumaithah 3) Syarif Ali ibni Ajlan ibni Rumaithah

Kemudiannya beliau telah mendapat pengiktirafan Raja Mesir untuk memerintah Kota Mekah. Namun kuasa ini ditarik balik oleh Raja Mesir dan melantik Syarif Ali ibni Ajlan menjadi penguasa Mekah yang baru.

Pemerintahan Baginda Syarif Ali sentiasa bersaing dengan Syarif Inan bin Mughamis yang menginginkan Kerusi Amir Mekah. Pertelingkahan demi pertelingkahan telah berlaku dan menyebabkan Syarif Ali menghadap Raja Mesir bagi membincangkan masalah politik di Mekah waktu itu agar kekuasaannya tidak tergangu. Setelah mendapat restu dari Raja Mesir, Syarif Ali telah bertemu dengan Syarif Inan agar tunduk kepada kekuasaan baginda. Namun Syarif Inan enggan tunduk dan menyebabkannya di penjara. Beliau dapat meloloskan diri dan menemui Raja Mesir. Setelah mendengar alasan-alasan yang diberikan oleh Syarif Inan, Raja Mesir memutuskan agar Syarif Ali dan Syarif Inan berkongsi kuasa, tetapi Syarif Inan tetap menolak keputusan itu.

14 September 1387M, satu pertempuran telah berlaku di Syeib al-Azir antara dua Syarif ini. Pada bulan Oktober dalam tahun yang sama, telah diadakan perjanjian damai. Dalam musim haji, Utusan Raja Mesir telah mencadangkan agar perkongsian kuasa dilakukan untuk menamatkan persengketaan ini. Namun, Syarif Inan tidak berganjak dari keputusan beliau. Beliau sekali lagi ke Mesir tetapi Raja Mesir tetap mahu kedua-dua Syarif ini berkongsi kuasa. Syarif Inan terpaksa pulang ke Mekah.

Di Mekah, Syarif Ali telah mendapat sokongan penuh dari Syarif-Syarif terkemuka di Mekah untuk mendapat kekuasaan penuh keatas Mekah. Akhirnya Syarif Ali telah menyerang Syarif Inan semasa beliau berada di tempat sa’ie.

Amir Mesir ketika itu, Malik Az-Zahir Barqoq mendapat perkhabaran ini dan memanggil kedua-dua Syarif tersebut dan memutuskan agar Syarif Ali seorang sahaja menjadi Amir Mekah dan ini menimbulkan rasa tidak puas hati dikalangan penyokong Syarif Inan dan menyebabkan Kota Mekah kacau bilau.

Atas sebab yang kurang jelas, sokongan Syarif-Syarif Mekah ditarik kembali dan memberi tekanan kepada pemerintahan beliau. Hal ini menyebabkan penyokong Syarif Ali tidak senang dengan pergolakan yang berlaku dan membuatkan baginda memutuskan untuk menangkap mereka yang terlibat dan ini membuatkan Mekah dalam keadaan huru hara dan ramai penduduknya lari ke Yanbu.

Selepas 7 tahun memerintah, akhirnya pada 26 Julai 1395, Syarif Ali dikhabarkan dibunun oleh pembesar-pembesar Mekah dan berkemungkinan dilakukan oleh Syarif Inan kerana beliau yang sentiasa tidak puas hati dengan pemerintahan Syarif Ali.

MENCARI KETENANGAN

Satu persoalan telah timbul disini.

Sekiranya Syarif Ali dibunuh, sudah pasti Syarif Inan yang menggantikan beliau tetapi hal ini tidak terjadi kerana adik Syarif Ali iaitu Syarif Muhammad ibni Ajlan yang menggantikannya menjadi Amir Mekah dan beliau telah menerima watikah perlantikan dari Sultan Malikul Zahir Barqoq Mesir pada 1397M.

Kesimpulan boleh dibuat dengan menyatakan bahawa Syarif Ali sebenarnya tidak dibunuh, baginda melarikan diri dari Mekah ke Khaulan yang terletak di Selatan Jazirah Arab, dan dari Khaulan baginda telah belayar jauh ke Alam Nusantara membawa diri dan mencari ketenangan dari kekacauan politik di Kota Mekah hinggalah beliau sampai ke Brunei ketika itu diperintah oleh Sultan Ahmad.

Begitulah kisah Sultan Baraakat@Sultan Berkat.

Disimpulkan baginda bukanlah dari Keturunan Sayyid Hussien Jamadil Qubra dan entri-entri yg menyebutkan beliau berasal dari Sayyid Hussien Jamadil Qubra telah terbatal. Namun kedua-dua mereka tetap mempunyai persamaan iaitu dari keturunan Ahlul Bait.

Wallahualam.

Sumber : Ahlul Bait (Keluarga) Rasulullah S.A.W dan Kesultanan Melayu http://sejarah-kelantan.com/2012/10/03/sultan-syarif-alisultan-berkat-brunei-bukan-keturunan-sayyid-hussien-jamadil-qubra/