Sune Ebbesen Hvide, til Knardrup

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Sune Ebbesen Hvide, til Knardrup

Nicknames: "Sune Ebbesen Galen"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Knardrup, Egedal, Hovedstaden, Danmark
Death: Died in Ølstykke herred, Denmark
Place of Burial: Sorø Klosterkirke, Sorø, Alsted Herred, Sjælland, Denmark
Immediate Family:

Son of Ebbe Skjalmsøn Hvide; Ebbe (Skjalmssen) Hvide; Regnild af Danmark and Regnild NN. (Högättad)
Husband of Cecilie Ebbesen Hvide
Father of Ebbe Sunesen Hvide, af Knardrup; Margrethe Sunesdatter Hvide; Jacob Sunesen Galen; Lars Sunesen Hvide; Peder Sunesen Hvide (Galen) and 2 others
Brother of Toke Ebbesen Hvide; Gyda Ebbesdatter Hvide and Peder "den Ældre" Ebbesen Hvide

Occupation: Dansk storman
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Sune Ebbesen Hvide, til Knardrup

Sune Ebbesen Hvide

  • Død: 1186
  • Gravlagt: Sorø Klosterkirke, Alsted Herred, Danmark

Familie: Cecilie

  1. Peder Sunesen Hvide, d. 29 okt. 1214, Brandenburg, Germany
  2. Andreas Sunesen Hvide, d. 24 jun. 1228, Ivö, Sverige
  3. Jacob Sunesen Hvide, d. 19 maj 1246
  4. Ebbe Sunesen Hvide, d. 31 jan. 1208, Falden i slaget ved Lena
  5. Margrethe Sunesdatter Hvide

Notater

  • til Knardrup (Ølstykke H.), byggede Bjernede Kirke

Kilder

  1. Danmarks Adels Aarbog, Thiset, Hiort-Lorenzen, Bobé, Teisen., (Dansk Adelsforening), [1884 - 2005]., DAA 1893:154.
  2. http://www.reventlow.dk/cgi-bin/igmget.cgi/n=reventlow?I17332
  3. http://www.geni.com/people/Sune-Ebbesen/6000000007086528162

Bjernede Kirke

Bjernede Rundkirke er en af Danmarks syv bevarede middelalderlige rundkirker og er Sjællands eneste. Den er med sit stolte udseende tillige et mærkeligt minde om sin bygherre og hans slægt. Den har i otte århundreder været Bjernedes sognekirke og gudshus og er nu som før rammen om sognets kirkeliv, gudstjenester, dåb, bryllup og begravelse. Den er opført ca. 1170 af Sune Ebbesen, en af de rigeste og betydeligste af den mægtige Hvideslægts stormænd. Graver man i jorden bag kirkegården og det hyggelige, stråtækte graverhus, støder man på rester af den oprindelige Bjernedegård, og kirken var altså både gårdkirke og landsbykirke.

Sune Ebbesens frådstenstavle

I våbenhuset, over døren ind til selve kirken, bør man bemærke de to tavler med latinsk indskrift: "Ebbe Skjalmsen og hans hustru Ragnhild byggede her en kirke, som hans søn Sune senere opførte i sten til Guds, Sanct Marias og Sanct Laurentius' ære." Denne indskrift er enestående. Den fortæller. Den melder med værdig stolthed, at her lå en trækirke, bygget af Ebbe Skjalmsen - søn af den navnkundige Skjalm Hvide i Fjenneslev - at Ebbes søn Sune lod den ikke mange årtier gamle kirke nedbryde, at han på samme sted med sønlig respekt lod rundkirken rejse i sten, og at den er Guds hus, sognets helligsted, indviet til Den hellige Jomfru og helgenen Laurentius.

Sune Ebbesen was during Knud's and Svend's united kingdom first a supporter for Svend (Grathe), but left Svend in 1153 or 1154 and joined Knud and Valdemar. Svend had asked his men for an oath of allegiance, and Sune simply walked out. Sune Ebbesen was not anybody, he was probably the mightiest magnate and owner of land in the country at that time.

Saxo describes it like this: ' When he (Sune) was asked to turn around, he complained that his father's estate had been taken from him. The king promised that he would have it returned, but Sune replied that this justice came late and that he not now when the king had bad luck would accept what the king had deprived him of, when he had success.' The young members of the Hvide-family were after this on the side of the allied. The only with a connection to the Hvide-family who stayed by Svend, was Peder Torstensen, who was married to Cæcilie Skjalmsdatter - in spite of that Valdemar had made him fosterfather of his illegitimate son Kristoffer. When the young Valdemar became an important part of Denmark's history Sune was like Esbern and Absalon one of the three men closest to the king. A full Hvide-team. Valdemar listened to his advice and Sune was with Valdemar at a meeting in Dole by the German emperor, where he in 1162 gave fief's oath. Sune and Valdemar were about the same age, Valdemar grew up by Asser Rig, and most probably he knew Absalon and Esbern's cousins.

Sune Ebbesen was like many of his relatives installed in Skåne as feudal overlord after Absalon became archbishop in Lund. After Valdemar's death he was also one of the men around the young Knud 6. and he participated in advising Knud to refuse giving oath to the German emperor like his father had done 20 years earlier. Sune was also on several expeditions to the Wends together with the other wellknown members of the war tours.

Saxo had admiration for Sune as a statesman and warrior, and one of the period's great literary personalities, abbot Vilhelm of Æbelholt describes him in the words: ' a cool-headed man' ....mighty in work and speech.'

Sune Ebbesen was rich. Shortly before his death in 1186 he gave Sorø Kloster a gift, the same amount as a daughter had to inherit - this corresponded to an amount of 35 mark gold, and this part had to be multiplied with 17 from the number of his children. His property was 1000-1500 farms, he owned 1/10 of Sjælland - however there was room enough for the other members of the Hvide-clan to be almost equal as rich as Sune. The family was tremendously rich during the 1100s-1200s.

The family in all gave away much property to the church, especially to Sorø Kloster. Sune, Absalon and Esbern Snare once promised a big part of their property to Sorø Kloster, and the monks valued this promise so much that they in 1182 got a confirmation from the pope on these promises, although the three generous donors still lived in the best of health. The monks' knowledge about Sune Ebbesen's, Absalon's and Esbern Snare's financial circumstances made them send express message to the pope, and this gives a proof of an almost incredible riches of estate.

Sune built the church in Bjernede in stone, where his parents Ebbe and Ragnhild had built a church in wood. He started with granite, but changed in the middle of the building to the new material: bricks.

Sune Ebbesen was buried in Sorø 1186 beside his wife. His grandson Peder Kammermester was later buried in the same grave, and this might be the double grave, which was examined in 1970. From the grave catalogue the excavator was convinced that this was the grave of Esbern Snare, but unfortunately antropological examinations showed that the skeletons origined from two middle aged men, no one knew who they were, but their characteristic domed back of the head were typical for the Hvide-family. The skull which first supposedly was Esbern Snare might be Sune Ebbesen . The skeleton corresponds completely to Saxos stories about Esbern Snare: both arms, legs and ribs had been broken and the hip had been dislocated . The bones are from a person not over 60 years and Esbern was about 80 years at his death. The skeleton is undoubtedly a Hvide, and it gives witness at any rate what the rich magnates in the country exposed themselves to.

Sune and Cecilie had seven sons and one daughter: Ebbe Sunesen * ab. 1158, + 1208 Peder Sunesen * ab. 1161, + 1214 Jens (Johannes) Sunesen, + 1201 Lars (Laurens) Sunesen, + 1208 Anders Sunesen* ab. 1164-65, + 1228 Torben Sunesen , + 1198 Jacob Sunesen, the youngest son, * ab. 1167-1170, + 1246 Margrethe Sunesdatter (Margrethe af Højelse) * ab. 1155 + 1177

Sune Ebbesen sent two of his sons, Peder and Anders on long and expensive studies in France, and they both had excellent careers in the Danish church. Peder Sunesen became bishop in Roskilde after Absalon, and Anders (Andreas) Sunesen became archbishop in Lund, also as a successor of their father's cousin Absalon. -------------------- Begravet Sorø Klosterkirke (Alsted H. Sorø).

Til Knardrup (Ølstykke H.), byggede Bjernede Kirke.

Danmarks Adels Aarbog, Thiset, Hiort-Lorenzen, Bobé, Teisen., (Dansk Adelsforening), [1884 - 2005]., DAA 1893:154. --------------------

Noteringar

Storman. Död 1186. Var av en framstående släkt på Jylland och hade tillsammans med brodern Asser Rig, Valdemar I:s fosterfar, stort inflytande i Danmark. Sune Ebbessen Galen, död 1186. Storman. Sune var sedan 1154 kung Valdemar I den store troman såväl i striden mot Sven Grade, vilken han förr hade tjänat, som mot venderna; efter Valdemars död intog han en liknande ställning till dennes son Knut VI. Sune byggde den märkliga rundkyrkan i Bjernede nära Sorø. Sune hade 7 söner, som kallades sunessönerna. Källa: Nordiskt familjelexikon

 

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Sune Ebbesen Hvide, til Knardrup's Timeline

1120
1120
Knardrup, Egedal, Hovedstaden, Danmark
1145
1145
Age 25
Ølstykke, Egedal, Hovedstaden, Danmark
1155
1155
Age 35
Denmark
1158
1158
Age 38
Knardrup
1165
1165
Age 45
Knardrup
1186
1186
Age 66
Ølstykke herred, Denmark
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