Sune Ebbesen Hvide, til Knardrup

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Sune Ebbesen Hvide, til Knardrup

Also Known As: "Sune Ebbesen Galen"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Knardrup, Egedal, Hovedstaden, Danmark
Death: Died in Ølstykke herred, Denmark
Place of Burial: Sorø, Alsted Herred, Sjælland, Denmark
Immediate Family:

Son of Ebbe Skjalmsøn Hvide and Regnild af Danmark
Husband of Cecilie NN
Father of Ebbe Sunesen Hvide, af Knardrup; Margrethe Sunesdatter Hvide; Jacob Sunesen Hvide; Lars Sunesen Hvide; Peder Sunesen Hvide (Galen) and 2 others
Brother of Toke Ebbesen Hvide; Gyde Ebbesdatter (Hvide); Peder "den Ældre" Ebbesen Hvide and Fin Ebbesen (Hvide)

Occupation: Dansk storman
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Sune Ebbesen Hvide, til Knardrup

Gaardeier, Knardrup.

http://www.denstoredanske.dk/Danmarks_geografi_og_historie/Danmarks_historie/Danmark_f%C3%B8r_Reformationen/Sunes%C3%B8nnerne

https://tidsskrift.dk/index.php/historisktidsskrift/article/viewFile/33062/63852

http://www.kirkehistorie.dk/ring/sogn523.htm

http://ope.vufintern.dk/Supmat/tidslinjer/MIDDELALDEREN_DK-1042-1535.pdf

Sune Ebbesen Hvide

  • Død: 1186
  • Gravlagt: Sorø Klosterkirke, Alsted Herred, Danmark

Familie: Cecilie

  1. Peder Sunesen Hvide, d. 29 okt. 1214, Brandenburg, Germany
  2. Andreas Sunesen Hvide, d. 24 jun. 1228, Ivö, Sverige
  3. Jacob Sunesen Hvide, d. 19 maj 1246
  4. Ebbe Sunesen Hvide, d. 31 jan. 1208, Falden i slaget ved Lena
  5. Margrethe Sunesdatter Hvide

Notater

  • til Knardrup (Ølstykke H.), byggede Bjernede Kirke

Kilder

  1. Danmarks Adels Aarbog, Thiset, Hiort-Lorenzen, Bobé, Teisen., (Dansk Adelsforening), [1884 - 2005]., DAA 1893:154.
  2. http://www.reventlow.dk/cgi-bin/igmget.cgi/n=reventlow?I17332
  3. Sune Ebbesen Hvide, til Knardrup

Bjernede Kirke

Bjernede Rundkirke er en af Danmarks syv bevarede middelalderlige rundkirker og er Sjællands eneste. Den er med sit stolte udseende tillige et mærkeligt minde om sin bygherre og hans slægt. Den har i otte århundreder været Bjernedes sognekirke og gudshus og er nu som før rammen om sognets kirkeliv, gudstjenester, dåb, bryllup og begravelse. Den er opført ca. 1170 af Sune Ebbesen, en af de rigeste og betydeligste af den mægtige Hvideslægts stormænd. Graver man i jorden bag kirkegården og det hyggelige, stråtækte graverhus, støder man på rester af den oprindelige Bjernedegård, og kirken var altså både gårdkirke og landsbykirke.

Sune Ebbesens frådstenstavle

I våbenhuset, over døren ind til selve kirken, bør man bemærke de to tavler med latinsk indskrift: "Ebbe Skjalmsen og hans hustru Ragnhild byggede her en kirke, som hans søn Sune senere opførte i sten til Guds, Sanct Marias og Sanct Laurentius' ære." Denne indskrift er enestående. Den fortæller. Den melder med værdig stolthed, at her lå en trækirke, bygget af Ebbe Skjalmsen - søn af den navnkundige Skjalm Hvide i Fjenneslev - at Ebbes søn Sune lod den ikke mange årtier gamle kirke nedbryde, at han på samme sted med sønlig respekt lod rundkirken rejse i sten, og at den er Guds hus, sognets helligsted, indviet til Den hellige Jomfru og helgenen Laurentius.

Sune Ebbesen was during Knud's and Svend's united kingdom first a supporter for Svend (Grathe), but left Svend in 1153 or 1154 and joined Knud and Valdemar. Svend had asked his men for an oath of allegiance, and Sune simply walked out. Sune Ebbesen was not anybody, he was probably the mightiest magnate and owner of land in the country at that time.

Saxo describes it like this: ' When he (Sune) was asked to turn around, he complained that his father's estate had been taken from him. The king promised that he would have it returned, but Sune replied that this justice came late and that he not now when the king had bad luck would accept what the king had deprived him of, when he had success.' The young members of the Hvide-family were after this on the side of the allied. The only with a connection to the Hvide-family who stayed by Svend, was Peder Torstensen, who was married to Cæcilie Skjalmsdatter - in spite of that Valdemar had made him fosterfather of his illegitimate son Kristoffer. When the young Valdemar became an important part of Denmark's history Sune was like Esbern and Absalon one of the three men closest to the king. A full Hvide-team. Valdemar listened to his advice and Sune was with Valdemar at a meeting in Dole by the German emperor, where he in 1162 gave fief's oath. Sune and Valdemar were about the same age, Valdemar grew up by Asser Rig, and most probably he knew Absalon and Esbern's cousins.

Sune Ebbesen was like many of his relatives installed in Skåne as feudal overlord after Absalon became archbishop in Lund. After Valdemar's death he was also one of the men around the young Knud 6. and he participated in advising Knud to refuse giving oath to the German emperor like his father had done 20 years earlier. Sune was also on several expeditions to the Wends together with the other wellknown members of the war tours.

Saxo had admiration for Sune as a statesman and warrior, and one of the period's great literary personalities, abbot Vilhelm of Æbelholt describes him in the words: ' a cool-headed man' ....mighty in work and speech.'

Sune Ebbesen was rich. Shortly before his death in 1186 he gave Sorø Kloster a gift, the same amount as a daughter had to inherit - this corresponded to an amount of 35 mark gold, and this part had to be multiplied with 17 from the number of his children. His property was 1000-1500 farms, he owned 1/10 of Sjælland - however there was room enough for the other members of the Hvide-clan to be almost equal as rich as Sune. The family was tremendously rich during the 1100s-1200s.

The family in all gave away much property to the church, especially to Sorø Kloster. Sune, Absalon and Esbern Snare once promised a big part of their property to Sorø Kloster, and the monks valued this promise so much that they in 1182 got a confirmation from the pope on these promises, although the three generous donors still lived in the best of health. The monks' knowledge about Sune Ebbesen's, Absalon's and Esbern Snare's financial circumstances made them send express message to the pope, and this gives a proof of an almost incredible riches of estate.

Sune built the church in Bjernede in stone, where his parents Ebbe and Ragnhild had built a church in wood. He started with granite, but changed in the middle of the building to the new material: bricks.

Sune Ebbesen was buried in Sorø 1186 beside his wife. His grandson Peder Kammermester was later buried in the same grave, and this might be the double grave, which was examined in 1970. From the grave catalogue the excavator was convinced that this was the grave of Esbern Snare, but unfortunately antropological examinations showed that the skeletons origined from two middle aged men, no one knew who they were, but their characteristic domed back of the head were typical for the Hvide-family. The skull which first supposedly was Esbern Snare might be Sune Ebbesen . The skeleton corresponds completely to Saxos stories about Esbern Snare: both arms, legs and ribs had been broken and the hip had been dislocated . The bones are from a person not over 60 years and Esbern was about 80 years at his death. The skeleton is undoubtedly a Hvide, and it gives witness at any rate what the rich magnates in the country exposed themselves to.

Sune and Cecilie had seven sons and one daughter: Ebbe Sunesen * ab. 1158, + 1208 Peder Sunesen * ab. 1161, + 1214 Jens (Johannes) Sunesen, + 1201 Lars (Laurens) Sunesen, + 1208 Anders Sunesen* ab. 1164-65, + 1228 Torben Sunesen , + 1198 Jacob Sunesen, the youngest son, * ab. 1167-1170, + 1246 Margrethe Sunesdatter (Margrethe af Højelse) * ab. 1155 + 1177

Sune Ebbesen sent two of his sons, Peder and Anders on long and expensive studies in France, and they both had excellent careers in the Danish church. Peder Sunesen became bishop in Roskilde after Absalon, and Anders (Andreas) Sunesen became archbishop in Lund, also as a successor of their father's cousin Absalon.


Begravet Sorø Klosterkirke (Alsted H. Sorø).

Til Knardrup (Ølstykke H.), byggede Bjernede Kirke.

Danmarks Adels Aarbog, Thiset, Hiort-Lorenzen, Bobé, Teisen., (Dansk Adelsforening), [1884 - 2005]., DAA 1893:154.


Noteringar

Storman. Död 1186. Var av en framstående släkt på Jylland och hade tillsammans med brodern Asser Rig, Valdemar I:s fosterfar, stort inflytande i Danmark. Sune Ebbessen Galen, död 1186. Storman. Sune var sedan 1154 kung Valdemar I den store troman såväl i striden mot Sven Grade, vilken han förr hade tjänat, som mot venderna; efter Valdemars död intog han en liknande ställning till dennes son Knut VI. Sune byggde den märkliga rundkyrkan i Bjernede nära Sorø. Sune hade 7 söner, som kallades sunessönerna. Källa: Nordiskt familjelexikon

 


Sune Ebbesen, död år 1186, var sonson till Skjalm Hvide och följde en tid Svend Grathe men slöt sig därefter till Valdemar den Store och deltog under flera år i Vendertågen.

Sune var far till de sju Sunesönerna som spelade en framträdande roll i den danska historien runt 1200-talet, främst ihågkomna för sitt privata krig i kampen för att sätta Sverker den yngre på den svenska kungatronen. De blev dock slagna i Lena år 1208 där sönerna Ebbe och Lars Sunesen stupade.


Storman. Död 1186. Var av en framstående släkt på Jylland och hade tillsammans med brodern Asser Rig, Valdemar I:s fosterfar, stort inflytande i Danmark. Sune Ebbessen Galen, död 1186. Storman. Sune var sedan 1154 kung Valdemar I den store troman såväl i striden mot Sven Grade, vilken han förr hade tjänat, som mot venderna; efter Valdemars död intog han en liknande ställning till dennes son Knut VI. Sune byggde den märkliga rundkyrkan i Bjernede nära Sorø. Sune hade 7 söner, som kallades sunessönerna.
Begravet i Sorø ved sin kones side. Skyldte ved sin død fætteren Absalon (se denne) 130 mark sølv. - Skænkede med en “vis Torben” særjord i Asserbo (Tibirke S., Holbo H.) til Sorø Kloster. Besad formentlig en part i Haverup Ore (Pedersborg S., Alsted H.), som alle hans børn ejede en part af. Besad formentlig også gods i Bjernede (Bjernede S., Alsted H.), hvor han rejste den nuværende kirke. Testamenterede senest 1177 Sorø Kloster sin halve hovedlod. Ved hans død modtog Sorø som en del af denne jord til 11 mark guld minus 2 øre i Ejby (Ejby S., Ramsø H.), jord til 6 øre guld i Salby (Ejby at 12 mark guld i Ølse (Ølsemagle S., Ramsø H.), en fjerding guld i Køge (Ramsø H.), 2 mark guld i Halseby (Tårnborg S., Slagelse H.), 1 mark guld i Ørløse (Tikøb S., Lynge-Kronborg H.), 6 mark guld og 2 øre i Atterup (Øster Egede S., Fakse H.) 1 mark guld i Vedde (Munke Bjergby S., Alsted H.), 5 øre guld i Stenløse (Stenløse S., Ølstykke H.). Resten af de testamentariske forpligtelser udredtes af hans børn. Beregninger ud de samlede godsoverdragelser, der set i forhold til antallet af børn ifølge loven højst min udgøre 1/14 af hans samlede formue, fører til vekslende resultater, men lavt sat 300 til 500 bol, en enorm godsmængde.

- Vidne for kong Valdemar I den Store 1158/60 og 1176, begge gange i.fm. Esrum Kloster. Sattes 1158/60 ved endnu en kongelig gave til Esrum med Absalon til at skifte skoven Villingehoved. Fætteren Absalon besad et sølvbæger skænket ham af Sune. Byggede den nuværende Bjemede Kirke og satte et endnu eksisterende epitafie på kirken, hvori det angives, at Sune som den første har bygget en stenkirke dette sted. Af Abbed Vilhelm af Æbelholt i 1180’erne omtalt som "En mand af indsigt, mægtig i virke og tale". Er efter alt at dømme den Sune, Saxo omtaler i.f.m. borgerkrigen og kong Valdemar I’s regering, slægtskabet med Absalon angives et sted, en familiære tilknytning til Valdemar et andet sted, men ikke patronymiet.

Saxos fremstilling: Forlod 1154 i Odense Sven Grates følge. Indtrådte omkring 1159 i kong Valdemar I’s nærmeste råd. Deltog i 3. vendertog 1160/61. Ledsagede 1162 Valdemar på dennes møde med kejser Frederik Barbarossa ved Dijon. 1 1169 med på 11. vendertog ved erobringen af Arkona. Nedrev her sammen med Absalon Svantevits tempel og statue. Deltog 1170 på 12. vendertog, nedlagde her egenhændigt nogle af fjenderne. Deltog 1171 på 13. vendertog og blev her med bl.a. Absalon tilbage med bevogtningsopgaver Deltog 1172 på 15. vendertog, forhandlede sig her med Gunzelin a f Schwerin til fred med nordtyskerne. Saxo nævner endvidere Sune 1176 i.fm. den første anklage mod Magnus Eriksen for landsforræderi. Foruden Saxo nævner Ældre Sjællandske krønike i.f.m. det skånske oprør 1179/80 Sune som en af dem, der uden at være skåning havde faet et kongeligt ombud i landsdelen og som skåningerne krævede fjernet. Ifølge Saxo til stede ved Valdemars dødsleje 1182 og derefter deltager i kredsen om kong Knud VI.

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Sune Ebbesen Hvide, til Knardrup's Timeline

1120
1120
Knardrup, Egedal, Hovedstaden, Danmark
1145
1145
Age 25
Ølstykke, Egedal, Hovedstaden, Danmark
1155
1155
Age 35
Knardrup, Ølstykke Herred, Denmark
1158
1158
Age 38
Knardrup
1165
1165
Age 45
Knardrup
1186
1186
Age 66
Ølstykke herred, Denmark
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