About Thomas Stearns Eliot, Nobel Prize in Literature, 1948
Wikipedia Biographical Summary:
"...Thomas Stearns Eliot (September 26, 1888 – January 4, 1965) was an American-born English poet, playwright, and literary critic, arguably the most important English-language poet of the 20th century. The poem that made his name, The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock—started in 1910 and published in Chicago in 1915—is regarded as a masterpiece of the modernist movement, and was followed by some of the best-known poems in the English language, including Gerontion (1920), The Waste Land (1922), The Hollow Men (1925), Ash Wednesday (1930), and Four Quartets (1945). He is also known for his seven plays, particularly Murder in the Cathedral (1935). He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948..."
"...Eliot was born into the Eliot family, a bourgeois family originally from New England, who had moved to St. Louis, Missouri. His father, Henry Ware Eliot (1843–1919), was a successful businessman, president and treasurer of the Hydraulic-Press Brick Company in St. Louis..."
"...His mother, Charlotte Champe Stearns (1843–1929), wrote poetry and was a social worker, a new profession in the early 20th century. Eliot was the last of six surviving children; his parents were both 44 years old when he was born. His four sisters were between 11 and 19 years older; his brother was eight years older. Known to family and friends as Tom, he was the namesake of his maternal grandfather Thomas Stearns..."
"...[Eliot and Vivienne Haigh-Wood] were married at Hampstead Register Office on June 26, 1915..."
"...On June 29, 1927 Eliot converted to Anglicanism from Unitarianism, and in November that year he took British citizenship..."
"...By 1932, Eliot had been contemplating a separation from his wife for some time. When Harvard offered him the Charles Eliot Norton professorship for the 1932-1933 academic year, he accepted and left Vivienne in England..."
"...Vivienne was committed to the Northumberland House mental hospital, Stoke Newington, in 1938, and remained there until she died..."
"...On January 10, 1957, Eliot at the age of 68 married Esmé Valerie Fletcher, who was 32..."
"...Eliot died of emphysema in London on January 4, 1965. For many years he had had health problems caused by his heavy smoking, and had often been laid low with bronchitis or tachycardia. He was cremated at Golders Green Crematorium. In accordance with Eliot's wishes, his ashes were taken to St Michael's Church in East Coker, the village from which his ancestors had emigrated to America..."
SOURCE: Wikipedia contributors, 'T. S. Eliot', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 14 August 2011, 22:48 UTC, <http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=T._S._Eliot&oldid=444876118> [accessed 15 August 2011]
St Michael and All Angels Churchyard, East Coker, Somerset, England.
He died in London and, according to his own instructions, his ashes were interred in the church of St. Michael's in East Coker, the village that Eliot's ancestor Andrew Eliot had departed from for America in the seventeenth century. A commemorative plaque on the church wall bears his chosen epitaph--lines chosen from Four Quartets: "In my beginning is my end. In my end is my beginning."
SOURCE: Find A Grave Memorial# 1631. www.findagrave.com
T. S. Eliot's Timeline
September 26, 1888
St. Louis, Missouri
June 26, 1915
January 4, 1965
East Coker, Somerset, UK