About Te Tirarau Kukupa
Te Tirarau Kukupa, the son of Kukupa and his first wife, Whitiao, was born probably in the late 1790s. He was descended from Rahiri, an ancestor of Nga Puhi; his grandmother was Te Toka-i-Tawhio, leader of Ngati Ruangaio.
He signed the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, and in 1845 refused passage through his territories to Hone Heke Pokai. This prevented conflict from spreading south towards Auckland.