Teodoras of Kiev, Great Prince

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Teodoras of Kiev, Great Prince

Lithuanian: Teodoras of Kiev, Kijevo kunigaikštis
Also Known As: "Фёдор Киевский", "Fiodor of Kiev", "Feodor", "Fiodoras", "Teodoras Kijeviškis"
Birthdate:
Death: Died
Immediate Family:

Son of Butvydas Liutauras Pukuveras, Grand Duke of Lithuania and Skalmantas (Gediminids ancestor) of Skolomendas
Brother of Vytenis Grand Duke of Lithuania; Gediminas, King of Lithuania; Vainius Davydko of Polotsk; Margiris, Duke of Samogitia; Margiris of Samogitia and 1 other

Occupation: Grand Prince of Kijów 1320/25 – 1362, removed by Olgierd in 1362
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Teodoras of Kiev, Great Prince

Fiodor (Feodor) of Kiev (Lithuanian: Teodoras) Theodor, (pagan name is unknown). Baptized as Fiodor 1320/ 1325. Great Prince of Kiev (1320/ 1325- 1362). Removed by Algirdas in 1362. (informations from genealogy Gedyminas- Galitzine).

Father: Butvydas Mother: Unknown Spouse: Unknown Issue: Unknown

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fiodor_of_Kiev

Fiodor of Kiev (Lithuanian: Teodoras) (the 14th century), was a prince of Kiev. He was the son of Butvydas, and a younger brother of Gediminas, Grand Duke of Lithuania. Only a couple of short notes survive regarding Fiodor's life. In early 1320s Gediminas won the Battle on the Irpen' River against Stanislav of Kiev and captured the city. The Tatars, who also claimed Kiev, retaliated in 1324–1325. The Lithuanian Chronicles mention that Gediminas installed his deputy Algimantas, son of Mindaugas from Olshanski family. There were some attempts to claim that Algimantas was Fiodor's pagan name, but they are discharged by evidence that Algimantas was baptized as Mikhail. In 1331 Vasily Kalika, a newly consecrated Archbishop of Novgorod, was traveling from Volodymyr-Volynskyi to Veliky Novgorod. On his way he was stopped by Fiodor, Duke of Kiev, a Tatar tax collector (basqaq), and fifty men. The presence of a Tatar official led historians to believe that while Kiev was ruled by a Lithuanian, it had to pay a tribute to the Golden Horde. Lithuanians gained full control of the city after the victorious Battle of Blue Waters in 1362. According to the Gustynskaya Chronicle, after the battle Fiodor was replaced as Duke of Kiev by Vladimir, son of Algirdas. For a long time scholars assumed that Fiodor was of Rurikid origin because of his Christian name. However, in 1916 Russian historian Mikhail Priselkov published a list of property belonging to Theognostus, Metropolitan of Moscow. The list, compiled in 1331, listed two silver cups gifted to Theognostus by Fiodor, brother of Gediminas. Modern historians agree that Fiodor from the list and Fiodor from Kiev was one and the same person. No other evidence survives regarding Fiodor's family.

Apie Teodoras of Kiev, Kijevo kunigaikštis (Lietuvių)

Teodoras, arba Fiodoras – Kijevo kunigaikštis, valdęs XIV a. Manoma, kad jis buvo Gedimino giminės atstovas, laikomas Gedimino broliu.

Žinios apie jį labai menkos. Minimas 1331 m., kuomet Naugardo vyskupas keliauja per jo žemę. Minima, kd šis kunigaikštis valdo Kijevą ir moka duoklę Aukso ordai. Kadangi kunigaikštis žinomas tik slavišku krikšto vardu, ilgai abejota jo lietuviška kilme. Tačiau 1916 m. pirmą kartą publikuotas Teognosto brangenybių sąrašas mini Fiodorą, Gedimino brolį. Manoma, kad Kijevo Fiodoras ir sąrašo Fiodoras gali būti tas pats asmuo.

Manoma, kad Gediminas Kijevą galėjo nukariauti apie 1320 m. Šaltiniai mini, kad Kijeve vietininku jis paskyrė Algimantą Alšėniškį. Todėl Teodoras Kijevo kunigaikščiu paskirtas tikriausiai vėliau. 1362 m. įvykus Mėlynųjų Vandenų mūšiui, nauju Kijevo kunigaikščiu paskirtas Algirdo sūnus Vladimiras.

LITERATŪRA

Iš laisvosios interneto enciklopedijos Vikipedija. Prieigą per internetą, žiūrėtą 2015-02-02 <http://lt.wikipedia.org/wiki/Teodoras_Kijevi%C5%A1kis>.

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Teodoras of Kiev, Great Prince's Timeline

1290
1290
1320
1320
Age 30
Kyiv, Kyiv City, Kyiv city, Ukraine
1362
1362
Age 72