Tertullus Turtullis de Gâtinais, Sénéchal d'Anjou (c.823 - 870) MP

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Nicknames: "Thurtullus / Turtullis", "Tertulle"
Birthplace: Rennes, Anjou, France
Death: Died in Chateau Landon,Seine Et Marne,Ile De France,France
Occupation: Sénéchal d'Anjou, Comte de Gâtinais, Røver/jeger eller bonde, Seneschal of the Gatinais, Count of Gatenais, Senechal du Gatinais, House of Angevin Kings
Managed by: Margaret, (C)
Last Updated:

About Tertullus Turtullis de Gâtinais, Sénéchal d'Anjou

Tertulf or Tertullus is a legendary figure, not appearing in any known contemporary records. He should not be considered historical. The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum says "Torquatus sive Tortulfus genuit Tertullum", recording that he was granted property by Charles II the Bald, King of the West Franks. He was Seneschal of Gâtinais. His son Ingeler was the first Count of Anjou.

According to the legend, Tertulf was a hunter and outlaw who lived in the woods. At the time the Danes were ravaging France, he joined Charles the Bald in defending France against the Norsemen. He was rewarded with land.

He was supposedly a descendent of Princess Plantina, sister of the Fairy Princess Melusine. Cute story.

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House of Anjou

Angevin (pronounced /ˈændʒəvɪn/; French, from Medieval Latin Andegavinus, from Andegavia "Anjou") is the name applied to the residents of Anjou, a former province of the Kingdom of France, as well as to the residents of Angers. It is also applied to three distinct medieval dynasties which originated as counts (from 1360, dukes) of the western French province of Anjou, of which angevin is the adjectival form, but later came to rule far greater areas including England, Ireland, Hungary, Croatia, Poland, Naples and Sicily, Albania, and Jerusalem. The First Angevin Dynasty (1128-1485), also called the House of Plantagenet, ruled England in some form or another from the reign of Henry II, beginning in 1154, until the House of Tudor came to power when Richard III fell at the Battle of Bosworth Field in 1485. They also ruled Ireland and laid claim to Jerusalem. The Second Angevin dynasty (1246-1435) or Senior or Elder House of Anjou was a cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty, established by Charles, Count of Anjou, the youngest son of Louis VIII of France. In its time, the Capetian House of Anjou ruled Naples and Sicily, Hungary and Poland. The Third Angevin Dynasty (1350-1480) or Junior or Younger House of Anjou ruled Naples. Since Philip V of Spain also had been Duke of Anjou, it is possible to talk about a Fourth Angevin Dynasty, Bourbon-Anjou, but it is not often practised.

House of Ingelger

The first ruling count of the county of Anjou was an obscure 9th century nobleman named Ingelger,[1] who initiated the House of Ingelger. Ingelger or Ingelgarius (died 888) was a Frankish nobleman. Later generations of his family believed he was the son of Tertullus (Tertulle) and Petronilla.[2] Around 877 he inherited his father Tertullus's lands in accordance with the Capitulary of Quierzy which Charles the Bald had issued. His father's holdings from the king included Château-Landon in beneficium, and he was a casatus in the Gâtinais and Francia. Contemporary records refer to Ingelger as a miles optimus, a great military man.[3] Later family tradition makes his mother a relative of Hugh the Abbot,[4] an influential counselor of both Louis II and Louis III of France, from whom he received preferment. By Louis II Ingelger was appointed viscount of Orléans, which city was under the rule of its bishops at the time.[3] At Orléans Ingelger made a matrimonial alliance with one of the leading families of Neustria, the lords of Amboise. He married Adelais, whose maternal uncles were Adalard, Archbishop of Tours, and Raino, Bishop of Angers. Later Ingelger was appointed prefect (military commander) at Tours, then ruled by Adalard.[3] At some point Ingelger was appointed Count of Anjou, at a time when the county stretched only as far west as the Mayenne River. Later sources credit his appointment to his defence of the region from Vikings,[5] but modern scholars have been more likely to see it as a result of his wife's influential relatives.[3] He was buried in the church of Saint-Martin at Châteauneuf and was succeeded by his son Fulk the Red.[5]

Counts of the House of Ingelger Ingelger (870–898), father of Fulk I the Red (898–941), father of Fulk II the Good (941–958), father of Geoffrey I Greymantle (958–987), father of Fulk III After the reign of Geoffrey I Greymantle, the reigning house of Ingelger transformed into the House of Anjou, with its first member being his son, Fulk III. This newly christened House of Anjou later split into two branches, one which ruled over the kingdom of Jerusalem and the other that perpetuated the House of Plantagenet and ruled over England. Later members of this house included Fulk, a crusader who became King of Jerusalem, whose son, Geoffrey, went on to marry Matilda, Lady of the English. His nickname Plantagenet, named the dynasty, [6] that was perpetuated by his son, Henry, who was the first of the family to rule England.[7]

Counts of the House of Anjou Fulk III the Black (987–1040), father of Geoffrey II Martel (1040–1060), uncle of Geoffrey III the Bearded (1060–1067), brother of Fulk IV the Ill-Tempered (1067–1109, jointly with his son Geoffrey IV) (1098–1106), father of Fulk V the Young (1106–1129), also king of Jerusalem as Fulk I

Monarchs of Jerusalem and Monarchs of England

Angevins of Jerusalem

By 1127 Fulk was preparing to return to Anjou when he received an embassy from King Baldwin II of Jerusalem. Baldwin II had no male heirs but had already designated his daughter Melisende to succeed him. Baldwin II wanted to safeguard his daughter's inheritance by marrying her to a powerful lord. Fulk was a wealthy crusader and experienced military commander, and a widower. His experience in the field would prove invaluable in a frontier state always in the grip of war. However, Fulk held out for better terms than mere consort of the Queen; he wanted to be king alongside Melisende. Baldwin II, reflecting on Fulk's fortune and military exploits, acquiesced. Fulk abdicated his county seat of Anjou to his son Geoffery and left for Jerusalem, where he married Melisende on June 2, 1129. Later Baldwin II bolstered Melisende's position in the kingdom by making her sole guardian of her son by Fulk, Baldwin III, born in 1130. Fulk and Melisende became joint rulers of Jerusalem in 1131 with Baldwin II's death. From the start Fulk assumed sole control of the government, excluding Melisende altogether. He favored fellow countrymen from Anjou to the native nobility. The other crusader states to the north feared that Fulk would attempt to impose the suzerainty of Jerusalem over them, as Baldwin II had done; but as Fulk was far less powerful than his deceased father-in-law, the northern states rejected his authority.

The death of Fulk, as depicted in MS of William of Tyre'sHistoria andOld French Continuation, painted in Acre, 13C. Bib. Nat. Française.) In Jerusalem as well, Fulk was resented by the second generation of Jerusalem Christians who had grown up there since the First Crusade. These "natives" focused on Melisende's cousin, the popular Hugh II of Le Puiset,count of Jaffa, who was devotedly loyal to the Queen. Fulk saw Hugh as a rival, and in 1134, in order to expose Hugh, accused him of infidelity with Melisende. Hugh rebelled in protest and secured himself to Jaffa, allying himself with the Muslims of Ascalon. He was able to defeat the army set against him by Fulk, but this situation could not hold. The Patriarch interceded in the conflict, perhaps at the behest of Melisende. Fulk agreed to peace and Hugh was exiled from the kingdom for three years, a lenient sentence. However, an assassination attempt was made against Hugh. Fulk, or his supporters, were commonly believed responsible, though direct proof never surfaced. The scandal was all that was needed for the queen's party to take over the government in what amounted to a palace coup. Author and historian Bernard Hamilton wrote that the Fulk's supporters "went in terror of their lives" in the palace. Contemporary author and historian William of Tyre wrote of Fulk "he never attempted to take the initiative, even in trivial matters, without (Melisende's) consent". The result was that Melisende held direct and unquestioned control over the government from 1136 onwards. Sometime before 1136 Fulk reconciled with his wife, and a second son, Amalricwas born. In 1143, while the king and queen were on holiday in Acre, Fulk was killed in a hunting accident. His horse stumbled, fell, and Fulk's skull was crushed by the saddle, "and his brains gushed forth from both ears and nostrils", as William of Tyre describes. He was carried back to Acre, where he lay unconscious for three days before he died. He was buried in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem. Though their marriage started in conflict, Melisende mourned for him privately as well as publicly. Fulk was survived by his son Geoffrey of Anjou by his first wife, and Baldwin III and Amalric I by Melisende. Baldwin III ascended the throne with his mother as co-ruler, in 1143. His early reign was leaced with squabbles with his mother over the possession of Jerusalem, till 1153, when he took personal hold of the government. He died in 1162, without heirs, and the kingdom passed to his brother,Amalric I, although there was some opposition among the nobility to Agnes; they were willing to accept the marriage in 1157 when Baldwin III was still capable of siring an heir, but now theHaute Cour refused to endorse Amalric as king unless his marriage to Agnes was annulled. The hostility to Agnes, it must be admitted, may be exaggerated by the chronicler William of Tyre, whom she prevented from becoming Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem decades later, as well as from William's continuators like Ernoul, who hints at a slight on her moral character: "car telle n'est que roine doie iestre di si haute cite comme de Jherusalem" ("there should not be such a queen for so holy a city as Jerusalem"). Nevertheless, consanguinity was enough for the opposition. Amalric agreed and ascended the throne without a wife, although Agnes continued to hold the title Countess of Jaffa and Ascalon and received a pension from that fief's income. The church ruled that Amalric and Agnes' children were legitimate and preserved their place in the order of succession. Through her children Agnes would exert much influence in Jerusalem for almost 20 years. Almaric was succeeded by his son by Agnes, Baldwin IV.

The marriage of Amalric I of Jerusalem and Maria Comnena atTyre Almaric's wives, Agnes of Courtenay, now married to Reginald of Sidon, and Maria Comnena, the dowager Queen, who had married Balian of Ibelin in 1177. His daughter by Agnes, Sibylla, was already of age, the mother of a son, and was clearly in a strong position to succeed her brother, but Maria's daughter Isabella had the support of her stepfather's family, the Ibelins. In 1179, Baldwin began planning to marry Sibylla to Hugh III of Burgundy, but by spring 1180 this was still unresolved. Raymond III of Tripoli attempted a coup, and began to march on Jerusalem with Bohemund III, to force the king to marry his sister to a local candidate of his own choosing, probably Baldwin of Ibelin, Balian's older brother. To counter this, the king hastily arranged her marriage to Guy of Lusignan, younger brother of Amalric, the constable of the kingdom. A foreign match was essential to bring the possibility of external military aid to the kingdom. With the new French king Philip II a minor, Guy's status as a vassal of the King and Sibylla's first cousin Henry II of England - who owed the Pope a penitential pilgrimage - was useful.

William of Tyre discovers Baldwin's first symptoms of leprosy (MS ofL'Estoire d'Eracles (French translation of William of Tyre's Historia), painted in France, 1250s.British Library, London.) By 1182, Baldwin IV, increasingly incapacitated by his leprosy, named Guy as bailli. Raymond contested this, but when Guy fell out of favour with Baldwin the following year, he was re-appointed bailli and was given possession of Beirut. Baldwin came to an agreement with Raymond and the Haute Cour to make Baldwin of Montferrat, Sibylla's son by her first marriage, his heir, before Sibylla and Guy. The child was crowned co-king as Baldwin V in 1183 in a ceremony presided by Raymond. It was agreed that, should the boy die during his minority, the regency would pass to "the most rightful heirs" until his kinsmen - the Kings of England and France and Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor - and the Pope were able to adjudicate between the claims of Sibylla and Isabella. These "most rightful heirs" were not named. Baldwin IV died in spring 1185, and was succeeded by his nephew. Raymond was bailli, but he had passed Baldwin V's personal guardianship to Joscelin III of Edessa, his maternal great-uncle, claiming that he did not wish to attract suspicion if the child, who does not seem to have been robust, were to die. Baldwin V died during the summer of 1186, at Acre. Neither side paid any heed to Baldwin IV's will. After the funeral, Joscelin had Sibylla named as her brother's successor, although she had to agree to divorce Guy, just as her father had divorced her mother, with the guarantee that she would be allowed to choose a new consort. Once crowned, she immediately crowned Guy. Meanwhile, Raymond had gone to Nablus, home of Balian and Maria, and summoned all those nobles loyal to Princess Isabella and the Ibelins. Raymond wanted instead to have her and her husband Humphrey IV of Toron crowned. However, Humphrey, whose stepfather Raynald of Chatillon was an ally of Guy, deserted him and swore allegiance to Guy and Sibylla.

Lists of Monarchs of Jerusalem

Melisende and Fulk (1131–1153) Fulk lost influence after 1136, and died in 1143. Melisende continued to reign by right of law Baldwin III (1143–1162, crowned as co-ruler and heir of Melisende 1143; claimed full power in 1153. Melisende - Regent and advisor, 1154–1161) Amalric I (1162–1174) Baldwin IV (1174–1185, Raymond III of Tripoli - Regent, 1174–1177,Guy of Lusignan, Regent, 1183–1184) Baldwin V (1185–1186), Raymond III of Tripoli (Regent, 1185–1186) Sibylla and Guy (1186–1190) Jerusalem was lost in 1187; Sybilla died in 1190, but Guy refused to cede the crown; kingship disputed until 1192, after which kings ruled over a narrow coastal strip. Isabella I (1192–1205) With Conrad I (1192) With Henry I (1192–1197) With Amalric II (1197–1205) The Angevins of Jerusalem became extinct with the death of Isabella of Jerusalem. There were several disputes over the throne of Jerusalem, until the conquering of it by the Saracens. However, although Outremer (Jerusalem's name under the crusaders) was lost to the Saracens, the claim to the title of King of Jerusalem continued to be passed down through several generations, until almost every monarch in Europe used the title.

House of Plantagenet

Armorial of Plantagenet Country Kingdom of England, Kingdom of France, Lordship of Ireland, Principality of Wales Parent house House of Anjou (continuation)

Titles King of England Count of Anjou Lord of Ireland Duke of Normandy Duke of Aquitaine Count of Maine Duke of Brittany Prince of Wales Lord of Cyprus Plantagenet claim to France Plantagenet claim to Jerusalem Plantagenet claim to Sicily Plantagenet claim to Rome Plantagenet claim to Castile Founder Henry II of England Final ruler Richard III of England Founding year 1154 Ethnicity French, English (see details) Cadet branches House of Lancaster House of Beaufort House of Tudor (non agnatic) House of York The House of Plantagenet (pronounced /plænˈtædʒɨnɨt/), or First House of Anjou, was a royal house founded by Henry II of England, son of Geoffrey V of Anjou. The Plantagenet kings first ruled the Kingdom of England in the 12th century. The dynasty gained several other holdings building the Angevin Empire, which at its peak stretched from the Pyrenees to Ireland. They ruled England from 1154 until 1485. The initial branch ruled from Henry II of England until the deposition of Richard II of England in 1399. After that, two Plantagenet branches named the House of Lancaster and the House of York clashed in a civil war known as the Wars of the Roses over control of the house. After three ruling Lancastrian monarchs, the crown returned to senior primogeniture with three ruling Yorkist monarchs; the last being Richard III of England who was killed in battle during 1485. The name Plantagenet itself has its origins as the nickname of Geoffrey V of Anjou.[8] The name is derived from the plant common broom, which is known in the Latin language as planta genista. It is most commonly claimed that the nickname arose because he wore a sprig of it in his hat. Its significance has been said to relate to its golden flower[8] or contemporary belief in its vegetative soul.[8] The surname Plantagenet has, since the 15th century, been only retroactively applied to the descendants of Geoffrey of Anjou, and was not used as a contemporary term, as the house itself used no surname until the legitimist claimant Richard Plantagenet, Duke of York, father of both Edward IV and Richard III, assumed the name about 1448.[8] Geoffrey V Plantagenet (1129–1151), father of Henry I Curtmantle (1151–1189, jointly with his son Henry II the Young, 1170–1183), also king of England as Henry II, father of Richard I Lionheart (1189–1199), uncle of Arthur I (1199–1203)

Henry's claim to the English throne came through his mother, the Empress Matilda, who had claimed the crown as the daughter of Henry I of England.[9] Empress Matilda's brother William Adelin had died in the wreck of the White Ship, leaving Matilda her father's only surviving legitimate child.[9] However, on Henry's death in 1135, Matilda's cousin Stephen of Blois was supported by much of the Anglo-Norman nobility, and was able to have himself crowned instead.[10] A tightly fought civil war known as The Anarchy ensued, with Matilda gaining support from her illegitimate half-brother, Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester.[11] The balance swayed both ways during the war, Matilda gained control at one point and carried the title "Lady of the English" before Stephen forced her out to Anjou.[12] Unrest and instability continued throughout Stephen's reign, while on the continent, Geoffrey managed to take control of the Duchy of Normandy for the Angevins in 1141 but seemingly showed no interest in campaigning across the Channel.[13]. In 1204, Anjou was lost to king Philip II of France. It was re-granted as an apanage for Louis VIII's son John, who died in 1232 at the age of thirteen, and then to Louis's youngest son, Charles, later the first Angevin king of Sicily.

List of Kings of England House of Plantagenet Henry II of England (Curtmantle) (19 December 1154 - 6 July 1189) Henry the Young King (14 June 1170 - 11 June 1183) Richard I of England (Richard the Lionheart) (3 September 1189 - 6 April 1199) John of England (John Lackland) (27 May 1199 - 19 October 1216) Henry III of England (28 October 1216 - 16 November 1272) Edward I of England (Edward Longshanks) (20 November 1272 - 7 July 1307) Edward II of England (7 July 1307 - 25 January 1327) Edward III of England (25 January 1327 - 21 June 1377) Richard II of England (21 June 1377 - 29 September 1399) In 1399, after his uncle John of Gaunt died, Richard disinherited Gaunt's son and his cousin, Henry of Bolingbroke, who had previously been exiled. Henry invaded England in June 1399 with a small force that quickly grew in numbers. Claiming initially that his goal was only to reclaim his patrimony, it soon became clear that he intended to claim the throne for himself. Meeting little resistance, Bolingbroke deposed Richard and had himself crowned as King Henry IV. Richard died in captivity early the next year; he was probably murdered. With Henry's ascension, the House of Lancaster came to power in England.

House of Lancaster

Henry IV of England (Henry Bolingbroke) (30 September 1399 - 20 March 1413) Henry V of England (20 March 1413 - 31 August 1422) Henry VI of England (31 August 1422 - 11 April 1471) House of York Edward IV of England (4 March 1461 - 9 April 1483) Edward V of England (9 April 1483 - 25 June 1483) Richard III of England (26 June 1483 - 22 August 1485) With the death of Richard III, the House of Plantagenet became extinct. Although Henry VII, who replaced Richard, had married his niece Elizabeth of York, his dynasty was not agnatically Angevin. However, Henry was descended from John of Gaunt through a female line. The first House of Anjou, or the First Angevin dynasty was over. But another had already been perpetuated. The Second Angevin dynasty was the Capetian House of Anjou.

Capetian House of Anjou

Country Kingdom of Sicily, Kingdom of Naples, Kingdom of Hungary,[14][15][16][17]Kingdom of Poland, Latin Empire, Principality of Achaea, Despotate of Epirus,Kingdom of Albania Parent house House of Capet

Titles Count of Anjou Count of Provence King of Sicily King of Naples King of Hungary King of Poland Emperor of Constantinople Despot of Epirus King of Albania Prince of Achaea Founder Charles I of Naples Final ruler Joan II of Naples Founding year 1266 Ethnicity Frankish Cadet branches House of Anjou-Hungary House of Anjou-Naples House of Anjou-Taranto House of Anjou-Durazzo

Later coat of arms of the Capetian House of Anjou (kings of Jerusalem). The Capetian House of Anjou, sometimes known as the House of Anjou-Sicily was an important European royal house and cadet branch of the direct House of Capet. Founded by Charles I of Sicily a son of Louis VIII of France, the Capetian king first ruled the Kingdom of Sicily during the 13th century. Later the War of the Sicilian Vespers forced him out of the island of Sicily leaving him with just the southern half of the Italian Peninsula — the Kingdom of Naples. The house and its various cadets would go on to influence much of the history of Southern and Central Europe during the Middle Ages, until becoming defunct in 1434. In its time, the House ruled Naples and Sicily, Hungary and Poland.

History

Charles of France, the son of Louis VIII, was made count of the western French province of Anjou by his elder brother, King Louis IX in 1246. In 1266 Charles was granted the crown of Naples and Sicily by the Pope in return for overthrowing the territories' Hohenstaufen rulers. Charles was driven out of Sicily in 1282, but his successors ruled Naples until 1435. This House of Anjou included the branches of Anjou-Hungary, which ruled Hungary (1308–1385, 1386–1395) and Poland (1370–1399), Anjou-Taranto, which ruled the remnants of the Latin Empire (1313–1374) and Anjou-Durazzo, which ruled Naples (1382–1435) and Hungary (1385–1386). The line became extinct in the male line with the death of King Ladislas of Naples in 1414, and totally extinct with the death of his sister Joan II in 1435.

House of Valois-Anjou

Coat of arms of the House of Valois (counts of Anjou).

Coat of arms of the House of Valois-Anjou (dukes of Anjou).

The Valois House of Anjou, or the Younger House of Anjou, was a noble French family, deriving from the royal family, the House of Valois. They were monarchs of Naples, as well as various other territories. The house began in the 1350s, when king John II of France, of the House of Valois line of Capetians, came to power. His paternal grandmother, Marguerite, Countess of Anjou and Maine, had been a princess of the Capetian House of Anjou or Elder Angevin Dynasty. She was the eldest daughter of king Charles II of Naples and gave the county, and then duchy of Anjou to the second son of king John II of France, Louis. Within a couple of decades, Queen Joan I of Naples, also of the senior Angevin line, realized that she would remain childless. Although there were extant heirs of the senior branch, for example, the Anjou-Durazzo cadet line, she decided to adopt Louis as her final heir. Thus, in addition to the struggle of the Angevins with the Aragonese in Southern Italy, the two Angevin lines, senior and junior, now began to contest with each other for the possession of the Kingdom of Naples. The Anjou-Durazzo line was initially successful in securing control of Naples, but the Valois House of Anjou managed to secure Provence and continued to contest the throne, with Louis II actually in control of the city of Naples from 1389 to 1399. The extinction of the line of the House of Anjou-Durazzo in 1435 temporarily secured Naples for the Valois House of Anjou, but they were driven from Naples by Alfonso V of Aragon in 1442. René, the last duke of this, third, Angevin line, died in 1480, and Anjou reverted to the French crown. With the death of his nephew the Duke of Maine in 1481 all Angevin possessions, including Provence, reverted to the crown. The Angevin pretensions to Naples were continued intermittently by the House of Lorraine, which descended from René's eldest daughter Yolande, particularly during the Valois-Habsburg War of 1551 to 1559, when François, Duke of Guise, a member of a cadet branch of the family, led an unsuccessful French expedition against Naples.

-------------------- Tertullus TERTULLE Born: ABT 0823 at: of,Rennes,Anjou,France Married: ABT 0844 at: ,,Anjou,France Died: at: Father: Torquat Tortulfe de RENNES Mother: Notes: [42] Wife: Petronille AUXERRE Born: ABT 0825 at: of,Anjou,,France Died: at: Father: Hugh BURGUNDY Mother: Notes: [1325] CHILDREN Name: Ingelger INGELER I [40] Born: ABT 0840 at: Anjou,France,France,France Married: at: Died: 0888 at: St Martin,Tours,In,France Spouses: Aelinde Rescinde de AMBOISE , Melinda de BUSCANCOIS --------------------

Tertulle "The Breton" Seneschal of the Gastinais Count of Anjou 0821 - ____ [S790] [S1945]

He married Petronilla ____ - ____ [S790] [S1945] dau of Conrad Count of Paris (?dau of Hugo 'le Abbe'? illeg. son of Charlemagne)

http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~agrandchildsheritage/anjou.html

-------------------- Governor of Rennes, Seneschal of The GATINAIS -------------------- http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ANJOU,%20MAINE.htm#_Toc256354717 TERTULLUS . The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that "Torquatus sive Tortulfus genuit Tertullum", recording that he was granted property by Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks[27]. Tertullus is no more convincing than Tortulfus as the name of a figure in north-west France during the mid-9th century. As is the case with his supposed father, it is possible that Tertullus was not a historical person. m PETRONILLA, daughter of --- Duke of Burgundy & his wife ---. The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records the marriage of "Tertullus nobilem dux" and "ducis Burgundiæ filiam nomine Petronillam"[28]. The Chronico Turonensi names "Ingelgerius comes Andergavensis", the couple's son, as "nepos Hugonis Ducis Burgundiæ"[29]. The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names "Ingelgerius…filius eius Fulco cognominatus Rufus", recording that "Hugo Dux Burgundiæ, filius alterius Hugonis" was "ex parte matris suæ [Fulco] consanguineus"[30]. The context suggests that "matris suæ" refers to Foulques, although according to other sources the connection was through the mother of Ingelger. No other record has been found of any dukes of Burgundy who could have been related to Petronilla. As with her husband, it is possible that Petronilla and her father were not historical people. Tertullus & his wife had one child.

http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/source/anjou.html

From Louis Halphen and René Poupardin, Chroniques des Comtes d'Anjou et des Seigneurs d'Amboise (Paris: Picard 1913). This text was probably composed between about 1100-1140 by a monk of Anjou, a territory of western France. It is a mythologized account of the rise of the counts of Anjou ("consuls", in the monk's terminology) from the tenth to the late eleventh century (the following section ends with the death of Fulk Nerra in 1040). The legends here begin with tales of the family under the late Carolingians.

The footnotes are those of Halphen and Poupardin. I have included some boldface explanatory material in square brackets in the text, as well as the Latin for certain words, where the translation alone seemed too impoverishing.

There was a certain man of Armorica Gallia called Torquatius, whose race [genus] was of old expelled from Armorica by the Bretons at the order of the emperor Maximus. This man was given the corrupt name of Tortulfus by the Bretons, who were ignorant of the proper use of the old Roman name. Charles the Bald, in the year in which he expelled the Normans from Anjou and from his whole realm, made this man the forester of the forest called Blackbird's Nest. As many relate the story, his race [genus] lived for a long time in the forests, despite the opposition of the Bretons. This man was a countryman who had grown up in the pays de Redon [pagus Redonicus, an area of southwest Brittany], lived off of his hunting skills and the abundance of the wild: men of this sort (as some tell it) the Bretons call birgi, while we Franks call them "huntsmen." There are also others who think this man lived in villages with the peasants of Redon. Which of these two is more accurate is not very important, since those who pass the stories on are not in much disagreement, and no wonder: for we have often read of senators who were working in the fields and were snatched away to become emperors.[3] In this man, since he was plainly great by birth, the weapons of old age, namely the skill and exercise of virtues, brought forth wondrous fruit, and the knowledge of a life well spent and the memory of his good deeds was extremely pleasing to him.[4] Now when the same king Charles, after long dissensions, after severe wars waged against his own brothers, emerged as victor and survivor, an emulator of his grandfather's uprightness and glory and the survivor of many struggles; nor would he have been much short of filling the void [that is, exercising unhindered kingship] had the briefness of life not caught up with him: for he was hastening to patch up, with a wondrous wisdom and goodness, all the evils which had fallen on the kingdom and the republic during the earlier struggles with his brothers. He had destroyed the tyranny of Nominöe, pseudo-king of the Bretons, since the latter was already powerfully opposed by the will of God and of his saints, especially by the aid of St. Florentius; and he tamed the treacheries of many other enemies as well. For God, glorious and wondrous in his saints, shows Himself to be more wondrous and glorious still when he works wonders through them.

Charles also pressed back the hostility of the Normans, a hostility with which they had first devastated, then violently possessed, that fringe of our land of Gaul which touches upon Ocean. He avenged their violence, and reduced their power to naught. On this account, soldiers flocked to him from all quarters: these men he took to himself and held them dear, and whomever he esteemed above the others he honored, and lauded him in proportion his strength and his faithfulness.

Among these men he held Tertullus dear, of whom we are speaking, for his merits, and gave him a wife and a piece of a fief in the castle of Landonense, and gave him a holding made up of some other lands, both in the Gâtine and in other places of France. -------------------- From the Foundation for Medieval Genealogy: http://fmg.ac/Projects/MedLands/ANJOU,%20MAINE.htm

TERTULLUS .

The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum records that "Torquatus sive Tortulfus genuit Tertullum", recording that he was granted property by Charles II "le Chauve" King of the West Franks[27].

Tertullus is no more convincing than Tortulfus as the name of a figure in north-west France during the mid-9th century. As is the case with his supposed father, it is possible that Tertullus was not a historical person.

m PETRONILLA, daughter of --- Duke of Burgundy & his wife ---.

Tertullus & his wife had one child: 1. Ingelger (d. 888, buried Chateauneuf, eglise St-Martin, OUR ANCESTOR) 2. [FOULQUES (-after 5 Jul 905). "Ardradus" donated property "in pago Aurelianense" for the soul of "genitoris mei domni Attonis" with the consent of "frater meus Atto" to Saint-Martin d'Angers by charter dated 29 Sep 898, signed by "Ardradi, Attonis fratris sui vicecomitis…Fulconis vicecomitis"[32]. "Fulconis Turononum et Andecavorum vicecomitis…Guernagaudi vicecomitis vel graphionis…" subscribed a charter dated 5 Jul 905 under which "Archambaldus et uxor mea Ingilrada" donated property "in pago Turonico in vicaria Evenense" to Saint-Martin d'Angers[33]. It is unlikely that these two entries refer to Foulques "le Roux", who was Vicomte de Tours et d'Anjou from [909] and was installed as Comte d'Anjou in 929, assuming that it is correct that he was born in [888] (see below). Nevertheless, his name suggests a close family connection, as also do his titles which subsequently passed to the junior Foulques. It is suggested here that Foulques senior was a younger brother of Ingelger, but this is no more than speculation. It is also possible that he was the ancestor of the later Vicomtes d'Anjou, who are set in Chapter 5 of this document.] -------------------- Comte d'Angers

Sénéchal du Gâtinais -------------------- http://www.celtic-casimir.com/webtree/3/3025.htm

•Name: Tertullus 1 2 •Sex: M •ALIA: The /Woodman/, Seneschal of the Gâtinais •Title: Count of Anjou •Birth: 821 in Rennes, Anjou, Francia (France) 3 •Death: 870 in Anjou, Kingdom of the Franks 3 •Note: [lawson.FTW]

TERCULLUS of the British House of Amorica was made Count of Anjou on this side of Mayenne by King Charles the Bald for his bravery in so gallantly defending that country against the Normans. He married Petrnolla, daughter of Conrad the Elder, Count of Paris and Duke of Franconia, who was consanguineous to the Emperor Charlemagne and was succeeded by his son INGELAR.

THERTULLUS, COUNT of ANJOU, wife PETRONELLA, daughter of Conrad, Count of Paris; (2) INGELERUS I, Count of Anjou, married Adsline of Challon; (3) FULK, "the red", born 888, died 938, wife Roscilla of Blois; (4) FULK II, The Good, Count of Anjou, died 958, married Gerberga of Catinais; (5) GEOFFREY I, Count of Anjou, died 21 July 987, married Adelaide de Vermandois, also known as Adelaide de Chalons, born 950, died 975-78; (6) FULK III, "the Black" Count of Anjou, born 970, died 21 June 1040, married, second, after 1000, Hildegarde, who died 1 April 1109, married, fifth, Bertrade de Montfort; (9) FULK V, "The Young", Count of Anjou, King of Jerusalem, born 1092; died 10 Nov. 1143, who, as above stated, was the father of GEOFFREY V "PLANTAGENET", Count of Anjou, Duke of Normandy, who, on 3 April 1127, married MATILDA of ENGLAND, daughter of HENRY I, of England.

http://www.womacknet.net/plantagenet.htm

The anonymous twelfth-century Gesta Consulum Andegavorum names his father as Tertullus nobilem dux, but both the name Tertullus and the title dux are unusual. Another twelfth-century source, the Chronicon Turonensis (c.1180) records that Ingelger was nepos Hugonis ducis Burgundiæ, a nephew of Hugh, Duke of Burgundy—chronologically stretched. Modern scholars are divided as to the historicity of Tertullus and Petronilla.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ingelger

Ingeler (or, Ingelgarius) Orlèans de Anjou, Count of Anjou was born circa 850 at Rennes, Brittany, and believed to be a son of Tortulf and Petronilla. It is not known the exact time Ingelger, a viscount who held land around Orléans and Angers, was appointed Count of Anjou. During that period, the county stretched only as far west as the Mayenne River. Later sources credit his appointment to his defense of the region from Vikings. Modern scholars have been more likely to see the appointment as a result of his wife's influential relatives. He was buried in the church of Saint-Martin at Châteauneuf. He was succeeded by his son Fulk the Red.. He was the founder of the Angevin dynasty. Ingeler married Elendis of Ambrose and died in 899.

-------------------- http://www.celtic-casimir.com/webtree/3/3025.htm

Tertuilus (Tertulle) I Comte d' Anjou

Moriarty presents some doubt that Tortellus was the father of Ingelgerius. Harvey calls him "semi-mythical' and Turton presents him with a "?"

It is as you say the 12th century _Gesta Consulum_, which tells the history of the Angevin dynasty from the 9th century, which furnishes these genealogical details. In this source, Tertulle was the son of Tortulf, who it says was made royal forester at Limelle near Angers by Charles the Bald. He rose to favour with the king, and his son Tertulle became a _clientela regis_ at court, and received the benefice or fief of Chateau-Landon in the Gatinais. But he was not a count, only a _miles_. The king arranged his marriage to Petronilla relative of Hugo the Abbot (d.886). Their son Ingelgar married the grand-daughter of the lord of Amboise, who was also the niece of Adalard Archbishop of Tours 875-91, and Raino of Angers 880-905. He served first as viscount of Orleans, then 'prefect of Tours', before becoming Count of Anjou. So goes the story. However the _Gesta_ is probably not a reliable source for the 9th century, written as it was so far removed from the period it describes, and under direction of Fulk IV: as you say it is doubtful whether Tertulle or Petronilla existed. Their names are unlikely for the 9th century. The _gesta_ uses 12th century forms and langauge which would not be the case if they were genuinely working from 9th century materials or sources. Moreover even Ingelgar was never count of Anjou: his son Fulk I only took that title in 929. The _gesta_ seeks to legitimise the dynasty's ancestral control of Anjou and the Loire valley, by connecting it to Charles the Bald and earlier noble families. However in ascribing a relationship with Hugo the abbot, it may preserve a tradition that the ancesters of Fulk I served in the retinue of the 9th century Marquis's of Neustria; Robert the Strong (d.866), Hugo the Abbot (866-86), Odo (886-8), Robert II (886-922). As their deputy, Ingelgar may well have been viscount of Orleans and then Tours. While I have yet to locate a Tortulf or a Tertulle in the sources of the second half of the ninth century, there are several Ingelgars. [Ref: Tom Bodley 9 Jul 1996 msg to sgm]

The origins of this family and the marriages of both males and females in its early generations are much debated. Bernard Bachrach, in his article "Some Observations on the Origins of the Angevin Dynasty", *Medieval Prosopography* 10 (1989), has argued for the basic reliability of the twelfth-century *Gesta consulum Andegavorum* [printed in *Chroniques des comtes d'Anjou et des seigneurs d'Amboise* edited by Louis Halphen and René Poupardin (Paris, 1913)]. This apparently draws from several much earlier written sources in deriving the family from one Tortulf, a forester of Limelles, whose son Tertulle is said to have been rewarded for military aid by King Charles II le Chauve with lands (a 'beneficium') at Château-Landon and marriage to Petronilla, a relative of Hugues l'Abbé (wrongly called a duke of Burgundy). Christian Settipani has dismissed this account as totally implausible, though his arguments [in "Les comtes d'Anjou et leurs alliances aux Xe et XIe siècles", *Family Trees and the Roots of Politics*, edited by KSB Keats-Rohan (Woodbridge, 1997)], are not entirely clear to me. He points out that Karl Werner identified Fulco I le Roux with a man who began his meteoric career as a "simple vassal" in 886, proving his father Ingelger could not have been count of the eastern half of Anjou as described in *Gesta consulum*. However, this might equally be taken as proof that Fulco could not have been the heir of his maternal grandfather, a count palatine and probably his namesake, or of the powerful seigneury of Amboise, which Settipani does not reject. He further argues that Ingelger's purported mother Petronilla must be fictional since it is unthinkable to him that a relative of Hugues l'Abbé, the most powerful figure in Francia after the king, would marry a mere parvenu such as the son of a forester; but then he curiously casts doubt on Tertulle's name because this is not found elewhere amongst the nobility. Settipani does not suggest any conceivable motive for the invention of forebears whose background reflects no glory and provides no claim to title or power for their descendants; nor does he explain how such a tradition, if implausible and largely unfounded, would last from the ninth and tenth centuries until repeated -- by otherwise generally accurate chroniclers -- for shrewd patrons a few hundred years later who would hardly have cared to hear about undistinguished antecessors just for the sake of having names recorded back to an arbitrary time in the past. Settipani readily accepts the mésalliance of a considerable heiress in his first "historic" generation of the Angevin family, but dismisses that of a mere relative to greatness in the preceding one. If Ingelger's mother was not well-connected, and his father was a provincial nobody instead of a royal vassal, how ever did this social-climbing prodigy become a noble in Anjou eligible to marry the heiress of Amboise, niece of two powerful bishops? And why is it incredible that Fulco should have started his career as a minor vassal if his father was a count, when for all we know he might have been a younger son or the offspring of a second marriage? His gradual rise to become count of the Angevins is attributed by Werner and Settipani, for the most part, to the influence of the Widonid family acquired through his marriage to Roscilla of Loches, though it appears that Fulco was already a lay abbot and viscount in the Angoumois for some years prior to their union, either through his own pushful merits or, much more likely, by inheritance from his father. [Ref: Peter Stewart 23 Jul 2001]

Tertulle was not count of Anjou. He is semi-legendary and was apparently given some benefices in Gastinais. His father is supposed to be Torquat - a forester in the Anjou region. No dates have ever been attested. The above people are in a part of a manuscript written by Fulk the Quarrelsome of Anjou in the 11th century. The first of the fammily historically attested was Tertulle's ? son Ingelger who was Viscount of Orleans and it was his son Fulk the Red who was 1st Count of Angers in the family. Two authors to read in English on this family are Bernard Barach & Constance Brittain Bouchard [Ref: Sally Laine 28 Aug 2003 SGM]

That's Bernard BACHRACH.... But Bachrach in his _Fulk Nerra: The Neo-Roman Consul, 987-1040 -- A Political Biography Of The Angevin Count_ DOES have two genealogical charts [pp. 261-2] touting Tertullus ["d. after 877"] as the father of Ingelarius ["d. ca. 886?"]. He also has Tortulfus ["a soldier of fortune...who operated in the environs of Rennes on the Breton-Angevin frontier" [p. 1] ["d. after 843"] as the father of Tertullus. [Ref: Hines 29 Aug 2003]

Ingelger was not from a noble family but rather the grandson of a forester, according to _Gesta consulum Andegavorum_ (although the facts are not definite): occurrences can easily be found across the social orders at the appropriate time, such as Fulco, son of the freeman Brunardus, subscribing his father's gift at Paris on 1 April 849 [_Polyptique de l'abbaye de Saint-Germain-des-Prés_, edited by Auguste Longnon, 2 vols (Paris, 1886-1895, reprinted Geneva 1978) vol II p 153], while the pope elected in 883 was named Folcho [cf for instance _Annales Vedastini_]. ...Tertullus was the father of Ingelger, according to _Gesta consulum Andegavorum_. He may have been seigneur of Château-Landon, allegedly rewarded for military aid by King Charles the Bald with lands (a 'beneficium') at Château-Landon [op cit p 28: "Inter quos Tertullum, de quo agimus, ob merita sua carum habens, uxorem ei cum aliquanto beneficio in Landonensi castro tribuit necnon etiam et aliquibus terris tam in pago Gastinensi quam in locis aliis per Franciam casatum fecit"]. 1028 -------------------- [Tertulle de Gatinais, Compte d'Anjou, born c.835 in Rennes, Anjou.. Married Petronella of Auxierre. One known child, Engelger/Ingelger (many spellings).mez]

http://www.thepeerage.com/p878.htm#i8779

Tertulle d'Anjou, Comte d'Anjou held the office of Governor of Rennes. He gained the title of Comte d'Anjou. 

Child of Tertulle d'Anjou, Comte d'Anjou

Engelger d'Anjou+ d. c 888

http://fjaunais.free.fr/h0anjou.htm (translated using Google Translate)

Tertullus of Gatinais (about 835 Rennes -?) (Gen. 34 (4), 35 (7), 36 (4)) married Petronilla of Auxerre , (circa 835 -?) (Gen. 34 (4), 35 (7), 36 (4))

- Ingelger d'Anjou Vicomte d'Angers (c. 855 - c. 890) (Gen. 33 (4), 34 (7), 35 (4))

Senechal -- In the French administrative system of the Middle Ages, the sénéchal was also a royal officer in charge of justice and control of administration. -------------------- Tertulf or Tertullus is a legendary figure, not appearing in any known contemporary records. He should not be considered historical. The Gesta Consulum Andegavorum says "Torquatus sive Tortulfus genuit Tertullum", recording that he was granted property by Charles II the Bald, King of the West Franks. He was Seneschal of Gâtinais. His son Ingeler was the first Count of Anjou.

According to the legend, Tertulf was a hunter and outlaw who lived in the woods. At the time the Danes were ravaging France, he joined Charles the Bald in defending France against the Norsemen. He was rewarded with land.

He was supposedly a descendent of Princess Plantina, sister of the Fairy Princess Melusine.

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Tertullus de Gâtinais, Sénéchal of Anjou's Timeline

823
823
Rennes, Anjou, France
844
844
Age 21
Anjou,,,France
850
850
Age 27
Rennes, Brittany, France
870
870
Age 47
Chateau Landon,Seine Et Marne,Ile De France,France
1925
September 22, 1925
Age 47
September 22, 1925
Age 47
Salt Lake City Utah Temple, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, USA
September 22, 1925
Age 47
Salt Lake City Utah Temple, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, USA
September 22, 1925
Age 47
Salt Lake City Utah Temple, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, USA
September 22, 1925
Age 47
Salt Lake City Utah Temple, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, USA
September 22, 1925
Age 47
Salt Lake City Utah Temple, Salt Lake City, Salt Lake, Utah, USA