Thaddeus Berry (c.1640 - 1718)

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Nicknames: "Thaddeus Barry"
Birthplace: Lynn, Essex, Massachusetts
Death: Died in Rumney Marsh, Boston, MA
Managed by: Thomas Shirley
Last Updated:
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Immediate Family

About Thaddeus Berry

alias Teague O'Barry -------------------- His original Irish-Gaelic name was Taidhg O'Barry. Taidhg is phoneticized to "Teague", "Teage" or "Teige" and "Teague" was used as the 17th and 18th century versions of "Paddy" or "Mick" in English-speaking countries -- i.e. when in doubt, you called an Irishman "Teague" regardless of his actual name. When "Teague" would precede an Irish surname that began with "O", the two were often elided by English speakers and thus the first name became "Teago" or "Tego"[3]. When Anglicized, it becomes "Thaddeus" or "Timothy" and "Taddeus" is found as its equivalent in Latin documents[4]. The custom of quickly anglicizing one's name upon arrival in America in order to avoid persecution and prejudice persisted well into the late 20th century.

By virtue of his Irish accent and the vagueries of early spellings, Thaddeus' name is in the town records as follows: Teague-A-Barrow, Teague o Barrow & Teague Barrow (12 June 1672 deed) Teag a barra (1691 Salem Court case) Teague a Barrow (9 June 1674 confirmatory deed witnessed by Thomas Farrar & 1691 Salem Court case) teage a barro [sic] (1691 Salem Court case) Teauge Abarro (1691 Salem Court case) Teag abarrow (1691 Salem Court case) Teague Abarrow (1691 Salem Court case) Teang ABarrow (1691 Salem Court case) Teaug Abarrow (1691 Salem Court case) Teag Barrow (1691 Salem Court case) teag barrow [sic] (1691 Salem Court case) Teague Barrow (1 April 1678 deed of gift) tege barrow [sic] (1691 Salem Court case) Tego Barrow (28 June 1673 deed) Teing Barrow (1691 Salem Court case) Tego Barrowe (1691 Salem Court case) Teeageo Bary (1687 Rumney Marsh tax list) Teageo Barry (1688 Rumney Marsh tax list) Tieg A Barrow (1691 Salem Court case) Thadeus Barrow (1695 Rumney Marsh tax list) Thadeas Berrey, Thadeus Berrey (28 September 1698 land grant) Tego Barrow (28 March 1699 conveyance) Thomas Bary (1701) Tego Berry (17 October 1701 deed which concerned some land also named in the deed of 28 September 1698) Theeodrus Berry (1702 Rumney Marsh list of inhabitants) Tego Berry (12 November 1702) Teago Berry (12 November 1702) Thaddeus Berry (24 May 1714 deed) Teg o barro (1691 Salem Court case) Teage Upbarron (15 December1681Rumney Marsh tax list)

It is worth noting that he had already anglicized his name from "Teague" to "Thaddeus" by the time of his military service. Significantly, he names a son "Thomas" but not "Teague" nor "Thaddeus" nor do those versions of his name appear in any subsequent generations.

Thaddeus' Irish origins are revealed in an 1844 letter from William Jenks of Boston, Suffolk co., MA to Alonzo Lewis of Lynn, Essex co., MA in which he reveals that Jenks' grandmother was a Berry. The pertinent passage reads: "But her family name was, in fact, Barry, and the father of her father, Thaddeus, came from Ireland, a man in humble life." It is probable that he was from the western part of County Cork, Ireland. The name "O'Barry" is from that area, and is of Anglo-Norman origin. According to Marcia Wiswall Lindberg, Thaddeus is possibly the son of William Barry (9th generation removed from Sir William Moyle Barry VIII) from Cork, Ireland. As McTeige Barry, this man was the only one of three sons to escape being murdered by emigrating to America. As romantic as this notion is, it is not the most likely explanation of Thaddeus' origins.

Real Estate transactions: Samuel Bennet sold 30 acres of his farm of 300 acres "in the upper part of the Pan Handle" above North Revere to "Teague a Barrow of Rumney Marsh in Boston" on 12 June 1672 for £6 in cash and £54 to be paid later. On this same deed, he is also referred to as "Teague o Barrow" and "Teague Barrow". This parcel was known as "Bennet's Farm" or the "Chelsea Panhandle" and lay above Breeden's farm and on the edge of the Newburyport Turnpike. On 9 June 1674, Samuel's sons, John & Elisha Bennett, quitclaimed this land with a confirmatory deed to "Teage a Barrow" with Thomas Farrar witnessing. On 28 June 1673, Samuel and Sarah Bennett conveyed their 700-acre farm to their son Elisha, reciting a boundary which referenced the land of "Tego Barrow". On a 1 April 1678, deed of gift, John Bennett excepted therefrom the land of "Teague Barrow". On 28 September 1698, "Thadeas Berrey" (also named as "Thadeus") granted half of the "Teague a Barrow" holding of 1672 to his son "Thomas Berrey," reserving a life estate to himself and his wife.

"Tego Barrow's land" appears as a boundary description in a 60-acre conveyance from Elisha Bennett to Lydia Paul on 28 March 1699. On 17 October 1701, Lydia Paul and her daughter deeded this land to Thomas Cheever. This time the boundary refers to the land of "Tego Berry". "Tego Berry's land and "Teago Berry" are used as boundaries in a deed from Elisha and Dorothy Bennett to Richard Pratt on 12 November 1702.

Finally, on 24 May 1714 Thaddeus Berry, husbandman, deeded 126 poles of land at Bass Neck, Nahant (Lynn), Essex co., MA to one John Lewis of Lynn. This same transaction is recorded in a deed of 14 August 1716.

Legal disputes: On 30 June 1691, the case of Tieg A Barrow v. John Paul was tried in the Quarterly Court of Salem, Essex co., MA and unsuccessfully appealed to the Court of Assistants. In the proceedings of this case alone, his name appears as "Teague Abarrow"; "Tego Barrowe"; "Teang ABarrow"; "Teaug Abarrow"; "Teing Barrow"; "Teague a Barrow"; "Teague a Barrow"; "Teauge Abarro"; Œteag barrow"; "Teg o barro"; "Teag Barrow"; "Teag abarrow"; "teage a barro"; "Teag a barra"; "tege barrow". In this case, Teague charged John Paul with unlawful dominion over land claimed as part of the Abarrow farm, destruction of a fence, and removal of hay and oats - a classic combination of trespass quare clausum fregit [unlawful & forceable trespass] and de bonis asportatis, ["of goods carried away"] here used as the basis of trying title to land. The litigants agreed in writing on 20 April 1691 to try title at the next quarterly court session at Salem. [The statements gathered for this case reveal the existence of Joseph Townsend, Ephriam Barrow, Daniel Barrow, Elizabeth Townsend and Thomas and Daniel Barrow.]

Estate: Thaddeus died intestate. His estate was administered by his son John Berry of Wenham, Essex co., MA on 5 June 1716. [Suffolk Probate v. 21: 7, 98 and v. 22: 20-22]. John was assigned the land and reserved the "widow's third" for his mother Hanna for use during her life's duration. He then distributed the property to his siblings Hannah Needham, Samuel Berry, Thomas Berry, Daniel Berry, Rebecca Bassett, Abigail Bassett, Jerusha Merriam, Mehitabel Berry & the legal representatives of Elizabeth Townsend (deceased), Sarah Stocker & Ethilrid Merriam.

The initial inventory reports some 70 acres of upland and meadow valued at £87 10s, but the later report and account of 8 November 1720 describe 23 acres worth £95 15s. The Real estate was "incapable of division among his children & heirs without great prejudice to or spoiling of the whole" the court ordered assignment of the premises to John Berry with a reservation of 1/3 to the widow, Hannah Berry, for life as dower. As eldest son, John was entitled to a double portion. Accordingly , John Berry was ordered to pay £14 18s. 2d (a thirteenth share) by 8 May 1721 to each of the remaining eleven heirs at law per stirpes.

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Thaddeus Berry's Timeline

1640
1640
Lynn, Essex, Massachusetts
1663
February, 1663
Age 23
Chelsea, Suffolk, Massachusetts, United States
1664
1664
Age 24
Lynn, Essex, MA, United States
1670
September 20, 1670
Age 30
Boston, Suffolk, MA, USA
September 20, 1670
Age 30
Boston, Suffolk, MA, United States
1671
1671
Age 31
Boston, Suffolk, MA, USA
1672
1672
Age 32
Lynn, Essex, Massachusetts, USA
1674
1674
Age 34
1678
1678
Age 38
1688
May 10, 1688
Age 48
Chelsea (Rumney Marsh), Suffolk, MA, United States