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Tethys - Titanides Titaness

Greek: Τηθύς Titaness
Birthdate:
Death: (Date and location unknown)
Immediate Family:

Daughter of Ouranos - - Uranos . and - Gaia
Wife of Coribus .; Oceanos Titan; (from myth) Oceanus and Dardanus King of Arcadia Dardania
Mother of Electra, One Of The Pleiades; Simios of Acadia; Idaea Queen Nymph; Scamander of Teucri; Pleione and 26 others
Sister of Oceanos Titan; Meliades; Gyges One hundered hander; Erichthonius Primordial; Many Furies and 26 others
Half sister of Megaera Erinýes / Furies; Tisiphone Erinýes / Furies; Aphrodite Goddess of Love; Cecrops - Κέκροπος; Mimas Gigant and 18 others

Occupation: Titan, the Nurse, Diosa del Mar. Madre-Rios, One of the Titans
Managed by: Jocelynn Elaine Oakes
Last Updated:

About Thetys Titanides

Tethys (mythology)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In Classical Greek mythology, Tethys (Greek Τηθύς), daughter of Uranus and Gaia (Hesiod, Theogony lines 136, 337 and Bibliotheke 1.2) is an aquatic sea goddess. Tethys was both sister and wife of Oceanus.[1] She was mother of the chief rivers of the world known to the Greeks, such as the Nile, the Alpheus, the Maeander, and about three thousand daughters called the Oceanids.[2] Considered as an embodiment of the waters of the world she also may be seen as a counterpart of Thalassa, the embodiment of the sea.

Although these vestiges imply a strong role in earlier times, Tethys plays virtually no part in recorded Greek literary texts, or historical records of Greek religion or cults. Walter Burkert[3] notes the presence of Tethys in the episode of Iliad XIV that the Ancients called the "Deception of Zeus", where Hera, to mislead Zeus, says she wants to go to Oceanus, "origin of the gods" and Tethys "the mother". Burkert [4] sees in the name a transformation of Akkadian tiamtu or tâmtu, "the sea," which is recognizable in Tiamat.

One of the few representations of Tethys that is identified securely by an accompanying inscription is the Late Antique (fourth century CE) mosaic from the flooring of a thermae at Antioch, now at Dumbarton Oaks, in Washington, D.C.[5] In the Dumbarton Oaks mosaic, the bust of Tethys—surrounded by fishes—is rising, bare-shouldered from the waters. Against her shoulder rests a golden ship's rudder. Gray wings sprout from her forehead, as in the mosaics illustrated above and below.

During the war against the Titans, Tethys raised Rhea as her god-child, but there are no records of active cults for Tethys in historic times.

Tethys has sometimes been confused [6] with another sea goddess who became the sea-nymph Thetis, the wife of Peleus and mother of Achilles during Classical times. Some myths imply a second generation relationship between the two, a grandmother and granddaughter.

Indicative of the power exercised by Tethys, one myth[7] relates that the prominent goddess of the Olympians, Hera, was not pleased with the placement of Callisto and Arcas in the sky, as the constellations Ursa Major and Ursa Minor, so she asked her nurse, Tethys, to help. Tethys, a marine goddess, caused the constellations forever to circle the sky and never drop below the horizon, hence explaining why they are circumpolar. Robert Graves interprets the use of the term nurse in Classical myths as identifying deities who once were goddesses of central importance in the periods before historical documentation.[8]

Tethys, a moon of the planet Saturn, and the prehistoric Tethys Ocean are named after this goddess.

Tethys

Tethys is the wife of Oceanus. Together they produced the rivers and the three thousand ocean nymphs.

--------------------

the Titaness Tethys of Greek Myth1,2

the Titaness Tethys of Greek Myth||p114.htm#i13701|the Heaven Uranus of Greek Myth||p116.htm#i13787|the Earth Goddess Gaia of Greek Myth||p116.htm#i13788|the Light Aether of Greek Myth||p241.htm#i27378|the Day Hemera of Greek Myth||p241.htm#i27381||||the Air, Mist, and Fog Chaos of Greek Myth||p192.htm#i21444|

Father the Heaven Uranus of Greek Myth1

Mother the Earth Goddess Gaia of Greek Myth1

    The Titaness Tethys of Greek Myth was the daughter of the Heaven Uranus of Greek Myth and the Earth Goddess Gaia of Greek Myth.1 The Titaness Tethys of Greek Myth married the Titan Oceanus of Greek Myth, son of the Heaven Uranus of Greek Myth and the Earth Goddess Gaia of Greek Myth.1

Family the Titan Oceanus of Greek Myth

Children the Oceanid Dione of Greek Myth+ 1

the River God Asopus of Greek Myth+

the River God Ladon of Greek Myth+

the Oceanid Doris of Greek Myth+ 1

the Oceanid Pleïone of Greek Myth+ 1

the Oceanid Clymene of Greek Myth+ 1

the Oceanid Philyra of Greek Myth+ 1

the Oceanid Plouto of Greek Myth+ 3

the River God Nile of Greek Myth+ 4

the River God Inachus of Greek Myth+ 5

the River God Simois of Greek Myth+ 6

the River God Scamander of Greek Myth+ 6

the River God Acheloüs of Greek Myth+ 7

Citations

[S289] Greek Mythology Link, online http://hsa.brown.edu/~maicar/index.html

[S1333] Theoi Project, online www.theoi.com\index.htm, TETHYS.

[S1333] Theoi Project, online www.theoi.com\index.htm, PLOUTO.

[S1332] Royal Houses of Mythical Greece, online http://www.timelessmyths.com/, Genealogy: House of Argos (Proëtids and Aeolids).

[S1078] Plato and his dialogues, online http://phd.evansville.edu/tools/index.htm

[S1332] Royal Houses of Mythical Greece, online http://www.timelessmyths.com/, Genealogy: House of Troy and Dardania.

[S1332] Royal Houses of Mythical Greece, online http://www.timelessmyths.com/, Genealogy: House of Calydon (Aeolids).

--------------------

In Greek mythology, Tethys (Greek Τηθύς), daughter of Uranus and Gaia[1] was an archaic Titaness and aquatic sea goddess, invoked in classical Greek poetry but no longer venerated in cult. Tethys was both sister and wife of Oceanus.[2] She was mother of the chief rivers of the world known to the Greeks, such as the Nile, the Alpheus, the Maeander, and about three thousand daughters called the Oceanids.[3] Considered as an embodiment of the waters of the world she also may be seen as a counterpart of Thalassa, the embodiment of the sea.

Although these vestiges imply a strong role in earlier times, Tethys plays virtually no part in recorded Greek literary texts, or historical records of Greek religion or cults. Walter Burkert[4] notes the presence of Tethys in the episode of Iliad XIV that the Ancients called the "Deception of Zeus", where Hera, to mislead Zeus, says she wants to go to Oceanus, "origin of the gods" and Tethys "the mother". Burkert [5] sees in the name a transformation of Akkadian tiamtu or tâmtu, "the sea," which is recognizable in Tiamat. Alternatively, her name may simply mean "old woman"; certainly it bears some similarity to ἡ τήθη, meaning "grandmother," and she is often portrayed as being extremely ancient (cf. Callimachus, Iamb 4.52, fr. 194).

One of the few representations of Tethys that is identified securely by an accompanying inscription is the Late Antique (fourth century CE) mosaic from the flooring of a thermae at Antioch, now at the Harvard Business Schoolin Boston, Massachussetts[6] after being moved from Dumbarton Oaks.[7] In the Dumbarton Oaks mosaic, the bust of Tethys—surrounded by fishes—is rising, bare-shouldered from the waters. Against her shoulder rests a golden ship's rudder. Gray wings sprout from her forehead, as in the mosaics illustrated above and below.

Roman mosaic of Tethys from Antakya, Turkey

During the war against the Titans, Tethys raised Hera as her god-child,[8] but there are no records of active cults for Tethys in historic times.

Tethys has sometimes been confused [9] with another sea goddess who became the sea-nymph Thetis, the wife of Peleus and mother of Achilles during Classical times. Some myths imply a second generation relationship between the two, a grandmother and granddaughter.

Indicative of the power exercised by Tethys, one myth[10] relates that the prominent goddess of the Olympians, Hera, was not pleased with the placement of Callisto and Arcas in the sky, as the constellations Ursa Major and Ursa Minor, so she asked her nurse, Tethys, to help. Tethys, a marine goddess, caused the constellations forever to circle the sky and never drop below the horizon, hence explaining why they are circumpolar. Robert Graves interprets the use of the term nurse in Classical myths as identifying deities who once were goddesses of central importance in the periods before historical documentation.[11]

Greek deities

series

Primordial deities

Titans and Olympians

Chthonic deities

Personified concepts

Other deities

Aquatic deities

   * Poseidon
   * Oceanus
   * Ceto
   * Nereus
   * Glaucus
   * Thetis
   * Amphitrite
   * Tethys
   * Triton
   * Ophion
   * Proteus
   * Phorcys
   * Pontus
   * Oceanids
   * Nereids
   * Naiads

Tethys, a moon of the planet Saturn, and the prehistoric Tethys Ocean are named after this goddess.

Contents

[hide]

   * 1 See also
   * 2 Children of Tethys
   * 3 Notes
   * 4 References

[edit] See also

   * Greek mythology in popular culture

[edit] Children of Tethys

   * Achelous
   * Acheron
   * Alpheus
   * Amaltheia
   * Amphitrite
   * Asia
   * Asopus
   * Callirhoe
   * Calypso
   * Catillus
   * Cebren
   * Cephissus
   * Circe
   * Clitunno (Roman mythology)
   * Clymene
   * Clytia
   * Crinisus
   * Dione
   * Doris
   * Electra
   * Enipeus
   * Eurynome
   * Inachus
   * Lysithea
   * Melia
   * Meliboea
   * Merope
   * Metis
   * Nilus
   * The Oceanids
   * Peneus
   * Perse
   * Pleione
   * Rhode
   * Scamander
   * Styx
   * Telesto
   * Tiberinus (Roman mythology)
   * Tibertus (Roman mythology)
   * Tyche
   * Volturnus (Roman mythology)

[edit] Notes

Greek deities

series

Primordial deities

Olympians

Aquatic deities

Chthonic deities

Personified concepts

Other deities

Titans

The Twelve Titans:

Oceanus and Tethys,

Hyperion and Theia,

Coeus and Phoebe,

Cronus and Rhea,

Mnemosyne, Themis,

Crius, Iapetus

Children of Hyperion:

Eos, Helios, Selene

Daughters of Coeus:

Leto and Asteria

Sons of Iapetus:

Atlas, Prometheus,

Epimetheus, Menoetius

Sons of Crius:

Astraeus, Pallas,

Perses

  1. ^ Hesiod. Theogony lines 136, 337 and Bibliotheke, 1.2.
  2. ^ Tethys and Oceanus appear as a pair in Callimachus, Hymn 4.17, and in Apollonius, Argonautica 3.244. In Catullus 88, not even Tethys and Oceanus can wash away Gellius' stain of incest: "o Gelli, quantum non ultima Tethys/ nec genitor Nympharum abluit Oceanus." S. J. Harrison, in "Mythological Incest: Catullus 88" The Classical Quarterly New Series, 46.2 (1996), pp. 581-582, points out the irony of Catullus' allusion to the sibling couple in this context.
  3. ^ Hesiod. Theogony, 337-70 gives an extensive list of their progeny, reflected in the list appended above.
  4. ^ Burkert 1992:92 states that "Tethys is in no way an active figure in Greek mythology".
  5. ^ Burkert 1992:93.
  6. ^ http://media.www.harbus.org/media/storage/paper343/news/2007/04/02/BakerLibrary/This-Month.From.Baker.Library-2815258.shtml
  7. ^ Sara M. Wages, "A Note on the Dumbarton Oaks 'Tethys Mosaic'"Dumbarton Oaks Papers 40 (1986), pp. 119-128. Wages notes a sixth-century Attic vase painted by Sophilos at the British Museum, where Tethys is identified among the guests, that included all of the deities, at the wedding of Peleus and Thetis. She appends a list of other similar, though [unidentified] images from the Greek east as far as Armenia, that can be taken for Tethys.
  8. ^ "...the time when Zeus caused Father Kronos to sink beneath the earth and sea. At that time Zeus and Hera lived in the palace of Okeanos and Tethys, who had received the divine children from the hands of Rhea and were keeping them hidden." (Karl Kerenyi, The Gods of the Greeks, 1951: 96, noting Iliad 14.239).
  9. ^ even in Antiquity (Burkert 1992:92)
 10. ^ Pseudo-Hyginus, Fabulae, 177: "For Tethys, wife of Oceanus, and foster mother of Juno [Hera], forbids its setting in the Oceanus."
 11. ^ Robert Graves, The Greek Myths, 24.9, 164.1

Calypso

References

   * Burkert, Walter The Orientalizing Revolution: Near Eastern Influence on Greek Culture in the Early archaic Age (Harvard University Press) 1992, pp 91-93.
   * Theoi.com: Tethys

--------------------

  1. ID: I249637
  2. Name: Tethys [<^>v] de Titans
  3. Sex: F
  4. Birth: BEF 100 in c 1370 BC

Father: Uranus [<^>v] de Gods b: in c 1400 BC

Mother: Gaea [<^>v] de Gods b: in c 1400 BC

Marriage 1 Okeanos [<^>v] de Titans b: BEF 100 in c 1365 BC

Children

  1. Has Children King Xanthus Scamander [<^>v] de Titans b: BEF 100 in c 1360 BC
  2. Has Children Neilos [<^>v] de Mycenae
  3. Has Children Melia [<^>v] de Oceanids
  4. Has Children Inachus [<^>v] de Oceanids
  5. Has Children Klymene [<^>v] de Oceanids

source:

http://worldconnect.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=PED&db=gilead07&id=I253485

--------------------

In Greek mythology, Tethys (Greek Τηθύς), daughter of Uranus and Gaia was an archaic Titaness and aquatic sea goddess, invoked in classical Greek poetry but not venerated in cult. Tethys was both sister and wife of Oceanus. She was mother of the chief rivers of the world known to the Greeks, such as the Nile, the Alpheus, the Maeander, and about three thousand daughters called the Oceanids. Considered as an embodiment of the waters of the world she also may be seen as a counterpart of Thalassa, the embodiment of the sea. -------------------- Titânida

Tétis cuidou de Hera[3], entregue a ela por Reia, durante a luta entre titãs e os deuses olímpicos. Em reconhecimento, a rainha do Olimpo reconciliou-a com Oceano, quando o casal se desentendeu. -------------------- Tethys (mythology)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

In Classical Greek mythology, Tethys (Greek Τηθύς), daughter of Uranus and Gaia (Hesiod, Theogony lines 136, 337 and Bibliotheke 1.2) is an aquatic sea goddess. Tethys was both sister and wife of Oceanus.[1] She was mother of the chief rivers of the world known to the Greeks, such as the Nile, the Alpheus, the Maeander, and about three thousand daughters called the Oceanids.[2] Considered as an embodiment of the waters of the world she also may be seen as a counterpart of Thalassa, the embodiment of the sea.

Although these vestiges imply a strong role in earlier times, Tethys plays virtually no part in recorded Greek literary texts, or historical records of Greek religion or cults. Walter Burkert[3] notes the presence of Tethys in the episode of Iliad XIV that the Ancients called the "Deception of Zeus", where Hera, to mislead Zeus, says she wants to go to Oceanus, "origin of the gods" and Tethys "the mother". Burkert [4] sees in the name a transformation of Akkadian tiamtu or tâmtu, "the sea," which is recognizable in Tiamat.

One of the few representations of Tethys that is identified securely by an accompanying inscription is the Late Antique (fourth century CE) mosaic from the flooring of a thermae at Antioch, now at Dumbarton Oaks, in Washington, D.C.[5] In the Dumbarton Oaks mosaic, the bust of Tethys—surrounded by fishes—is rising, bare-shouldered from the waters. Against her shoulder rests a golden ship's rudder. Gray wings sprout from her forehead, as in the mosaics illustrated above and below.

During the war against the Titans, Tethys raised Rhea as her god-child, but there are no records of active cults for Tethys in historic times.

Tethys has sometimes been confused [6] with another sea goddess who became the sea-nymph Thetis, the wife of Peleus and mother of Achilles during Classical times. Some myths imply a second generation relationship between the two, a grandmother and granddaughter.

Indicative of the power exercised by Tethys, one myth[7] relates that the prominent goddess of the Olympians, Hera, was not pleased with the placement of Callisto and Arcas in the sky, as the constellations Ursa Major and Ursa Minor, so she asked her nurse, Tethys, to help. Tethys, a marine goddess, caused the constellations forever to circle the sky and never drop below the horizon, hence explaining why they are circumpolar. Robert Graves interprets the use of the term nurse in Classical myths as identifying deities who once were goddesses of central importance in the periods before historical documentation.[8]

Tethys, a moon of the planet Saturn, and the prehistoric Tethys Ocean are named after this goddess.

Tethys

Tethys is the wife of Oceanus. Together they produced the rivers and the three thousand ocean nymphs.

--------------------

the Titaness Tethys of Greek Myth1,2

the Titaness Tethys of Greek Myth||p114.htm#i13701|the Heaven Uranus of Greek Myth||p116.htm#i13787|the Earth Goddess Gaia of Greek Myth||p116.htm#i13788|the Light Aether of Greek Myth||p241.htm#i27378|the Day Hemera of Greek Myth||p241.htm#i27381||||the Air, Mist, and Fog Chaos of Greek Myth||p192.htm#i21444|

Father the Heaven Uranus of Greek Myth1

Mother the Earth Goddess Gaia of Greek Myth1

The Titaness Tethys of Greek Myth was the daughter of the Heaven Uranus of Greek Myth and the Earth Goddess Gaia of Greek Myth.1 The Titaness Tethys of Greek Myth married the Titan Oceanus of Greek Myth, son of the Heaven Uranus of Greek Myth and the Earth Goddess Gaia of Greek Myth.1

Family the Titan Oceanus of Greek Myth

Children the Oceanid Dione of Greek Myth+ 1

the River God Asopus of Greek Myth+

the River God Ladon of Greek Myth+

the Oceanid Doris of Greek Myth+ 1

the Oceanid Pleïone of Greek Myth+ 1

the Oceanid Clymene of Greek Myth+ 1

the Oceanid Philyra of Greek Myth+ 1

the Oceanid Plouto of Greek Myth+ 3

the River God Nile of Greek Myth+ 4

the River God Inachus of Greek Myth+ 5

the River God Simois of Greek Myth+ 6

the River God Scamander of Greek Myth+ 6

the River God Acheloüs of Greek Myth+ 7

Citations

[S289] Greek Mythology Link, online http://hsa.brown.edu/~maicar/index.html

[S1333] Theoi Project, online www.theoi.com\index.htm, TETHYS.

[S1333] Theoi Project, online www.theoi.com\index.htm, PLOUTO.

[S1332] Royal Houses of Mythical Greece, online http://www.timelessmyths.com/, Genealogy: House of Argos (Proëtids and Aeolids).

[S1078] Plato and his dialogues, online http://phd.evansville.edu/tools/index.htm

[S1332] Royal Houses of Mythical Greece, online http://www.timelessmyths.com/, Genealogy: House of Troy and Dardania.

[S1332] Royal Houses of Mythical Greece, online http://www.timelessmyths.com/, Genealogy: House of Calydon (Aeolids) --------------------

О {profile::pre} (Русский)

Дъщеря е на Уран и Гея, сестра и жена на Океан. От брака ѝ с Океан се раждат три хиляди океаниди, както и всички речни богове. Името ѝ идва от индоевропейското „τετα“ — майка.

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Thetys Titanides's Timeline

-1570
-1570
Hebron, Canann, Plaestine
-1475
-1475
Acadia, Turkey, Greece
-1400
-1400
Troad, Troy, Greece
-1365
-1365
Greek Mythology,,,
-1360
-1360
Escynthia, Ancient Turkey, Teucry, Black Sea Region, Turkey
100
100
Anatolia, Greece
100
Troy, Turkey
????
????
????