Thomas Bushrod (1604 - c.1676)

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Death: Died in York, VA, USA
Managed by: Carole (Erickson) Pomeroy, Vol. Curator
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Immediate Family

About Thomas Bushrod

At a court held for York county, 26 Sugust, 1661. Present:

Nathaniel Bacon, Coll. George Reade, Major Thomas Beale,

Esqres; Lt. Coll. Wm. Barbar, Capt. Daniel Parke, Mr Edmund

Peeters, Capt. William Hay, Lt. Coll. H. Gooch, Capt. Robt. Bal-

drey.

Whereas, Mr Justinian Aylmer Cl hath this day exhibited a

Charge to the Court against Mr Thomas Bushrod, thereby in-

forming that the said Bushrod on Friday last used slanderous,

rude, contemptible and mutinous language against the Reverend

clergy in generall & Magistracy of this Colony, & especially

against Mr Philip Mallory and ye said Mr Aylmer, minister, and

Capt. Augustin Warner, Esqr., one of the Hoble Councill of

State, It is ordered that A warrant issue forthwith for ye said

Bushrods appearance to-morrow morning by reason of the Order

before ye Right Hoble Governr, Councillrs, and other magistrates

at Coll. Reades house, and yt ye said Mr. Aylmer, & also Mr

Thomas Iken be yen present yere.

Aug. 27, 1661.

Whereas, the 26th Instant, at a court held for York county, Mr

Justinian Alylmer Cl. did exhibit a charge against Mr Thomas

Bushrod, conteyning much mutenous, slanderous & abusive lan-

guage used by the said Bushrod, tending highly to the disturb-

ance of his Maiestyes peace in this Collony, & being of very

dangerous consquence both to Church and State, Whereupon a

warrant issued for resting the said Bushrod and causing him to

appear before this Court this day at Coll. Reade's house, who

accordingly appearing, and the said charge being proved by the

oath of Mr Thomas Iken (and what concerned not himselfe)

by said Aylmer's oath. It is ordered that ye sherr of Yorke

county take the said Bushrod into his custody and him with a

guard of six soldiers safely to conveigh to ye prison of Yorke

county, and there keepe him without Bayle or main prise till ye

next Qrter Court at James Citty, & then and there the first day

of the said Quarter Court to produce him to the Right Hoble his

Matyes Governr and Councill of State and ye Governrs Honr is

humbly desyred by the rest of the court to issue his warrant to

ye sheriffe accordingly.

Page 31

Mr. Thomas Bushrod, after his comittment to ye sherr custody,

having this Day peticoned the Court that Bayle might be taken

for his appearance at next Quarter Court, the Court unani-

mously agreeth that the charge against him is of soe high and

dangerous a nature & concernment that hee is no way balyeable,

and therefore cannot grant his said peticon.

To the R. Hoble his Maties Governr, &c., of Virginia, Councellrs

of State, & worsll Comrs of Yorke County.

Justinian Aylmer Humbly presenteth That ffriday last, being

the 23th instant, being aboard ye shipp Elizabeth, now at ancor in

York River bargaining for a servant, Mr Thomas Bushrod*, being

yen also aboard, your petr having a long time shunned his abusive

discourse, at length, not well knowing how to avoyd it, heard

from him much scandalous reproachfull language, vizt, that

your petr was a lying knave, an ugly Rogue, & blind Rogue,

which how scandalous soever yor petr should rather have waved

then now have troubled yor Honrs. But ye said Bushrod, not

resting there, told yor petitioner that Mr Phillip Malory (that

Reverend divine), and yor petr were a Couple of Episcopall

knaves, and now yor petr thought himselfe bound for the vindi-

cation of the Reverend clergy in generall, & particularly yt wor-

thy gentleman, Mr Malory, from such slanderous & abusive lan-

guage to acquaint yor Honor with it.

Nor did the said Bushrod cease, but added yt the Quakers

should & would continue their meetings in despight of yor pe-

titioner or any other, that they would meet the Sonday following,

his wife should be there and challenged Capt. Augustine Warner,

Esqre (then also present), yor petr or any other to disturb their

meeting -- or words to that effect. By which your petrs conceives

church & State at once strooke at according to the usual prac-

tice of these dangerous persons the Quakers.

Which hee humbly prsents for ye courts furyer pceedings

yereuppon.

JUSTINIAN AYLMER, Cler.

_____________________________________________________

  • By a deposition taken shortly after, it would appear that Bushrod's

age was fifty-seven, and that he intermarried with the relict and execu-

trix of Thomas Hill. In February, 1661 [1662, Bushrod had so far

regained the favor of the Court as to be appointed, with Major Beale

and Lieutenant-Colonel Gooch, to divide the estate of William Hughes,

deceased.

Page 32.

Thomas Iken, aged about 28 yeares, sworn, saith.

That the 23th of August instant, being aboard the shipp Eliza-

beth, now at Ancor in Yorke River, Mr Thomas Bushrod & Mr

Justinian Aylmer being also aboard, this depont did heare ye

said Bushrod challenge and dare the Magistrates to apprehend

the Quakers at yeir meetings, if they durst, & said they would

meet uppon Sonday following, and that his wife was usually at

yeir meetings if weather would permitt, and further said, let

them send yeir officers (speaking of ye Magistrates). This de-

pont hearing these discourses, told him that if the Sherr was

there hee would assist to apprehend them, uppon which hee used

revileing language to yor depont. Afterwards this depont leav-

ing the Cabbin, at his returne, heard ye said Bushrod call Mr

Aylmer ugly fellow in neglecting his duty of coming to his ye

said Bushrod's wife to reclaim hir, Mr Aylmer desyring him to

bring his wife to church, uppon yat he called Mr Aylmer blind

priest. I asked him if hee were not ashamed to abuse a gentle-

man in orders, hee replyed they were Anti Christs, & pceeded

from ye pope. And further this deponent saith, being sometimes

in and sometimes out of the Cabbin, while the company & dis-

course continued, he heard noe other words, but this, that ye said

Bushrod, talking to Capt. Augustine Warner, Esqre, said hee

would not meddle with him as a counsellr, but that hee ye said

Warner, was a Rogue & a dogg. And further saiy not.

Sworn in court 27th August, 1661.

THOMAS IKEN.

Test : Tho : Ballard.

Justinian Aylmer, aged about 26 yeares, sworne, saith.

Uppon ffriday last, being the 23th of the instant month, yor

petitioner being aboard of ye shipp Elizabeth, about his occasions

coming to take his leave of Capt. Augustine Warner, Mr Thomas

Bushrod being then in hot discourse wth scurrilous speeches, wth

Mr Iken, & the said Capt. Warner, as soone as your petr come

in, after much abusive terms given to your petr, hee afterwards

began in these words, or such like, with Mr Phillip Malory, say-

ing that, that Malory must prsently have redress for a word

speaking, whereuppon yor deponent desyred him to forebeare

abusing of him, since hee was not here to Answear him. Where-

uppon the said Bushrod said hang you are a couple (or com-

pany) of Episcopall knaves. Afterward Mr. Iken said, phy, Mr

Page 33

Bushrod, are you not ashamed to abuse gentlemen in orders, hee

Answered, hang you, they are Antochrists come from the pope,

&c. And some one of us, speaking of the Quakers, wch I take

to be Capt. Warner, producing a Letter that mentioned the set-

tlement of Church discipline in England, and that the Quakers

went to Racke, hereuppon the said Thomas Bushrod said that

that they should meet, and his wife should not come to church,

but would meet on Sonday, & bid either Capt. Warner or any

els come & take them, if they durst.

Sworne in court 27th August, 1661.

JUSTINIAN AYLMER.

Teste : T. Ballard.

_________________________________________________________________________________

Thomas Bushrod came to Massachusetts and afterwards to Virginia. Her married Mary Hill, daughter of Capt. Thomas HIll. He married 2ndly Elizabeth ____, but left no children. Elizabeth Bushrod's daughter, Lydia, by a former husband was the wife of Major Edmund Chisman, one of Bacon's officers, and the family were Quakers.

Genealogies of Virginia Families, Volume III, Kenner Family, Page 260

_________________________________________________________________________________

Born 1604, was one of the justices of York county and a burgess in 1658 and 1659. He was a Quaker and in his will dated December 18, 1676, he forbids "common prayers to be read at his grave." He was a brother of Richard Bushrod, ancestor of Judge Bushrod Washington.

Encyclopedia of Virginia Biography, Volume I

IV--Burgesses and Other Prominent Persons

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Thomas Bushrod's Timeline

1604
1604
1649
1649
Age 45
1661
1661
Age 57
Kings Stanley, Lasboro, Gloucestershire, England
1676
1676
Age 72
York, VA, USA
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