Thomas Cox (c.1641 - 1712) MP

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Birthplace: Gloucestershire, England
Death: Died in London, Middlesex, England, United Kingdom
Occupation: Citizen & Vintner
Managed by: Shannon Tucker
Last Updated:

About Thomas Cox

The Cox Family in America: A history and genealogy of the Older Branches of the Family from the appearance of its first representatives in this country in 1610, by. Rev. Henry Miller Cox, H.M.

Of the 24 original proprietors of East Jersey in 1682, more than half were Quakers. The Cox name does not immediately appear among them, although the wife of Robert West, as we have seen, belonged to one branch of the family, but during the same year in which the land grant was confirmed, West transferred his entire interest to "Thomas Cox of London, Gentleman." It is not known that this proprietor ever visited New Jersey, but the sale of his interest in the eastern division of the province to Daniel Coxe, of London, eight years later, is a matter of record.

We are not told that he made other investments in American realty, but it is altogether probable that he did. Land speculation was rife in those days, and aside from the interest of London capitalists in the development of the resources of the country, they were not indifferent to the early attempts at colonization.

They supported such movements both from personal and religious motives, and for this reason it is not unlikely that Thomas Cox increased his holdings from time to time, or parted with them, when favorable opportunity offered.

In 1685, if he were, as we suspect, the same Thomas Cox who in a record of that date is described as a "citizen and vintner of London," he gave power of attorney to one Francis Collins, of West Jersey, brick layer, to act as his general agent.

This does not prove, in itself, that Thomas Cox was the London Quaker of that name, but it is a link in the chain of evidence that points in that direction.

We come now to his will, executed in 1709, and probated two years later, in which he is described in the same terms as in the power of attorney.

To his son Thomas, he leaves "two tenements lately built in the Burying Ground of the people called Quakers." It is hardly supposed that he would have had any interest in a Quaker burying ground if he were not himself of that faith. To the same son, he leaves also 800 of his 920 acres of land in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, in trust for his six children, and to his son, John, 400 acres in the County of Gloucester, Province of West Jersey. Before the will was executed, one John Cox had arrived in Philadelphia, and shortly after, with his Quaker bride, was living upon his estate in New Jersey.

In the counties of Pennsylvania adjacent to Philiadelphia, and in the counties of New Jersey along the banks of the Delaware, from Burlington to Cape May, Cox families have been numerous ever since the country was settled. Most of these were originally of the Quaker faith, and it is not unlikely that some were direct descendants of Thomas Cox, the London wine merchant, and one of the 24 Proprietors of East Jersey. The name appears often in the records of other Quaker communities in Pennsylvania and New Jersey, and while the ancestry of these families cannot in every instance be clearly traced, there can be little doubt that they were of one blood as they were of one faith and name.

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The Short Journals and Itinerary Journals of George Fox, by George Fox, Norman Penney, Thomas Edmund Harvey

Thomas Cox (c1641-1711, death date out of synch with text, indicates confusion between the two Thomas Cox, Vintners) was a wealthy vintner of the White Lion in Whitechapel, son of Thomas Cox, of Cheltenham.

At the institution of the Meeting for Sufferings in 1676, Thomas Cox was appointed to act for Friends in Norfolk and Cambridge in conjunction with Clement Plumstead. George Fox was frequently at his house and took dinner with him from time to time and passed a night there. In 1686, 11th of Ninth Month (Nov. 11, 1686),

George Fox attended the Marriage of a daughter of Thomas Cox at Devonshire House and accompanied the couple to South Street, where it is probable that there was another Cox home (search has been made for a record of this marriage - 160.4 - but it has not been found). Cox's daughter, Christian, married Lascelles Metcalfe in Devonshire House in 1691.

Thomas Cox heads the list of subscribers to a fund to assist William Gibson, c1725, with a donation of seven guineas (Jnl. F.H.S. i.26). He witnessed the sealing by William Penn of a document in 1681 (vol. ii. p.367). His wife is mentioned on p. 194, see 179.1.

In a letter from John Tomkins to Sir John Rodes 1702, we read respecting a consignment of wine: "I did buy it of Thomas Cox, and told him who it was for, and I believe he has taken cour that thou hast his best. It is covered with canvas to prevent their tapping of it with pencers." Then follows a copy of Cox's bill for the wine - 20 gallons, 2 casks, canvas, and porterage 5 pounds, 15 shilling, 6 pence (Quaker Post-Bag, 1910, p. 189).

"Thomas Cox, a Quaker, formerly grocer in Aldersgate Street,... very considerable fortune," died May 13, 1739 (Gentlemen's Magazine, quoted Jnl. F.H.S. xiii. 28).

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Our Cox and Whipple Families: The Earliest Ancestors - The Family of Thomas Cox, Vintner, London, England, One of the Proprietors of East Jersey

Thomas Cox, Quaker, Citizen & Vintner, London, No. 1

Society of Friends London Meeting records and Cox family wills show that the male heirs of Thomas Cox, Vintner, with the surname Cox lived and died in England, not America. Thomas Cox, Vintner, had no surviving great-grandsons with the surname Cox. Several men named Thomas Cox and John Cox appear in early Pennsylvania and New Jersey records. They can not be the legitimate sons, grandsons, or great-grandsons of this Thomas Cox of London, the very wealthy Quaker, Citizen, Vintner and Proprietor.


THOMAS COX, Quaker, Vintner

  • son of Thomas Cox, Yeoman, who lived near Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England.[1], b. abt. 1642, Gloucestershire, England.[2]
  • d. 15th of 11th mo. (Jan) 1711/12, age 70, London, England, buried Coverleys Field, London, England.[3] wp. 14 March 1711/12, London, England. Anne Lane Hind Cox [wife] and Richard Antrim [brother-in-law] are Executors.[4]

[In his 1712 will Thomas Cox, Vintner, names his sons, Thomas Cox and John Cox, giving them land in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, and Gloucester County, New Jersey, he acquired as a Proprietor of East Jersey and from shares he had in the early Pennsylvania Land Companies. He was among the wealthy London Quakers who helped William Penn establish the colony of Pennsylvania by loaning Penn money. His sons received the income from these and other financial ventures.]

mar. 1) 11 Jun 1666 at Saint Olave Hart Street, London, England, Church of England, Ann -?- Ballard.[5]

  • [In his 1711/12 will Thomas Cox, Vintner, mentions the date he came to the parish as 11 Jun 1666.]

mar. 2) 10th of 2nd mo. 1672, Devonshire House Meeting, London, England, Society of Friends, Christian Mathews.[6]

  • [No Coxes are among the witnesses who signed the marriage certificate.]

mar. 3) 9th of 3rd mo. 1682, Devonshire House Meeting, London, England, Society of Friends, Anne Lane Hind. [7]

  • [No Coxes are among the witnesses who signed the marriage certificate. There are several Lanes.]

ANN -?- BALLARD, first wife of Thomas Cox, Vintner

  • mar. 1) abt. 1663, Robert Ballard, Vintner
    • [The 1686 marriage certificate for Daniel Test and Mary Ballard, dau, gives her father’s name as Robert Ballard, Vintner.
  • mar. 2) 11 Jun 1666 at Saint Olave Hart Street, London, England, Church of England Thomas Cox.[8]
    • [Note this marriage is Church of England. Thomas Cox had not yet joined the Society of Friends.]
  • d. abt. 1669.

Child of Robert and Ann (-?-) Ballard:

  • i. Mary Ballard.[9]
    • chr. 16 Oct 1664, St. Mary Whitechapel, Stepney, London, England, Church of England.
    • mar. 5th of 12th mo 1688, London, England, Society of Friends, Daniel Test.

CHRISTIAN MATHEWS, second wife of Thomas Cox, Vintner

  • dau. of John and Mary Mathews. John Mathews was a London Vintner.[10] chr. 03 Sep 1648, St. James, Clerkenwell, London, England, Church of England.[11]
  • bur. 30th 2nd mo. 1679, age 30, Whitechapel, London, died of consumption.[12]
  • mar. 10th of 2nd mo. 1672, Devonshire House Meeting, London, England, Thomas Cox.[13]

ANNE LANE HIND, third wife of Thomas Cox, Vintner

  • b. abt. 1644
    • [The Society of Friends 1682 marriage record of Anne Hind and Thomas Cox gives her age as 38.]
  • d. 8th of 6th mo. (Aug) 1716, age 72, “of dropsie,” buried Coverleys Field, London, England.[14] wp. 13 Aug 1716, London, England. Daughters Mary Hind Grove and Sarah Hind Plumsted are Executors.[15]
  • mar. 1) 11 Feb 1667 at St. James Dukes Place, London, England, Church of England. Samuel Hind, Upolsterer.[16]
    • [The Society of Friends marriage record for Anne Hind and Thomas Cox gives the name of her former husband.]
    • Children of Samuel Hind and Ann Lane Hind:
      • i. Mary Hind
        • mar. 11th of 9th mo. 1686, Jacob Franklin.
      • ii. Sarah Hind
        • mar. 25th of 4th mo. 1695, Mathew Plumsted.
  • mar. 2) 9th of 3rd mo. 1682, Devonshire House Meeting, London, England, Thomas Cox.[17]
    • [No Coxes signed the wedding certificate. Mary Ballard, Thomas Cox’s step-daughter, who was then 18, signed her name. No children of Thomas Cox and Anne Lane Hind Cox have been found. Since they remained members of the Society of Friends, any children would have been listed in the Birth Registers.]

CHILD OF THOMAS COX AND ANN -?- BALLARD COX:

  • 1. 02. THOMAS COX,
    • chr. 31 Mar 1667, son of Thomas and Ann Cox, St Mary Whitechapel, Stepney, London, England, Church of England.[18]
    • d. 13th 3rd mo. (May) 1739, resident of Austin Parish, Watling Street, Grocer.[19] bur. 18th of 3rd mo. 1739, in Friends Burial Ground near Bunhill fields.[20] wp. 17 May 1739, London, England.[21]
    • mar. 28th of 1st mo. 1695, at Bull and Mouth Mo. Mtg., London, England, Grace Staploe.[22]

CHILDREN OF THOMAS COX AND CHRISTIAN MATTHEWS COX:

  • 1. 03. CHRISTIAN COX
    • b. 27th of 12th mo. 1672, in Whitechapel, London, England.[23]
    • d. 17 Nov 1729, abt 56 years, late of Wandsworth, now Peters Cornhill, London, England.[24]
    • mar. 10th of 9th mo. 1691, Lasselles Metcalfe, London, England.[25]
  • 2. 04. CHRISTIAN COX?
    • [Since this is the child’s mother’s name, this name is probably a mistake by the Friends Meeting clerk recording the burial. Perhaps the child was unnamed.]
    • d. 29th of 12th mo. 1674, Whitechapel, London, England, “aged two days.”[26]
  • 3. 05. JOHN COX
    • b. 24th of 7th mo. 1675, in Whitechapel, London, England.[27] wp. 02 Nov 1763, London, England.[28]
    • [No wife nor children are mentioned in his will. His nephew Lasselles Metcalfe was his executor.]
    • mar. unmarried?
    • [John Cox is mentioned in the wills of his brother Thomas Cox, his niece Lady Ann Preston, and his brother-in-law Lasselles Metcalfe, but no wife nor children are mentioned.]
  • 4. 06.MARCY [MERCY? MARY?] COX
    • d. 14th of 1st mo. 1678/9, Whitechapel, London, England, aged three days.[29]
    • [The Society of Friends Clerk wrote “Mary” then added a caret above the name with the letter “c” or “e.”]

Citations:

  • 01. Thomas Cox, Yeoman, was listed as deceased in the 1672 marriage record of Thomas Cox, No. 1, and Christian Mathews.
  • 02. Society of Friends death record gives his age in 1711/12 as 70.
  • 03. The National Archives. Society of Friends Register of Burials Belonging to the Quarterly Meeting of London and Middlesex from 1707-1712, RG6 / Piece 331 / Folio 0, 1711. From www.thegenealogist.co.uk/ bmdr.
  • 04. Will of Thomas Cox, Vintner, probate 14 Mar 1712, London, England. The National Archives, Public Record Office, PROB 11/526. From www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/documentsonline.
  • 05. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Family Search International Genealogical Index, British Isles, v.5.0, extracted Church of England Parish Records, “Thomas Cox” at www.familysearch.org. Family History Library, British Film No. 6903675.
  • 06. The National Archives. Society of Friends, Register of Marriages belonging to the Monthly Meeting in Wheeler Street by Spitalfields, London from 1666 to 1707, RG6 / Piece 974 / Folio 10, 1672; The National Archives. Society of Friends Register of Marriages Belonging to the Quarterly Meeting of the Cities of London and Westminster in the County of Middlesex and the Borough of Southwark in the County of Surrey from 1658 to 1690, RG6 / Piece 1437 / Folio 0, 1672. From www.thegenealogist.co.uk.
  • 07. TNA, Soc. of Friends, Reg. Marriages, Mo. Mtg. Wheeler Street, RG6 / Piece 974 / Folio 0, 1682; TNA, Soc. of Friends, Reg. Marriages, Qrtly Mtg. London, RG6 / Piece 1437 / Folio 190, 1682.
  • 08. LDS, FS, IGI, British Isles, “ Thomas Cox,” British Film no. 6903675.
  • 09. LDS, FS, IGI, extracted Ch. of Eng. Parish Records, “Mary Ballard,” British Film no. 0094691; TNA, Soc. of Friends, Reg. Marriages, Mo. Mtg. in Wheeler Street, RG6 / Piece 1437 / Folio 0, 1688.
  • 10. TNA, Soc. of Friends, Reg. Marriages, Mo. Mtg. Wheeler Street, RG6 / Piece 974 / Folio 10, 1672; TNA, Soc. of Friends, Reg. Marriages, Qtrly Mtg. London, RG6 / Piece 1437 / Folio 0, 1672; Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, Family Search International Genealogical Index, British Isles, v.5.0, extracted Church of England Parish Records, “Christian Mathews” at www.familysearch.org.
  • 11. LDS, FS, IGI, extracted Ch. of Eng. Parish Records, “Christian Mathews.”
  • 12. The National Archives. Society of Friends Register of Burials Belonging to the Quakers of the Burying Ground in Checker Alley in Whitecross Street in London, and also in their Burying Ground in Southwark from 1661 to 1698, RG6 / Piece 499 / Folio 167, 1679.
  • 13. TNA, Soc. of Friends, Reg. Marriages, Mo. Mtg. in Wheeler Street, RG6 / Piece 974 / Folio 10, 1672; TNA, Soc. of Friends, Reg. Marriages, Qrtly Mtg London, RG6 / Piece 1437 / Folio 0, 1672.
  • 14. TNA, Soc. of Friends Reg. Burials Qrtly Mtg, London, RG6 / Piece 331 / Folio 0, 1716.
  • 15. Will of Anne Cox, pro. 13 Aug 1716, London, England. TNA, PRO, PROB 11/553.
  • 16. LDS FS IGI, extracted Church of England Parish Records, “Sam. Hine.”
  • 17. TNA, Soc. of Friends, Reg. Marriages, Mo. Mtg. in Wheeler Street, RG6 / Piece 974 / Folio 0, 1682; TNA, Soc. of Friends, Reg. Marriages, Qrtly Mtg. London, RG6 / Piece 1437 / Folio 190, 1682.
  • 18. LDS, FS, IGI, British Isles, “Thomas Cox,” British Film no. 0094691.
  • 19. TNA, Soc. of Friends, Reg. Burials Mo. Mtg, of Peel Court, RG6 / Piece 1098 / Folio 0, 1739.
  • 20. TNA, Soc. of Friends, Reg. Burials, Qtrly Mtg. London, RG6 / Piece 330 / Folio 198, 1739.
  • 21. Will of Thomas Cox, pro. 17 May 1739, London, England. TNA, PRO, PROB 11/696.
  • 22. TNA, Soc. of Friends, Reg. Marriages, Qtrly Mtg. London, RG6 / Piece 497 / Folio 0, 1695.
  • 23. TNA, Soc. of Friends, Reg. of Births, Mo. Mtg. Wheeler Street, RG6 / Piece 1102 / Folio 0, 1672; TNA, Soc. of Friends, Reg. of Births Qrtly Mtg London, RG6 / Piece 498 / Folio 0, 1672. From www.thegenealogist.co.uk/bmdr.
  • 24. TNA, Soc. of Friends, Reg. of Burials Mo. Mtg.Devonshire House, RG6 / Piece 673 / Folio 43, 1729; TNA, Soc. of Friends, Reg. of Burials Qrtly. Mtg. London, RG6 / Piece 330 / Folio 84, 1729.
  • 25. TNA, Soc. of Friends, Reg. Marriages London, RG6 / Piece 497 / Folio 33, 1691.
  • 26. TNA, Soc. of Friends Reg. Burials in Whitecross Street in London, RG6 / Piece 499 / Folio 0, 1674.
  • 27. TNA, Soc. of Friends, Reg. Births, Spitalfields MM, RG6 / Piece 1102 / Folio 0, 1675; TNA, Soc. of Friends, Reg. Births, London, RG6 / Piece 498 / Folio 28, 1675.
  • 28. Will of John Cox, pro. 02 Nov 1763, London, England. TNA, PRO, PROB 11/893.
  • 29. TNA, Soc. of Friends, Reg. Burials in Checker Alley, RG6 / Piece 449 / Folio 0, 1678.

This family history is from the source's small book Thomas Cox, Citizen and Vintner, of London, England, ©2009. Some of this information was published in the source's 1989 book A Cox Family History from Thomas Cox, 1694-1762, ©1989).

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Thomas Cox,

  • 1642-1712,
  • Quaker, Citizen and Vintner of London, England, Proprietor of East Jersey and owner of shares in Pennsylvania land;
  • son of Thomas Cox, Yeoman, who lived near Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, England.1.
  • mar. 1) Ann -?- Ballard;
  • mar. 2) Christian Matthews;
  • mar. 3) Ann Lane Hind.

Name: Thomas COX

  • Sex: M
  • Birth: ABT 1625 in London, England
  • Death: 15 JAN 1710/11 in London, England

Thomas Cox was described in a record, dated in 1685, as being a "citizen and vinter, of London." His will was executed in 1709 and probated in 1711. He left to his son, Thomas, "two tenements lately built in the Burying Ground of the people called Quakers. To this same son, he left 800 of his 920 acres of land in Philadelphia County, Pennsylvania, in trust for his six children, and to his son, John, 400 acres in the County of Gloucester, Province of West Jersey.

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WILL OF THOMAS COX

England 1709

Thomas Cox, citizen and vinter of London, dated 20 May 1709,

  • 80 pounds sterling to be paid to my son Thomas Cox for the benefit of the two daughters of my late daughter-in-law, Mary Test, late wife of Daniel Test,
  • Forty Nobles to my daughter-in-law, Mary Frankling and 20 Nobles to her six children, Thomas, Jacob, Mary, Sarah, Ann and Elizabeth Frankling,
  • Forty Nobles to my daughter-in-law, Sarah Plumstead and 20 Nobles to her daughter Mary Plumstead.

Other bequests to:

  • my cousin Richard Cooper near Upton, Glos.;
  • my cousin Anne Weekes in Trinty Lane;
  • Mary Edward of Tiddington near Twekesbury, Glos.;
  • the poor of Whitechapel, Mddx;
  • my cousin Hannah Print, daughter of Thomas Clark of Cheltenham, Glos.;
  • Mary Plumstead, wife of Clement Plumstead of Pescod Street.
  • To my wife Anne Cox, alais Hinde, the interest of 400 Pound Sterling by bond from the Vinters Company and the rents from two tenements I lately built in the Quaker burial ground near Coverlid Fields.
  • 100 Pounds Sterling to my son Thomas Cox and Grace, his wife.
  • To my said son in trust for his six children Grace, Thomas, John, Anne, Russell, and Mary Cox, 800 of my 920 acres in Philadelphia Co., Penna.
  • The other 120 acres and 30 Pounds Sterling to my cousin, Mary Chandler now dwelling in Penna.
  • To my son John Cox 100 Pounds Sterling and 400 acres on a branch of Cooper's creek, Gloucester/Co., West New Jersey.
  • To my son-in-law Lassells Netcalfe and Christan his wife, my daughter. 100 Pounds Sterling and my shares to the Penna. Land Co. and the First Old Penna. Co., and in trust for their children 100 Pounds Sterling which I disbursed to assist William Penn in his compostion with Fred Forde.
  • Exccs: My Wife Anne and my brother-in-law John Antrim of Martin's Ic Grand, London. O'seers: Jacob Frankling, Samual Waldenfield, and John Field. Wits: John Craig next door to the George in Greek Street.
  • Codicil of 13 Dec 1711. Pr. 14 Mar 1712 by affirmation of the relicit. (PROB 11/526/46

Note: this was submitted to the COX list by Billy Cox bec@southwind.net

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Marriage 1 Christian MATHEWS

  • b: ABT 1649
  • Married: 19 APR 1672 in Devonshire, Co. Devonshire, England

Marriage 2 Ann Hind (HINDE)

  • b: ABT 1625
  • Married: 9 MAY 1682 in Devonshire, Co. Devonshire, England
  • Children
    • 1. John COX
      • b: BET 1655 AND 1658 in England

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My heritage lists him as:

Thomas Cox

  • Birth: 1641 London, England
  • Marriage: Apr 10 1672 Devonshire, England Christian Cox (born Mathews)
  • Death: Jan 15 1710/11 Kennett, Chester Co., PA

Children:

  • Christian Cox 1672 - ?
  • John Cox I •Birth: Sep 24 1675 Drayton, Berkshire, England Marriage: Between 1688 and 1721 Rachel Embree Cox (born Carr) Death: 1711 Kennett, Chester Co., PA
  • Thomas Cox 1674 - ?
view all 16

Thomas Cox, West Jersey Proprietor's Timeline

1641
1641
Gloucestershire, England
1666
June 11, 1666
Age 25
London, Middlesex, England
1667
1667
Age 26
London, Middlesex, England
1672
April 10, 1672
Age 31
London, Middlesex, England
1673
February 27, 1673
Age 32
London, Middlesex, England
1674
February 27, 1674
Age 33
London, Middlesex, England
1675
September 24, 1675
Age 34
Drayton, Berkshire, England
September 24, 1675
Age 34
Drayton, Abingdon, Berkshire, England
September 24, 1675
Age 34
London, England
1678
March 11, 1678
Age 37
London, England