["\n\n\n\n\n\n \n \n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n \n Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex, Chief Minister to Henry VIII (c.1485 - 1540) - Genealogy\n \n \n \n\n \n\n\n\n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n \n \n\n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n\n \n\n \n \n \n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n\n\n\n\n \n\n \n\n\t\n\n \n \n \n\n \n \n\n \n\n \n \n \n \n\n \n\n \n \n \n \n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n\n \n\n \n \n \n\n
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\n \n \n \n \t Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex, Chief Minister to Henry VIII\n \r\n\r\n\r\n\"\"\n \n (c.1485 - 1540) \n MP\n \n \n

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Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex, Chief Minister to Henry VIII's Geni Profile

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Birthplace:\n Putney, Surrey, , England\n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n
Death:\n \n Died\n \n \n \n \n in \n \n Tower Hill, London, Middlesex, England\n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n \n
Cause of death:\n Executed\n
Occupation:1st Earl of Essex
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About Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex, Chief Minister to Henry VIII

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Thomas Cromwell born c. 1485 at Putney, Middlesex, England, died July 28, 1540, at Tower Hill, Tower of London, Middlesex, England, age 55

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Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex, (b. in or before 1485, executed 28 July 1540), was an English statesman who served as chief minister of King Henry VIII of England from 1532 to 1540.

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Cromwell was one of the strongest advocates of the English Reformation, the English church's break with the papacy in Rome. Cromwell helped engineer an annulment of the King's marriage to Catherine of Aragon, so that the king could marry his mistress, Anne Boleyn. Supremacy over the Church of England was officially declared by Parliament in 1534, and Cromwell supervised the Church from the unique posts of vicegerent for spirituals and vicar general.

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Positions:

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Member of English Parliament, Henry VIII's chief minister, Master of the Jewel House, Earl of Essex.

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His career progressed as follows:

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1531 - Member of the Privy Council

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1532 - Master of Court of Wards and Master of Jewel House

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1533 - Chancellor of the Exchequer

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1534 - King's Secretary and Master of the Rolls

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1535 - Vicar-General

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1536 - Lord Privy Seal and Baron Cromwell of Oakham Castle

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1537 - Knight of the Garter and Dean of Wells

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1539 - Lord Great Chamberlain

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1540 - Created Earl of Essex

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(and many more titles too numerous to name)

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Cromwell's rise to power made him many enemies, especially among the conservative faction at court. He fell from Henry's favour after arranging the King's marriage to a German princess, Anne of Cleves, which turned out to be a disaster. He was subjected to a bill of attainder and executed for treason and heresy on Tower Hill on 28 July 1540. The king later expressed regret at having lost his great minister.

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Oliver Cromwell, the Parliamentarian leader who overthrew the monarchy during the English Civil War, was a great-great-grandson of Thomas Cromwell's sister, Katherine Cromwell (born circa 1482).

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Married:

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  1. Elizabeth Wykes
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Children of Thomas Cromwell and Elizabeth Wykes:

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  1. Gregory Cromwell, 1st Baron Cromwell
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  3. Anne Cromwell
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  5. Grace Cromwell
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Thomas Cromwell was the son of Walter Smythe Cromwell and Catherine Clossop

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Links

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Wiki - Thomas Cromwell

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The Peerage

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Find A Grave - Thomas Cromwell

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English History Biography - Thomas Cromwell

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Tudor Place - Cromwell Genealogy

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Thomas Cromwell, 1st Earl of Essex, Chief Minister to Henry VIII's Timeline

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1485
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Putney, Surrey, , England
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\n \n 1513\n \n \n
1513
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Age 28
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Putney, Surrey, , England
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\n \n 1514\n \n \n
1514
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Age 29
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Putney, Surrey, England
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\n \n 1516\n \n \n
1516
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Age 31
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Putney, Surrey, , England
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\n \n 1517\n \n \n
1517
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Age 32
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Essex, England
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\n \n 1518\n \n \n
1518
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Age 33
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Putney, Surrey, , England
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\n \n 1540\n \n \n
July 28, 1540
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Age 55
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Tower Hill, London, Middlesex, England
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