Thomas David Gibson-Carmichael, 1st Baron Carmichael

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Thomas David Gibson-Carmichael

Also Known As: "11th Baronet of Keirhill"
Birthplace: Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
Death: Died in London, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Sir William Henry Gibson-Carmichael, 10th Baronet of Keirhill and Eleanora Anne Anderson
Husband of Mary Helen Elizabeth Nugent, Hon.

Managed by: Alisdair James Smyth
Last Updated:

About Thomas David Gibson-Carmichael, 1st Baron Carmichael

Wikipedia Biographical Summary

"Thomas David Gibson-Carmichael, 1st Baron Carmichael GCSI, GCIE, KCMG, DL (18 March 1859 – 16 January 1926), known as Sir Thomas Gibson-Carmichael, Bt, between 1891 and 1912, was a Scottish Liberal politician and colonial administrator.

Background and education

Born at Edinburgh, Scotland, Carmichael was the eldest son of Reverend Sir William Henry Gibson-Carmichael, 10th Baronet, and Eleanora, daughter of David Anderson. He was educated at St John's College, Cambridge. He succeeded his father as 11th Baronet in 1891.

Political career

Carmichael was Private Secretary to George Trevelyan and Lord Dalhousie, when Secretaries for Scotland. He unsuccessfully contested Peebles and Selkirk in 1892 but was successfully returned as Liberal Member of Parliament for Midlothian in 1895, succeeding William Ewart Gladstone. He continued to represent this constituency until the 1900 general election.

Colonial Governor

Carmichael was appointed Governor of Victoria in 1908 and served from 27 July 1908 to 19 May 1911.

As Governor, Carmichael permitted Victoria Premier Sir Thomas Bent who had lost a no-confidence vote on 3 December 1908 to dissolve the assembly and call for fresh elections. Thomas Bent, however, lost the elections and John Murray became the governor. A Royal Commission investigation was started in 1909 to inquire into the financial misappropriations made by Premier Bent.

In 1911 Carmichael was appointed Governor of Madras and served from 3 November 1911 to 30 March 1912.


He was appointed a KCMG in 1908, a GCIE in 1911 and a GCSI in 1917. In 1912 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Carmichael, of Skirling in the County of Peebles.

Other public appointments

Carmichael was also Chairman of the Scottish Board of Lunacy from 1894 to 1897, a Trustee of the National Portrait Gallery from 1904 to 1908 and of the National Gallery from 1906 to 1908 and again from 1923 to 1926. Between 1920 and 1926 he served as Lord Lieutenant of Peeblesshire.


He was a freemason. He was initiated, passed and raised within eight days of 1895 in the Dramatic and Arts Lodge No. 757. He became Worshipful Master of the Lodge in 1902 and served for two years. He was also appointed Senior Grand Deacon of the Grand Lodge of Scotland. Seven years later he became Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Scotland. When he was appointed Governor of Victoria, he resigned from Grand Master only to become almost immediately Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of Victoria.

Personal life

Lord Carmichael married the Hon. Mary Helen Elizabeth, daughter of Baron Albert Nugent, in 1886. They had no children. He died at 13 Portman Street, London, in January 1926, aged 66, and was buried at Skirling Biggar, Lanarkshire. The barony became extinct on his death while he was succeeded in the baronetcy by his cousin, Henry Thomas Gibson-Craig."

SOURCE: Wikipedia contributors, 'Thomas Gibson-Carmichael, 1st Baron Carmichael', Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 21 December 2012, 20:31 UTC, <,_1st_Baron_Carmichael&oldid=529163352> [accessed 1 February 2013]

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Thomas David Gibson-Carmichael, 1st Baron Carmichael's Timeline

March 18, 1859
Edinburgh, Midlothian, Scotland
January 16, 1926
Age 66
London, England