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Thomas Gardner

Birthdate:
Birthplace: Dorchester, Dorsetshire, England
Death: Died in England
Immediate Family:

Son of unknown father of Thomas Gardner and unknown mother of Thomas Gardner
Husband of Elizabeth Gardner
Father of Thomas Gardner, Gov of Cape Ann Colony; Joseph Gardner; Rachel Noble; Katherine Gardner; Hannah Gardner and 5 others

Occupation: Sea Captain
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Thomas Gardner

Thomas Gardner

  • Born: abt 1560 of Dorchester, Dorsetshire, England
  • Died: 1635
  • Parents: Unknown
  • Married: Elizabeth White. She b. abt 1564 in England

From GARDNER LINE - FIRST GENERATION

Known children:

  1. Thomas Gardner b. 1592.

Thomas Gardner was not an "immigrant" he was a colonist. A colonist is someone who transfers his culture, legal systems, technology and people to a territory beyond its place of origin. An immigrant is someone who integrates into a foreign culture not their own. The early American Colonists from England were colonists not immigrants. That is why they are called colonists. After them, everyone else who came to the United States were immigrants into the system the English colonists set-up.

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The Gardners of Massachusetts: An American Legacy

By

Anthony Taylor Dunn

For most, the Gardner name does not easily come to mind as do such historic family names as Revere, Copley, or Kennedy. However, the Gardner name has an important place in American history spanning from the birth of our country to the present day.

The First Governor of Massachusetts

The Gardner family history dates back to early colonial America when Thomas Gardner sailed from England to Cape Ann in 1623, only three years after the arrival of the Mayflower. He was dispatched from Weymouth, England, by the Dorchester Company and was appointed as the overseer of the Plantation at Cape Ann. Unfortunately, this area proved to be unsuited for farming due to the predominantly rocky and unfertile soil. Those that remained did so “to the hazard of their lives,” and most died in the first three years. In 1626, the survivors of the colony under the direction of Roger Conant relocated to the mouth of the Naumkeag River and founded present day Salem. Yet the title of Massachusetts’ first governor belongs to Thomas Gardner because he was the first man of authority over what developed into the Massachusetts Bay Colony.

Salem and the Witch Trials

Thomas Gardner left nine children, two of which became prominent figures in their own rite. Samuel was born in 1627, one year prior to the official renaming of Naumkeag to Salem. He was a merchant by trade and built a corn mill in town. In later years he became a member of the board of selectmen and general court.

Another son, George, married Elizabeth Stone who was the daughter of the Reverend Samuel Stone, a leading clergyman of the day. Their daughter married John Hathorne, the infamous "witch judge" who was the chief interrogator of the accused witches in the Salem witch trials of 1692. John Hathorne was the grandfather to author Nathaniel Hawthorne.

The American Revolution

A fifth-generation grandson to Thomas, Ebenezer Gardner moved from Roxbury to Nova Scotia. During the outbreak of the revolution, he remained loyal to the colonies and his farmhouse was the central location for the Committee-of-Safety, the governing assembly of political and military leaders. After a failed attempt to defeat Fort Cumberland whose victory would have added a new state into the union, the British put a bounty on his capture. His farmhouse was burned in the early winter of 1776, and he fled south to Machias, Maine (formally Massachusetts) with his family suffering exposure and near death.

Ebenezer Gardner’s grandson, John Gardner, married Rebecca Berry who was the daughter of another important figure in the Revolutionary war, John Berry. On June 2, 1775, a band of Machias patriots responded violently to threats on their town from a British officer and attacked and captured his 100-ton schooner, Margaretta, killing the officer and three crewmembers in the process. They Machias patriots lost two men, and three others were badly wounded. John Berry was one of the survivors who took a musket ball through his mouth before it exited behind his ear. The battle of the Margaretta has been coined “the Lexington of the sea” because it was the first naval battle in the Revolution.

Boston Society

The Gardner family has established roots in Boston society, beginning with Samuel Gardner, a seventh-generation grandson to Thomas, who owned the former estate of the Vassals and Hubbards on Summer Street.

However, most Bostonians as well as many throughout the world will instantly recognize the Gardner name as it associated with the prominent Boston financier, John “Jack” Lowell Gardner, the ninth-generation grandson. His wife was Boston socialite Isabella Stewart Gardner. She was a collector of valuable art and, inspired by the Palazzo Barbaro of Venice, had Fenway Court constructed in 1899 to store her collection. The building was later willed to the city of Boston, as a public museum that became the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum.

The event that put the Gardner name on the map was the infamous art heist of all time when in 1990 two men disguised as police officers stole thirteen paintings from the museum. These pieces included Rembrandt’s only seascape, "Storm on the Sea of Galilee", and the total estimated value of the robbery was well over three hundred million dollars.


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<< GMB: II:731-737 lists a Thomas Gardner, came in 1624 to Cape Ann removes

to Salem 1626.

Had children by first wife ? - Thomas, George, John, Sarah, Samuel,

Joseph, Richard, Miriam, Seeth.

John b c. 1624, d Nantucket 6 JUL 1706 aged 82 years. m 20 FEB 1653/4

Priscilla Grafton.

Susan >>

Hi All,

That's my line, through John and Priscilla's daughter Ruth who married

James Coffin, Jr.

Charles Banks in "Planters of the Commonwealth" on page 58 lists as

passengers on the Zouch Phoenix, out of Weymouth to Cape Anne:

Thomas Gardner

Mrs. .......Gardner

George Gardner

Richard Gardner

Joseph Gardner

comments

Parents seen as George Gardiner & Cecily Tollemache & / or Dorothy Constable. There is no evidence to support this I have seen: please raise a discussion of parentage from the profile if need be.

view all 16

Thomas Gardner's Timeline

1565
1565
Dorchester, Dorsetshire, England
1590
1590
Age 25
Oxfordshire, , England
1591
March 4, 1591
Age 26
Weymouth, Or Sherbourne, Dorset, England
1601
1601
Age 36
Dorcester, Dorsetshire, England
1608
1608
Age 43
Aldington, Kent, England
1613
1613
Age 48
Little Bourton, Oxon, England
1615
1615
Age 50
Little Bourton, Oxon, England
1617
1617
Age 52
Little Bourton, Oxon, England
1619
1619
Age 54
Little Bourton, Oxon, England
1620
1620
Age 55
Little Bourton, Oxon, England