Thomas Holland (c.1373 - 1400) MP

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Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey & 3rd Earl of Kent's Geni Profile

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Birthplace: Up Holland, Lancashire, England
Death: Died in Cirencester, Gloucestershire, England
Cause of death: Executed, beheaded, during reign of Henry IV for the Epiphany Rising
Occupation: 3rd Duke of Kent, 1st Duke of Surrey
Managed by: Jocelynn Elaine Oakes
Last Updated:

About Thomas Holland

Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey KG (1374 - 7 January 1400), also 3rd Earl of Kent.

He was the son of Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent KG and Alice Fitzalan. His maternal grandparents were Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster. He was also nephew of Richard II of England, and a founder member Knight of the Garter.

On his father's death in 1397 Holland became 3rd Earl of Kent. At that time Kent's uncle Richard II was removing from power Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester, and his associates, and sent Kent to arrest his own uncle — Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel. In reward he received a share of the forfeited estates, and on 29 September 1397 was created Duke of Surrey. Yet another uncle John Holland was created Duke of Exeter on that day as well.

Holland, along with many of Richard's advisors, was arrested after Richard's deposition by Henry IV in 1399. In the end he had to forfeit the honors and estates he had gained after the arrests of Gloucester and Arundel, and thus went back to just being Earl of Kent.

Early in 1400 Holland, along with his uncle John (now Earl of Huntingdon instead of Duke of Exeter) plotted to kill Henry IV and free Richard II from prison and return him to the throne. This "Epiphany Rising" failed and Holland was captured and executed.

He left no children by his wife, Joan Stafford, daughter of Hugh Stafford, 2nd Earl of Stafford. He was succeeded as earl by his brother Edmund.

Political offices

Preceded by

The Duke of Norfolk Earl Marshal

1398–1399 Succeeded by

The Earl of Westmorland

Peerage of England

New creation Duke of Surrey

1397–1399 Forfeit

Preceded by

Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl Earl of Kent

1397–1400 Succeeded by

Edmund Holland, 4th Earl

[edit] References

1.^ (M.S. Harl. 5805, f. 392) ISBN: 0 906223 34 2. The Art of Heraldry by A.C. Fox-Davis. Page 97. Fig 201. (Image by Zorlot).

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Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey (1374 - January 7, 1400), also 3rd Earl of Kent.

He was the son of Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent and Alice Fitzalan. His maternal grandparents were Richard Fitzalan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster. He was also nephew of Richard II of England.

On his father's death in 1397 Holland became 3rd Earl of Kent, and was elected a Knight of the Garter. At that time Kent's uncle Richard II was removing from power Thomas of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester, and his associates, and sent Kent to arrest his own uncle — Richard Fitzalan, 11th Earl of Arundel. In reward he received a share of the forfeited estates, and on 29 September 1397 was created Duke of Surrey. Yet another uncle John Holland was created Duke of Exeter on that day as well.

Holland, along with many of Richard's advisors, was arrested after Richard's deposition by Henry IV in 1399. In the end he had to forfeit the honors and estates he had gained after the arrests of Gloucester and Arundel, and thus went back to just being Earl of Kent.

Early in 1400 Holland, along with his uncle John (now Earl of Huntingdon instead of Duke of Exeter) plotted to kill Henry IV and free Richard II from prison and return him to the throne. This "Epiphany Rising" failed and Holland was captured and executed.

He left no children by his wife, Joan Stafford, daughter of Hugh Stafford, 2nd Earl of Stafford. He was succeeded as earl by his brother Edmund.

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Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey & 3rd Earl of Kent's Timeline

1373
1373
Up Holland, Lancashire, England
1392
October 20, 1392
Age 19
(date of marriage license)
1400
January 7, 1400
Age 27
Cirencester, Gloucestershire, England
January 1400
Age 27
Cirencester, Gloucestershire, England, United Kingdom
1912
September 24, 1912
Age 27
September 24, 1912
Age 27
September 24, 1912
Age 27
September 24, 1912
Age 27
1931
March 25, 1931
Age 27
March 25, 1931
Age 27