Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent

Is your surname Holland?

Research the Holland family

Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent's Geni Profile

Share your family tree and photos with the people you know and love

  • Build your family tree online
  • Share photos and videos
  • Smart Matching™ technology
  • Free!


About Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent

alternate death place

Woodstock, Oxfordshire, England


Thomas Holland (also known as de Holland), 2nd Earl of Kent, 3rd Baron Holand KG (1350/1354 – 25 April 1397) was an English nobleman and a councillor of his half-brother, King Richard II of England.

Thomas Holland (or de Holand)[1] was born in Upholand, Lancashire, in 1350[1][3] or 1354[2][4] (sources differ on his birth year). He was the eldest surviving son of Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent, and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent".[5] His mother was a daughter of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, and Margaret Wake. Edmund was in turn a son of Edward I of England and his second Queen consort Marguerite of France, and thus a younger half-brother of Edward II of England.

His father died in 1360, and later that year, on 28 December, Thomas became Baron Holand.[3] His mother was still Countess of Kent in her own right, and in 1361 she married Edward, the Black Prince, the son of King Edward III.

At sixteen, in 1366, Holland was appointed captain of the English forces in Aquitaine.[6] Over the next decade he fought in various campaigns, including the Battle of Nájera, under the command of his stepfather Edward, the Black Prince. He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1375.[6]

Richard II became king in 1377, and soon Holland acquired great influence over his younger half-brother, which he used for his own enrichment. In 1381, he succeeded as Earl of Kent.[6]

Prior to his death, Holland was appointed Governor of Carisbrooke Castle.[6] Holland died at Arundel Castle, Sussex, England on 25 April 1397.[1]

Holland married Lady Alice FitzAlan, daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel and Eleanor of Lancaster on 10 April 1364.[1][2] They had nine children:

  • 1. Alianore Holland (1373 – October 1405), married first Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March, and second Edward Charleton, 5th Baron Cherleton
  • 2. Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey (1374 – 7 January 1400), who succeeded him
  • 3. Joan Holland (ca. 1380–12 April 1434), married Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York
  • 4. John Holland
  • 5. Edmund Holland, 4th Earl of Kent (6 January 1384 – 15 September 1408), had a child by Constance of York
  • 6. Margaret Holland (1385 – 31 December 1439), married first John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset, and second Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence
  • 7. Elizabeth Holland, who married Sir John Neville (c.1387 – before 20 May 1420), eldest son and heir of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland, and by him had three sons, Ralph Neville, 2nd Earl of Westmorland, John Neville, Baron Neville, and Sir Thomas Neville, and a daughter, Margaret Neville.[7]
  • 8. Eleanor Holland (1386- after 1413) married Thomas Montacute, 4th Earl of Salisbury
  • 9. Bridget Holland, who became a nun[1]

Through the marriages of his daughters, he became the ancestor of many of the prominent figures in the Wars of the Roses, including Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York (father of Kings Edward IV and Richard III), Henry Tudor (later King Henry VII), and Warwick the Kingmaker, father of queen consort Anne Neville. He was also an ancestor of queen consort Catherine Parr, the sixth wife of King Henry VIII.





Citations / Sources:

[S2] #379 [7th edition, 1992] Ancestral Roots of Certain American Colonists, Who Came to America Before 1700 (7th edition, 1992), Weis, Frederick Lewis, (7th edition. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Company, c1992), FHL book 974 D2w 1992., p. 48 line 47:32, p. 76 line 78:33 (Reliability: 3).

[S6] Plantagenet Ancestry of Seventeenth-century Colonists: the Descent from the Later Plantagenet Kings of England, Henry III, Edward I, Edward II, and Edward III, of Emigrants from England and Wales to the North American Colonies Before 1701 (2nd ed., 1999), Faris, David, (2nd edition. Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1999), FHL book 973 D2fp., p.185 HOLAND:9 (Reliability: 3).

[S17] #894 Cahiers de Saint-Louis (1976), Louis IX, Roi de France, (Angers: J. Saillot, 1976), FHL book 944 D22ds., vol. 1 p. 15-16, vol. 2 p. 83, vol. 30 p. 36.

[S27] #849 Burke's Guide to the Royal Family (1973), (London: Burke's Peerage, c1973), FHl book 942 D22bgr., p. 199.

[S29] #798 The Wallop Family and Their Ancestry, Watney, Vernon James, (4 volumes. Oxford: John Johnson, 1928), FHL book Q 929.242 W159w; FHL microfilm 1696491 items 6-9., vol. 1 p. 197, vol. 2 p. 320. p. 434: "Thomas de Holand, Earl of Kent, Lord Holand, Lord Wake, and Lord Woodstock, K.G.; Marshal of England; b. 1355; d. 25 April 1397."

[S30] #688 Collectanea topographica et genealogica (1834-1843), (8 volumes. London: J.B. Nichols, 1834-1843), FHL book 942 B2ct; FHL microfilms 496,953 item 3 and 496,955 item 2., vol. 1 p. 296, vol. 6 p. 16.

[S31] #21 The complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant, Cokayne, George Edward, (Gloucester [England] : Alan Sutton Pub. Ltd., 1987), 942 D22cok., vol. 3 p. 418, vol. 12 part 2 p. 305.

[S45] #673 The New England Historical and Genealogical Register (1846-), (Boston, Massachusetts: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 1846-), FHL book 974 B2ne; CD-ROM No 33 Parts 1-9; See FHL catalog for microfilm numbers., "Royal Bye-Blows II" vol. 121 p. 185.

[S46] #93 [Book version] The Dictionary of National Biography: from the Earliest Times to 1900 (1885-1900, reprint 1993), Stephen, Leslie, (22 volumes. 1885-1900. Reprint, Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, 1993), FHL book 920.042 D561n., vol. 10 p. 677

[S57] #1851 A Genealogical and Historical Account of the Throckmorton Family in England and the United States: with Brief Notes on Some of the Allied Families (1930), Throckmorton, C. Wickliffe (Charles Wickliffe), (Richmond: Old Dominion Press, 1930), FHL book 929.242 T416t; FHL microfilm 990,408 item 1., p. 106.

[S80] #389 Histories of Noble British Families: with Biographical Notices of the Most Distinguished Individual in Each, Illustrated by Their Armorial Bearings, Portraits, Monuments, Seals, Etc. (1846), Drummond, Henry, (2 volumes. London: W. Pickering, 1846), FHL microfilm 990,417 item 1., vol. 2 p. 9.

[S194] #1792 The Royal Families of England, Scotland, and Wales, with Their Descendants, Sovereigns and Subjects (1848-1851), Burke, John, (2 volumes. London: E. Churton, 1848-1851), FHL book 942 D22bub; FHL microfilm 1,441,065 items 4-5., vol. 1 pedigree CIX.

[S266] #601 The History and Antiquities of Northamptonshire (1791), Bridges, John, (2 volumes. Oxford: T. Payne, 1791), FHL book Q 942.55 H2br; FHL microfilm 824,377., vol. 2 p. 602.

[S673] #1079 A History of Monmouthshire from the Coming of the Normans into Wales down to the Present Time (1904-1993), Bradney, Sir Joseph Alfred, (Publications of the South Wales Record Society, number 8. Five volumes in 13. London: Mitchell, Hughes and Clarke, 1904-1993), FHL book 942.43 H2b., vol. 2 p. 25, vol. 3 p. 8.

[S712] #1039 Pedigrees of Anglesey and Carnarvonshire Families: with Their Collateral Branches in Denbighshire, Merionethshire (1914), Griffith, John Edwards, (Horncastle, England: W.K. Morton, 1914), FHL book Folio 942.9 D2gr; FHL microfilm 468,334., p. I, 295, 305.

[S735] The Victoria history of the county of Rutland, Page, William, (London : A. Constable, 1908-1975 Folkestone, Kent : William Dawson & Sons), Large Q book 942 H2vr., vol. 2 p. 270.

[S818] #313 A collection of all the wills, now known to be extant, of the kings and queens of England, princes and princessess of Wales, and every branch of the blood royal : from the reign of William the Conqueror to that of Henry the Seventh, exclusive, with e, Nichols, John, (London : J. Nichols, 1780), 942 P29n., p. 134, 210.

[S857] Inquisitions post mortem relating to Yorkshire, of the reigns of Henry IV and Henry V, Baildon, W. Paley, ([S.l.] : Yorkshire Archaeological Society, 1918), 942.74 B4a v. 59., vol. 59 p. 92.

[S859] #1785 The Visitation of the County of Devon in the Year 1620 (1872), Colby, Frederic Thomas, (Publications of the Harleian Society: Visitations, volume 6. London: [Harleian Society], 1872), FHL book 942 B4h volume 6; FHL microfilm 994,062 item 1., vol. 6 p. 346.

[S1137] #772 Archaeologia Cambrensis: a Record of the Antiquities of Wales and its Marches, and the Journal of the Cambrian Archaeological Association (1846-), Cambrian Archaeological Association (London), (London: W. Pickering, 1846-), FHL book 942.9 B2c., 5th ser. vol. 5 p. 341;.

[S1800] #771 The History of the Princes, the Lords Marcher and the Ancient Nobility of Powys Fodog and the Ancient Lords of Arwystli, Cedewen and Meirionydd (1881-1887), Lloyd, Jacob Youde William, (6 volumes. London: T. Richards, 1881-1887), FHL book 942.9 D2L; FHL microfilms 990,213-990,214., vol. 1 p. 376

[S2318] #1210 The Family of Griffith of Garn and Plasnewydd in the County of Denbigh, as Registered in the College of Arms from the Beginning of the XIth Century (1934), Glenn, Thomas Allen, (London: Harrison, 1934), FHL book 929.2429 G875g; FHL microfilm 994,040 item 5., p. 21

[S3830] Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and Natural history Society (1878-1921), Shropshire Archaeological and Natural History Society, (Shrewsbury [England]: Adnitt and Nauton, 1878-1921), FHL book 942.45 C4a., pt. 2 vol. 2 April 1878, "Some Account of the Ruckley Grange Estate", p. 267.

[S4845] Peniarth 287, (National Library of Wales no.: Peniarth 287 (Hengwrt 96). Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1950), FHL BRITISH Film [ 104387 Items 2-3 ]., p. 379: 378R.


view all 35

Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent's Timeline

Upholland, Lancashire, England
April 10, 1364
Age 14
Arundel, Sussex, England
Age 20
Upholand, Lancaster, Nebraska, USA
Age 23
Up Holland, Lancashire, England
Age 23
Upholland, Lancashire, England
Age 25
Kent, England, United Kingdom
Age 26
Up Holland, Lancashire, England, United Kingdom
Age 28
Upholland, Lancashire, , England
Age 30
Upholland, Lancashire, England
January 6, 1384
Age 34
Brockenhurst, Kent, England