Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent (1350 - 1397) MP

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Birthplace: Upholland, Lancashire, England
Death: Died in Woodstock, Kent, England
Occupation: Justice in Eyre (South of Kent), Baron Holand
Managed by: Ofir Friedman
Last Updated:

About Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent

Thomas Holland (or de Holand) was born in Upholand, Lancashire in 1350 or 1354 (sources differ on his birth year). Holland died at Arundel Castle, Sussex, England on 25 April 1397

He was the eldest surviving son of Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent and Joan "The Fair Maid of Kent". His mother was a daughter of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent and Margaret Wake. Edmund was in turn a son of Edward I of England and his second Queen consort Marguerite of France, and thus a younger half-brother of Edward II of England.

His father died in 1360, and later that year, on 28 December, Thomas became Baron Holand. His mother was still Countess of Kent in her own right.

At sixteen, in 1366, Holland was appointed captain of the English forces in Aquitaine. Over the next decade he fought in various campaigns, including the Battle of Nájera, under the command of his stepfather Edward, the Black Prince. He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1375.

Richard II became king in 1377, and soon Holland acquired great influence over his younger half-brother, which he used for his own enrichment. In 1381, he actually succeeded as Earl of Kent.

Holland married Alice FitzAlan (daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel) on 10 April 1364. They had 11 children, 8 surviving.

Through the marriages of his daughters, he became the ancestor of many of the prominent figures in the Wars of the Roses, including Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York and Warwick the Kingmaker. He was also an ancestor of queen consort Catherine Parr, the sixth and final wife of King Henry VIII.

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Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent, 3rd Baron Holand (1350 – 25 April 1397) was an English nobleman and a councilor of his half-brother Richard II.

Thomas was the son of Thomas Holland, 1st Earl of Kent (1301 - 1360) and Joan Plantagenet of Kent (1328 - 1385). His mother was a daughter of Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent and Margaret Wake. Edmund was in turn a son of Edward I of England and his second Queen consort Marguerite of France, and thus a younger half-brother of Edward II of England.

When his father died in 1360 Thomas became Baron Holand. His mother was still Countess of Kent in her own right. At sixteen, in 1366, Holland was appointed captain of the English forces in Aquitaine. He fought in various campaigns over the following years, and was made a Knight of the Garter in 1375.

Richard II became king in 1377, and soon Holland acquired great influence over his younger half-brother, which he used for his own enrichment. In 1381 he was created Earl of Kent.

Thomas married Lady Alice Fitzalan (daughter of Richard FitzAlan, 10th Earl of Arundel) on 10 April 1364. They had eight children:

  • Alianore Holland (1373 – October 1405), married first Roger Mortimer, 4th Earl of March and second Edward Charleton, 5th Baron Cherleton
  • Thomas Holland, 1st Duke of Surrey (1374 – 7 January 1400), who succeeded him
  • Joan Holland (ca. 1380–12 April 1434), married Edmund of Langley, 1st Duke of York
  • John Holland
  • Edmund Holland, 4th Earl of Kent (6 January 1384 – 15 September 1408), had a child by Constance of York
  • Margaret Holland (1385 – 31 December 1439), married first John Beaufort, 1st Earl of Somerset and second Thomas of Lancaster, 1st Duke of Clarence
  • Elizabeth Holland (1388 - 1423), married Sir John Neville (c.1387 – before 20 May 1420), eldest son and heir of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland, and by him had three sons, Ralph Neville, 2nd Earl of Westmorland, John Neville, Baron Neville, and Sir Thomas Neville, and a daughter, Margaret Neville.[8]
  • Eleanor Holland (1386- after 1413) married Thomas Montacute, 4th Earl of Salisbury
  • Bridget Holland, who became a nun.

Through the marriages of his daughters, he became the ancestor of many of the prominent figures in the Wars of the Roses, including Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York and Warwick the Kingmaker. He was also an ancestor of queen consort Catherine Parr, the sixth and final wife of King Henry VIII.

(Biography by: Jerry Ferren)

Note: Son of Sir Thomas De Holland, Earl of Kent and Joan Plantagenet, The Fair Maid of Kent. He married Lady Alice Fitzalan on April 10, 1364.


Burial: Bourne Abbey, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=46668476

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Thomas Holland, 2nd Earl of Kent's Timeline

1350
1350
Upholland, Lancashire, England
1364
April 10, 1364
Age 14
Arundel, Sussex, England
1370
1370
Age 20
Upholand, Lancaster, Nebraska, USA
1373
1373
Age 23
Up Holland, Lancashire, England
1373
Age 23
Upholland, Lancashire, England
1375
1375
Age 25
Kent, England, United Kingdom
1376
1376
Age 26
Up Holland, Lancashire, England, United Kingdom
1378
1378
Age 28
Upholland, Lancashire, , England
1380
1380
Age 30
Upholland, Lancashire, England
1384
January 6, 1384
Age 34
Brockenhurst, Kent, England