Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel

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Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel

Also Known As: "the Collector Earl", "Thomas Howard 21st Earl of Arundel"
Birthdate:
Birthplace: Finchingfield, Essex, England
Death: Died in Padua, Veneto, Italy
Place of Burial: Arundel Castle, Arundel, Sussex, England
Immediate Family:

Son of Saint Philip Howard, 20th Earl of Arundel and Anne Dacre, Countess of Surrey
Husband of Lady Alethea Talbot, Baroness Furnivall
Father of Sir Henry Frederick Howard, 22nd Earl of Arundel; James Howard, Lord Baron Maltravers; Ven Sir William Howard Viscount Stafford and Ann Ferris
Brother of Elizabeth Howard

Occupation: Earl of Arundel
Managed by: Private User
Last Updated:

About Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel

"Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel KG, (7 July 1585 – 4 October 1646) was a prominent English courtier during the reigns of King James I and King Charles I, but he made his name as a Grand Tourist and art collector rather than as a politician. When he died he possessed 700 paintings, along with large collections of sculpture, books, prints, drawings, and antique jewellery. Most of his collection of marble carvings, known as the Arundelian Marbles, was eventually left to the University of Oxford. He is sometimes referred as the 2nd Earl of Arundel; it depends on whether one views the earldom obtained by his father as a new creation or not. He was also 2nd or 4th Earl of Surrey, and later, he was created 1st Earl of Norfolk. Also known as 'the Collector Earl'."

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Links:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Howard,_21st_Earl_of_Arundel

http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=71637966

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I36292&tree=EuropeRoyalNobleHous (which gives another birth year probably in error)

http://histfam.familysearch.org/getperson.php?personID=I7520&tree=Nixon

http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/printable/13943

http://www.thepeerage.com/p10301.htm#i103009

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Citations / Sources:

[S6] G.E. Cokayne; with Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 13 volumes in 14 (1910-1959; reprint in 6 volumes, Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000), volume I, pages 255-258. Hereinafter cited as The Complete Peerage.

[S7] #44 Histoire de la maison royale de France anciens barons du royaume: et des grands officiers de la couronne (1726, reprint 1967-1968), Saint-Marie, Anselme de, (3rd edition. 9 volumes. 1726. Reprint Paris: Editions du Palais Royal, 1967-1968), FHL book 944 D5a; FHL microfilms 532,231-532,239., vol. 7 p. 90.

[S25] #798 The Wallop Family and Their Ancestry, Watney, Vernon James, (4 volumes. Oxford: John Johnson, 1928), FHL book Q 929.242 W159w; FHL microfilm 1696491 it., vol. 2 p. 448, vol. 3 p. 751.

[S66] #242 [1831 edition] A General and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerages of England, Ireland, and Scotland, Extinct, Dormant, and in Abeyance (1831), Burke, John, (London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley, 1831), FHL book 942 D22bg 1831; FHL microfilm 845,453 ite., p. 513.

"Thomas Howard, who had been restored in 1603 to the earldoms of Arundel and Surrey, created earl marshal in 1621."

[S124] #240 Collins's Peerage of England, Genealogical, Biographical, and Historical, Greatly Augmented, and Continued to the Present Time (1812), Brydges, Sir Egerton,, (9 volumes. London: [T. Bensley], 1812), FHL book 942 D22be., vol. 1 p. 112.

-------------------- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Howard,_21st_Earl_of_Arundel

Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel KG, (7 July 1585 – 4 October 1646) was a prominent English courtier during the reigns of King James I and King Charles I, but he made his name as a Grand Tourist and art collector rather than as a politician. When he died he possessed 700 paintings, along with large collections of sculpture, books, prints, drawings, and antique jewellery. Most of his collection of marble carvings, known as the Arundel marbles, was eventually left to the University of Oxford.

He is sometimes referred as the 2nd Earl of Arundel; it depends on whether one views the earldom obtained by his father as a new creation or not. He was also 2nd or 4th Earl of Surrey, and later, he was created 1st Earl of Norfolk. Also known as 'the Collector Earl'.

Arundel was born in relative penury, at Finchingfield in Essex on 7 July 1585.[1] His aristocratic family had fallen into disgrace during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I owing to their religious conservatism and involvement in plots against the Queen. He was the son of Philip Howard, 20th Earl of Arundel and Anne Dacre, daughter and co-heiress of Thomas Dacre, 4th Baron Dacre of Gilsland. He never knew his father, who was imprisoned before Arundel was born. Peter Paul Rubens: Alathea Talbot, 1620

Arundel's great-uncles returned the family to favour after James I ascended the throne, and Arundel was restored to his titles and some of his estates in 1604. Other parts of the family lands ended up with his great-uncles. The next year he married Lady Alatheia (or Alethea) Talbot, a daughter of Gilbert Talbot, 7th Earl of Shrewsbury, and a granddaughter of Bess of Hardwick. She would inherit a vast estate in Nottinghamshire, Yorkshire, and Derbyshire, including Sheffield, which has been the principal part of the family fortune ever since. Even with this large income, Arundel's collecting and building activities would lead him heavily into debt.

During the reign of Charles I, Arundel served several times as special envoy to some of the great courts of Europe. These trips encouraged his interest in art collecting.

In 1642 he accompanied Princess Mary for her marriage to William II of Orange. With the troubles that would lead to the Civil War brewing, he decided not to return to England, and instead settled first in Antwerp and then into a villa near Padua, in Italy. He died there in 1646, having returned to Roman Catholicism he nominally abandoned on joining the Privy Council, and was succeeded as Earl by his eldest son Henry Howard, 22nd Earl of Arundel who was the ancestor of the Dukes of Norfolk and Baron Mowbray. His youngest son William Howard, 1st Viscount Stafford-the ancestor of what was first the Earl of Stafford and later Baron Stafford.

Arundel had petitioned the king for restoration of the ancestral Dukedom of Norfolk. While the restoration was not to occur until the time of his grandson, he was created Earl of Norfolk in 1644, which at least ensured the title would stay with his family. Arundel also got Parliament to entail his earldoms to the descendants of the 4th Duke of Norfolk.

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Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel's Timeline

1585
July 7, 1585
Finchingfield, Essex, England
1606
September 1606
Age 21
Whitehall,,Middlesex,England
1607
1607
Age 21
1608
August 15, 1608
Age 23
Whitehall, Westminster, Middlesex, England
1614
November 30, 1614
Age 29
Whitehall,Westminster,Middlesex
1646
October 4, 1646
Age 61
Padua, Veneto, Italy
November 1646
Age 61
Arundel Castle, Arundel, Sussex, England
1929
March 2, 1929
Age 61
May 3, 1929
Age 61
1946
April 11, 1946
Age 61